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Abenaki | Innu | Penobscot | Maliseet | Haudenosaunee | Wabanaki
Alternate forms: Abnaki
Date: 1914-1930
Extent: 1 linear foot
Description: The Abenaki materials in the Hallowell Papers are mostly located in Series V, Research Files, in folders labled "Abenaki" and Series VI, Photographs, Subseries E "St. Francis Abenaki Album." These include linguistic, ethnographic, ethnobotanical, ceremonial knowledge, information on political organization, and historical materials. Of particular interest are a sketch of Abenaki history from 1600-1930 accompanied by detailed notes from secondary sources on 17th century Abenaki history. The linguistic materials include an analysis of how the language changed after contact with Catholic missionaries, Abenaki vocabulary related to body parts, Abenaki phonetics, and religious, medical, and kinship terminology. The ethnobotanical materials include a manuscript labled "Identity of animals and plants," and information concerning herbal medicine and its practitioners. There is a wealth of ethnographic materials that include drawings of pipes, descriptions of games, baketry and birch bark maks. There is descriptions of Abenaki music and diagrams of dances, as well as detailed descriptions of hunting techniques. Some of the genealogical materials contains lists of community members names and descriptions of marriage. Interspered throughout the folders labled "Abenaki" in the Research Files are interlinear translations of stories such as "Man who could Find Lost Objects," "Woman and Bear Lover" and numerous other stories. The materials on hunting include topics such as the use of snow shoes, preparation of moose hide,and techniques and drawings of trapping. The collections contain important information designation hunting territories and family names. Four folders contain detailed informaiton on kinship terms. Two folders on Measurements and Genealogical data contain lists of names. The folders labled "Linguistics" in Series V contain scattered information about Abenaki grammar. In Series VI, of 160 photographs taken at St. Francis, Odanak in the Centre-du-Québec region. The Abenaki people in the photographs are identified, in most cases, and also include depictions of traditional dress, buildings, clothing, baskets, and a wide variety of material culture. The corresondence, in Series I, includes letters from Gordon Day describing his collection of stories, regecordings, Vocabularies, and hunting territories. Henry Lorne Masta, one of Hallowell's Abenaki consultants, writes about culture and language.
Collection: Alfred Irving Hallowell Papers (Mss.Ms.Coll.26)

Ahtna | Tanana, Upper | Tutchone, Southern
Alternate forms: Ahtena
Date: 1966, 1968
Extent: 27 sound tape reels (14 hr., 55 min.)
Description: Ahtna songs and stories recorded in 1968 by Frederica de Laguna at Copper Center, with additional ones also recorded at Cantwell, Chistochina, Gulkana, and Upper Tanana material recorded at Tetlin. Includes dance songs, sorry songs, potlatch songs, sleep doctor songs, and others. Includes "Gulkana Potlatch Given by Bill Joe and Kate Sanford for Recovery of Maggie Joe from Illness." Some songs are Tlingit, Upper Tanana, or Tanacross in origin. Includes Ahtna stories, autobiographical accounts, vocabularies, and interviews, as well as a few Southern Tutchone songs recorded at Burwash Landing, Yukon Territory. Also includes Tetlin potlatch songs recorded in 1966.
Collection: Ahtna and Southern Tutchone recordings (Mss.Rec.68)

Language(s): English
Date: 1800; 1830
Subject: Medicine
Type:Text
Extent: 34 pages
Description: This volume contains a manuscript copy of Robert Eveleigh Taylor's dissertation, titled “An inaugural disputation, concerning the varieties of the human race.” Taylor delivered this lecture at the University of Edinburgh in July 1800 to fulfill one of the requirements for a medical degree. The essay touches on many of the prominent theories about racial differences then circulating in the Atlantic World. Taylor, for instance, discusses the influence of climate on the different races and how geography affects the health. It was originally published in Latin (Edinburgh, 1800), and John Brandreth made this English translation for a friend in 1830.
Collection: An inaugural disputation, concerning the varieties of the human race, July 1800, 1830 (Mss.572.2.T2li.b)

