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Lenape
Language(s): English
Date: 1755-1763
Type:Text
Extent: 48 letters
Description: Correspondence during the Seven Years' War (1754-1763) regarding the Treaty of Easton, with particular attention to Teedyuscung and the Moravian Indians. One letter from Timothy Horsfled to Benjamin Franklin regards how Indians with smallpox were treated.
Collection: Timothy Horsfield Papers (974.8 H78)  Section 2 (Mss.974.8.H78)

Lenape
Alternate forms: Lenape
Language(s): English
Date: circa 1940s
Type:Text
Extent: 11 pages
Description: "Translation of the Walam Olum." Included in folder "Early American Poetry"; apparently a modification of earlier nineteenth-century translations.
Collection: William Parsons material (Mss.B.P252)

Haudenosaunee
Language(s): English
Date: September 2, 1761; 1742; July 1, 1756; February 13, 1756
Subject: History | Treaties | Warfare
Type:Text
Extent: 4 letters
Description: In sections 2:437, 1:155, 1:103-106. Dioga, French, and Iroquois threats; attacks planned; danger to life of Brodhead. Names of the Indians present at the treaty held at Philadelphia, July 1742. Pockschnos, the Shawanese chief has gone to a council at Sir William Johnson's. Treaty session at Carlisle with the Six Nations.
Collection: Timothy Horsfield Papers (Mss.974.8.H78)

Miami
Language(s): English
Date: September 20, 1753
Subject: History
Type:Text
Extent: 1 letter
Description: In section 1:23. 60 "heads of Twightwees, etc." on way to Carlisle to negotiate with Governor of Pennsylvania.
Collection: Timothy Horsfield Papers (Mss.974.8.H78)

Onondaga
Language(s): English
Date: March 11, 1818; July 29, 1818
Subject: Linguistics
Type:Text
Extent: 3 letters
Description: Forwards Zeisberger's book and a brief biography of him to the American Philosophical Society. Will send the Historical and Literary Committee papers dealing with Indian affairs, in the hands of Franklin, Weiser, Parsons, and Horsfield. Concerning an article by Zeisberger. Last half of an Onondaga dictionary done approximately 1764. Corrections for his publications. Is forwarding a dictionary, by Zeisberger, of the Indian languages. Part 1 of the dictionary has been found. It is to be returned, and the grammar too. Concerning Heckewelder's attitudes towards Indian cruelty and towards Du Ponceau's rewriting the book.
Collection: John Gottlieb Ernestus Heckewelder letters to Peter Stephen Du Ponceau  (Mss.497.3 H35o)

Language(s): English
Date: circa 1940s
Type:Text
Extent: 238 pages, 5 notebooks, 5 folders, 8 spools of microfilm, 1 photograph
Description: "William Parsons, 1701-1757." An unpublished biography of a Pennsylvania soldier, surveyor, and agent for the provincial government. Based largely on the Horsfield Papers, and manuscripts at the Historical Society of Pennsylvania and Haverford College. Occasional references to Indian affairs. Research notes. Includes a translation of the Walam Olum different from Rafinesque, Squier, Drake, or Brinton.
Collection: William Parsons material (Mss.B.P252)

Language(s): English
Date: 1749-1769
Type:Text
Extent: 19 items
Description: Various materials relating to Pennsylvania's relations with Native peoples during the Seven Years' War era. Topics include anxieties about the French, especially in Ohio; excursions against French and Indian enemies; raids by French and Indian enemies; trade with Indians and competition from Virginia traders; murders of Native individuals; attempts to treat with Native groups; land negotiations; Native complaints about land seizures; colonial officials trying to understand Native grievances to come to peace; 1759 conference in Pittsburgh; gifts for Native diplomats in Philadelphia.
Collection: Indian and Military Affairs of Pennsylvania, 1737-1775 (Mss.974.8.P19)

Language(s): English
Date: 1755-1763
Type:Text
Extent: 56 letters
Description: In sections 1 and 2. Correspondence during the Seven Years' War (1754-1763) regarding Indian attacks on the frontier and attempts to protect friendly Indians. One letter discusses the use of passports by friendly Indians. Mention of a "berserk soldier at Fort Allen behaves indecently among squaws."
Collection: Timothy Horsfield Papers (Mss.974.8.H78)

Shawnee
Language(s): English
Date: n.d.; July 7, 1756; July 10, 1756
Type:Text
Extent: 3 letters
Description: In sections 2:517 and 1:199. Concerning friendship; trip to Philadelphia. Four Indians have arrived, including son of Paxino (Paksino). Manuscript note on back by John G. E. Heckewelder. Encloses governor's letter and Horsfield's speech to Indians intended for the four visiting Indians at Bethlehem, and states his intentions about provisions and ammunition for them. Contains short note by John G. E. Heckewelder, identifying one as Kolopacka, son of Paxino.
Collection: Timothy Horsfield Papers (Mss.974.8.H78)