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Creek | Choctaw
Language(s): English
Date: 1798-1810
Type:Text
Extent: 285 pages
Description: Original in possession of Independence National Historical Park. Letter book kept by Hawkins at the Creek Agency relating to Indian affairs, including outgoing letters, memoranda, and speeches to and from the Creeks and Choctaws. Topics include an attempt to survey the St. Mary's River and Spanish-U.S. relations. Includes a "sketch" of the Indians at the Creek Agency discussing political organization, agriculture, manufacture, public establishments, and justice. Materials written variously at Fort Wilkinson, Tukabatchee, and Coweta.
Collection: Benjamin Hawkins letterbook, 1798-1810 (Mss.Film.680)

Comanche | Pawnee | Tonkawa | Wichita
Language(s): English
Date: April 2, 1812
Type:Text
Extent: 4 pages
Description: Original in Missouri Historical Society, Sibley Papers. Sibley (Indian agent at Nachitoches) mentions Spanish-Indian conflict, naming Hietans, Tankaways, Comanches, Tanakenos, and Panies. Bad behavior of American troops. He has journal and maps of George the Factor from a trip to the Kansas and Pawnees, during which he experienced the earthquakes. Worries about becoming a state and French majority without annexation of West Florida.
Collection: Zebulon Montgomery Pike biographical materials (Mss.B.P63)

Haudenosaunee | Cherokee | Catawba | Shawnee | Lenape | Wyandot | Miami | Ojibwe
Alternate forms: Iroquois
Language(s): English
Date: January 22, 1736; 1744-1774; November 3, 1768; March 14, 1792; 1794; March 10, 1796; August 28, 1817; October 7, 1892; November 11, 1913; November 20, 1913; 1952; 1953-1954; September 1954; Undated
Type:Text
Extent: 14 items
Description: Relavent materials can be found in the finding aid under the specific dates listed. A variety of materials relating to the Haudenosaunee. Eighteenth-century materials include James Logan's treaty instructions to Conrad Weiser in 1736/7; examples of symbols used in treaty signatures by chiefs; miscellaneous items relating to treaties, Indian raids, and land transfers in Virginia;a 1768 deed of land to William Trent; using the Six Nations to make peace with western tribes; Indian agents' accounts, and a journal of a survey of Moravian lands in the Erie triangle translated and edited by Paul A. W. Wallace. Nineteenth-century materials include correspondence regarding Iroquois language and an Iroquois census. Twentieth-century materials include lectures given by Wallace and Leland (on Benjamin Franklin, and on the Deerfield massacre and Eleazer Williams' claim to be the Lost Dauphin, respectively); correspondence between Newhouse and Parker about Newhouse's manuscript history of the "Five Nations Union," the Society of American Indians and possible creation of a Society of Canadian Indians; and Snyderman's essay on ethnohistory, particularly through materials at the American Philosophical Society, Historical Society of Pennsylvania, the Quaker Historical Association, and the Haverford College Library. Other individuals mentioned include Shekallemy, Samuel Kirkland, Alfred, Street, Captain Brant, LIttle Billy, George Hoopaugh, Jacob Harmon, John Williams, Warham Williams, Madame de Pentigny, Captain John Stoddard, and John H. Hanson.
Collection: Miscellaneous Manuscripts Collection (Mss.Ms.Coll.200)

Ho-Chunk
Alternate forms: Winnebago
Language(s): English
Date: 1839
Type:Text
Extent: 2 folders
Description: In total, the Kane Family Papers consist of 56 linear feet of letters, legal papers, financial records, etc. of three generations of the prominent Philadelphia family. There are two folders, "Brodhead, D.M. Indian Material," #1 and #2 (1839), in Series II. Kane Family Legal Papers, which contain Philadelphia lawyer Daniel M. Brodhead's handwritten manuscript correspondence and other writings on legal issues pertaining to a recent treaty, treaty rights, land claims, removal, etc. facing the Ho-Chunk (whom he called Winnebago) people in Wisconsin, including a report to Secretary of War Joel R. Poinsett, ad a long letter from Indian agent Joseph M. Street. There is also a letter from C. A. Rogers to the Commissioner of Indian Affairs accusing Brodhead of siphoning treaty money to the comissioners. [See Linda M. Waggoner, "'Neither White Man Nor Indian': Affidavits from the Winnebago Mixed Blood Claim Commissions, Prairie du Chien, Wisconsin," for an interpretation of Brodhead's activities as nefarious).
Collection: Kane Family Papers (Mss.Ms.Coll.115)

Creek
Language(s): English
Date: 1802
Type:Text
Extent: 1 reel
Description: This journal of U.S. Indian agent Benjamin Hawkins covers agency affairs at Tookaubatchee [Tukabatchee], January 23-July 1, 1802. Includes meetings with Creek Indians; treaty negotiations at Fort Wilkinson; relevant correspondence. Originals at the Library Company of Philadelphia. Note: Also on this microfilm reel is Hugh Young's "A topographic memoir on East and West Florida" (1818). See RLIN entry PAAV89-A10.
Collection: Journal of occurrences in the Creek agency (Mss.Film.692a)

