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Choctaw
Language(s): English
Date: 1769
Contributor: Gauld, George
Subject: Geography | Trade
Type:Text
Genre: Essays
Extent: 1 volume
Description: Admiralty surveyor. Mentions southern tribes and Indian trade.
Collection: A general description of the sea-coasts, harbours, lakes, rivers, etc. of the province of West Florida (Mss.917.59.G23)

Abenaki | Haudenosaunee | Wabanaki
Alternate forms: Abnaki
Date: 1884; 1959-1976; 1929
Type:Text
Extent: 1,300 pages; 1 microfilm reel
Description: The Abenaki materials in the Siebert Papers are located primarily in Series III and V. Ther are descriptions of wars with the Iroquois from the 17th century, linguistic materials, and stories. Series V includes 5 research notebooks containing historical notes and some linguistics materials.
Collection: Frank Siebert Papers (Mss.Ms.Coll.97)

Algonquian
Language(s): English
Date: n.d., circa 1857; December 31, 1859-February 7, 1860; January 9, 1860; January 22, 1860
Type:Text
Extent: 4 letters
Description: Concerning Place names and names of rivers in Maryland and New England. Reference to work on Algonquin dialects and report to Rhode Island Historical Society.
Collection: Matthew Schropp Henry Correspondence on Indian Names (Mss.497.3.H39)

Language(s): English
Date: 1822-1825
Type:Text
Genre: Microfilms | Notes | Maps
Extent: circa 250 pages
Description: A rough miscellany about antiquities in North and South America, as well as Europe and Asia, taken from published sources and personal observation. Contains a classification of antiquities, and descriptions of ancient monuments of Europe. Includes the author's "Ancient geography..." manuscript. Also includes maps and figures. Copy of original owned by the University Museum, University of Pennsylvania. See also Rafinesque (1838).
Collection: Ancient monuments of North and South America, 1822-1825 (Mss.Film.32)

Cayuga | Cherokee | Chickasaw | Delaware | Wyandot | Mandan | Ojibwe | Seneca | Susquehannock
Alternate forms: Conestoga, Iroquois, Huron, Wendat
Language(s): Cayuga | English
Date: 1785-1806
Type:Text
Extent: 0.5 Linear feet, 2 boxes; 2 volumes
Description: A manuscript compiled from originals in the Historical Society of Pennsylvania by William L. McAtee. Concerns murder of John Armstrong by Indians; mentions Canestogae tribe, Cayahoga path, Cheerake, Chickasaw, Colonel Cresap; tuberculosis among Indians; Delawares; eloquence; Indian barrows, fortifications, and graves; Kash kask kunck; Mandan; Seneca, Six Nations, and Captain White Eyes. Also Crave Creek mound; Wyandot, Indian sugar camp; war customs and war party; treaty of December 1784 at Fort McIntosh with Chippewa and Wyandots; Indian burning; Indian diseases. Teedyuscung; Penn's treaty with the Delaware (1682 and 1702); meaning of "Geneseo"; Seneca battle with Koghquangians (Caughnawaga); Chickasaw; specimen of a Cayuga vocabulary with same list as that used in Barton (1797).
Collection: Benjamin Smith Barton journals; notebooks (Mss.B.B284.1)

