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Arikara
Alternate forms: Sahnish
Language(s): English
Date: 1967, 1968, 1997
Type:Text
Genre: Essays | Reports
Extent: 209 pages
Description: The Arikara materials in the Phillips Fund collection consist of 2 items. Materials in this collection are listed alphabetically by last name of author. See materials listed under William Powers and Randy Williams. The Powers material is a typeset manuscript entitled "Indians of the Northern Plain," which only partially concerns the Arikara. The Williams material is a brief project report on research at the Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis, Missouri, toward an account of the day-to-day life of residents of Fort Clark Trading Post, North Dakota.
Collection: Phillips Fund for Native American Research Collection (Mss.497.3.Am4)

Dakota | Lakota
Alternate forms: Dakhota, Lakhota, Santee, Sioux, Teton, Yankton
Language(s): Dakota | English | Lakota
Date: 1838-1938 (bulk 1930s)
Type:Text
Extent: 7500+ pages, 3300+ slips; 2 notebooks
Description: The Dakota and Lakota materials in the ACLS collection consist of a very large and diverse set of materials, and are located in the "Dakota" section of the finding aid, which provides a detailed listing of all contents. The vast majority of these materials were composed and assembled by Ella Deloria during the 1930s, both recorded from contemporary speakers and from various historical manuscript sources, which were sent to Franz Boas. The bulk of Deloria's materials are stories and speeches in typewritten manuscript form, with a transcription in the original language, followed by a literal word-for-word translation, then a free translation in English, and a section of footnotes commenting upon the original text and translation decisions. Some of her manuscripts occasionally lack one or more of these sections. These texts cover a wide range of topics, from traditional narratives, historical accounts, autobiographical stories, descriptions of games, customs, ceremonies, etc., and speeches, often concerning political affairs and economic conditions from the late-19th century to the 1930s. Names of numerous speakers are also given in the manuscripts themselves. Some of these materials were published, but most were not. Note that Deloria identifies the language recorded by using the terms "Teton" for Lakota language, and "Santee" and "Yankton" to indicate Eastern and Western dialects of Dakota language. The collection also includes a much smaller amount of material by Boas and others, primarily consisting of linguistics notes and musical analysis. A full list of places where the material was recorded has not yet been assembled.
Collection: ACLS Collection (American Council of Learned Societies Committee on Native American Languages, American Philosophical Society) (Mss.497.3.B63c)

Dakota | Lakota
Alternate forms: Sioux, Teton
Language(s): Dakota | English | Lakota
Date: circa 1930s
Type:Text
Extent: 8 folders
Description: The Dakota and Lakota materials in the Franz Boas Professional Papers consist of 8 items. Six of these items are listed under "Boas, Franz--Dakota Languages" and pertain to various linguistic features, inclussing an incomplete glossary. See also "Dakota Indians - The story of the beginning as told in the Wakan Wacipi of Dakota" and "Deloria, Ella - Report for Dr. Boas, re: Capitalism and the Dakota-Sioux."
Collection: Franz Boas Personal and Professional Papers (Mss.B.B61p)

Crow | Nez Perce
Alternate forms: Apsáalooke, Niimíipu
Language(s): English
Date: 1877
Contributor: Fair, Edwin B.
Type:Text
Extent: 5 letters
Description: A small collection of letters by Corporal Edwin B. Fair, who apparently joined Company E of the U.S. Seventh Cavalry, formerly under George Custer's command, a few months after Custer and his forces were defeated at the Battle of Little Bighorn, or the Battle of the Greasy Grass. Fair writes home to his sisters from his posts in the Dakota Territory and Montana. In the letters, Fair describes the daily life of and conditions faced by a common soldier stationed on the Plains; buffalo hunting; encounters with Native Americans, particularly the Crow and Nez Perce; and patrol and reconnaissance missions in Yellowstone National Park and other places. Fair relates the events and scenes witnessed in the plain, unvarnished vernacular of the day. Letters from the time and place are of infrequent occurence, making this a particularily interesting collection.
Collection: Edwin B. Fair Letters (Mss.SMs.Coll.17)

