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Date: 1834; 1837
Subject: Grave robbing | Human remains | Skulls | Phrenology | Antiquities | Funeral rites and ceremonies | Anthropometry
Extent: 2 items
Description: Letters from Zina Pitcher and John Collins Warren discussing grave robbing of Indigenous ancestors' remains. Pitcher mentions difficulties in getting information about the deceased from Algonquians, who won't speak of the dead. Mentions Osages, Quapaws, Missouri, Kansas, Otos, Omahas; Chitimachas or Comanches; and the five tribes of the Creek nation. Warren lists American skulls in his collection: mostly eastern, except for Ancient Niagara and Chinook, not flattened, plus Ohio cavern and Ohio rock and Mound at Lexington; Algonquian from eastern Massachusetts. He talks of the Guanche cast from the Canaries and some unidentified skulls he has seen.
Collection: Samuel George Morton Papers (Mss.B.M843)
Culture: A'aninin | Anishinaabe | Apache | Apache, Plains | Apache, Western | Arapaho | Arikara | Assiniboine | Blackfoot | Caddo | Catawba | Cayuga | Cherokee | Cheyenne | Chickasaw | Choctaw | Comanche | Creek | Crow | Delaware | Flathead | Haudenosaunee | Ho-Chunk | Hopi | Houma | Iñupiat | Iowa | Isleta | Kaw | Kickapoo | Laguna | Lakota | Mandan | Menominee | Meskwaki | Munsee | Nez Perce | Ojibwe | Omaha | Oneida | Oto | Ottawa | Penobscot | Pawnee | Ponca | Potawatomi | Quapaw | Seminole | Seneca | Shawnee | Shoshone | Stockbridge-Munsee | Tsimshian | Wabanaki | Wichita | Wyandot
Alternate forms: Arapahoe, Chippewa, Eskimo, Gros Ventre, Iroquois, Kansa, Lenape, Muscogee, Niimíipu, Odawa, Ojibwa, Ojibway, Salish, Sioux, Sac-and-Fox, Sauk-and-Fox, Winnebago, Wyandotte
Contributor: Haskell Institute | Speck, Frank G. (Frank Gouldsmith), 1881-1950 | Giger, Leona E. | Rolland, Ann | Laulin, Reginald | Laulin, Gladys
Subject: Boarding schools | Cultural assimilation | Education | Hampton Institute | Haskell Institute
Extent: 0.25 linear feet
Description: There are a few items in the Frank G. Speck Papers currently identified as relating to Indian boarding schools.In the collection guide, under Subcollection 1, Series 1, in Section IV, "Southeast," see item IV(15H3), "Yuchi miscellaneous notes," which contains a letter from Ann Rolland (Haskell Institute), to Speck, April 6, 1941, as well as items under "C. Houma (Louisiana)" that relate to mission schools. In Section XIII, "Miscellaneous," see item XIII(22H), "Haskell Institute Roster," which lists of Native students and the Haskell Institute boarding school in 1939-1940, giving name, age, address, and tribe. (The tribes of the students included are listed above in this entry.) In Subcollection I, Series II, Biographical Material, see letters (listed alphabetically by author) from Leona E. Giger and Ann Rolland, both students at Haskell in the early 1940s. Also see letter from "Redge" and Gladys Laulin regarding Chippewa boy returning home for dances. In Series III, Photographs, there is an undated photograph [#10-14(a)] from the Shingwauk Indian Residential School. See also school-related photos in folders "Creek #3," "Eskimo [Inuit] (Labrador) #4," "Houma #1," #2, #7, and #8, "Pamunkey #6," and "Penobscot: People #2." In Series IV, Lantern Slides, there are slides of Native and Black students at the Hampton Institute. More boarding school-related material may be identified in the collection with further research.
Collection: Frank G. Speck Papers (Mss.Ms.Coll.126)
Extent: 1 folder
Description: Jane Rosenthal corresponded with James L. Armagost on the topic of Comanche language compounding.
Collection: Jane M. Rosenthal Papers (Mss.Ms.Coll.129)
Date: July 20, 1846
Contributor: Haldeman, Samuel Stehman, 1812-1880
Extent: 2 pages
Description: Letter to John L. Le Conte. Author has been to Washington studying Comanche and southwest Indian phonology, now has collected thirteen specimens of Indian languages, and made a talking machine that produces sounds. Also references Leidy and botany.