Squamish
Alternate forms: Sḵwx̱wú7mesh
Language(s): English | Squamish
Date: 1976
Extent: 179 pages
Description: This paper, co-authored by Nancy J. Turner and Randall (Randy) T. Bouchard, gives the comparative linguistic transcriptions of the native plant names, the botanical identification, and the common English-language names of the plant species, as well as their utilization as food or in technology, medicine, or mythology. Includes photographs. See also the other volumes in the same series in the APS collections: Bouchard and Dorothy I. D. Kennedy's "Knowledge and usage of land mammals, birds, insects, reptiles, and amphibians by the Squamish Indian people of British Columbia" (1976) (Mss.970.6.K38.k); and Bouchard and Kennedy's "Utilization of fish, beach foods, and marine mammals by the Squamish Indian people of British Columbia" (1976) (Mss.970.6.K38). These publications were disseminated by the British Columbia Language Project.
Collection: Botany of the Squamish Indian people of British Columbia (Mss.970.6.B66)

Catawba | Cherokee | Tutelo
Language(s): English | Catawba | Tutelo
Date: 1716; 1803; 1951-1997
Extent: 7 boxes
Description: The Catawba materials in the Frank Siebert Papers are primarily concentrated in Series II. These consist of copies of secondary sources such as an "Indian Vocabulary from Fort Christanna, 1716, Catawba census notes, 1830-1929, land claim agreements, and a dictionary of Place names in South Carolina. Original materials include hundreds of pages of Siebert's FIeld notes and a Catawba vocabulary / dictionary done with Wes Taukchiray.
Collection: Frank Siebert Papers (Mss.Ms.Coll.97)

Catawba
Language(s): English | Catawba
Date: Undated
Type:Text
Genre: Stories
Extent: Circa 500 pages
Description: Catawba texts concerning myths, history, birds, reptiles, signs and omens, remedies, marriage, poverty, industry, food, charms, and taboos. The texts have both free and interlinear English translations. See also Speck, Catawba Texts (Columbia University Contributions to Anthropology, vol. 24; New York, 1934).
Collection: Catawba texts (Mss.497.3.Sp3)

Cayuga | Haudenosaunee
Alternate forms: Iroquois
Language(s): Cayuga | English | French
Date: 1929-1930
Type:Text
Extent: 120 pages
Description: The Cayuga materials in the Frans Olbrechts Papers consist of 3 items found in Series I. These items are: "1-A: Cayuga paradigms and text," which includes a 20-page word and phrase list, and a story about Red Jacket, given by Ezekiel Hill; "1-B: Notes on Cayuga," recorded with consultant Job Henry; and "6: Comparative relative pronouns," a notebook containing word comparison tables with other Iroquoian languages.
Collection: Frans M. Olbrechts papers (Mss.497.3.OL2)

Cherokee
Language(s): Cherokee | English
Date: 1953, 1960-1961, 1972, 1976-1977, 1980-1981, 1984-1988, 1992-1999, 2012
Type:Text
Extent: 1123 pages
Description: The Cherokee materials in the Phillips Fund collection consist of 19 items. Materials in this collection are listed alphabetically by last name of author. See materials listed under Bender, Druke, Fogelson, Huff, Ishii, Jordan, Kilroe, Kosmider, Nichols, Phillips, Phillips, Pulte, Rachlin, Ruff, Scancarelli, Sheidley, Uchihara, and Witthoft. Some of these materials may be restricted due to cultural sensitvity or privacy considerations.
Collection: Phillips Fund for Native American Research Collection (Mss.497.3.Am4)

Cherokee
Language(s): Cherokee | English
Date: 1928, 1936, 1943
Type:Text
Genre: Sketches
Extent: 2 notebooks
Description: Part of the papers of Will West Long, Big Cove, Qualla Reservation, North Carolina, in hand of Long, Morgan Calhoun, Lawyer Calhoun, etc.; also pages in English relating to Indian masks and Indians and Snake Battle. List of dancers, 1936. This material is restricted due to cultural sensitivity.
Collection: Cherokee medicinal and magical texts (Mss.497.3.C425)