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Language(s): English
Date: 1841
Genre: Sketches
Extent: 1 item
Description: "Catching wild geese in California," a sketch, probably of Indians in California, taken on Wilkes' Expedition, possibly following sinking of the Peacock in the Columbia River.
Collection: Peale-Sellers Family Collection (Mss.B.P31)

Cherokee
Language(s): English
Date: 1792-1796
Type:Text
Extent: 2 items
Description: Correspondence relating to Cherokees. Letter to Thomas Pennant, sending specimens of birds called Onacloneita by visiting Cherokee Indians; and letter to John G. E. Heckewelder, inquiring whether any Indians ever have a sickly white color or white spots on them and mentioning Cherokee belief that their ancestors found a race of "develish white-people" when they came to the area then inhabited. [From original in the Gilbert Collection, College of Physicians, Philadelphia.]
Collection: Violetta Delafield-Benjamin Smith Barton Collection (Mss.B.B284d)

Delaware
Alternate forms: Lenape
Language(s): English
Date: 1795-1796
Type:Text
Extent: 2 items
Description: Correspondence relating to Delawares. Two letters to John G. E. Heckewelder. The first inquires whether words for "earthquake" exist in Delaware or other Indian languages and whether there is an "earthquake theme." The second concerns whether certain objects are unequivocally Indian, and whether any species of birds is venerated or held in particular esteem by the Delawares or other Indians. [Both from originals in the Gilbert Collection, College of Physicians, Philadelphia.]
Collection: Violetta Delafield-Benjamin Smith Barton Collection (Mss.B.B284d)

Language(s): English
Date: Undated
Type:Text
Extent: 2 pages
Description: Letter to John L. LeConte describing cave with Indian hieroglyphs and other comments on an exploring expedition [possibly the Sitgreaves Expedition (1851)].
Collection: John L. (John Lawrence) LeConte papers (Mss.B.L493)

Caddo | Cherokee | Chickasaw | Choctaw | Delaware | Osage
Language(s): English
Date: 1796-1809
Type:Text
Extent: 4 volumes
Description: I. Journal kept by George Hunter of a tour from Philadelphia to Kentucky and the Illinois country. July 14 - October 18, 1796 (38 pages). Journal from Philadelphia towards Lexington, Kentucky, by George Hunter, Senior and Junior, August 19 - September 8, 1802 (28 pages). Miscellaneous accounts (2 pages). II. Continuation of journal of trip to Lexington, September 13 - 0ctober 26, 1802 (33 pages). Journey to explore Louisiana, May 27, 1804 - January 28, 1805 (36 pages). III. Journal of an excursion from Natchez on the Mississippi, October 16 - December 31, 1804 (40 pages). Thermometrical observations, October 18 - December 6, 1804 (27 pages). IV. Continuation of journal of excursion from Natchez, January 1 - March 27, 1805 (17 pages). Volume I mentions Indians resorting at the Wabash, gives account of Indian woman who lost nose for infidelity; mentions theft of horses and Indians hired to recover them (Delaware); Indian Gillaway among these. Volumes II, III, and IV, in part based on letters to Hunter's wife, probably copied from these. Volume III mentions Captain Jacobs; Delaware Indians; Chickasaw and Choctaw. Volume IV mentions murder of some Cherokees by Little Osages; plundering of white men by Grand Osages who had visited Washington; Choctaw woman mourning child; memo noting omission of description of Indian mounds, present in copy #472.
Collection: George Hunter Journals (Mss.B.H912)

Anishinaabe | Ojibwe
Alternate forms: Chippewa, Ojibwa, Ojibway
Language(s): English
Date: 1865-1871
Type:Text
Extent: 2 volumes, 655 p.
Description: The two surviving volumes of Trippe's journals document his ornithological and natural historical observations between 1865 and 1871, including meticulously detailed records of the avifauna (and to lesser degree other fauna) in central New Jersey, central Iowa, and southern Minnesota. They include detailed, and Trippe provided year-end taxonomic and meteorological indexes for 1869, 1870, and 1871. Includes brief mentiones of Chippewa Indians.
Collection: T. Martin Trippe Journals (Mss.598.2.T73)

Osage
Language(s): English
Date: 1819
Type:Text
Extent: 43 pages
Description: "Journal kept...as assistant naturalist of Long's expedition west of the Rocky Mountains from May 3 to August 1, 1819." This journal was kept by Peale as the assistant naturalist of Stephen Long's expedition west of the Rocky Mountains, May 3-August 1, 1819. Mentions meeting Osage and other Indians; examining mounds on Mississippi River. Donor, Robert J. Drake, 1954. Printed, Weese (1947) and extracted and discussed, Poesch (1961): 22-35. Originals in Library of Congress.
Collection: Titian Ramsay Peale journal, 1819 (Mss.Film.694)