Lenape | Ojibwe | Shawnee
Alternate forms: Lenape, Ojibwa
Language(s): English
Date: circa 1793-1819
Extent: 1 reel
Description: This journal of Moravian missionary John Gottlieb Ernestus Heckewelder covers travels among the Indians to a conference in Detroit in 1793. Includes a list of the names of different Indian nations in North America, their locations, and number of fighting men. Also contains miscellaneous materials: a letter from Heckewelder to Mordecai Churchman, October 5, 1819, mentioning Peter S. Du Ponceau; engraving of Heckewelder possibly from a painting at the American Philosophical Society; a 1-page letter of Maria Heckewelder to Matthew S. Henry requesting him to relinquish the volume; and some Heckewelder letters. Originals at the Historical Society of Pennsylvania.
Collection: Journey with the commissioners to the Indian treaty (Mss.Film.805.1)

Haudenosaunee | Seneca | Tuscarora | Mohawk
Alternate forms: Iroquois
Language(s): English
Date: 1940
Type:Text
Extent: 1 reel
Description: "Letters and documents relating to the government service of Jasper Parrish among the Indians of New York State," compiled and edited by Mrs. Dorothy May Fairbanks Newton, 1940. This Vassar College student thesis contains text written by Newton, transcriptions of letters to and from Parrish [aka Parish, an Indian agent and interpreter] and other documents, and 54 letters and 5 maps pertaining to Indian affairs in New York State. Newton used primary documents found in Vassar College's Jasper Parrish Papers Collection. Originals of both thesis and the primary documents it is based on are at Vassar College.
Collection: Letters and documents relating to the government service of Jasper Parrish among the Indians of New York state, 1790-1831 (Mss.Film.650)

Mandan | Osage | Pawnee | Dakota
Language(s): English
Date: 1807
Type:Text
Extent: 2 items
Description: Two letters, both copies. John Sibley wrote to Samuel H. Sibley of Indians under his agency, the Burr and Wilkinson affair, and Pike's expedition. Hopes Spanish affair will be settled soon. In an enclosure, William Clark wrote to Henry Dearborn (Secretary of War) of Indian agency affairs: mentions Mandan, Osage, Padoucers, Panias, Saukee, and especially the Sioux. Talks of new fur trading companies and makes recommendations for conduct of Indian affairs.
Collection: Zebulon Montgomery Pike biographical materials (Mss.B.P63)

Haudenosaunee
Alternate forms: Iroquois
Language(s): English
Date: 1789-1820
Type:Text
Extent: 1 reel
Description: These selections include letters, bills, accounts, receipts, memoranda, and official communications and documents relating to the Iroquois [Haudenosaunee] in New York State, selected from volumes 6-15 of O'Reilly's collections, "Mementos of western settlement," together with copies of documents from the American State Papers, etc. Included are letters of Phelps, Gorham, Chapin, Brant, Kirkland, Knox, Pickering, Irvine, and Morris. Many manuscripts appear to be from the papers of General Israel Chapin, an Indian agent. From originals at the New York Historical Society.
Collection: Selections from papers relating to the Six Nations, 1789-1820 (Mss.Film.639)

Seneca | Haudenosaunee
Alternate forms: Iroquois
Language(s): English
Date: circa 1800-1806
Type:Text
Extent: 2 items
Description: Materials composed by Pennsylvania Quaker missionary Halliday Jackson concerning his work with Native peoples at the turn of the nineteeth century. The first item is a manuscript dated to 1800 titled "Some account of my residence among the Indians," a continuation of another manuscript, concluding his account of a missionary stay at Tunessassa and Cornplanter's village, and his return to Pottsville, Pennsylvania, after an absence of 2 years and 2 months (Jackson departed for missionary work April 30, 1798), pages 1-30. There is also an account of a meeting between Senecas at Buffalo Creek with an Indian agent and a missionary from Massachusetts, pages 31-39; and Red Jacket's speech, May 1811, at Buffalo Creek, pages 40-43 [Donor, Elisa Schofield, 1912. See also Deardorff and Snyderman (1956): 589-592; Wallace (1952b).]. The second item is a journal dated to 1806 concerning business of the Society of Friends committee on Indian affairs, and the Indians in western Pennsylvania [Printed, Snyderman (1957)]. From originals held at the Friends Historical Library, Swarthmore College. Some of these materials were printed under the title Civilization of the Indian Natives (Philadelphia, 1830) and described by George S. Snyderman, "Halliday Jackson's Journal of a Visit Paid to the Indians of New York (1806)," APS Proc. 101 (1957): 565.
Collection: Halliday Jackson journals, 1805-1806 (Mss.Film.631.631a)