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A'aninin | Anishinaabe | Apache | Apache, Plains | Apache, Western | Arapaho | Arikara | Assiniboine | Blackfoot | Caddo | Catawba | Cayuga | Cherokee | Cheyenne | Chickasaw | Choctaw | Comanche | Creek | Crow | Delaware | Flathead | Haudenosaunee | Ho-Chunk | Hopi | Houma | Iñupiat | Iowa | Isleta | Kaw | Kickapoo | Laguna | Lakota | Mandan | Menominee | Meskwaki | Munsee | Nez Perce | Ojibwe | Omaha | Oneida | Oto | Ottawa | Penobscot | Pawnee | Ponca | Potawatomi | Quapaw | Seminole | Seneca | Shawnee | Shoshone | Stockbridge-Munsee | Tsimshian | Wabanaki | Wichita | Wyandot
Alternate forms: Arapahoe, Chippewa, Eskimo, Gros Ventre, Iroquois, Kansa, Lenape, Muscogee, Niimíipu, Odawa, Ojibwa, Ojibway, Salish, Sioux, Sac-and-Fox, Sauk-and-Fox, Winnebago, Wyandotte
Language(s): English
Date: 1939-1943
Extent: 0.25 linear feet
Description: There are a few items in the Frank G. Speck Papers currently identified as relating to Indian boarding schools.In the collection guide, under Subcollection 1, Series 1, in Section IV, "Southeast," see item IV(15H3), "Yuchi miscellaneous notes," which contains a letter from Ann Rolland (Haskell Institute), to Speck, April 6, 1941, as well as items under "C. Houma (Louisiana)" that relate to mission schools. In Section XIII, "Miscellaneous," see item XIII(22H), "Haskell Institute Roster," which lists of Native students and the Haskell Institute boarding school in 1939-1940, giving name, age, address, and tribe. (The tribes of the students included are listed above in this entry.) In Subcollection I, Series II, Biographical Material, see letters (listed alphabetically by author) from Leona E. Giger and Ann Rolland, both students at Haskell in the early 1940s. Also see letter from "Redge" and Gladys Laulin regarding Chippewa boy returning home for dances. In Series III, Photographs, there is an undated photograph [#10-14(a)] from the Shingwauk Indian Residential School. See also school-related photos in folders "Creek #3," "Eskimo [Inuit] (Labrador) #4," "Houma #1," #2, #7, and #8, "Pamunkey #6," and "Penobscot: People #2." In Series IV, Lantern Slides, there are slides of Native and Black students at the Hampton Institute. More boarding school-related material may be identified in the collection with further research.
Collection: Frank G. Speck Papers (Mss.Ms.Coll.126)

Dakota | Lakota
Alternate forms: Dakhota, Lakhota, Santee, Sioux, Teton, Yankton
Language(s): Dakota | English | Lakota
Date: 1838-1938 (bulk 1930s)
Type:Text
Extent: 7500+ pages, 3300+ slips; 2 notebooks
Description: The Dakota and Lakota materials in the ACLS collection consist of a very large and diverse set of materials, and are located in the "Dakota" section of the finding aid, which provides a detailed listing of all contents. The vast majority of these materials were composed and assembled by Ella Deloria during the 1930s, both recorded from contemporary speakers and from various historical manuscript sources, which were sent to Franz Boas. The bulk of Deloria's materials are stories and speeches in typewritten manuscript form, with a transcription in the original language, followed by a literal word-for-word translation, then a free translation in English, and a section of footnotes commenting upon the original text and translation decisions. Some of her manuscripts occasionally lack one or more of these sections. These texts cover a wide range of topics, from traditional narratives, historical accounts, autobiographical stories, descriptions of games, customs, ceremonies, etc., and speeches, often concerning political affairs and economic conditions from the late-19th century to the 1930s. Names of numerous speakers are also given in the manuscripts themselves. Some of these materials were published, but most were not. Note that Deloria identifies the language recorded by using the terms "Teton" for Lakota language, and "Santee" and "Yankton" to indicate Eastern and Western dialects of Dakota language. The collection also includes a much smaller amount of material by Boas and others, primarily consisting of linguistics notes and musical analysis. A full list of places where the material was recorded has not yet been assembled.
Collection: ACLS Collection (American Council of Learned Societies Committee on Native American Languages, American Philosophical Society) (Mss.497.3.B63c)

Dakota | Lakota
Alternate forms: Sioux, Teton
Language(s): Dakota | English | Lakota
Date: circa 1930s
Type:Text
Extent: 8 folders
Description: The Dakota and Lakota materials in the Franz Boas Professional Papers consist of 8 items. Six of these items are listed under "Boas, Franz--Dakota Languages" and pertain to various linguistic features, inclussing an incomplete glossary. See also "Dakota Indians - The story of the beginning as told in the Wakan Wacipi of Dakota" and "Deloria, Ella - Report for Dr. Boas, re: Capitalism and the Dakota-Sioux."
Collection: Franz Boas Personal and Professional Papers (Mss.B.B61p)

