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Cherokee
Language(s): Cherokee | English
Date: 1928, 1936, 1943
Type:Text
Genre: Sketches
Extent: 2 notebooks
Description: Part of the papers of Will West Long, Big Cove, Qualla Reservation, North Carolina, in hand of Long, Morgan Calhoun, Lawyer Calhoun, etc.; also pages in English relating to Indian masks and Indians and Snake Battle. List of dancers, 1936. This material is restricted due to cultural sensitivity.
Collection: Cherokee medicinal and magical texts (Mss.497.3.C425)

Cherokee | Delaware | Meskwaki | Nanticoke | Onondaga
Language(s): English | Cherokee | Delaware | Onondaga
Date: 1783-1817
Type:Text
Extent: 107 pages
Description: These letters authored by Benjamin Barton Smith to various correspondents discuss Indian vocabulary words for birds, earthquakes, and animals of their domestic economy. Smith solicits information about Indian beliefs about health, nursing, menstration, animal sacrifice, Indian Bible, origins of Indian tribes, white race, Orthography and spelling, chief's political power, and comparative linguistic analysis between Indian and Asiatic languages.
Collection: Violetta Delafield-Benjamin Smith Barton Collection (Mss.B.B284d)

Delaware
Language(s): English
Date: 1755-1763
Type:Text
Extent: 48 letters
Description: Correspondence during the Seven Years' War (1754-1763) regarding the Treaty of Easton, with particular attention to Teedyuscung and the Moravian Indians. One letter from Timothy Horsfled to Benjamin Franklin regards how Indians with smallpox were treated.
Collection: Timothy Horsfield Papers (974.8 H78)  Section 2 (Mss.974.8.H78)

Language(s): English
Date: July 12, 1760-December 10, 1760
Subject: Economics | Health | Warfare | Trade
Type:Text
Extent: 1 volume
Description: Cash book of quartermaster of Fort Pitt, Pennsylvania. Receipts of payments by Horatio Gates, Robert Monckton, Sir John St. Clair, and others. There are expenditures for oats, candles, hire of horses and drivers, tobacco, rum, express riders, etc. Sundries sold to Indians; Indians buy venison; James Milwe, surgeon's mate, paid for attending sick Indians.
Collection: Burd-Shippen Papers (Mss.B.B892)

Inuit
Alternate forms: Eskimo
Language(s): English
Date: circa 1905-1956
Extent: 44 folders; 1 box
Description: The Anthony F. C. Wallace Papers are a vast collection of materials relating to Wallace's work at the intersection of anthropology, psychology, and history. Though further research might yield more results, approximately 45 items directly pertaining to the Inuit (formerly Eskimos) have been identified. Wallace was particularly interested in arctic hysteria (piblokto) among the Inuit and other polar populations, and 27 folders of research materials on this topic can be found in Series VII. Eastern Pennsylvania Psychiatric Institute. Of particular interest might be the images in Series XII. Graphics, which include 13 folders of images of individuals (and some dogs) going about normal activites and--at another time--suffering from arctic hysteria. There is also a copy of Wallace's "Interdisciplinary Approaches to Mental Disorder Among the Polar Eskimos of Northwest Greenland" in Series IV. Works by Wallace A. Professional; several copies of articles by other scholars on Inuit and other arctic populations in Series VI. Consulting and Committee Work B. U.S.-Soviet Commission on Anthropology; and one box of research notecards in Series III. Notecards. Among Wallace's many correspondents, files for Robert Ackerman, the American Philosophical Society, the Arctic Health Research Center, the Arctic Institute of North America, Edmund Snow Carpenter, Nancy Yaw Davis, David Landy, Raymond Neutra, and Douglas Oliver include references to Inuits and other Arctic peoples. See the finding aid for a detailed discussion of Wallace's long and varied career, and for an itemized list of the collection's contents.
Collection: Anthony F. C. Wallace Papers (Mss.Ms.Coll.64a)