Apache | Chiricahua | Crow | Dakota | Lakota
Language(s): English
Date: Circa 1880-1900
Extent: 19 photographs
Description: The Ellen Lehman Native American Photograph Collection consists of 19 albumen prints of late nineteenth-century Native American leaders on cabinet cards. The bulk of the images date from the 1880s and portray important members of the Dakota Indian tribes, many of whom fought against the 7th Cavalry of the U.S. Army at the Battle of the Little Bighorn in 1876. Among the leaders depicted are: Sitting Bull, Gall, Rain in the Face, Crow King, and White Bull. The collection also includes two images of Geronimo, the Bedonkohe Apache leader who resisted Mexican and American expansion in the Southwest in the latter half of the nineteenth century. The majority of the photographs in the collection were taken by David Francis Barry, with Orlando Scott Goff and George W. Scott also contributing.
Collection: Ellen Lehman Native American Photograph Collection (Mss.SMs.Coll.16)

Hidatsa
Language(s): Hidatsa | English
Date: 1911, 1941, 1946
Genre: Stories | Essays
Extent: 2 folders; 8 minutes
Description: The Hidatsa materials in the Frank Siebert Papers can be found in two sections. In "Series XII: Recordings," there is 1 shellac phonograph disc, "Hidatsa: a Siouan language: Water Buster account," pressed by the Indiana Historical Society, 1939, which contains a recording by speaker Charley Snow made in 1911. In "Series VII: Works by Others," there are reprints of two articles, one by R.H. Stetson, and one by C.F. Voegelin.
Collection: Frank Siebert Papers (Mss.Ms.Coll.97)

Hidatsa
Language(s): English | Hidatsa
Date: 1967-1972
Type:Text
Extent: 214 pages
Description: The Hidatsa materials in the Phillips Fund collection consist of 2 items. Materials in this collection are listed alphabetically by last name of author. See materials listed under Bowers and Powers. Bowers' material includes a report and inventory accompanying a large set of audio recordings, listed separately in this guide.
Collection: Phillips Fund for Native American Research Collection (Mss.497.3.Am4)

Lakota
Language(s): English | Lakota
Date: 1966-1970, 1976, 1992-1995, 2012-2015
Extent: 863 pages
Description: The Lakota materials in the Phillips Fund collection consist of 13 items. Materials in this collection are listed alphabetically by last name of author. See materials listed under Green, Harbeck, Kilroe, Merrill, Pollak, Potts, Powers, Price, Sistrunk, Wagoner, and Znamenski.
Collection: Phillips Fund for Native American Research Collection (Mss.497.3.Am4)

Hidatsa | Mandan
Language(s): English | Hidatsa | Mandan
Date: 1967-1972
Extent: 11 sound tape reels (87 hr., 26 min.) : DIGITIZED
Description: This program consists of primarily of recordings converting Robert C. Hollow's Mandan dictionary into Hidatsa with the assistance of speaker James Driver. Most of the recordings consist of a Hidatsa word list elicited by the reading of English terms and phrases from the Mandan-English section of Robert C. Hollow's Mandan dictionary. The Mandan equivalents from the dictionary are infrequently given. Includes occasional discussion of context and usage of given words, as well as occasional comments on Hidatsa social life and customs. Also includes recordings analyzing the "Sacred Arrow Myth" that Bowers recorded with Sam Newman in Hidatsa in July 1932. James Driver also gives several narratives in Hidatsa on "Trip with Paul Ewald to family graves," "Data on tribal lands," "History of the Catholic Mission," and "Traveling to Minot," which in part concerns the Influenza Epidemic of 1918-1919. (NOTE: This material has been digitized and can be accessed online for free by users not physically at the APS Library through a login and password. Please see our Audio Access Page for information on how to request these materials.)
Collection: Mandan-Hidatsa cultural change and language studies, Fort Berthold Reservation (Mss.Rec.84)

Hidatsa | Mandan
Language(s): English | Hidatsa | Mandan
Date: 1969
Extent: 19 sound tape reels (155 hr., 29 min.) : DIGITIZED
Description: Primarily consists of autobiographical stories, creation stories, and medicine stories collected by Alfred W. Bowers in earlier decades. The stories are read in segments in Bowers' English translation to two native consultants, who then translate the material into both Mandan and Hidatsa, or occasionally into either Mandan or Hidatsa alone. A small number of stories are told in Mandan only. Also includes English discussions of the Mandan and Hidatsa domestic life, material culture, personal reminscences, and histories of the Crow-Flies-High Band and the Fort Buford and Fort Berthold settlements. Bowers' original table of contents also available. Recorded at Fort Berthold Indian Reservation, North Dakota, in 1969. (NOTE: This material has been digitized and can be accessed online for free by users not physically at the APS Library through a login and password. Please see our Audio Access Page for information on how to request these materials.)
Collection: Mandan-Hidatsa Ethnohistory and Linguistics (Mss.Rec.81)