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Contributor: Young, Hugh, -1822
Subject: Social life and customs | African Americans | Florida--History | Florida--History | Boundaries | Government relations | Population | Trade | Marriage customs and rites | Politics and government | Agriculture | Warfare | Seminole War, 1st, 1817-1818 | Treaties | Diplomacy | Surveying
Extent: 125 pages
Description: Hugh Young was an army officer and topographical engineer accompanying General Andrew Jackson's army in its operations against the Seminoles. This memoir includes sections on East Florida's boundaries, physical characteristics, navigation, Native customs, Spanish settlements, African Americans, agricultural products, and climate. Also included are itineraries for East and West Florida. One chapter is devoted to the Seminole and other aboriginal inhabitants of Florida, and includes names, numbers, settlements, war and treaties, councils, marriage, trade, amusement, etc. (pages 48-73). Printed, Boyd (1934). Original document owned by Francis W. Rawle, Albany, circa 1954. Also found on this reel is Benjamin Hawkins' Journal of occurrences in the Creek agency from January to the conclusion of the conference and treaty at Fort Williamson, 1802 (Film 692a).
Collection: A topographic memoir on East and West Florida, 1818 (Mss.Film.692b)
Culture: Cayuga | Cherokee | Chickasaw | Lenape | Wyandot | Mandan | Ojibwe | Seneca | Susquehannock
Alternate forms: Conestoga, Iroquois, Huron, Wendat
Contributor: Barton, Benjamin Smith, 1766-1815
Extent: 0.5 Linear feet, 2 boxes; 2 volumes
Description: A manuscript compiled from originals in the Historical Society of Pennsylvania by William L. McAtee. Concerns murder of John Armstrong by Indians; mentions Canestogae tribe, Cayahoga path, Cheerake, Chickasaw, Colonel Cresap; tuberculosis among Indians; Delawares; eloquence; Indian barrows, fortifications, and graves; Kash kask kunck; Mandan; Seneca, Six Nations (Haudenosaunee), and Captain White Eyes. Also Crave Creek mound; Wyandot, Indian sugar camp; war customs and war party; treaty of December 1784 at Fort McIntosh with Chippewa and Wyandots; Indian burning; Indian diseases. Teedyuscung; Penn's treaty with the Delaware (1682 and 1702); meaning of "Geneseo"; Seneca battle with Koghquangians (Caughnawaga); Chickasaw; specimen of a Cayuga vocabulary with same list as that used in Barton (1797).
Collection: Benjamin Smith Barton journals; notebooks (Mss.B.B284.1)
Contributor: Crawford, James M. (James Mack), 1925-1989 | Farmer, Ruth | Martin, Phillip, 1926-2010 | McCall, Mary | Holden, Marjory
Extent: 2 folders, 2 boxes
Description: Materials relating to James M. Crawford's interest in and study of the Choctaw language. Items include card-sized paper slips, Choctaw-English and English-Choctaw, with pencilled notes in Series V. and two folders of Choctaw notebooks in Series IV-D. Research Notes & Notebooks--Other. Folder 1 contains a field notebook of Choctaw vocabulary and other linguistic material dated to winter 1971-1972. Ruth Farmer is noted as the Choctaw consultant and students Mary McCall, Marjory Holden, and Mr. Chappel are also noted as using the notebook and eliciting information (mostly vocabulary) from the consultant. Folder 2 contains a field notebook dated to 1973, and notes Phillip Martin, Tribal Chairman of Choctaws, as consultant. This notebook deals more with grammar and sentence structure and includes work on a story or history (in both Choctaw and English) revolving around Choctaw laws or treaties, including the observation that the Choctaws (perhaps Martin?) want the laws transcribed from English to Choctaw.
Collection: James M. Crawford Papers (Mss.Ms.Coll.66)
Alternate forms: Nêhiyaw
Date: 1925; Circa 1935; 1948; 1949;
Contributor: Achenam, Harry | Achenam, Maggie | Ahenakew, Edward | Bloomfield, Leonard, 1887-1949 | Constant, Jerry | Cook, Sam | Moostoos, James | Moostoos, Susan | Skinner, Alanson, 1886-1925 | Starblanket, Chief | Teit, James Alexander, 1864-1922
Subject: Canoes and canoeing | Dance | Genealogy | Folklore | Linguistics | Material culture | Religion | Saskatchewan--History | Treaties | Warfare | Windigo
Extent: 830 pages
Description: The Cree materials in the ACLS collection are Plains Cree materials predominantly from Saskatchewan and are located in the "Cree" section of the finding aid. "Plains Cree texts, "Series Two: Syllabary Texts from Sweet Grass Reserve"" (item A1.1) recorded by Harry Achenam of Sweetgrass Reserve (and previously attributed to Leonard Bloomfield), contains 67 unpublished stories written in Cree syllabics. The other primary materials are several items (64-68 and 70) by Edward Ahenakew, written in English, concerning his family's genealogy, methods for tanning leather and building canoes, accounts of medicine practices and conjuring, and stories of little people, Wetikoo (or Wihtigo, Windigo), and other non-human beings. Many of these stories were given by various consultants such as Chief Starblanket of Ahtahkakoop, Jerry Constant, James Moostoos, and Susan Moostoos.
Collection: ACLS Collection (American Council of Learned Societies Committee on Native American Languages, American Philosophical Society) (Mss.497.3.B63c)
Alternate forms: Iroquois
Date: 1714-1747, bulk 1745-1747
Subject: Diplomacy | Treaties | Government relations | Politics and government | New York (State)--History
Genre: Microfilms | Correspondence | Minutes | Petitions | Speeches | Stories | Government documents | Reports
Extent: 1 reel, 200 pages
Description: These papers include 140 pages of letters, council minutes of Indian conferences, petitions, and speeches, concerning the activities of the New York Assembly and the Haudenosaunee, principally for 1745-1747. Also contains a 200-page addendum of papers of the Van Shack (Van Schaak) family, pertaining to the same subjects. Table of contents included. From originals at the New York Historical Society.