Maya
Language(s): English | Spanish
Date: 1926-1959
Type:Text
Extent: Circa 455 leaves; circa 635 pages;
Description: The Central America materials, John Alden Mason Papers include correspondence regarding linguistic, archaeological, and ethnological work in Mexico and Guatemala; meetings; etc. Regarding archaeological work in Guatemala, Mexico, and Panama. Regarding Piedras Negras, Guatemala; Chichen Itza; archaeological work in Guatemala and Mexico. Regarding archaeological work in Guatemala, Mexico, and Texas. Regarding Pima; Yaqui; Piedras Negras, Guatemala; Maya glyphs and architecture; archaeological work in Guatemala, Mexico, and British Honduras. The bulk of the material is from 1933-1939 and concerns archaeological work at Piedras Negras, Guatemala. Some discussion of the Mayan calendar, the ruins at Yaxchilan, Mexico, and a 1953 expedition to the Caracol Ruins, Honduras. Scholarly materials: Article for [Lilly de Jongh] Osborne's handbook of Guatemala regarding the ruins of Piedras Negras, Guatemala. A paper entitled, "Los cuatro grandes filones linguisticos de Mexico y Centroamerica" for the International Congress of Americanists, Mexico, August 1939. A paper read at meeting of the American Anthropological Association, December 1938, on the genetic classification of Middle American languages. Bibliographies of books and a few manuscripts on Indians of Central America, Mexico, and South America; letter from Zelig Harris to Mason; Mason's reply. Paper sent to Mason to be read at the meeting of the American Anthropological Association. Discusses Hokan-Siouan Phylum, Tarascan, Macro-Otomanguean Phylum, Macro-Penutian Phylum, and Macro-Chibchan Phylum. Notes on genetic relationships and geographic distribution. Mostly from published sources. A compilation and juxtaposition of various opinions. A talk given before Sociedad de geografia e historia de Guatemala regarding the architecture of Piedras Negras. English original which was translated into Spanish for publication in Anales 15 (December 1938): pages 202-216. A paper "Middle American Linguistics, 1955" by Norman A. McQuown; draft of a paper by Mason discussing that of McQuown; a copy of Mason's paper as delivered at the meeting of the American Anthropological Association, November 17, 1955, Boston; a copy of Mason's paper as corrected for correspondence with Robert J. Weitlaner and Gordon R. Willey.
Collection: John Alden Mason Papers (Mss.B.M384)

Chilula | Cahto
Alternate forms: Kato
Language(s): English | Hupa | Cahto
Date: 1902-1907
Type:Text
Extent: 9 notebooks
Description: The Chilula materials in the ACLS collection consist of two sets of notebooks located in the "Chilula" section of the finding aid. A set of 5 notebooks recorded at Redwood Creek includes lexical items, texts (translated and untranslated) includings one text and narration on geographical features, plus information on material culture. 1 Kato item included. A separate set of 4 notebooks recorded at Bald Hills includes data on village sites, material culture, an Indian encounter near Fort Seward, and texts with interlinear translations.
Collection: ACLS Collection (American Council of Learned Societies Committee on Native American Languages, American Philosophical Society) (Mss.497.3.B63c)

Dakota
Language(s): English
Date: August 2, 1820
Type:Text
Extent: 1 letter
Description: Concerning Indian languages of the United States. Perhaps Naudowessie aren't Huron, but many rivers by that name. Winnebago and Naudowessie are grandchildren of the Lenni Lenape. Other data on names of tribes.
Collection: John Gottlieb Ernestus Heckewelder letters to Peter Stephen Du Ponceau  (Mss.497.3 H35o)

Delaware
Language(s): English
Date: March 19, 1857; Circa 1857-1859; October 18, 1859
Type:Text
Extent: 4 letters
Description: Concerning Powhatan and Lenni Lenape place names. Mentions Joseph Henry and Henry Schoolcraft. Concerning Streeter's and John Henry Alexander's efforts to obtain financial support of Henry's study from Joseph Henry of the Smithsonian Institution. Too busy to work on hobby of Indian languages; no help from Maryland Historical Society on publication.
Collection: Matthew Schropp Henry Correspondence on Indian Names (Mss.497.3.H39)

Delaware
Language(s): English
Date: August 21, 1857; April 2, 1857; April 17, 1857; April 30, 1857; 1859-1860
Type:Text
Extent: 4 letters; 1 dictionary
Description: Concerning Joseph Henry's efforts to get funding to study Native languages. Only unperishable sciences received aid from the Smithsonian. The government was "fleeced" by Schoolcraft in his study of Indian languages. Suggests joint support for Matthew S. Henry in his study by the Pennsylvania and Maryland Historical Societies, and the Smithsonian and the United States government. Asks if secretary of the Historical Society of Pennsylvania will notify the Maryland Historical Society of plans to aid Matthew S. Henry in his study of Delaware Indian linguistics (money to go through Historical Society of Pennsylvania), then J. Henry Alexander and the Smithsonian might aid too. The completed dictionary, based on various printed authorities (Zeisberger, Heckewelder, etc.). Contains a separate dictionary of Place names organized by states. Maps of Maryland-New Jersey only.
Collection: English-Lenni Lenape and Lenni Lenape-English dictionary (Mss.497.33.H39)