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Cheyenne
Language(s): Cheyenne | English
Date: 1963-1964
Extent: 2 sound tape reels (2 hr., 24 min.) : DIGITIZED
Description: Cheyenne folkloric and autobiographical stories, given by 9 different speaekrs in Cheyenne only. Recorded in Norman, Oklahoma in 1963 and 1964. (NOTE: This material has been digitized and can be accessed online for free by users not physically at the APS Library through a login and password. Please see our Audio Access Page for information on how to request these materials.)
Collection: Cheyenne stories (Mss.Rec.51)

Apache, Kiowa | Cheyenne | Comanche | Kiowa
Language(s): Apache, Kiowa | Comanche | English
Date: 1992-1993
Genre: Interviews | Songs
Extent: 13 audiocassettes (16 hr., 32 min.) : DIGITIZED
Description: Audio recordings of interviews with Cheyenne, Comanche, Kiowa, and Kiowa Apache consultants regarding military societies, related dances and ceremonial traditions, the participation of Indians veterans in the U.S. military during wars in the 20th century--including Comanche code talkers--and related topics. Also includes recordings of performances by the Comanche Tuhwi Society, Kiowa Black Legs Society, Kiowa Scalp & Victory Dance Songs, Kiowa children's songs, and some Kiowa folklore. Recorded by William C. Meadows in various locations in Oklahoma in 1992 and 1993. (NOTE: This material has been digitized and can be accessed online for free by users not physically at the APS Library through a login and password. Please see our Audio Access Page for information on how to request these materials.)
Collection: Interviews on Cheyenne, Comanche, Kiowa, and Apache military societies (Mss.Rec.166)

Unangan
Alternate forms: Aleut, Unangas
Language(s): Unangam | English
Date: 1990-1995
Extent: 73 pages
Description: The Unangan materials in the Phillips Fund collection consist of 2 items. Materials in this collection are listed alphabetically by last name of author. See materials listed under Ryan Madden and Alice Taff. The Madden material include oral history transcripts on "Investigations into the Relocation and Internment of Aleuts during World War II." The Taff material report and correspondence (3 p.) on work on morpheme ordering in Aleut conducted in the Pribilof Island corresponding to a related audio collection.
Collection: Phillips Fund for Native American Research Collection (Mss.497.3.Am4)

Powhatan | Chickahominy | Cherokee | Penobscot | Seminole | Tuscarora | Rappahannock
Language(s): English
Date: 1920-1947
Extent: 40 folders
Description: Materials relating to Speck's interest in the various Virginia- or Chesapeake-area peoples sometimes collectively lumped as Powhatans, including the Chickahominy, Mattaponi, Nansemond, Pamunkey, and Rappahannock peoples, from the early contact period into the mid-twentieth century. The Cherokees, Seminoles, Tuscaroras, and Penobscots are also mentioned. Correspondence includes Speck's correspondence with Chickahominy consultants like Chief George L. Nelson, Mrs. S. P. Nelson, Chief James H. Nelson, and E. P. Bradby; Pamunkey consultants like Paul L. Miles and Chief O. W. Adkins; Charles Edgar Gilliam, a Petersburg, Virginia, attorney and amateur historian, etymologist, and ethnologist; and a letter from Werner Müller in Berlin to the University of Pennsylvania inquiring whether Speck's book on the Nansamond and Chickahominy Indians was published and mentioniong Speck's publications on the Rappahannock and Powhatan. Other materials, largely arranged by topic, were compiled by Speck as well as by some his students, particularly those who participated in a field research group between 1939 and 1942, such as Mary Rowell Carse, Edmund Carpenter, Royal Hassrick, John "Jack" Kremens, Maurice A. Mook, Robert Solenberger, and Theodore Stern. Of particular interest might be a folder of 1941-1946 correspondence (42 letters) and copies of various documents relating to the efforts of Speck, James R. Coates, and others to overcome the practice of Virginia draft boards to classify indigenous peoples as "Negroes" for Selective Service. Other materials include a folder on Chickahominy efforts to gain recognition, including chartering the tribe as an incorporation; two of Speck's field notebooks on the Pamunkey, Mattaponi, Rappahannock, Cherokee, and Chickahominy; Speck's reading notes on topics like gourds and the bow and arrow in early contact days; a description of "Pamunkey Town" in 1759, based on Andrew Burnaby, Travels (1760); a 1940 newspaper article titled "Virginia Indians Past and Present"; notes on Virginia Indian populations in 1668, based on figures obtained from a regulation requiring certain numbers of wolves be killed by various Indian groups; Charles Edgar Gilliam's "Historical sketch of Appomatoc Indians, 1607-1723"; and Gilliam on Powhatan Algonquian birds, etc., in colonial times. Other folders are devoted to topics such as Pamunkey hunting and fishing, Pamunkey games and amusements, Pamunkey celestial and meteorological phenomena, Pamunkey contemporary technology, Pamunkey emergency foods, Pamunkey fish, amphibians, shellfish, and reptiles, Pamunkey reptiles, Pamunkey animals, Pamunkey birds, Pamunkey mensuration, Pamunkey miscellaneous notes and correspondence, Pamunkey social organization, Pamunkey pottery, Pamunkey plants and agriculture, Pamunkey foods, Pamunkey medicines and poisons, Pamunkey folklore and language, Rappahannock field notes, Rappahannock contemporary technology, Rappahanock taking devices, Rappahannock miscellaneous notes and correspondence, Mattaponi miscellaneous notes and correspondence, Chickahominy miscellaneous notes and correspondence, field notes on Western Chickahominy, Nansemond miscellaneous notes and correspondence, and miscellaneous notes and correspondence on Virgina Indians.
Collection: Frank G. Speck Papers (Mss.Ms.Coll.126)