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Culture: Cherokee | Cheyenne | Ojibwe | Choctaw | Dakota | Osage | Pawnee | Ponca | Potawatomi | Meskwaki | Seminole | Ute
Alternate forms: Ojibwa, Ojibway, Sioux, Fox
Contributor: Shindler, A. Zeno (Antonio Zeno), 1823-1899
Subject: Ethnography | Diplomacy | Government relations | Portraits | Clothing and dress | Clothing and dress | Material culture
Extent: 0.5 linear feet, 96 photographs
Description: Artist Antonio Zeno Shindler worked at the Smithsonian Institution from after the Civil War until the turn of the 20th century, specializing in ethnographic subjects. He was responsible for printing or taking a large number of photographs of American Indians exhibited there in 1869. The 95 studio portraits in the Shindler Collection were part of a suite of 301 images that comprised the first photographic exhibition at the Smithsonian, and that are documented in the catalogue Photographic Portraits of North American Indians in the Gallery of the Smithsonian Institution (1867). The individuals depicted were members of delegations sent to Washington during the years 1852, 1857-1858, and 1867-1869 from the following nations: Cherokee, Cheyenne, Chippewa (Ojibwe), Choctaw, Dakota Sioux (Brule, Miniconjou, Sans Arc, Santee, Sisseton, Two-Kettle, Yankton), Osage, Pawnee, Ponca, Potawatomi, Sac and Fox, Seminole, and Ute. Shindler printed the earlier photographs (mostly taken by the McClees Gallery) and was photographer for the later delegations. See the finding aid for more information. All of the photographs in this collection have been digitized and are in the APS Digital Library.
Collection: A. Zeno Shindler American Indian Photograph Collection (Mss.970.1.Sh6)
Alternate forms: Shoshoni
Date: 1874, 1877
Contributor: Peale, A. C. (Albert Charles), 1849-1914
Extent: 2 volumes
Description: See the "Bound Volumes" section of this collection for two diaries: one from July to November 1874, and one from May to October of 1877. The 1874 diary documents the expedition along the various branches of the Gunnison River, describing the landscape, the requirements for negotiating the terrain, and the local tribes, likely the Ute. Includes lists of camp numbers and locations and names of pack animals. Contains various loose items: Notes, pressed leaves, and receipts. The 1877 diary was written primarily in western Wyoming. Begins with a description of Peale's journey from Philadelphia to Cheyenne, Wyoming by train, with stops at Chicago, Council Bluffs, Iowa and Omaha Nebraska. It then continues with daily entries recording events at each of the 72 camps made by the expedition, which are also indexed at the back of the volume by date and mileage. Includes reference to many Indian encounters. For example, on Tuesday June 7, 1877, one of the expedition members met a Shosoni woman who reported that there had been a fight between the whites and the Sioux. In addition, the expedition members saw many lodges of the Bannock along the Snake and Salt Rivers as well as other Indian camps along the ledges of Crow Creek, such as those above the ranch near Smith Fork where one of the boys spoke very good English as noted on June 29. Describes a number of encounters with Shoshoni, such as one in July when almost all of the Shosoni men asked for tobacco. On August 8, Peale reports that two teamsters were killed at the local agency by Bannocks. On the 23rd, he notes that in Montana Gibbon had had a fight with the Indians and lost 300 new guns, ammunition, artillery and commissary stores in Montana.
