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Language(s): English | Cherokee
Date: 1828-1905; 1939-1975
Description: The Cherokee materials in the Lounsbury Papers is found primarily in several sections of the collection. Series I contains correspondence with a number of people on Cherokee language and culture. These correspondents include Harry Basehart, William Cook, William Fenton, John D. Gillespie, Mary Haas, Jack Kilpatrick, John Witthoft. In Series II, see the "Cherokee" section, which contains 3 boxes of research materials, including Lounsbury's field notes with numerous Cherokee speakers in Oklahoma, copies of original notes by other linguists, language instruction materials, and other related documents. The "General Iroquois" section contains some comparative materials as well, as may other sections to smaller degrees. Series VI contains multiple boxes of card files with Cherokee language data in the form of lexicons and texts in translation. In Series VII, there are several audio recordings, including a reading of Private John G. Burnett's eyewitness account of Cherokee removal, 1838-1839, and a significant number of recordings of songs and dances made by Will West Long and Della Owl, and Cherokee lessons by Robert Bushyhead and William Cook.
Collection: Floyd G. Lounsbury Papers (Mss.Ms.Coll.95)

Language(s): English
Date: 1839; 1855
Extent: 2 items
Description: Letters between Rachel Brooks Parrish Sellers and George Escol Sellers. In 1839, George describes his midwestern travels, including condition of the Cherokees following removal and the lack of improvements on their property. In 1855, Rachel writes that Lucy would name the new city Swannanoa, signifying "the beautiful" in Cherokee.
Collection: Peale-Sellers Family Collection (Mss.B.P31)

Alternate forms: Winnebago
Language(s): English
Date: 1839
Extent: 2 folders
Description: In total, the Kane Family Papers consist of 56 linear feet of letters, legal papers, financial records, etc. of three generations of the prominent Philadelphia family. There are two folders, "Brodhead, D.M. Indian Material," #1 and #2 (1839), in Series II. Kane Family Legal Papers, which contain Philadelphia lawyer Daniel M. Brodhead's handwritten manuscript correspondence and other writings on legal issues pertaining to a recent treaty, treaty rights, land claims, removal, etc. facing the Ho-Chunk (whom he called Winnebago) people in Wisconsin, including a report to Secretary of War Joel R. Poinsett, ad a long letter from Indian agent Joseph M. Street. There is also a letter from C. A. Rogers to the Commissioner of Indian Affairs accusing Brodhead of siphoning treaty money to the comissioners. [See Linda M. Waggoner, "'Neither White Man Nor Indian': Affidavits from the Winnebago Mixed Blood Claim Commissions, Prairie du Chien, Wisconsin," for an interpretation of Brodhead's activities as nefarious).
Collection: Kane Family Papers (Mss.Ms.Coll.115)

Language(s): English
Date: 1965
Contributor: Sheehan, Bernard W.
Extent: 1 reel
Description: This doctoral dissertation in history (University of Virginia) analyzes Euro-Americans' perceptions of Native Americans during the period from the American Revolution to the initiation of the policy of Indian removal.
Collection: Civilization and the American Indian in the thought of the Jeffersonian era, 1965 (Mss.Film.1241.Reel4)

Maidu | Konkow | Wailaki | Nomlaki
Alternate forms: Concow, Noamlakee, Nomelaki
Date: 1930s-1970s
Extent: 1.5 linear feet
Description: During the late 1930s, Amelia Susman Schultz conducted fieldwork on acculturation at the Round Valley Indian Reservation, California, for a Ph.D. thesis eventually published in 1976. Series II of the Amelia Susman Schultz Papers reflects both periods of research, though mostly the late 1930s. Of particular interest are: ten field notebooks from 1937, most containing some language data (undetermined as yet which languages) in addition to ethnographic notes from discussions with consultants; ethnographic notes arranged by subject (see items titled "Ethnographic notes by subject" in addition to "Notes on full sheets" and "Notes on half sheets"); descriptions of Round Valley's chronology, population history, genealogy, and socioeconomic surveys; and Schultz's works-in-progress, including the original dissertation.
Collection: Amelia Susman Schultz Papers (Mss.Ms.Coll.171)

