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Lenape
Language(s): English
Date: 1755-1763
Type:Text
Extent: 48 letters
Description: Correspondence during the Seven Years' War (1754-1763) regarding the Treaty of Easton, with particular attention to Teedyuscung and the Moravian Indians. One letter from Timothy Horsfled to Benjamin Franklin regards how Indians with smallpox were treated.
Collection: Timothy Horsfield Papers (974.8 H78)  Section 2 (Mss.974.8.H78)

Lenape | Haudenosaunee | Shawnee | Miami | Wyandot
Alternate forms: Lenape, Iroquois, Six Nations
Language(s): English
Date: 1740-1760
Type:Text
Extent: 15 items
Description: Materials relating to Pennsylvania's relations with Delawares during the Seven Years' War era. Topics include provisions for Native allies; addresses by Native diplomats like Teedyuscung and representatives of Indians in Ohio; Teedyuscung's charges of land fraud and the Penns' rebuttal; a passport for Teedyuscung; Quaker support for Teedyuscung and involvement in Indian affairs; Quakers' address to the Governor and Council of Pennsylvania vindicating themselves from blame for Indian attacks; 1758 plans for a treaty with the Six Nations and Delawares; other councils or meetings with Native individuals or groups; prices in Indian trade; sending out to Indians to bring in scalps; a first-person account, copied from and referring to other manuscripts, regarding trade on Ohio, history of Louisiana, French and Indian relations; Spangenberg's refutal of a charge that Moravian Indians are friendly with the French; instructions to Conrad Weiser for a 1754 trip to Augwick to determine sentiments of Six Nations, Delawares, Shawnees, Miamis, and Wyandots. Individuals mentioned include Iegra, Delaware George, Tanacharison, and Scarroyady.
Collection: Indian and Military Affairs of Pennsylvania, 1737-1775 (Mss.974.8.P19)

Haudenosaunee | Onondaga | Seneca | Oneida | Mohawk | Shawnee
Alternate forms: Iroquois, Six Nations
Language(s): English
Date: 1753-1784
Type:Text
Extent: 9 items
Description: Various materials, including Franklin's account of a conference at Carlisle, his "Draught of the plan of Union Proposed at Albany," and his (incomplete) "The Savages of North America." Other items include letters regarding Indian affairs, particularly Sir William Johnson's efforts among the Six Nations, the Treaty of Fort Stanwix, uneasiness of many Indians at British and American encroachment, and predisposition of many frontierspeople to kill Indians; a 1777 deposition by Moses Younglove describing ill-treatment of American prisoners and cannibalism by Indians with British consent following battle of Orisknie; and John Wheelock's "Historical account of the rise and progress of Moor's Charity School and the Institution at Dartmouth." Indivduals mentioned include Conrad Weiser, George Croghan, Andrew Montour, Half-king, and Sir William Johnson. Native groups mentioned include the Six Nations, Onondagas, Oneidas, Mohawks, Senecas, and Shawnees.
Collection: Benjamin Franklin Papers (Mss.B.F85)

Anishinaabe | Haudenosaunee | Oneida | Mohawk | Seneca | Shawnee | Miami | Odawa
Alternate forms: Iroquois, Odawa
Language(s): English
Date: 1749-1759
Type:Text
Extent: 19 items
Description: Various items relating to Haudenosaunee-Pennsylvania relations, largely in the 1750s. Topics include need for colonial governments to renew the covenant chain; death of Tanaghrisson (Seneca, also called the Half King) suspected to be witchcraft; the diplomatic work of Scarroyady (Oneida, also called Monacatootha and the Half King), especially as a go-between between the Six Nations and Pennsylvania; the Albany Plan of Union; a conference with Caughnawagas [Kahnawakes] and negotiations for the redemption of an Indian held prisoner by the Caughnawagas; drunken conduct of Andrew Montour; Conrad Weiser's dealings with the family of Shickellamy (Oneida); John Lidieus's purchase of Susquehanna lands from the Six Nations for Connecticut; George Croghan's meeting at Logstown with Six Nations and Shawnees; a document prepared for Governor Hamilton listing events, letters, resolutions, and behavior of Miamis and other Indians toward Six Nations, Ohio lands, etc.; 1754 appointment of John Penn, Richard Peters, Benjamin Franklin as Commissioners of Pennsylvania to a list of Six Nations Indians present at the 1758 Treaty of Easton; and Christian Frederick Post on Indian character.
Collection: Indian and Military Affairs of Pennsylvania, 1737-1775 (Mss.974.8.P19)

Language(s): English
Date: 1749-1769
Type:Text
Extent: 19 items
Description: Various materials relating to Pennsylvania's relations with Native peoples during the Seven Years' War era. Topics include anxieties about the French, especially in Ohio; excursions against French and Indian enemies; raids by French and Indian enemies; trade with Indians and competition from Virginia traders; murders of Native individuals; attempts to treat with Native groups; land negotiations; Native complaints about land seizures; colonial officials trying to understand Native grievances to come to peace; 1759 conference in Pittsburgh; gifts for Native diplomats in Philadelphia.
Collection: Indian and Military Affairs of Pennsylvania, 1737-1775 (Mss.974.8.P19)

Shawnee
Language(s): English
Date: 1753-1763
Type:Text
Extent: 17 items
Description: Correspondence and other material relating to Pennsylvania Indian affairs during the Seven Years' War (French and Indian War) era. Topics include various actions, rumors, and events during the course of the war; capture of an Indian spy; Indian attacks and reports of Indian attacks; a reward given for killing three Indians; the process of coming to peace; requests for trade goods; illegal liquor sales to Indians, especially land claims and disputes; horse theft; expenses of cutting a road; Indian battle at Murray Hill; Individuals (other than contributors) mentioned include John Sacalamus, Colonel Henry Bouquet, Sushocapee.
Collection: Burd-Shippen Papers (Mss.B.B892)

Shawnee
Language(s): English
Date: 1708-1754
Type:Text
Extent: 8 items
Description: Six letters regarding a mine Indians have discovered and are working; Shawnees "performing business" for Colonel Evans; Shawnees allegedly guilty of murdering colonists and Logan's efforts to treat with Newcheconner about it; Newcheconner's instistence on Shawnee innocence in the matter; a pass for Shikellamy to come to Philadelphia. A 1754 deposition by George Croghan and two other traders complaining that they were robbed and detained by pro-French Shawnees led by Peter Chartier at Shawneetown on the Allegany, and that their (enslaved?) African American servant was set free. A 1737 report by George Miranda titled "A true account of all the men in the three towns in Allegania of the Shawnese nation, " containing names and total population figures for French Town, Peter Chartier Town, Kiscomonetta's Town.
Collection: Selections from the correspondence of the Honourable James Logan, 1699-1750 (Mss.B.L82)