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Seminole
Language(s): English
Date: 1818
Contributor: Young, Hugh, -1822
Type:Text
Extent: 125 pages
Description: Hugh Young was an army officer and topographical engineer accompanying General Andrew Jackson's army in its operations against the Seminoles. This memoir includes sections on East Florida's boundaries, physical characteristics, navigation, Native customs, Spanish settlements, African Americans, agricultural products, and climate. Also included are itineraries for East and West Florida. One chapter is devoted to the Seminole and other aboriginal inhabitants of Florida, and includes names, numbers, settlements, war and treaties, councils, marriage, trade, amusement, etc. (pages 48-73). Printed, Boyd (1934). Original document owned by Francis W. Rawle, Albany, circa 1954. Also found on this reel is Benjamin Hawkins' Journal of occurrences in the Creek agency from January to the conclusion of the conference and treaty at Fort Williamson, 1802 (Film 692a).
Collection: A topographic memoir on East and West Florida, 1818 (Mss.Film.692b)

Creek | Choctaw
Language(s): English
Date: 1798-1810
Type:Text
Extent: 285 pages
Description: Original in possession of Independence National Historical Park. Letter book kept by Hawkins at the Creek Agency relating to Indian affairs, including outgoing letters, memoranda, and speeches to and from the Creeks and Choctaws. Topics include an attempt to survey the St. Mary's River and Spanish-U.S. relations. Includes a "sketch" of the Indians at the Creek Agency discussing political organization, agriculture, manufacture, public establishments, and justice. Materials written variously at Fort Wilkinson, Tukabatchee, and Coweta.
Collection: Benjamin Hawkins letterbook, 1798-1810 (Mss.Film.680)

Language(s): English
Date: September 20, 1763
Type:Text
Extent: 2 pages
Description: Proposals for a lasting peace with the Indians. Original in Linnean Society of London. Suggests appointment of a surveyor to determine true boundaries, and the ejection of squatters by force from Indian lands.
Collection: Peter Collinson papers (Mss.Film.629)

Delaware | Miami | Haudenosaunee
Alternate forms: Lenape, Iroquois
Language(s): English
Date: 1789; 1794
Type:Text
Extent: 2 items
Description: Two letters of Moravian missionary John Gottlieb Ernestus Heckewelder concerning Native Americans. From originals in the Massachusetts Historical Society. A 4-page 1789 letter to an unknown recipient concerns the danger of surveying Moravian Indian lands on the Muskingum River due to threats from Indians, particularly Miamis, and mentions Zeisberger. A 2-page 1794 letter to Timothy Pickering contains information from David Zeisberger concerning Indian affairs; according to Zeisberger and [Gottlob] Senseman, Native peoples (especially Five Nations) at Thames River desire peace.
Collection: John Gottlieb Ernestus Heckewelder letters and papers, 1789-1796 (Mss.Film.805.2)

Delaware | Wyandot
Alternate forms: Lenape
Language(s): English
Date: 1780-1826
Type:Text
Extent: 8 items
Description: Letters and papers of Moravian missionary John Gottlieb Ernestus Heckewelder concerning Native Americans, particularly Delawares, from originals at the Massachusetts Historical Society and Harvard University. Correspondence includes 3 letters (1780-1781) from Heckewelder to Daniel Brodhead regarding war with Native peoples, Wyandot and Delaware raiding parties, and aid from Killbuck. Two more letters, from Heckewelder to unknown recipients, concern the discontinuation of a survey for Moravian Indian lands on the Muskingum River due to danger from Indians (1789) and, later, claims on the Indian lands on the Muskingum for Moravian Indian mission towns (1796). There is also a report titled "Information respecting British conduct and the Indian war, June 17-23, 1793," containing information on British "meddling" in Indian affairs received from William Henry (Killbuck, Jr.) and others. Finally, there is a letter to the editor of the North American Review, signed R. S. T., about Heckewelder's experience among the Delaware and other Moravian Indians and objecting that Lewis Cass (1826) had overestimated Heckewelder's experience and influence; and a 13-page diary in which Cass defends the experience and influence of Heckewelder as a missionary at Thames River and Gnadenhutten.
Collection: John Gottlieb Ernestus Heckewelder letters and papers, 1789-1796 (Mss.Film.805.2)

Delaware
Alternate forms: Lenape
Language(s): English
Date: October 20, 1764; April 6, 1765; August 21, 1767; February 22, 1796;
Type:Text
Extent: 4 items
Description: Relavent materials can be found in the finding aid under the specific dates listed. Correspondence between Gates and Barnsley regarding attacks by Indians, concern for convoys to Fort Pitt, and seizure of goods by country people, 1764-1765. Letter from Dixon to James Burd authorizing two Indians to return home, and referring them to Sir William Johnson for pay, 1767. Letter from Barton to John G. E. Heckewelder with questions about Indian artifacts, mica, color of Indian children at birth, etc, 1796. Other individuals mentioned include George Croghan.
Collection: Miscellaneous Manuscripts Collection (Mss.Ms.Coll.200)

Delaware | Susquehannock | Haudenosaunee
Alternate forms: Conestoga, Lenape
Language(s): English
Date: October 22, 1730; November 8, 1755; July 20, 1758; 1759; February 4, 1764; August 9, 1766; February 9, 1769; February 10, 1769; October 23, 1784; March 2, 1787; 1951;
Type:Text
Extent: 12 items
Description: Materials can be found in the finding aid under the specific dates listed. Mostly eighteenth-century correspondence regarding Pennsylvania Indian affairs. Topics include purchasing Indian lands; surveying Indian lands, including those acquired through the Treaty of Fort Stanwix; surveying Proprietary lands without offending Native neigbhors; settling boundaries with Native neighbors; colonists taken captive during Seven Years' War era; the Paxton Boys' rebellion, massacre at Susquehannock, and the killing of Susquehannock refugees; a 1759 list of Native groups clothed at Pittsburgh, with information about where they reside and hunt; and diplomacy (i.e., trying to secure Native allies) during Seven Years' War era. Also Witthoft's 1951 "The Pemberton Family Cemetary," containing a narrative of the excavation of cemetery at Pennsbury with burials of Pemberton family, 1683-1802 as well as a murdered Indian (before 1705) and white pauper of later date. Individuals mentioned include Scarroyady, Isaac Pemberton, Joseph Shippen, and David the Indian.
Collection: Miscellaneous Manuscripts Collection (Mss.Ms.Coll.200)

Ute | Navajo
Language(s): English
Date: circa 1924
Type:Text
Extent: 56 pages
Description: Diary titled "Through the canyon of the Colorado with John Wesley Powell," prepared from shorthand notes in 1903; with marginal notes by Frederick S. Dellenbaugh, circa 1924. Brief reference to the Ute Indians and to the Navajo. Original in the New York Public Library.
Collection: John Wesley Powell correspondence and diary, 1871-1907 (Mss.Film.736.1)