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Choctaw
Language(s): English
Date: 1769
Contributor: Gauld, George
Subject: Geography | Trade
Type:Text
Genre: Essays
Extent: 1 volume
Description: Admiralty surveyor. Mentions southern tribes and Indian trade.
Collection: A general description of the sea-coasts, harbours, lakes, rivers, etc. of the province of West Florida (Mss.917.59.G23)

Seminole
Language(s): English
Date: 1818
Contributor: Young, Hugh, -1822
Type:Text
Extent: 125 pages
Description: Hugh Young was an army officer and topographical engineer accompanying General Andrew Jackson's army in its operations against the Seminoles. This memoir includes sections on East Florida's boundaries, physical characteristics, navigation, Native customs, Spanish settlements, African Americans, agricultural products, and climate. Also included are itineraries for East and West Florida. One chapter is devoted to the Seminole and other aboriginal inhabitants of Florida, and includes names, numbers, settlements, war and treaties, councils, marriage, trade, amusement, etc. (pages 48-73). Printed, Boyd (1934). Original document owned by Francis W. Rawle, Albany, circa 1954. Also found on this reel is Benjamin Hawkins' Journal of occurrences in the Creek agency from January to the conclusion of the conference and treaty at Fort Williamson, 1802 (Film 692a).
Collection: A topographic memoir on East and West Florida, 1818 (Mss.Film.692b)

Chickasaw | Creek | Choctaw
Language(s): English
Date: 1787; 1777
Subject: Warfare | Diplomacy | Trade | Wampum
Type:Text
Extent: 2 items
Description: Letter from John Sevier regarding Creek raids and a murder in Chickasaw territory. Second item titled "Talk from Indians to George Golphin, one of the commissioners of Indian affairs" in which the King of Talesy (probably the Creek town of Tálisi) speaks of trade with Pensacola; relations with Chickasaws and Choctaws. In a second speech the King of the Ocksuskeys (probably the Creek town of Okfuski) speaks of Cupitaws (possibly either the Creek town Kasíhta or Kawíta) and Ockjoys (probably Creek town Oktcháyi); describes a belt of wampum.
Collection: Benjamin Franklin Papers (Mss.B.F85)

Delaware
Language(s): English
Date: 1755-1763
Type:Text
Extent: 48 letters
Description: Correspondence during the Seven Years' War (1754-1763) regarding the Treaty of Easton, with particular attention to Teedyuscung and the Moravian Indians. One letter from Timothy Horsfled to Benjamin Franklin regards how Indians with smallpox were treated.
Collection: Timothy Horsfield Papers (974.8 H78)  Section 2 (Mss.974.8.H78)

Anishinaabe | Ottawa
Alternate forms: Odawa
Language(s): English
Date: 1767
Type:Text
Extent: 1 volume, 16 p.
Description: The full title of this manuscript is "Estimate of the Fur and Peltry Trade in the District of Michilimackinac, according to the bounds and limits, assign'd to it by the French, when under their government: together with an account of the situation and names of the several out-posts." Robert Rogers was commander of Fort Michilimackinac from 1766-1768. Rogers gave this manuscript to Jonathan Carver (the man he has sent on an expedition to find the Northwest Passage), who relayed it to Thomas Barton of Lancaster, Pa., who, in turn, sent it to the American Philosophical Society. It was received at the APS and referred to the Committee on Trade and Commerce on December 20, 1768. The manuscript may be the first separate manuscript collected by the American Philosophical Society.
Collection: Estimate of the Fur and Peltry Trade in the District of Michilimackinac (Mss.970.1.R63)

