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Mingo | Susquehannock | Haudenosaunee
Alternate forms: Conestoga, Iroquois
Date: 1757, 1764-1771
Type:Text
Extent: 1 vol., 8 p. (vocabulary); 58 p. (memorandum book)
Description: Notebook with memorandum book, Fort Augusta, 1757-1771. Reference is made to Edward Shippen, Jr.; includes 6 pages of vocabulary identified as "Mingo", which may be Susquehannock or Seneca, then 1 page each of Tuscarora and Mohawk numerals; all copied in Indian vocabularies (Mss.497.In2). Memorandum book carries list of obligations, November 1764 - May 4, 1771. The vocabulary was taken from William Sack, a Conestoga Indian, in January 1757 at Fort Augusta in the midst of the Seven Years' War. Sack would later become a controversial figure in Pennsylvania history. The Paxton Boys claimed he was a murderer and used his presence in the Conestoga's camp as pretext for their assault on the Conestoga Indians. The manuscript then changes to the financial transactions of an unknown individual running from 1764 to 1771, although some evidence suggests that Edward Burd kept this memorandum book and vocabulary. This section runs 58 pages. It does not appear to containing any information on Indigenous languages, but may potentially contain information relevant to research Indigenous and settler interactions during this period.
Collection: A vocabulary in the Mingo tongue taken from the mouth of William Sack, a Canistogo Indian. . . and memorandum book (Mss.497.3.V852m)

Cherokee | Lenape
Alternate forms: Lenape
Language(s): English
Date: 1757-1759
Type:Text
Extent: 4 items
Description: Letters to Richard Peters, Governor Denny, and the Commissioners for Indian Affairs mentioning Cherokees. Topics include 150 Cherokees, a few Hambus and Delaware warriors at Ray's Town camp; a report of six Cherokee who saw French army on move; and information received from Job Chillway. Also a long letter from Edmond Atkin to George Croghan giving account of the state of the southern Indian tribes.
Collection: Indian and Military Affairs of Pennsylvania, 1737-1775 (Mss.974.8.P19)

Lenape | Haudenosaunee | Shawnee | Miami | Wyandot
Alternate forms: Lenape, Iroquois, Six Nations
Language(s): English
Date: 1740-1760
Type:Text
Extent: 15 items
Description: Materials relating to Pennsylvania's relations with Delawares during the Seven Years' War era. Topics include provisions for Native allies; addresses by Native diplomats like Teedyuscung and representatives of Indians in Ohio; Teedyuscung's charges of land fraud and the Penns' rebuttal; a passport for Teedyuscung; Quaker support for Teedyuscung and involvement in Indian affairs; Quakers' address to the Governor and Council of Pennsylvania vindicating themselves from blame for Indian attacks; 1758 plans for a treaty with the Haudenosaunee and Delawares; other councils or meetings with Native individuals or groups; prices in Indian trade; sending out to Indians to bring in scalps; a first-person account, copied from and referring to other manuscripts, regarding trade on Ohio, history of Louisiana, French and Indian relations; Spangenberg's refutal of a charge that Moravian Indians are friendly with the French; instructions to Conrad Weiser for a 1754 trip to Augwick to determine sentiments of Haudenosaunee people, Delawares, Shawnees, Miamis, and Wyandots. Individuals mentioned include Iegra, Delaware George, Tanacharison, and Scarroyady.
Collection: Indian and Military Affairs of Pennsylvania, 1737-1775 (Mss.974.8.P19)

Lenape | Miami | Haudenosaunee | Wyandot
Alternate forms: Lenape, Iroquois, Six Nations
Language(s): English
Date: 1755-1759
Type:Text
Extent: 10 items
Description: Various items relating to Delaware-Pennsylvania relations in the 1750s including the first and second treaties at Easton; five council meetings held at Philadelphia; journal of Christian Frederick Post in his journey from Philadelphia to the Ohio; Charles Thompson's "An enquiry into the causes of the alienation of the Delaware and Shawanese"; and a letter from Sir William Johnson to James Abercrombie regarding his peace with the Delawares. Individuals mentioned include Teedyuscung, Conrad Weiser, Robert Hunter Morris, Governor Denny, Benjamin Franklin, Governor Morris, Richard Peters, Iagrea, Captain Newcastle, Barbet ("a Mohock"), John Pumpshire ("Jersey Indian"), Scarroyady, Andrew Montour, Daniel Claus, George Croghan, and Indian messengers Nathanial, Zacharias, and Christian.
Collection: Manuscripts on Indian affairs (Mss.970.4.M415)

Anishinaabe | Mohawk | Odawa | Haudenosaunee
Alternate forms: Iroquois, Odawa
Language(s): English
Date: 1754-1757
Type:Text
Extent: 3 items
Description: Letters to Governors Denny and Morris regarding rumors about French and Indian movements; arrival of 400 French, 200 Conawagas [Kahnawakes, or Mohawks], and Ottoways [Odawas] ready to move; 1,100 French and 70 Arondacks at French Fort on Monongahela. Trader and former captive John Patten's statement that the French keep Native women and children in forts while the men are hunting, and offer fine camping grounds.
Collection: Indian and Military Affairs of Pennsylvania, 1737-1775 (Mss.974.8.P19)