Collection: John L. (John Lawrence) LeConte papers (Mss.B.L493)
Contributor: Haas, Mary R. (Mary Rosamond), 1910-1996 | Casagrande, Joseph | Conworp, Eleanor | Whorf, Benjamin Lee, 1897-1941
Extent: 0.1 linear feet
Description: Haas' materials on Comanche are few but contain original items of particular interest. Series 1 contains a discussion with anthropologist Joseph Casagrande of a register used with and by young children, and correspondence with Benjamin Whorf concerning comparative work of Uto-Aztecan languages. There is a lexicon recorded with consultant Eleanor Conworp in a field notebook of various languages, located in Series 2 Subseries ‘Multiple Languages', and a small amount of comparative work in the index cards of Series 9.
Collection: Mary R. Haas Papers (Mss.Ms.Coll.94)
Date: 1992, 1994
Contributor: Levine, Frances | Merian, Thomas W. | Meadows, William C., 1966- | Merrill, William Lewis
Extent: 470 pages, 61 photos
Description: The Comanche materials in the Phillips Fund collection consist of 3 items. Materials in this collection are listed alphabetically by last name of author. See materials listed under Levine, Meadows, and Merrill.
Collection: Phillips Fund for Native American Research Collection (Mss.497.3.Am4)
Date: 1994-1997, undated
Extent: 2 folders
Description: William Bright's Comanche language materials are in correspondence with Alice Anderton and Jean Charney (Series 1), including Comanche language lessons, floppy disks that may contain relevant material, and a 174-page lexicon from Casagrande's work “Comanche Linguistic Acculturation”.
Collection: William O. Bright Papers (Mss.Ms.Coll.142)
Date: April 2, 1812
Contributor: Sibley, John, 1757-1837
Extent: 4 pages
Description: Original in Missouri Historical Society, Sibley Papers. Sibley (Indian agent at Nachitoches) mentions Spanish-Indian conflict, naming Hietans, Tankaways, Comanches, Tanakenos, and Panies. Bad behavior of American troops. He has journal and maps of George the Factor from a trip to the Kansas and Pawnees, during which he experienced the earthquakes. Worries about becoming a state and French majority without annexation of West Florida.
Collection: Zebulon Montgomery Pike biographical materials (Mss.B.P63)
Culture: Arapaho | Caddo | Cherokee | Cheyenne | Comanche | Delaware | Kiowa | Meskwaki | Osage | Oto | Ottawa | Pawnee | Ponca | Quapaw | Seneca-Cayuga | Shawnee | Yuchi
Alternate forms: Arapahoe
Contributor: Roark-Calnek, Sue N., 1936-
Subject: Dance | Music | Oklahoma--History | Powwows | Rites and ceremonies | Social life and customs
Extent: 36 audiocassettes (33 hr., 53 min.)
Description: Recordings of powwows, benefit dances, wedding dances, dance competitions, and other permonances at various grounds in Oklahoma and Missouri from 1973-1974 by Sue Roark-Calnek. Includes round dances, stomp dances, war dances, gourd dances, snake dances, buffalo dances, hand games, and others. Dancers, singers, and staff are Arapaho, Caddo, Cayuga, Cherokee, Cheyenne, Delaware, Fox, Hopi, Kiowa, Osage, Ottawa, Oto, Pawnee, Ponca, Quapaw, Seneca, Shawnee, and Yuchi. Includes Delaware and Quapaw Pow-Wow, Osage Inloska Society, Arapaho Starhawk Society, Nevada (Mo.) Bushwhacker Days Pow-Wow, and White Oak Shawnee Night Stomp Dance, Kihekah Steh Pow-Wow, and Seneca-Cayuga Green Corn Ceremonial and Stomp Dance. Some materials may be restricted due to cultural sensitivity and privacy concerns.
Collection: Indian performances in Oklahoma (Mss.Rec.107)
Contributor: Blackbear, Eugene, Jr. | Bull Coming, Catharine | Chalepah, Alonzo | Domebo, Harry | Kassanavoid, Forrest | Klinekole, Houston | Meadows, William C., 1966- | Tongkeahma, Henrietta
Extent: 13 audiocassettes (16 hr., 32 min.) : DIGITIZED
Description: Audio recordings of interviews with Cheyenne, Comanche, Kiowa, and Kiowa Apache consultants regarding military societies, related dances and ceremonial traditions, the participation of Indians veterans in the U.S. military during wars in the 20th century--including Comanche code talkers--and related topics. Also includes recordings of performances by the Comanche Tuhwi Society, Kiowa Black Legs Society, Kiowa Scalp & Victory Dance Songs, Kiowa children's songs, and some Kiowa folklore. Recorded by William C. Meadows in various locations in Oklahoma in 1992 and 1993. (NOTE: This material has been digitized and can be accessed online for free by users not physically at the APS Library through a login and password. Please see our Audio Access Page for information on how to request these materials.)
Collection: Interviews on Cheyenne, Comanche, Kiowa, and Apache military societies (Mss.Rec.166)