Collection: Albert C. Peale Papers (Mss.SMs.Coll.5)
Alternate forms: Sioux, Pueblo
Subject: United States Indian School (Carlisle, Pa.) | Pennsylvania--History | Education | Boarding schools | Clothing and dress | Society of Friends
Extent: 0.25 linear feet, 27 photographs
Description: J. N. Choate was a local commercial photographer in Carlisle, Pennsylvania who advertised "Photographs of all the Indian Chiefs that have visited the Indian Training School at Carlisle Barracks, also of children in native and school costumes." Choate intended his images to document the benefits of civilization wrought by the Carlisle Indian School (founded 1879, closed 1918) on Native American students. His images include "before and after" shots of students in native dress (before) and school uniforms (after), the school band, students at work in the saddle shop and making shoes, etc. Choate also took a number of photographs of visiting Native leaders in traditional dress, including the Lakota chief Spotted Tail, and the Cheyennes Man on Cloud and Mad Wolf. One photograph depicts Carlisle School founder Richard Henry Pratt seated with Quaker supporters. Among the peoples represented are the Lakota, Laguna, Cheyenne, Creek, Lipan Apache, San Felipe Pueblo, Ute, and Zuni. The photographs in this collection are mounted on standard stock, and include 19 cabinet cards and 8 boudoir cards. Although some of the photographs are titled by hand and signed by Choate, most have printed backmarks with a few including lists of other available images and advertising pitches. These particular specimens were collected by anthropologist Frank Speck. See the finding aid for an itemized list. These images have also been digitized and are available online through the APS Digital Library.
Collection: Speck-Choate Photograph Collection (Mss.B.Sp3c)
Extent: 1 folder
Description: One item relating directly to the Ute language has been identified in the C. F. Voegelin Papers. It is located in Subcollection II, Series IV. Works by Others, and consists of a linguistic map titled "Ute dialects in Colorado and Utah before the Conquest" attributed to Carl Lloyd. This item has been digitized and is available through the APS Digital Library. Researchers might also be interested in related Paiute and Uto-Aztecan materials and should view those distinct entries.
Collection: C. F. Voegelin Papers (Mss.Ms.Coll.68)
Date: 1936-1937, 1960, 1964
Contributor: Johnson, Harriet | Jorgensen, Joseph G. | Cooke, Anne M., (Anne M. Smith), 1900-1981 | Lounsbury, Floyd Glenn
Extent: ca. 400 pages, 1 reel-to-reel tape
Description: There are two identified areas of Ute material in the Lounsbury Papers. 400 pages of field notes by Anne M. Smith (1936-1937) can be found in the "Uto-Aztecan" subseries of Series II, along with reports sent to Leslie Spier and Edward Sapir in Series I. An audio recording made by Lounsbury and Joseph Jorgensen with Harriet Johnson (Uncompaghre Ute of Whiterocks, Utah) in 1960 is in Series VII, and associated correspondence with Jorgensen in Series I describes further details.
Collection: Floyd G. Lounsbury Papers (Mss.Ms.Coll.95)
Date: Before 1950
Contributor: Mason, John Alden, 1885-1967
Extent: 17 photographs
Description: The Ute materials in the Frank G. Speck Papers consist of 17 photographs of people and dwellings. These photos were part of a photoalbum labelled "Ute, J.A. Mason." These are found in the "Series III: Photos" section of Subcollection I, beginning with item 10-36-a. (Use "Ctrl + F" or "Command + F" keyword search for "Ute" to locate these items in the collection guide quickly.)
Collection: Frank G. Speck Papers (Mss.Ms.Coll.126)
Date: circa 1924
Subject: Expeditions | Grand Canyon (Ariz.)--History | Arizona--History | Surveying | Geology | Geography
Extent: 56 pages
Description: Diary titled "Through the canyon of the Colorado with John Wesley Powell," prepared from shorthand notes in 1903; with marginal notes by Frederick S. Dellenbaugh, circa 1924. Brief reference to the Ute Indians and to the Navajo. Original in the New York Public Library.
Collection: John Wesley Powell correspondence and diary, 1871-1907 (Mss.Film.736.1)
Alternate forms: Sioux
Contributor: Kane, Francis Fisher | Kane, John K. (John Kintzing), 1795-1858 | Riter, Frank M. | Welsh, Herbert, 1851-1941 | Painter, C. C. (Charles Cornelius) | Lovell, Mary F. | Lindley, Lawrence E.
