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Mingo | Susquehannock | Haudenosaunee
Alternate forms: Conestoga, Iroquois
Language(s): English | Tuscarora | Mohawk
Date: 1757-1771
Contributor: Sack, William
Type:Text
Extent: 1 vol., 10 p.
Description: Notebook with memorandum book, Fort Augusta, 1757-1771. Reference is made to Edward Shippen, Jr.; includes Tuscarora and Mohawk numerals; all copied in Indian vocabularies (Mss.497.In2). Memorandum book carries list of obligations, November 1764 - May 4, 1771. The vocabulary was taken from Will Sack, a Conestoga Indian, in January 1757 at Fort Augusta in the midst of the Seven Years' War. Sack would later become a controversial figure in Pennsylvania history. The Paxton Boys claimed he was a murderer and used his presence in the Conestoga's camp as pretext for their assault on the Conestoga Indians. The memorandum book contains the financial transactions of an unknown individual during the 1760s, although some evidence suggests that Edward Burd kept this memorandum book and vocabulary.
Collection: A vocabulary in the Mingo tongue taken from the mouth of William Sack, a Canistogo Indian. . . and memorandum book (Mss.497.3.V852m)

Cayuga | Cherokee | Chickasaw | Delaware | Wyandot | Mandan | Ojibwe | Seneca | Susquehannock
Alternate forms: Conestoga, Iroquois, Huron, Wendat
Language(s): Cayuga | English
Date: 1785-1806
Type:Text
Extent: 0.5 Linear feet, 2 boxes; 2 volumes
Description: A manuscript compiled from originals in the Historical Society of Pennsylvania by William L. McAtee. Concerns murder of John Armstrong by Indians; mentions Canestogae tribe, Cayahoga path, Cheerake, Chickasaw, Colonel Cresap; tuberculosis among Indians; Delawares; eloquence; Indian barrows, fortifications, and graves; Kash kask kunck; Mandan; Seneca, Six Nations, and Captain White Eyes. Also Crave Creek mound; Wyandot, Indian sugar camp; war customs and war party; treaty of December 1784 at Fort McIntosh with Chippewa and Wyandots; Indian burning; Indian diseases. Teedyuscung; Penn's treaty with the Delaware (1682 and 1702); meaning of "Geneseo"; Seneca battle with Koghquangians (Caughnawaga); Chickasaw; specimen of a Cayuga vocabulary with same list as that used in Barton (1797).
Collection: Benjamin Smith Barton journals; notebooks (Mss.B.B284.1)

Delaware | Shawnee | Haudenosaunee | Susquehannock
Alternate forms: Conestoga, Lenape, Munsee
Language(s): English
Date: 1753-1771
Type:Text
Extent: 10 items
Description: Letters between members of the Shippen family and other Philadelphia notables like William Logan and Robert Hunter Morris regarding Indian affairs largely during the Seven Years' War era. Joseph Shippen, Jr.'s 1758 orderly book discusses the taking of Fort Duquesne, along with Indian affairs. Individuals mentioned include Teedyuscung, John Shekalemy, Captain Jacob, Shingas, Castologa, the Half-King, Zaccheus (a Wighaloosin Indian), Captain Culbertson, George Croghan, Delaware chief Wenawalike or Simon, Killbuck, and Newcomen. Ohio Indians and villages, Wyoming, Treaty of Easton, Virginia Indians, Shawnees, Susquehannocks, Munsees, and the Six Nations are also mentioned.
Collection: Edward Shippen letters and papers (Mss.B.Sh62)

Delaware | Haudenosaunee | Cayuga | Miami | Shawnee | Nanticoke | Mohawk | Seneca | Susquehannock | Piscataway
Alternate forms: Conestoga, Lenape, Iroquois, Conoy
Language(s): English
Date: 1725-1759
Type:Text
Extent: 27 items
Description: Correspondence and other materials relating to Indian affairs. Topics include land claims; treaties and diplomatic conferences; Indian complaints of dispossession and mistreatment; "Minguay" expense of Indian diplomacy; illness and death of Allumapis; Conrad Weiser's activities in the service of the colony; Delawares and other Indians in Ohio; hanging of Indian in New Jersey; efforts to make Six Nations "overlords" of Pennsylvania's nearer Native neighbors; the Walking Purchase; Shawnees making trouble; fears of Indians going over to the French. Individuals mentioned include Allumapis, Christopher Pyrlaeus, Conrad Weiser, Shickellamy, Teedyuscung, Christopher Stump, Hugh Jones, Mannakahickan, Broken Thigh, Captain Newcastle, James Logan, Governor Ogle; Nutimus.
Collection: Selections from the correspondence of the Honourable James Logan, 1699-1750 (Mss.B.L82)

