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Seminole
Language(s): English
Date: 1818
Contributor: Young, Hugh, -1822
Type:Text
Extent: 125 pages
Description: Hugh Young was an army officer and topographical engineer accompanying General Andrew Jackson's army in its operations against the Seminoles. This memoir includes sections on East Florida's boundaries, physical characteristics, navigation, Native customs, Spanish settlements, African Americans, agricultural products, and climate. Also included are itineraries for East and West Florida. One chapter is devoted to the Seminole and other aboriginal inhabitants of Florida, and includes names, numbers, settlements, war and treaties, councils, marriage, trade, amusement, etc. (pages 48-73). Printed, Boyd (1934). Original document owned by Francis W. Rawle, Albany, circa 1954. Also found on this reel is Benjamin Hawkins' Journal of occurrences in the Creek agency from January to the conclusion of the conference and treaty at Fort Williamson, 1802 (Film 692a).
Collection: A topographic memoir on East and West Florida, 1818 (Mss.Film.692b)

Akimel O'odham
Alternate forms: Pima
Language(s): English | Tohono O'odham
Date: circa 1920s-1930s
Type:Text
Genre: Speeches
Extent: 52 pages
Description: The Pima materials in the ACLS collection consist of 1 item in the "Pima" section of the finding aid. This item is "Pima speeches," which has fourteen texts of speeches with interlinear translation. Most of the speeches relate to rain making and warfare.
Collection: ACLS Collection (American Council of Learned Societies Committee on Native American Languages, American Philosophical Society) (Mss.497.3.B63c)

Alabama | Koasati
Alternate forms: Alibamu, Coushatta
Language(s): English
Date: 1995, 1998, 1999
Type:Text
Genre: Reports
Extent: 35 pages
Description: The Alabama materials in the Phillips Fund collection consist of 2 items. Materials in this collection are listed alphabetically by last name of author. See materials listed under William L. Ramsey and Sheri Marie Shuck. The Ramsey materials consists of a report on archival research toward a doctoral thesis on the Yamasee war (10 p.); appendix of villages listed in "Relation de la Louisiane" (4 p.); appendix of materials copied from the South Caroliniana Library (20 p.). The Shuck materials consist of a report (1 p.) on research at archives in Austin, Texas, on the "cultural, social, political, and economic facets" of the Alabamas and Coushattas (Kousatis), including their relationships with colonizers.
Collection: Phillips Fund for Native American Research Collection (Mss.497.3.Am4)

Bannock | Shoshone
Alternate forms: Shoshoni
Language(s): English
Date: 1877
Type:Text
Genre: Diaries
Extent: 1 volume
Description: See the "Bound Volumes" section of this collection for one diary from May to October of 1877, written primarily in western Wyoming. Begins with a description of Peale's journey from Philadelphia to Cheyenne, Wyoming by train, with stops at Chicago, Council Bluffs, Iowa and Omaha Nebraska. It then continues with daily entries recording events at each of the 72 camps made by the expedition, which are also indexed at the back of the volume by date and mileage. Includes reference to many Indian encounters. For example, on Tuesday June 7, 1877, one of the expedition members met a Shosoni woman who reported that there had been a fight between the whites and the Sioux. In addition, the expedition members saw many lodges of the Bannock along the Snake and Salt Rivers as well as other Indian camps along the ledges of Crow Creek, such as those above the ranch near Smith Fork where one of the boys spoke very good English as noted on June 29. Describes a number of encounters with Shoshoni, such as one in July when almost all of the Shosoni men asked for tobacco. On August 8, Peale reports that two teamsters were killed at the local agency by Bannocks. On the 23rd, he notes that in Montana Gibbon had had a fight with the Indians and lost 300 new guns, ammunition, artillery and commissary stores in Montana.
Collection: Albert C. Peale Papers (Mss.SMs.Coll.5)

Apache, Chiricahua | Apache, Kiowa | Apache, Lipan | Apache, Jicarilla | Apache, Western
Alternate forms: Apache, San Carlos, Apache, Plains
Date: 1903-1911, 1920
Type:Text
Extent: circa 512 cards, and 2 notebooks
Description: The Apache materials in the ACLS collection consist of 3 items. Two are found in the "Apache" section of the finding aid. These are an "Apache (Chiricahua, Lipan, and Jicarilla) morphological lexicon" by an unidentified author (possibly Harry Hoijer), with arranged in tables, with conjugations of all prefixes (aspectual and pronominal) and combinations thereof; and a "San Carlos Apache Lexical File" compiled by Goddard. In the "Athapaskan" section of the finding aid, see "Field notes in California Athabascan languages," which contains 2 notebooks of Kiowa Apache materials (including text, discussion of warfare; list of specimens and cost.)
Collection: ACLS Collection (American Council of Learned Societies Committee on Native American Languages, American Philosophical Society) (Mss.497.3.B63c)

