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Lenape | Haudenosaunee
Alternate forms: Lenape, Iroquois
Language(s): English
Date: 1991
Contributor: Lowe, Joan L.
Type:Text
Genre: Theses
Extent: 86 pages
Description: This senior thesis for honors in American History was submitted to the University of Pennsylvania in 1991. Lowe's advisors were Anthony F. C. Wallace and Edward C. Carter III. The author was inspired by Peggy Reeves Sanday and Carroll Smith-Rosenberg to develop a feminist perspective in her study of history, and approaches the "Delaware as women" trope accordingly to argue that Delawares adopted a "European gender discourse" that "contributed to the erosion of Delaware Indian culture." Lowe focuses on laying out the background of the "Delaware as women"problem; analyzing morality (particular sexual mores), gender roles, and the use of the word "petticoats" in the context of Delaware culture; the position of the Delawares in relation to the Six Nation; land disputes and agreements; the fur trade; religion, particularly Moravian missionaries and native prophets; and politics. Gift of Joan L. Lowe.
Collection: Colonial gender discourse and the Delaware Indians; 1991 (Mss.970.3.L948c)

Anishinaabe | Ojibwe
Alternate forms: Ojibwa, Ojibway
Language(s): English
Date: 1767-1770
Type:Text
Extent: 2 items
Description: Letter to Benjamin Franklin encloses a 27-page estimate and account of the peltry and fur trade of the district of Michilimakinac. The estimate gives the probable cost of carrying on the trade with the outposts as £60,898. If the trade be confined to the one post at Michilimakinac the cost would be much smaller but the Spaniards would work up the outposts. Greatly favors extension of the trade and recommends a plan of civil government for the district.
Collection: Benjamin Franklin Papers (Mss.B.F85)

Haudenosaunee | Oneida | Onondaga | Seneca | Cayuga | Tuscarora | Susquehannock | Shawnee | Nanticoke
Alternate forms: Conestoga, Iroquois, Six Nations
Language(s): English
Date: 1700-1757; ca 1815
Type:Text
Extent: 40 items
Description: Correspondence and other materials regarding Pennsylvania Indian affairs. Topics include Pennsylvania's relations with Native peoples; hostilities between Native groups and colonists in the backcountry; diplomatic overtures and councils between Native and colonial leaders; the fur trade; land claims and disputes; legal and illegal surveying of Indian lands; the Lancaster Treaty of 1744; copper mine opened by Governor Keith; anxieties about French influence over Indians and conflict with French over fur trade; role of gifts and payments for Indians; Indian roads; Virginians' desires to expand west; Native religious beliefs and morality; Count Zinzendorf's mission; the imprisonment and escape of Thomas McKee. Other individuals mentioned include Peter Bizaillon, Letitia Penn. Caxagan, Edward Shippen.
Collection: Selections from the correspondence of the Honourable James Logan, 1699-1750 (Mss.B.L82)

Language(s): English
Date: 1749-1769
Type:Text
Extent: 19 items
Description: Various materials relating to Pennsylvania's relations with Native peoples during the Seven Years' War era. Topics include anxieties about the French, especially in Ohio; excursions against French and Indian enemies; raids by French and Indian enemies; trade with Indians and competition from Virginia traders; murders of Native individuals; attempts to treat with Native groups; land negotiations; Native complaints about land seizures; colonial officials trying to understand Native grievances to come to peace; 1759 conference in Pittsburgh; gifts for Native diplomats in Philadelphia.
Collection: Indian and Military Affairs of Pennsylvania, 1737-1775 (Mss.974.8.P19)

Shawnee
Language(s): English
Date: 1753-1763
Type:Text
Extent: 17 items
Description: Correspondence and other material relating to Pennsylvania Indian affairs during the Seven Years' War (French and Indian War) era. Topics include various actions, rumors, and events during the course of the war; capture of an Indian spy; Indian attacks and reports of Indian attacks; a reward given for killing three Indians; the process of coming to peace; requests for trade goods; illegal liquor sales to Indians, especially land claims and disputes; horse theft; expenses of cutting a road; Indian battle at Murray Hill; Individuals (other than contributors) mentioned include John Sacalamus, Colonel Henry Bouquet, Sushocapee.
Collection: Burd-Shippen Papers (Mss.B.B892)

Lenape
Alternate forms: Lenape
Language(s): English
Date: 1755-1782
Type:Text
Extent: 22 items
Description: Correspondence and one report relating to Pennsylvania Indian affairs during the Seven Years' War and Revolutionary War eras. Topics include hostilities between Indians and colonists; murders of Indians, particularly the Frederick Stump affair and a massacre at Shamokin; traders' abuses, fears, and losses; suspicion of Proprietary regarding its relations with Indians; Quakers' efforts to make peace with native neighbors; the so-called Black Boys Rebellion in 1765; land grants as restitution to those who sustained losses during wars with Indians. Individuals mentioned include George Croghan, Aliquippy, Thomas Walpole, Mr. Dagge, Ralph Fretwell, Captain [Robert] Callender, Joseph Fox, Joseph Galloway, John Hughes, Edward Pennington, and Samuel Rhoads.
Collection: Benjamin Franklin Papers (Mss.B.F85)

Mandan | Osage | Pawnee | Dakota
Language(s): English
Date: 1807
Type:Text
Extent: 2 items
Description: Two letters, both copies. John Sibley wrote to Samuel H. Sibley of Indians under his agency, the Burr and Wilkinson affair, and Pike's expedition. Hopes Spanish affair will be settled soon. In an enclosure, William Clark wrote to Henry Dearborn (Secretary of War) of Indian agency affairs: mentions Mandan, Osage, Padoucers, Panias, Saukee, and especially the Sioux. Talks of new fur trading companies and makes recommendations for conduct of Indian affairs.
Collection: Zebulon Montgomery Pike biographical materials (Mss.B.P63)

Anishinaabe | Seneca | Haudenosaunee | Lenape | Shawnee | Wyandot | Miami | Ojibwe | Potawatomi | Odawa
Alternate forms: Iroquois, Odawa, Ojibwa, Ojibway
Language(s): English
Date: 1722-1801
Type:Text
Extent: 3 items
Description: Colonel John French and James Logan's 1722 report to the Pennsylvania Provincial Council about the murder of an Indian by traders John and Edmund Cartlidge during a drunken brawl, including depositions and Indians' demands for satisfaction. John Montresor's letter to Colonel James Montresor, regarding his meeting with the Senecas and meetings with other Native peoples in the Great Lakes region in fall of 1764, during Pontiac's War; his position made precarious by General Gage's desire to continue war; French aid to Indians. Pierce's 1801 journal of a visit to Cornplanter Reservation, including an account of Conediu (Handsome Lake) meetings with Indians, September 18-21. Conediu accuses Munsy of witchcraft on Cornplanter's daughter.
Collection: Miscellaneous Manuscripts Collection (Mss.Ms.Coll.200)

Seneca | Haudenosaunee
Alternate forms: Iroquois, Six Nations
Language(s): English
Date: 1702; 1741; 1743
Type:Text
Extent: 3 items
Description: 1702 letter from James Logan to William Penn regarding Indian trade, mentioning Senecas; 1741 letter regarding Seneca delegation en route to Philadelphia; 1743 letter from the "king of the Senecas" to the Governor of Maryland asking that treaty be in late April or early May; that land grievances be postponed to then; that Indians not be held responsible for behavior of renegades with disreputable Scotch-Irish from Pennsylvania in Virginia;that Virginia governor give pass to Senecas to permit war parties to go south.
Collection: Selections from the correspondence of the Honourable James Logan, 1699-1750 (Mss.B.L82)