K’áshogot’ıné
Alternate forms: Hare
Language(s): English | Slavey, North
Date: 1962-1964
Contributor: Hara, Hiroko, 1934-
Extent: 2070 pages, 1500+ photographs
Description: The K’áshogot’ıné materials in the Phillips Fund collection consist of an extensive amount of materials, listed under "Sue, Hiroko."
Collection: Phillips Fund for Native American Research Collection (Mss.497.3.Am4)

Lakota
Language(s): English | Lakota
Date: 1966-1970, 1976, 1992-1995, 2012-2015
Extent: 863 pages
Description: The Lakota materials in the Phillips Fund collection consist of 13 items. Materials in this collection are listed alphabetically by last name of author. See materials listed under Green, Harbeck, Kilroe, Merrill, Pollak, Potts, Powers, Price, Sistrunk, Wagoner, and Znamenski.
Collection: Phillips Fund for Native American Research Collection (Mss.497.3.Am4)

Anishinaabe | Ojibwe
Alternate forms: Chippewa, Ojibwa, Ojibway
Language(s): Chippewa | English
Date: 1980-1990
Extent: 27 audiocassettes (21 hr., 27 min.)
Description: This collection consists of audio recordings of Larry Aitken (Bezhigoogahbow), a distinguished Ojibwe elder, teacher, and traditional knowledge keeper of Leech Lake, Minnesota. The recordings include numerous public speeches, classroom lectures and discussions, and interviews on Anishinaabe spiritual teachings, health, psychology, cultural strength, history, and language. A number of recordings were made with Aitken's teacher, Jim Jackson, a medicine man and traditional knowledge keeper with whom Aitken worked for 17 years.
Collection: Larry Aitken audio recordings (Mss.Rec.288)

Menominee
Language(s): English
Date: 1999, 2012-2015
Subject: Health | Linguistics
Type:Text
Genre: Reports
Extent: 368 pages
Description: The Menominee materials in the Phillips Fund collection consist of 2 items. Materials in this collection are listed alphabetically by last name of author. See materials listed under Kavanaugh and Pollak.
Collection: Phillips Fund for Native American Research Collection (Mss.497.3.Am4)

Delaware | Nanticoke
Alternate forms: Lenape
Language(s): English
Date: 1792-1805
Type:Text
Extent: 10 items
Description: Correspondence relating to miscellaneous indigenous peoples and cultures. Seven letters are to John G. E. Heckewelder and three are to Thomas Pennant. Smith's letters to Heckewelder largely consist of questions about Native peoples, cultures, and languages, including a query about Indian names for a particular bird; the Indians' feelings and beliefs about the opossum; Heckewelder's opinion on the strength of body and age of Indians in comparison to whites; what Indian nations in Heckewelder's knowledge compress the heads of children and how it is done; and information on health, nursing, menstruation, etc. Smith also expounds at times, expressing his belief that some Indian nations formerly had a hieroglyphic writing system and asking Heckewelder's opinion, wondering whether Indian chiefs have more or less power now than formerly, and pursuing his inquiry into the relations of North American and Asiatic languages. He is also interested in accuracy of George Henry Loskiel's "History of the Mission of the United Brethren among the Indians in North America," which mentions the Moshkos Indians, of whom Barton had never heard before. Also mentions study of the Nanticoke. Smith's letters to Pennant revolve around the prospects for his work on antiquities and Indians and his hopes for a London edition to satisfy European market, and the possible Welsh origins of American Indians. Barton general disapproves it, but agrees that there is a case for the Welsh origin of the American Indians from physical appearance, while others had seen this as evidence for Jewish origin. He finds striking vocabulary evidence for Jews, Greeks, Scottish Highland, as well as Welsh. [Most of the letters to Heckewelder are from originals in the Gilbert Collection, College of Physicians, Philadelphia.]
Collection: Violetta Delafield-Benjamin Smith Barton Collection (Mss.B.B284d)