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Otomi | Chitimacha | Atakapa | Cherokee | Osage | Chickasaw | Choctaw | Nottoway | Kaw | Omaha | Dakota | Pawnee | Nanticoke | A'aninin | Miami | Mi'kmaq | Seminole | Quapaw | Yuchi | Delaware | Ojibwe | Shawnee | Seneca | Mohawk | Onondaga | Cayuga | Oneida | Tuscarora | Natchez | Wyandot | Creek | Mohican | Mohegan
Alternate forms: Iroquois, Ojibwa, Huron-Wyandot, Atsina, Gros Ventre, Micmac, Lenape
Date: 1798-1821
Type:Text
Extent: 219 pages
Description: This volume contains extracts of Benjamin Smith Barton's "New Views of the Origin of the Tribes and Nations of America" (Philadelphia, 1797), with additions by Peter S. Du Ponceau. The bulk of the volume is comprised of word list of 54 words with equivalents listed in a range of 50-70 languages. While Barton listed no authority, Du Ponceau cited sources. Languages with words listed include Chitimacha, Atakapa, Cherokee, Osage, Chickasaw, Choctaw, Nottoway, Kansa, Omaha, Dakota, Pawnee, Nanticoke, Gros Ventres, Miami, Mi'kmaq, Seminole, Quapaw, Yuchi, Delaware, Ojibwe, Shawnee, Seneca, Mohawk, Onondaga, Cayuga, Oneida, Tuscarora, Natches, Wyandot, Creek, Mahican, Mohegan, and many others. The word list includes the terms for God, heaven, and sky, as well as various terms relating to kinship, parts of the body, weather, and more. The volume also includes notes on sounds of the Otomi (Othomi) observations on declension; observations about the Omaha, Kansa, Oto, Arkansas, and Missouri languages; and notes on symbol and sound. Also includes a newspaper clipping of a review (in German) of Barton's "New Views" that appeared in "Göttingische Anzeigen von gelehrten Sachen," June 17, 1799.
Collection: A comparative vocabulary of Indian languages (Mss.497.B28)

Iowa
Alternate forms: Chiwere, Ioway, Oto, Otoe
Date: 1936-1947
Extent: 1,000+ pages, 18 photographs, 4,000 cards, 75 bluebooks (4-8 pages each)
Description: The Iowa materials in the ACLS collection consist primarily of materials collected by Gordon Marsh in the late 1930s, all located in the "Iowa" section of the finding aid. Marsh's materials, recorded with the assistance of Iowa speakers, especially Robert Small and Julia Small, include numerous texts on a variety of subjects, which are in the manuscripts in both initial handwritten form (in bluebooks) and in later typescript form, with both interlinear translations and free translations, of which some of the latter were made by Robert Small. This material also includes a draft version of a grammar of the Iowa extensive lexical files including Iowa-English, English-Iowa, and comparisons to related languages (Osage, Dakota, Lakota, Omaha-Ponca, Kansa, and Ho-chunk); and other linguistic notes, with related correspndence. There are also 18 photographs of Iowa people with whom Marsh worked. In this same section, there is also a brief descriptive grammar by William Whitman based on field work with an Iowa speaker and an Oto speaker.
Collection: ACLS Collection (American Council of Learned Societies Committee on Native American Languages, American Philosophical Society) (Mss.497.3.B63c)

Kaw | Omaha
Alternate forms: Kansa, Ponca
Date: 1904
Extent: 9 pages; 10 photographs
Description: In Subcollection I, Series I, see item V(22B6), which contains miscellaneous notes regarding the Kansa language, including a 3-page vocabulary with numerals, 1 page of conjugations, and a 2-page vocabulary list. Some Ponca, Osage, and Otoe forms are included. In Subcollection I, Series III, see "4-40(a-j). Kansa (Kaw)," which contains 10 photographs.
Collection: Frank G. Speck Papers (Mss.Ms.Coll.126)

Omaha | Dakota | Pawnee
Alternate forms: Sioux
Language(s): English | Omaha-Ponca
Date: 1935 and undated
Type:Text
Extent: 2 folders
Description: Materials relating to Speck's study of Omaha language, history, and culture. One folder contains 11 pages of miscellaneous notes including 1 page of Sioux [Dakota] or Omaha words, 3 pages of Omaha lexical items, Sioux song text, 4 pages of Omaha text and paradigms, vocabulary, ethnological notes, and 3 pages of Omaha verb conjugations. The second folder contains five pages of material relating to a Plains Indian shield, including one card of bibliographic notes, a letter from Chicago dealer Albert G. Heath to Speck concerning a Pawnee shield sent as specimen, and a letter from F. T. Thunder to Speck concerning an Omaha shield he is making.
Collection: Frank G. Speck Papers (Mss.Ms.Coll.126)

Omaha | Ponca | Lakota
Language(s): English | Lakota | Omaha-Ponca
Date: 1928-1930
Type:Text
Extent: 344 pages, approx. 1,600 cards and slips
Description: The Omaha and Ponda materials in the ACLS collection consist primarily of four items located in the "Omaha" section of the finding aid. The first materials are texts and grammatical notes recorded by Francis La Flesche, including texts with literal and free translations, and terms of relationship among the Omahas. Also includes correspondence with Franz Boas. The materials by Boas, which were based on prior source, including La Flesche, consist of a word list comparing Omaha to Lakota, and a lexicon of approximately 1600 word slips. In the "Iowa" section of the finding aid, Frida Hahn's manuscript grammar, "The Ponca Language," is found among Gordon Marsh's Iowa materials.
Collection: ACLS Collection (American Council of Learned Societies Committee on Native American Languages, American Philosophical Society) (Mss.497.3.B63c)

Ponca
Language(s): Omaha-Ponca | English
Date: 1994-1997
Subject: Music | Linguistics
Type:Text
Extent: 1 folder
Description: William Bright corresponded with Alice J. Anderton on Anderton's transcriptions of Ponca (Omaha-Ponca) songs (Series 1).
Collection: William O. Bright Papers (Mss.Ms.Coll.142)

Anishinaabe | Ojibwe | Ponca
Alternate forms: Chippewa, Ojibwa, Ojibway
Language(s): Chippewa | English | Omaha-Ponca
Date: 1952. 1956
Genre: Songs
Extent: This colllection consists predominantly of numerous songs of many kinds from Lac du Flambeau, Wisconsin. The final recording in the collection is a set of four Ponca songs.
Description:
Collection: Songs from Lac du Flambeau Reservation, Wisconsin (Mss.Rec.75)