Haudenosaunee | Delaware | Shawnee | Susquehannock | Conoy | Cayuga | Seneca | Onondaga | Mohican | Mohawk | Tuscarora
Alternate forms: Conestoga, Iroquois, Lenape, Ohio Indians
Language(s): English
Date: 1702-1753
Type:Text
Extent: 52 items
Description: Correspondence and other materials relating to Indian affairs. Topics include diplomacy with Six Nations, including various delegations to and from the Six Nations, diplomatic gifts and expenses, and Maryland's efforts to treat with anxieties about French intrigues, overtures, and inroads on Indian loyalty; land claims and disputes; Lancaster Treaty of 1744; two Delaware Indians accused of murder; Ohio Company; Indians' tensions with Virginians; and Indians in Ohio. Individuals (other than contributors) mentioned include Hotquantgoehle, Shickellamy, Andrew Montour, George Croghan, Colonel Burnett, Canasadego, Lord Cornbury, Indian Harry, Allumapis, and Lapaghpitton.
Collection: Selections from the correspondence of the Honourable James Logan, 1699-1750 (Mss.B.L82)

Onondaga | Haudenosaunee | Susquehannock | Shawnee
Alternate forms: Conestoga, Iroquois
Language(s): English
Date: 1703-1745
Type:Text
Extent: 4 items
Description: 1703 letter to William Penn regarding Jemmy le Tort, who had gone with Louis Lemoine in 1701; French have sent priest to the Onondagoes and New York's request to send away the priest has been refused. Indian Harry not around. Three later letters, 1737-1745 regarding Onondagas treating with Virginia;Conrad Weiser's importance to Indian affairs; neutrality of Onondagas in war between Britain and France; Shawnees led by Peter Chartier have robbed British traders and gone over to French.
Collection: Selections from the correspondence of the Honourable James Logan, 1699-1750 (Mss.B.L82)

Anishinaabe | Delaware | Susquehannock | Erie | Wenrohronon | Honniasont | Mohegan | Seneca | Oneida | Wyandot | Ottawa | Tuscarora | Sappony | Tutelo | Nanticoke | Conoy | Shawnee | Munsee
Alternate forms: Conestoga, Iroquois, Lenape, Saponi
Language(s): English
Date: 1957
Type:Text
Genre: Reports
Extent: 20 pages
Description: The Pennsylvania Indians materials, John Alden Mason Papers include a document written for the Pennsylvania Historical Commission, regarding the Delaware, Susquehannock, Erie, Wenrohronon, Honniasont, and the transitory Mohegan, Seneca, Oneida, Wyandot, Ottawa, Tuscarora, Saponi, Tutelo, Nanticokes, Conoy, Shawnee, and Munsee.
Collection: John Alden Mason Papers (Mss.B.M384)

Delaware | Susquehannock | Haudenosaunee
Alternate forms: Conestoga, Lenape
Language(s): English
Date: October 22, 1730; November 8, 1755; July 20, 1758; 1759; February 4, 1764; August 9, 1766; February 9, 1769; February 10, 1769; October 23, 1784; March 2, 1787; 1951;
Type:Text
Extent: 12 items
Description: Materials can be found in the finding aid under the specific dates listed. Mostly eighteenth-century correspondence regarding Pennsylvania Indian affairs. Topics include purchasing Indian lands; surveying Indian lands, including those acquired through the Treaty of Fort Stanwix; surveying Proprietary lands without offending Native neigbhors; settling boundaries with Native neighbors; colonists taken captive during Seven Years' War era; the Paxton Boys' rebellion, massacre at Susquehannock, and the killing of Susquehannock refugees; a 1759 list of Native groups clothed at Pittsburgh, with information about where they reside and hunt; and diplomacy (i.e., trying to secure Native allies) during Seven Years' War era. Also Witthoft's 1951 "The Pemberton Family Cemetary," containing a narrative of the excavation of cemetery at Pennsbury with burials of Pemberton family, 1683-1802 as well as a murdered Indian (before 1705) and white pauper of later date. Individuals mentioned include Scarroyady, Isaac Pemberton, Joseph Shippen, and David the Indian.
Collection: Miscellaneous Manuscripts Collection (Mss.Ms.Coll.200)

Haudenosaunee | Oneida | Onondaga | Seneca | Cayuga | Tuscarora | Susquehannock | Shawnee | Nanticoke
Alternate forms: Conestoga, Iroquois, Six Nations
Language(s): English
Date: 1700-1757; ca 1815
Type:Text
Extent: 40 items
Description: Correspondence and other materials regarding Pennsylvania Indian affairs. Topics include Pennsylvania's relations with Native peoples; hostilities between Native groups and colonists in the backcountry; diplomatic overtures and councils between Native and colonial leaders; the fur trade; land claims and disputes; legal and illegal surveying of Indian lands; the Lancaster Treaty of 1744; copper mine opened by Governor Keith; anxieties about French influence over Indians and conflict with French over fur trade; role of gifts and payments for Indians; Indian roads; Virginians' desires to expand west; Native religious beliefs and morality; Count Zinzendorf's mission; the imprisonment and escape of Thomas McKee. Other individuals mentioned include Peter Bizaillon, Letitia Penn. Caxagan, Edward Shippen.
Collection: Selections from the correspondence of the Honourable James Logan, 1699-1750 (Mss.B.L82)

Susquehannock
Alternate forms: Conestoga
Language(s): English
Date: 1763-1764
Type:Text
Extent: 3 items
Description: Two letters to Joseph Shippen and one to Reverend Elder regarding massacre of the Susquehannock Indians by colonists in December 1763, and subsequent murder of those kept in workhouse for safekeeping.
Collection: Edward Shippen letters and papers (Mss.B.Sh62)