Extent: 12 folders
Description: In total, the Kane Family Papers consist of 56 linear feet of letters, legal papers, financial records, etc. of three generations of the prominent Philadelphia family. However, there is also a small but significant batch of material related to the Ute people. Francis Fisher Kane (1866-1955), a lawyer, was involved with the Indian Rights Association, which sent Kane and another Philadelphia lawyer, Frank M. Riter, to Colorado and Utah to report on the situation of the Southern Utes and the U.S. government's proposal to relocate them from their reservation in southern Colorado to Utah, a plan which was successfully opposed. Most of this material is housed in Series V. Francis Fisher Kane. Of particular interest will be three folders marked "Indian Rights Association" and designated #1, #2, and #3 containing correspondence relative to Kane's trip west, subsequent appearance before the Indian Affairs Committee in Washington, D.C., and the IRA's efforts to prevent the removal of the Southern Utes in general. These materials reveal much about the conditions among the Southern Utes, the misbehavior of Indian agents and white neighbors in Durango, the politicking of the Indian Rights Association in Washington, D.C., and the sentiments of these "friends of the Indians," who largely wanted to speed Native peoples along the path to civilization, albeit in as humane a way as possible. There is also a typed copy of a letter from Dakota Ignatius Court (Tamazahanhotanka) from Devil's Lake, Fort Totten, North Dakota reporting the corruption of the local Agent to the Indian Rights Association, along with a letter from Herbert Welsh (corresponding secretary of the IRA) to Kane asking if Kane would go to North Dakota to investigate (in #2). Other corresponents include Thomas Morgan, Charles Odgen, Herbert Welsh, Charles Painter, Charles E. Pancoast, Albert C. Hopkins, etc. Also of particular interest is a folder labeled "Southern Ute Indians," containing copies of letters from Charles A. Bartholomew of the Southern Ute Agency, telegraphs between Bartholomew and Kane, and other materials relating to Kane and Riter's investigation in Colorado and subsequent political activities, very much in the same vein and involving the same correspondents as the first three folders described. Other Ute-related materials include notes of a speech and correspondence from the "Committee on the Southern Utes" (1891); reports and legal notes in a folder labeled "Concerning the Ute Indians #1" (1891); three copies of a letter to Thomas Morgan, Commissioner of Indian Affairs, in "Concerning the Ute Indians #2" (1892); letters from Mary F. Lovell (of the National Women's Christian Temerance Union), Charles C. Painter (of the Indian Rights Association), Ann Booth, Charles Ogden, and S. W. Peel in "Concerning the Ute Indians #3" (1892-1893); a postcard from James M. Fisher regarding a speech for the Indian Affairs Committee (1892); a brief note from James Kerr to Herbert Welsh informing him that the removal bill will not be called up in the present session of Congress (1892); and a folder of newspaper clippings featuring Kane's political and humanitarian activism, including his work for the IRA. There is also one relevant folder in Series I. John Kintzing Kane labeled "Indian Rights Association" (1892) that contains reports, correspondence, and a 105-page typed copy of a diary of their trip to the Southern Ute Agency by Francis Fisher Kane and Frank M. Rite, as well as some correspondence from Herbert Welsh .
Collection: Kane Family Papers (Mss.Ms.Coll.115)
Extent: 2 items
Description: Newspaper clipping on the Powell expedition with a byline of Byers [?] at Hot Sulphur Springs, Colorado, mentions Utes. Sam Garmin, the entomologist of the Colorado Exploring Expedition, mentions Ute Indians begging for food at Hot Sulphur Springs in a letter to Gertrude Lewis.
Collection: Papers relating to John Wesley Powell and the Colorado River (Mss.B.P869s.c)
Date: 1966, 1972, 1976, 1979, 1981
Extent: 332 pages
Description: The Ute materials in the Phillips Fund collection consist of 3 items. Materials in this collection are listed alphabetically by last name of author. See materials listed under Bunte, Munro, and Pia.
Collection: Phillips Fund for Native American Research Collection (Mss.497.3.Am4)