Seminole | Yamasee
Language(s): English
Date: 1837-1838
Extent: 3 items
Description: Letters discussing grave robbing of Indigenous ancestors' remains. Abadie (medical director for General Scott in forcing emigration) has two skulls of Seminole boys, one from tribe of Black Dirt, Hola-Te-Ematha and other from party led by John Cavallo (Cow-A-Gee). Describes Seminole burial practices. Has 3 female heads and 2 male heads from near Okee-Chobee, only 2 of 12 that were not "very offensive." Describes presumed Yemasee mounds. Talks of tuberculosis among the Indians. Treated wife of Cooper, daughter of King Paine, Seminole chief under the Spanish. Abadie follows up to see if skulls arrived, mentions cave near Fort Cap where he is sure there are flat-headed Indian skulls. Bachman has two skulls, one of which is to go to Edinburgh; both belong to Audubon. He will have them drawn if permissible. One skull is Ya-hadjo (Ma-hadjo?), a "grand rascal," other is that of famous chief (Mad Wolf) killed in Florida.
Collection: Samuel George Morton Papers (Mss.B.M843)

Language(s): English
Date: January 30, 1798
Extent: 1 page
Description: Letter to Jedidiah Morse regarding his return from Indian country; planning removal of his missionary Indians. Sends his journal.
Collection: Miscellaneous Manuscripts Collection (Mss.Ms.Coll.200)

Ute | Dakota
Alternate forms: Sioux
Language(s): English
Date: 1891-1894
Extent: 12 folders
Description: In total, the Kane Family Papers consist of 56 linear feet of letters, legal papers, financial records, etc. of three generations of the prominent Philadelphia family. However, there is also a small but significant batch of material related to the Ute people. Francis Fisher Kane (1866-1955), a lawyer, was involved with the Indian Rights Association, which sent Kane and another Philadelphia lawyer, Frank M. Riter, to Colorado and Utah to report on the situation of the Southern Utes and the U.S. government's proposal to relocate them from their reservation in southern Colorado to Utah, a plan which was successfully opposed. Most of this material is housed in Series V. Francis Fisher Kane. Of particular interest will be three folders marked "Indian Rights Association" and designated #1, #2, and #3 containing correspondence relative to Kane's trip west, subsequent appearance before the Indian Affairs Committee in Washington, D.C., and the IRA's efforts to prevent the removal of the Southern Utes in general. These materials reveal much about the conditions among the Southern Utes, the misbehavior of Indian agents and white neighbors in Durango, the politicking of the Indian Rights Association in Washington, D.C., and the sentiments of these "friends of the Indians," who largely wanted to speed Native peoples along the path to civilization, albeit in as humane a way as possible. There is also a typed copy of a letter from Dakota Ignatius Court (Tamazahanhotanka) from Devil's Lake, Fort Totten, North Dakota reporting the corruption of the local Agent to the Indian Rights Association, along with a letter from Herbert Welsh (corresponding secretary of the IRA) to Kane asking if Kane would go to North Dakota to investigate (in #2). Other corresponents include Thomas Morgan, Charles Odgen, Herbert Welsh, Charles Painter, Charles E. Pancoast, Albert C. Hopkins, etc. Also of particular interest is a folder labeled "Southern Ute Indians," containing copies of letters from Charles A. Bartholomew of the Southern Ute Agency, telegraphs between Bartholomew and Kane, and other materials relating to Kane and Riter's investigation in Colorado and subsequent political activities, very much in the same vein and involving the same correspondents as the first three folders described. Other Ute-related materials include notes of a speech and correspondence from the "Committee on the Southern Utes" (1891); reports and legal notes in a folder labeled "Concerning the Ute Indians #1" (1891); three copies of a letter to Thomas Morgan, Commissioner of Indian Affairs, in "Concerning the Ute Indians #2" (1892); letters from Mary F. Lovell (of the National Women's Christian Temerance Union), Charles C. Painter (of the Indian Rights Association), Ann Booth, Charles Ogden, and S. W. Peel in "Concerning the Ute Indians #3" (1892-1893); a postcard from James M. Fisher regarding a speech for the Indian Affairs Committee (1892); a brief note from James Kerr to Herbert Welsh informing him that the removal bill will not be called up in the present session of Congress (1892); and a folder of newspaper clippings featuring Kane's political and humanitarian activism, including his work for the IRA. There is also one relevant folder in Series I. John Kintzing Kane labeled "Indian Rights Association" (1892) that contains reports, correspondence, and a 105-page typed copy of a diary of their trip to the Southern Ute Agency by Francis Fisher Kane and Frank M. Rite, as well as some correspondence from Herbert Welsh .
Collection: Kane Family Papers (Mss.Ms.Coll.115)