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Otomi | Chitimacha | Atakapa | Cherokee | Osage | Chickasaw | Choctaw | Nottoway | Kaw | Omaha | Dakota | Pawnee | Nanticoke | A'aninin | Miami | Mi'kmaq | Seminole | Quapaw | Yuchi | Lenape | Ojibwe | Shawnee | Seneca | Mohawk | Onondaga | Cayuga | Oneida | Tuscarora | Natchez | Wyandot | Creek | Mohican | Mohegan
Alternate forms: Iroquois, Ojibwa, Huron-Wyandot, Atsina, Gros Ventre, Micmac, Lenape
Date: 1798-1821
Type:Text
Extent: 219 pages
Description: This volume contains extracts of Benjamin Smith Barton's "New Views of the Origin of the Tribes and Nations of America" (Philadelphia, 1797), with additions by Peter S. Du Ponceau. The bulk of the volume is comprised of word list of 54 words with equivalents listed in a range of 50-70 languages. While Barton listed no authority, Du Ponceau cited sources. Languages with words listed include Chitimacha, Atakapa, Cherokee, Osage, Chickasaw, Choctaw, Nottoway, Kansa, Omaha, Dakota, Pawnee, Nanticoke, Gros Ventres, Miami, Mi'kmaq, Seminole, Quapaw, Yuchi, Delaware, Ojibwe, Shawnee, Seneca, Mohawk, Onondaga, Cayuga, Oneida, Tuscarora, Natches, Wyandot, Creek, Mahican, Mohegan, and many others. The word list includes the terms for God, heaven, and sky, as well as various terms relating to kinship, parts of the body, weather, and more. The volume also includes notes on sounds of the Otomi (Othomi) observations on declension; observations about the Omaha, Kansa, Oto, Arkansas, and Missouri languages; and notes on symbol and sound. Also includes a newspaper clipping of a review (in German) of Barton's "New Views" that appeared in "Göttingische Anzeigen von gelehrten Sachen," June 17, 1799.
Collection: A comparative vocabulary of Indian languages (Mss.497.B28)

Shawnee | Lenape | Potawatomi | Meskwaki | Menominee | Cree | Ojibwe | Blackfoot | Cheyenne | Ktunaxa | Penobscot | Mi'kmaq
Alternate forms: Lenape, Fox, Ojibwa, Ojibway, Micmac
Date: circa 1930s-1960s
Extent: 25 folders, 1 box
Description: There are many materials relating to Algonquian languages in the C. F. Voegelin Papers. This entry is intended as a catch-all for materials labeled as Algonquian or Macro-Algonquian, or having to do with several Algonquian languages in a general way. Researchers should also view the entries for specific Algonquian languages and culture groups. Algonquian materials are located in both Subcollection I and Subcollection II. In Subcollection I, there is relevant correspondence with Leonard Bloomfield (regarding an inscription on a silver bracelet; Bloomfield's "Menomini Grammar"), Charles Hockett (with questions about Voegelin's article on Delaware and examples from other Algonquian languages), and Morris Swadesh (including a brief Stockbridge vocabulary and a slip of Moravian Delaware) in Series I. Correspondence; 1 box of comparative Algonquian vocabulary and grammar in Series II. and several linguistic maps (i.e., "Algonquian language text with illustrations" and "Linguistic classification of the Southern New England Algonquians"), particularly of the Potawatomi, Delaware, and Shawnee, to accompany the texts of Voegelin's work on Algonquian languages, in Series VII. Photographs. In Subcollection II, there is relevant correspondence from Eric Hamp (to Ives Goddard regarding preparation of Arapaho and Algonquian works) and Frank Speck (to Edward Sapir regarding his work on Mi'kmaq and other northern Algonquian languages and societies) in Series I. Correspondence. There is also an entire subseries devoted to Macro-Algonquian: Subseries III. Macro-Algonquian of Series II. Research Notes. This subseries contains a grammatical sketch of Algonquian by Leonard Bloomfield (135 pages of typescript with handwritten edits and 7 interleaved pages of notes by Voegelin); another "Sketch of Algonquian" by Bloomfield consisting of a notebook (approx. 45 pages) and handwritten notes (approx. 80 pages); 5 folders of notebooks focusing on beginning sounds ("Č and K," "L and M," "N and P," " Š and T," and "Θ and ?"), drawing from Pacific Coast Algonquian ("PCA"), Fox [Meskwaki], Plains Cree, Menominee, and Ojibwe; 3 folders of other comparative Algonquian notebooks organized by general nouns, body parts, kinship terms, numerals, and verbs; miscellaneous Algonquian notes; and specimens of Central Algonquian, including short texts in Fox [Meskwaki], Ojibwe, Menominee, and Plains Cree, with English translations. The rest of the material in the Macro-Algonquian folder is organized according to specific languages: Blackfoot, Cheyenne, Fox (Meskwaki), Kutenai [Ktunaxa culture], Ojibwe, Penobscot, and Shawnee. Finally, there is an article titled "Some Observations on Algonquian Phonology" in Series III. Works by Voegelin, Subseries I: General works; an incomplete typed draft of Bloomfield's "Sketch of Algonquian" in Series IV. Works by Others; and a "Linguistic map of Southern New England" in Series III. Works by Voegelin, Subseries V: American Indian Languages.
Collection: C. F. Voegelin Papers (Mss.Ms.Coll.68)