Arawak
Language(s): English
Date: 1820
Type:Text
Extent: 1 volume
Description: A record begun March 10, 1820, principally of chronology of early Pennsylvania, with mention of Penn-Logan correspondence and extracts from same. Arruwak words, page 11; extract, Narrative [of the late massacres], pages 132-133.
Collection: Peter Stephen Du Ponceau commonplace book (Mss.410.D92)

Assiniboine | Dakota
Alternate forms: Assiniboin, Hohe, Nakoda, Nakota, Wadopahnatonwan
Language(s): Assiniboine | English
Date: 1936, 1949
Type:Text
Extent: 64 pages
Description: The Assiniboine materials in the ACLS collection consist of two items that can be found in the "Assiniboine" section of the finding aid. Includes Deloria's "Notes on the Assiniboine (Belknap or Watopahnatu dialect)." This contains a sketch of Assiniboine grammar, compared with that of Dakota. Includes an Assiniboine text, with literal and free translation and notes, and a letter from author to Boas, Jan. 6, 1936, covering the document. The other item is Ahenakew's "The creation of a new tribe," an explanation of creation of Assiniboine tribe, separated from Sioux, given Ahenakew in his youth by his mission superintendent, Rev. John Hines. Battle over girl accounted for end of connection of Red Eagle with other Sioux. Letter of Ahenakew to Paul A. W. Wallace, May 21, 1949, commenting on Rev. Hines' relation to the author.
Collection: ACLS Collection (American Council of Learned Societies Committee on Native American Languages, American Philosophical Society) (Mss.497.3.B63c)

Cayuga | Cherokee | Chickasaw | Delaware | Wyandot | Mandan | Ojibwe | Seneca | Susquehannock
Alternate forms: Conestoga, Iroquois, Huron, Wendat
Language(s): Cayuga | English
Date: 1785-1806
Type:Text
Extent: 0.5 Linear feet, 2 boxes; 2 volumes
Description: A manuscript compiled from originals in the Historical Society of Pennsylvania by William L. McAtee. Concerns murder of John Armstrong by Indians; mentions Canestogae tribe, Cayahoga path, Cheerake, Chickasaw, Colonel Cresap; tuberculosis among Indians; Delawares; eloquence; Indian barrows, fortifications, and graves; Kash kask kunck; Mandan; Seneca, Six Nations, and Captain White Eyes. Also Crave Creek mound; Wyandot, Indian sugar camp; war customs and war party; treaty of December 1784 at Fort McIntosh with Chippewa and Wyandots; Indian burning; Indian diseases. Teedyuscung; Penn's treaty with the Delaware (1682 and 1702); meaning of "Geneseo"; Seneca battle with Koghquangians (Caughnawaga); Chickasaw; specimen of a Cayuga vocabulary with same list as that used in Barton (1797).
Collection: Benjamin Smith Barton journals; notebooks (Mss.B.B284.1)

Language(s): English
Date: 1791; 1819
Type:Text
Extent: 2 items
Description: Letter to Sir Joseph Banks, comments on the ironic fate of American Indians, doomed to extinction. Mentions Indian warfare. Letter to John Vaughan, asks for books concerning Indians in the U.S. for William Vaughan. Refers to Benjamin Smith Barton as authority on the Indian. Mentions Indian policy of Jefferson and Madison. Expresses curiosity about sign language as discussed in Dunbar (1809). Includes quotation of William Vaughan to Benjamin Vaughan, November 17 (1815?), asking for information on the propagation of the Gospel among the Indians of Massachusetts and New England.
Collection: Benjamin Vaughan Papers (Mss.B.V46p)

Caddo | Delaware | Choctaw | Chickasaw | Osage | Pascagoula | Natchez
Language(s): English
Date: 1804
Type:Text
Extent: 107 pages
Description: "Journal up the Red and Washita rivers, with William Dunbar, by order of the U.S. with list of common names of some of the trees and vegetables from the River Washita." No. 2 of Explorations in the Louisiana Country. Describes mounds near Natchez and on the Ouachita. Mentions Caddo trace; Captain Jacobs, a Delaware Indian; Chickasaws, Choctaws, Osages (Little Osages and Grand Osages) and Pascagoulas; warfare and raids; and the singing of a Choctaw woman mourning a child. Printed (abstract only) as Jefferson (1806). [See also Hunter journals #473, volumes 2, 3, 4, May 27, 1804-March 29, 1805.]
Collection: Mémoire sur le district du Ouachita dans la province de la Louisianne, [1803] (Mss.917.6.Ex7)