Oneida | Haudenosaunee
Alternate forms: Iroquois
Language(s): English
Date: 1974
Contributor: Campisi, Jack
Type:Text
Extent: 520 pages
Description: This dissertation by anthropologist Jack Campisi was submitted to the State University of New York at Albany in 1974. The author organized the dissertation into chapters on methodology; war, trade, and change in Oneida society, 1600 to 1810; culture and history of the Wisconsin Oneidas; contemporary society of the Oneidas of Wisconsin; history and culture of the Oneida of the Thames; conflict and division in Oneida society, 1900-1934; contemporary society of the Oneidas of the Thames; the Oneidas of New York, 1840-present; and a conclusion with various approaches to comparing the ecologies, kinship systems, belief systems, political systems, and intra- and inter-tribal relations of the three communities as Campisi seeks to assess the evolving identities and ability to perform "boundary maintence" of each Oneida community. Campisi was a recipient of an APS Phillips Fund grant, and donated this item to the Society.
Collection: Ethnic identity and boundary maintenance in three Oneida communities (Mss.970.3.C15e)

Language(s): English
Date: July 12, 1760-December 10, 1760
Subject: Economics | Health | Warfare | Trade
Type:Text
Extent: 1 volume
Description: Cash book of quartermaster of Fort Pitt, Pennsylvania. Receipts of payments by Horatio Gates, Robert Monckton, Sir John St. Clair, and others. There are expenditures for oats, candles, hire of horses and drivers, tobacco, rum, express riders, etc. Sundries sold to Indians; Indians buy venison; James Milwe, surgeon's mate, paid for attending sick Indians.
Collection: Burd-Shippen Papers (Mss.B.B892)

Inuit | Innu
Alternate forms: Eskimo, Montagnais
Language(s): English
Date: 1773-1774
Type:Text
Extent: 2 items
Description: Two items attributed to Sir Roger Curtis, an official of the British Royal Navy, from his time on the Labrador coast in the early 1770s: "Remarks upon the north coast of Labrador" (137 pages) and "An account of the Moravian mission upon the coast of Labrador in 1773" (15 pages). Some duplication. "Remarks" describes geography, the Esquimaux [Inuit] and their customs and physical type; compares them with the Montagnais [Innu]; and suggests sending an emissary who would live with them, learn their language, and persuade them of the friendship of the English so as to further trade and fisheries. Printed (in part), Curtis (1774). "An account" is one chapter of "Remarks," a brief account of the success of the mission in civilizing the Inuit, and the difficulties of converting them. Criticizes Inuit religious leaders who, using reason unaided by faith, ask difficult questions of the missionaries. Hopeful that mission activities will keep the Inuit from migrating and thus hurting trade. Mentions an Inuit woman who went to England. Proposes trip to far north.
Collection: Royal Society (Great Britain) miscellaneous correspondence and documents (Mss.Film.460)

Caddo | Choctaw | Tunica | Ofo
Language(s): French | English
Date: 1803
Type:Text
Extent: 44 pages
Description: "Memoire sur le district du Ouachita dans le province de la Louisianne." No. 1 in Explorations in the Louisiana Country. Charles Francois Adrien Le Paulmier, Chevalier d'Annemours was France's general consul to Virginia and Maryland. His journal provides a detailed account of the geography of the Louisiana territory, especially its waterways. The Ouachita District is the primary focus of his report. He describes its geography, crops, and economic potential, and provides a series of observations about indigenous cultures and histories in the area, including trading cultures, hunting patterns, and mounds. Particularly mentions the Catahoulas. These references may pertain to the Caddo, Choctaw, Tunica, and Ofo. The original is in French, but the APS has a translation done by Robert Cain in 1973.
Collection: Mémoire sur le district du Ouachita dans la province de la Louisianne, [1803] (Mss.917.6.Ex7)

Mandan
Language(s): English | Mandan
Date: 1968-1972, 1997
Type:Text
Extent: 711 pages
Description: The Mandan materials in the Phillips Fund collection consist of 4 items. Materials in this collection are listed alphabetically by last name of author. See materials listed under Bowers, Hollow, Powers, and Williams.
Collection: Phillips Fund for Native American Research Collection (Mss.497.3.Am4)