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Catawba | Cherokee | Quapaw
Language(s):
Date: 1900; 1940-1946; 1963-1997
Description: The Cherokee materials in the Siebert Papers consist a moderate range of items relating mainly to the Cherokee language. In Series IV, there are articles by Blumer, Masthay, Speck, Strom about the Cherokee language, as well as one item labelled "Quapaw and Cherokee - Linguistic Notes." In Series V, see "Linguistic Notes, Quapaw and Cherokee" (different from the item in Series IV), "Polly Wildcat, Cherokee." In Series VI, see articles by Hale and Witthoft. In Series XI, there is one studio portrait of an unidentified Cherokee child.
Collection: Frank Siebert Papers (Mss.Ms.Coll.97)

Cherokee
Language(s): English
Date: 1792-1796
Type:Text
Extent: 2 items
Description: Correspondence relating to Cherokees. Letter to Thomas Pennant, sending specimens of birds called Onacloneita by visiting Cherokee Indians; and letter to John G. E. Heckewelder, inquiring whether any Indians ever have a sickly white color or white spots on them and mentioning Cherokee belief that their ancestors found a race of "develish white-people" when they came to the area then inhabited. [From original in the Gilbert Collection, College of Physicians, Philadelphia.]
Collection: Violetta Delafield-Benjamin Smith Barton Collection (Mss.B.B284d)

Lenape
Alternate forms: Lenape
Language(s): English
Date: 1795-1796
Type:Text
Extent: 2 items
Description: Correspondence relating to Delawares. Two letters to John G. E. Heckewelder. The first inquires whether words for "earthquake" exist in Delaware or other Indian languages and whether there is an "earthquake theme." The second concerns whether certain objects are unequivocally Indian, and whether any species of birds is venerated or held in particular esteem by the Delawares or other Indians. [Both from originals in the Gilbert Collection, College of Physicians, Philadelphia.]
Collection: Violetta Delafield-Benjamin Smith Barton Collection (Mss.B.B284d)

Squamish
Alternate forms: Sḵwx̱wú7mesh
Language(s): English | Squamish
Date: 1976
Extent: 163 pages
Description: This is an ethnographic study of traditional Squamish use of land animals (mammals, birds, insects, reptiles, and amphibians) as resources, co-authored by Randall (Randy) T. Bouchard and Dorothy I. D. Kennedy. Photographs by Kennedy accompany the text to show uses of tools by the Squamish people of Northern Vancouver as applied to the species discussed. See also the other volumes in the same series in the APS collections: Bouchard and Kennedy's "Utilization of fish, beach foods, and marine mammals by the Squamish Indian people of British Columbia" (1976) (Mss.970.6.K38); and Bouchard and Nancy J. Turner, "Botany of the Squamish Indian people of British Columbia" (1976) (Mss.970.6.B66). These publications were disseminated by the British Columbia Language Project.
Collection: Knowledge and usage of land mammals, birds, insects, reptiles, and amphibians by the Squamish Indian people of British Columbia (Mss.970.6.K38.k)

Lenape | Nanticoke
Alternate forms: Lenape
Language(s): English
Date: 1792-1805
Type:Text
Extent: 10 items
Description: Correspondence relating to miscellaneous indigenous peoples and cultures. Seven letters are to John G. E. Heckewelder and three are to Thomas Pennant. Smith's letters to Heckewelder largely consist of questions about Native peoples, cultures, and languages, including a query about Indian names for a particular bird; the Indians' feelings and beliefs about the opossum; Heckewelder's opinion on the strength of body and age of Indians in comparison to whites; what Indian nations in Heckewelder's knowledge compress the heads of children and how it is done; and information on health, nursing, menstruation, etc. Smith also expounds at times, expressing his belief that some Indian nations formerly had a hieroglyphic writing system and asking Heckewelder's opinion, wondering whether Indian chiefs have more or less power now than formerly, and pursuing his inquiry into the relations of North American and Asiatic languages. He is also interested in accuracy of George Henry Loskiel's "History of the Mission of the United Brethren among the Indians in North America," which mentions the Moshkos Indians, of whom Barton had never heard before. Also mentions study of the Nanticoke. Smith's letters to Pennant revolve around the prospects for his work on antiquities and Indians and his hopes for a London edition to satisfy European market, and the possible Welsh origins of American Indians. Barton general disapproves it, but agrees that there is a case for the Welsh origin of the American Indians from physical appearance, while others had seen this as evidence for Jewish origin. He finds striking vocabulary evidence for Jews, Greeks, Scottish Highland, as well as Welsh. [Most of the letters to Heckewelder are from originals in the Gilbert Collection, College of Physicians, Philadelphia.]
Collection: Violetta Delafield-Benjamin Smith Barton Collection (Mss.B.B284d)

Passamaquoddy
Date: undated
Subject: Birds
Type:Text
Extent: 3 pages
Description: "Malecite bird names," a list of bird names in Malecite with English glosses.
Collection: Miscellaneous Manuscripts Collection (Mss.Ms.Coll.200)

Powhatan
Language(s): English
Date: April 29, 1688
Contributor: Unknown
Type:Text
Extent: 1 page
Description: Letter from S. P., perhaps to Robert Boyle of the Royal Society for Improving Natural Knowledge. Sends dead hummingbird and a sample of Indian wampum which Indians measure by cubits, varying with each person. Original at the Royal Society of London.
Collection: Royal Society (Great Britain) miscellaneous correspondence and documents (Mss.Film.460)

Anishinaabe | Ojibwe
Alternate forms: Chippewa, Ojibwa, Ojibway
Language(s): English
Date: 1865-1871
Type:Text
Extent: 2 volumes, 655 p.
Description: The two surviving volumes of Trippe's journals document his ornithological and natural historical observations between 1865 and 1871, including meticulously detailed records of the avifauna (and to lesser degree other fauna) in central New Jersey, central Iowa, and southern Minnesota. They include detailed, and Trippe provided year-end taxonomic and meteorological indexes for 1869, 1870, and 1871. Includes brief mentiones of Chippewa Indians.
Collection: T. Martin Trippe Journals (Mss.598.2.T73)