Dakota | Lakota
Language(s): English | Lakota
Date: 1970
Subject: Linguistics
Extent: 1 sound tape reel (48 min.) : DIGITIZED
Description: Consists of elicited sentences in the Western dialect of Dakota made with the assistance of two consultants, Joseph Marshall, Jr. of Mission, South Dakota and Moses Big Crow of St. Francis, South Dakota. Recorded in multiple work sessions in February and March 1970. (NOTE: This material has been digitized and can be accessed online for free by users not physically at the APS Library through a login and password. Please see our Audio Access Page for information on how to request these materials.)
Collection: Dakota language, Western dialect (Mss.Rec.84A)

Apache | Chiricahua | Crow | Dakota | Lakota
Language(s): English
Date: Circa 1880-1900
Extent: 19 photographs
Description: The Ellen Lehman Native American Photograph Collection consists of 19 albumen prints of late nineteenth-century Native American leaders on cabinet cards. The bulk of the images date from the 1880s and portray important members of the Dakota Indian tribes, many of whom fought against the 7th Cavalry of the U.S. Army at the Battle of the Little Bighorn in 1876. Among the leaders depicted are: Sitting Bull, Gall, Rain in the Face, Crow King, and White Bull. The collection also includes two images of Geronimo, the Bedonkohe Apache leader who resisted Mexican and American expansion in the Southwest in the latter half of the nineteenth century. The majority of the photographs in the collection were taken by David Francis Barry, with Orlando Scott Goff and George W. Scott also contributing.
Collection: Ellen Lehman Native American Photograph Collection (Mss.SMs.Coll.16)

Lakota
Language(s): Lakota
Date: 1993
Contributor: Sistrunk, Sara A.
Extent: 5 sound tape reels (2 hr., 25 min.) : DIGITIZED
Description: Recordings of two Lakhota conversations and one monologue made at Pine Ridge Indian Reservation, South Dakota, in August 1993, for the purpose of studying gender-specific particles in Lakhota speech. All recordings are in Lakhota only, except for brief identification information in English. Topics include family and relationships, past and present religious practices and rituals, Lakhota history, and advice on proper living and Lakhota identity. (NOTE: This material has been digitized and can be accessed online for free by users not physically at the APS Library through a login and password. Please see our Audio Access Page for information on how to request these materials.)
Collection: Lakhota Conversations (Mss.Rec.188)

Lakota | Dakota
Language(s): Lakota | Dakota | English
Date: 1930s
Type:Text
Extent: 4 folders
Description: Haas' Lakota file consists of two short lexica and several interlinear texts recorded with Chief Crazy Bull of the Hunkpapa Lakota. In addition to being presented in the dedicated subseries in Series 2, it also forms part of a field notebook on various languages from the 1930s in Subseries ‘Multiple Languages'. Wahpeton and Shahiyina Sioux are also represented here, alongside a Siouan family tree. A Dakota Sioux lexicon is also found in the same subseries.
Collection: Mary R. Haas Papers (Mss.Ms.Coll.94)

Lakota
Language(s): English | Lakota
Date: 1966-1970, 1976, 1992-1995, 2012-2015
Extent: 863 pages
Description: The Lakota materials in the Phillips Fund collection consist of 13 items. Materials in this collection are listed alphabetically by last name of author. See materials listed under Green, Harbeck, Kilroe, Merrill, Pollak, Potts, Powers, Price, Sistrunk, Wagoner, and Znamenski.
Collection: Phillips Fund for Native American Research Collection (Mss.497.3.Am4)

Lakota
Alternate forms: Sioux
Language(s):
Date: November 1935
Extent: 1 photograph
Description: The Swann Papers includes a photograph (F8.44.1) "Beginning Ascent from 12,000 feet over Pine Ridge Indian Reservation," taken from a balloon during a National Geographic-Army Air Corps stratosphere flight. This item is located in Series V of the collection.
Collection: William Francis Gray Swann Papers (Mss.B.Sw1)

Omaha | Ponca | Lakota
Language(s): English | Lakota | Omaha-Ponca
Date: 1928-1930
Type:Text
Extent: 344 pages, approx. 1,600 cards and slips
Description: The Omaha and Ponda materials in the ACLS collection consist primarily of four items located in the "Omaha" section of the finding aid. The first materials are texts and grammatical notes recorded by Francis La Flesche, including texts with literal and free translations, and terms of relationship among the Omahas. Also includes correspondence with Franz Boas. The materials by Boas, which were based on prior source, including La Flesche, consist of a word list comparing Omaha to Lakota, and a lexicon of approximately 1600 word slips. In the "Iowa" section of the finding aid, Frida Hahn's manuscript grammar, "The Ponca Language," is found among Gordon Marsh's Iowa materials.
Collection: ACLS Collection (American Council of Learned Societies Committee on Native American Languages, American Philosophical Society) (Mss.497.3.B63c)