Collection: Daniel Horsmanden selected papers, 1714-1747, relating to the Six Nations (Mss.Film.640)
Date: October 25, 1775; February 3, 1783; March 24, 1786
Extent: 1 letter; 2 documents
Description: Documents provides names of treaty signers of Delaware and the Haudenosaunee given in list from 1684-1783 of Pennsylvania land purchasers. Memorial to Assembly about Treaty of 1736 and land dispute between Pennsylvania and Connecticut. King Hendrick denies sale of Haudenosaunee lands.
Collection: Documents relating to the Wyoming Controversy (Mss.974.8.D65)
Alternate forms: Lenape, Iroquois, Six Nations
Contributor: Bard, Peter | Croghan, George, 1720?-1782 | Johnson, William, 1715-1774 | Mercer, Hugh, approximately 1725-1777 | Orndt, Jacob | Hamilton, James, 1710-1783 | Trump, Levi | Penn, Thomas, 1702-1775 | Penn, Richard, 1706-1771 | Spangenberg, Joseph
Subject: Pennsylvania--History | United States--History--French and Indian War, 1754-1763 | Seven Years' War, 1756-1763 | Warfare | Land claims | Land transfers | Moravians | Missions | Diplomacy | Treaties | Ohio--History | Louisiana--History
Extent: 15 items
Description: Materials relating to Pennsylvania's relations with Delawares during the Seven Years' War era. Topics include provisions for Native allies; addresses by Native diplomats like Teedyuscung and representatives of Indians in Ohio; Teedyuscung's charges of land fraud and the Penns' rebuttal; a passport for Teedyuscung; Quaker support for Teedyuscung and involvement in Indian affairs; Quakers' address to the Governor and Council of Pennsylvania vindicating themselves from blame for Indian attacks; 1758 plans for a treaty with the Haudenosaunee and Delawares; other councils or meetings with Native individuals or groups; prices in Indian trade; sending out to Indians to bring in scalps; a first-person account, copied from and referring to other manuscripts, regarding trade on Ohio, history of Louisiana, French and Indian relations; Spangenberg's refutal of a charge that Moravian Indians are friendly with the French; instructions to Conrad Weiser for a 1754 trip to Augwick to determine sentiments of Haudenosaunee people, Delawares, Shawnees, Miamis, and Wyandots. Individuals mentioned include Iegra, Delaware George, Tanacharison, and Scarroyady.
Collection: Indian and Military Affairs of Pennsylvania, 1737-1775 (Mss.974.8.P19)
Alternate forms: Lenape, Six Nations
Date: 1758; 1830s; 1853
Extent: 3 items
Description: (1) Letter from Thomas Penn to Richard Peters. Original in copy book of Jared Sparks. Mentions advisability of James Logan ingratiating himself with Teedyuscung. (2) Letter from J. Francis Fisher to Jared Sparks. Original in Harvard College Library. Mentions his interest in deciphering Place names. The Historical Society of Pennsylvania is to invite other societies to pursue this topic. (3) Treaty with the Ohio Indians at Carlisle in October, 1753. Original in Sparks manuscripts, Harvard University. A brief account, apparently by Sparks. Scarroyady, Haudenosaunee, Owendaets (Wyandots), Delawares, Shawanese, Twigtwees (Miamis) treat with Richard Peters, Isaac Norris, and Benjamin Franklin.
Collection: Selected papers, [ca. 1819-1863], relating to Benjamin Franklin (Mss.B.Sp25)
Culture: Lenape | Haudenosaunee | Cayuga | Miami | Shawnee | Nanticoke | Mohawk | Seneca | Susquehannock | Piscataway | Mingo
Alternate forms: Conestoga, Lenape, Iroquois, Conoy
Contributor: Delaware chiefs | Logan, James, 1674-1751 | Weiser, Conrad, 1696-1760 | Peters, Richard, 1704-1776 | Penn, John, 1700-1746
Subject: Land transfers | Land claims | Diplomacy | Treaties | Ohio--History | New Jersey--History | Pennsylvania--History | Murder
Extent: 27 items
Description: Correspondence and other materials relating to Indian affairs. Topics include land claims; treaties and diplomatic conferences; Indian complaints of dispossession and mistreatment; "Minguay" (Mingo?) expense of Indian diplomacy; illness and death of Allumapis; Conrad Weiser's activities in the service of the colony; Delawares and other Indians in Ohio; hanging of Indian in New Jersey; efforts to make the Haudenosaunee "overlords" of Pennsylvania's nearer Native neighbors; the Walking Purchase; Shawnees "making trouble"; fears of Indians going over to the French. Individuals mentioned include Allumapis, Christopher Pyrlaeus, Conrad Weiser, Shickellamy, Teedyuscung, Christopher Stump, Hugh Jones, Mannakahickan, Broken Thigh, Captain Newcastle, James Logan, Governor Ogle; Nutimus.
Collection: Selections from the correspondence of the Honourable James Logan, 1699-1750 (Mss.B.L82)
Date: September 24, 1753
Contributor: Shippen, Edward, approximately 1703-1781
Subject: Diplomacy | Treaties | United States--History--French and Indian War, 1754-1763 | Pennsylvania--History
Extent: 2 pages
Description: Letter to Joseph and Edward Shippen. Concerning the coming Indian treaty negotiations at Fort Carlisle. Mentions Richard Peters, Benjamin Franklin, Conrad Weiser, Isaac Norris.
Collection: Edward Shippen letters and papers (Mss.B.Sh62)