Beothuk
Date: 1915
Type:Text
Extent: 5 pages
Description: The Beothuk materials in the ACLS collection consist of one item in the "Algonkian" section of the finding aid, entitled "Beothuk-Algonkian comparisons." This document was prepared for Sapir, copied from Rev. John Leigh's transcription of John Peyton's vocabulary. It compares 45 Beothuk items with Montagnais and Penobscot as well as isolated Micmac, Ojibwe, and Abenaki equivalents.
Collection: ACLS Collection (American Council of Learned Societies Committee on Native American Languages, American Philosophical Society) (Mss.497.3.B63c)

Ojibwe | Anishinaabe
Alternate forms: Ojibwa, Ojibway, Chippewa
Language(s): English | Ojibwe
Date: n.d., 1830-1833, before 1839
Subject: Linguistics
Type:Text
Genre: Grammars
Extent: 1 volume
Description: Printed sheets pasted into volume; manuscript notes by Peter S. Du Ponceau.
Collection: Conjugation of the verb to hear" in its various forms in the Chippeway language" (Mss.497.J23)

Anishinaabe | Ojibwe | Ho-Chunk
Alternate forms: Winnebago, Ojibwa, Chippewa
Language(s): English | Ojibwe | Ho-Chunk
Date: 1822
Contributor: Kelso, Henry B.
Subject: Linguistics
Type:Text
Extent: 1 volume
Description: Ojibwa-English vocabulary, no order. Ho-chunk numerals. Family genealogical data and miscellaneous jottings.
Collection: Indian dictionary, Green Bay (Mss.497.3.K295)

Cree | Menominee | Meskwaki | Miami | Ojibwe | Penobscot | Shawnee
Alternate forms: Menomini
Date: 1964-1975
Type:Text
Description: The Menomini materials in the Siebert Papers consist primarily of secondary sources in Series IV and VII. Siebert's work on the Menomini can be found in a notebook in Series V that contains material related to Cree, Ojibwa, and Penobscot. Vocabulary lists of insects, birds, animals, fish, trees, berries, plants, and relationships.
Collection: Frank Siebert Papers (Mss.Ms.Coll.97)

Cherokee | Cree | Menominee | Meskwaki | Miami | Penobscot | Ojibwe | Quapaw | Shawnee
Alternate forms: Menomini
Date: 1945-1992
Type:Text
Description: The Meskwaki materials in the Siebert collection are listed under the term "Fox" and can be found in Series IV, V, VII. Much of the material consists of secondary sources, although there is some material in Siebert's notebooks (Series V). Siebert's interest in Meskwaki was primarily in terms of comparative linguistics.
Collection: Frank Siebert Papers (Mss.Ms.Coll.97)

Miami
Date: 1963; 1964
Type:Text
Genre: Notes | Grammars
Description: The Menomini materials in the Siebert Papers consist primarily of secondary sources in Series IV and V. Of special interest is a faint, handwritten transcript of unknown historical document with heading "Itinerary May 2, 1763." Mentions travel writing of Lewis Hennepin (1680-1691), and a skirmish involving Iroquois and Miamis.
Collection: Frank Siebert Papers (Mss.Ms.Coll.97)

Ojibwe
Alternate forms: Ojibwa, Chippewa
Language(s): English | Ojibwe
Date: undated
Extent: ca 250 pages, 42 photographs
Description: "Ethnographic and linguistic field notes on the Ojibwa Indians," some 250 pages and 42 photographs regarding government, mythology, festivals, customs, games, etc. Also includes comments on the vocabulary, some items with English glosses; lists of bands and locations; photographs of people, activities, dwellings, canoes, etc.
Collection: Ojibwa ethnographic and linguistic field notes, 1903-1905 (Mss.497.3.J71)

Ojibwe
Alternate forms: Ojibwa, Chippewa
Language(s): English | French | Ojibwe
Date: 1831-1886
Type:Text
Extent: 10 items
Description: Materials relating to Ojibwe language and culture at the American Philosophical Society. Topics include George Antoine Belcourt's French-Ojibwe dictionary, particularly plans for its the presentation of Belcourt's memoir by the Smithsonian; a recent fire at the Smithsonian requiring $200,000 in repair work; Edwin James' Chippewa New Testament and his desire to publish a Chippewa grammar under the auspices of the APS; Walter James Hoffman's work at White Earth, Minnesota, where observed the Grand Medicine (Medawin) dance in detail and collected pictographic records of same on birch bark; Thomas L. McKenney's donation of a manuscript of McKenney (1827), out of respect to John Vaughan and the APS. Other individuals mentioned include Stephen H. Long, Ferdinand V. Hayden, J. Peter Lesley, Pliny E. Chase, and Judge William C. Frazer (Superior County, Wisconsin Territory).
Collection: American Philosophical Society Archives (APS.Archives)