Haudenosaunee
Alternate forms: Iroquois
Language(s): English
Date: 1760-1763
Type:Text
Genre: Diaries
Extent: 2 volumes
Description: Diaries located in "Series VI-Bound volumes." Two diaries kept at Fort Augusta during the Seven Years' War (or French and Indian War). Topics and events include meetings with John Shicalemy [Shikellamy], visits of various Indians, a treaty session (1760), scalpings, skirmishes, troop movements, soldiers present, and frequently tense encounters with Indians. Printed, Pennsylvania Archives, series 2, volume 7: 415-455.
Collection: Burd-Shippen Papers (Mss.B.B892)

Anishinaabe | Haudenosaunee | Oneida | Mohawk | Seneca | Shawnee | Miami | Odawa
Alternate forms: Iroquois, Odawa
Language(s): English
Date: 1749-1759
Type:Text
Extent: 19 items
Description: Various items relating to Haudenosaunee-Pennsylvania relations, largely in the 1750s. Topics include need for colonial governments to renew the covenant chain; death of Tanaghrisson (Seneca, also called the Half King) suspected to be witchcraft; the diplomatic work of Scarroyady (Oneida, also called Monacatootha and the Half King), especially as a go-between between the Haudenosaunee and Pennsylvania; the Albany Plan of Union; a conference with Caughnawagas [Kahnawakes] and negotiations for the redemption of an Indian held prisoner by the Caughnawagas; drunken conduct of Andrew Montour; Conrad Weiser's dealings with the family of Shickellamy (Oneida); John Lidieus's purchase of Susquehanna lands from the Haudenosaunee for Connecticut; George Croghan's meeting at Logstown with Haudenosaunee and Shawnees; a document prepared for Governor Hamilton listing events, letters, resolutions, and behavior of Miamis and other Indians toward Haudenosaunee, Ohio lands, etc.; 1754 appointment of John Penn, Richard Peters, Benjamin Franklin as Commissioners of Pennsylvania to a list of Haudenosaunee people present at the 1758 Treaty of Easton; and Christian Frederick Post on Indian character.
Collection: Indian and Military Affairs of Pennsylvania, 1737-1775 (Mss.974.8.P19)

Haudenosaunee | Oneida | Cayuga
Alternate forms: Iroquois, Six Nations
Language(s): English
Date: April 19, 1756
Contributor: Unknown
Type:Text
Extent: 10 pages
Description: "Substance of an occasional conversation with several Indians after dinner at Israel Pemberton's." Those present include Scarroyady (Oneida), Jonathan Konachtogo (a Cayuga), and other Indians; members of Pemberton family; and interpreters Conrad Weiser, Andrew Montour, and Daniel Claus.
Collection: Manuscripts on Indian affairs (Mss.970.4.M415)

Language(s): English
Date: 1748-1759
Type:Text
Extent: 2 reels
Description: These concern James Glen, Governor of South Carolina from 1743 to 1756, and John Forbes, Colonel and later Brigadier General in the British Forces stationed in North America. There are references to South Carolina politics and government, Indian policy, the French and Indian War, and Forbes' expedition. From originals in the Dalhousie Muniments, Scottish Record Office, General Register House, Edinburgh.
Collection: Papers relating to America in the Dalhousie Muniments, 1748-1759 (Mss.Film.1231)

Lenape | Susquehannock | Haudenosaunee
Alternate forms: Conestoga, Lenape
Language(s): English
Date: October 22, 1730; November 8, 1755; July 20, 1758; 1759; February 4, 1764; August 9, 1766; February 9, 1769; February 10, 1769; October 23, 1784; March 2, 1787; 1951;
Type:Text
Extent: 12 items
Description: Materials can be found in the finding aid under the specific dates listed. Mostly eighteenth-century correspondence regarding Pennsylvania Indian affairs. Topics include purchasing Indian lands; surveying Indian lands, including those acquired through the Treaty of Fort Stanwix; surveying Proprietary lands without offending Native neigbhors; settling boundaries with Native neighbors; colonists taken captive during Seven Years' War era; the Paxton Boys' rebellion, massacre at Susquehannock, and the killing of Susquehannock refugees; a 1759 list of Native groups clothed at Pittsburgh, with information about where they reside and hunt; and diplomacy (i.e., trying to secure Native allies) during Seven Years' War era. Also Witthoft's 1951 "The Pemberton Family Cemetary," containing a narrative of the excavation of cemetery at Pennsbury with burials of Pemberton family, 1683-1802 as well as a murdered Indian (before 1705) and white pauper of later date. Individuals mentioned include Scarroyady, Isaac Pemberton, Joseph Shippen, and David the Indian.
Collection: Miscellaneous Manuscripts Collection (Mss.Ms.Coll.200)