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Comanche
Language(s): Comanche | English
Date: ca.1935-1960s
Subject: Linguistics
Type:Text
Extent: 0.1 linear feet
Description: Haas' materials on Comanche are few but contain original items of particular interest. Series 1 contains a discussion with anthropologist Joseph Casagrande of a register used with and by young children, and correspondence with Benjamin Whorf concerning comparative work of Uto-Aztecan languages. There is a lexicon recorded with consultant Eleanor Conworp in a field notebook of various languages, located in Series 2 Subseries ‘Multiple Languages', and a small amount of comparative work in the index cards of Series 9.
Collection: Mary R. Haas Papers (Mss.Ms.Coll.94)

Hopi
Language(s): English | Hopi
Date: 1915; 1933-1941
Type:Text
Extent: 2 slips; 300+ pages
Description: The Hopi materials in the ACLS collection consist of materials primarily in the "Hopi" section of the finding aid. The earliest item is a brief word list recorded by Edward Sapir. The remaining items in this section are all by Benjamin Lee Whorf, including an initial linguistic report sent to Sapir, a grammatical sketch, an interlinear text on marriage customs, and a brief discussion of verb classes. In the "Bella Bella (Heiltsuk)" section of the finding aid, Boas' "Bella Bella suffix list" includes Hopi ethnographic materials on ceremony and religion written on the reverse side of sheets.
Collection: ACLS Collection (American Council of Learned Societies Committee on Native American Languages, American Philosophical Society) (Mss.497.3.B63c)

Hopi
Language(s): English | Hopi
Date: 1883-1892, 1920-1924, 1929-1932, 1936, 1938-1940
Extent: 24 notebooks, 300+ pages
Description: The Hopi materials in the Elsie Clews Parsons papers consist of a large amount of material found in several different section of the collection. In Subcollection I, Series II, "Notes, manuscripts, etc.", item 18 includes the notebooks of Alexander Stephen from 1885-1892; item 51 includes a significant number of photographs from Hopi communities from the period of 1918-1926; and items 46 and 61 also contain briefer manuscript materials relating to Hopi ceremonies. In Subcollection II, Series I, "Professional Correspondence", a number of Correspondences pertain to Hopi matters, particularly Parsons' correspondence with Franz Boas, Ruth Bunzel, Frederick Dellenbaugh, C. Daryll Forde, Robert H. Lowie, Leslie White, and Benjamin Whorf. In Subcollection II, Series III, "Lectures and Manuscripts", there are proofs and drafts related to Parsons' publication of Alexander Stephen's "Hopi Journal." In Subcollection II, Series IV, "Research Notes" there is a large number of Parsons' field notebooks from multiple visits to different Hopi communities. Some portion of this material may be restricted due to cultural sensitivity or privacy concerns.
Collection: Elsie Clews Parsons papers (Mss.Ms.Coll.29)

Language(s): English
Date: 1930-1938
Type:Text
Genre: Essays | Reports
Extent: 360 pages
Description: The materials in the ACLS collection relating generally to the study of the linguistics, and not to specific langauges, are located in the "Linguistics" section of the finding aid and consist of several essays and reports relating to issues such as transcriptions methodologies, psychology of language, language classification, and assessments of the state of the study of American indigenous languages in the 1930s.
Collection: ACLS Collection (American Council of Learned Societies Committee on Native American Languages, American Philosophical Society) (Mss.497.3.B63c)

Maya
Language(s): English
Date: 1939 and undated
Type:Text
Genre: Essays
Extent: 2 items
Description: Two items: Radin's undated "Aboriginal history of North America," an outline considering physical and archaeological evidences for various waves of migration to North America, and Whorf's "Remarks on Utaztecan and Macro-Penutian," a discussion of Utaztecan, Penutian, and Mayan and probable linguistic relationship.
Collection: Paul Radin papers (Mss.497.3.R114)

Nahua
Alternate forms: Aztec
Date: 1912-1924, 1928, 1930, 1940, 1949-1950, 1953
Type:Text
Extent: 359 pages, Circa 750 slips, 1 notebook (314 pages), 1 volume (168 pages)
Description: The Nahua materials in the ACLS collection consist of numerous items in the "Nahuatl" section of the finding aid, which contains a full listing. Prominent materials include texts recorded by Boas from Milpa Alta speakers, including Doña Luz Jiménez, in 1912. There are also additional texts, recorded by Miguel Barrios Espinosa in 1950 San Juan Tlilhuacan, Delegacion de Azcapotzales, Mexico City. Boas and Mason's "Nahautl vocabulary" contains 750+ word slips based upon work by Simeón and Mason. "Vocabulares Nawatl" by Leon and Swadesh consists of vocabulary of 3 Nahuatl dialects (identified as Telina, Ilamalan, and San Pedro [Atocpan?]) based on field work in 1939 with 4 speakers. There are additional grammatical studies and linguistic treatments by Whorf, Barlow, Croft, and Ripley. Some Nahuatl vocabulary can also be found in comparative Uto-Aztecan materials in the "Uto-Aztecan" section of the finding aid.
Collection: ACLS Collection (American Council of Learned Societies Committee on Native American Languages, American Philosophical Society) (Mss.497.3.B63c)

Inuit
Alternate forms: Eskimo
Language(s): English
Date: 1928-1943; 1949-1954
Type:Text
Extent: 87 pages
Description: The North American materials, John Alden Mason collection include correspondence regarding Barbeau's work on the North Pacific coast and Eskimo art. Possible migration routes into North America from Asia; remains of early man in North America; Frederica de Laguna's archaeological work in Alaska; Edgar B. Howard's work on early man in North America.
Collection: John Alden Mason Papers (Mss.B.M384)

Language(s): English
Date: 1939
Type:Text
Extent: 6 pages
Description: Material relating to Penutian languages. Consists of Benjamin Lee Whorf's "Macro-Penutian," a list, in outline form, of divisions and subdivisions of Macro-Penutian as far as Whorf felt certain at the time.
Collection: John Alden Mason Papers (Mss.B.M384)

Totonac
Date: 1936, 1940
Type:Text
Extent: 28 pages
Description: The Totonac materials in the ACLS collection consist mainly of one item, "Los totonacos y su idioma," primarily in Spanish. Revision of Yale doctoral dissertation; includes introduction, explication of new Totonac alphabet, grammatical notes, and one text, "The Man and the Hawk," with English and Spanish translations. This item can be found in the "Totonac" section of the finding aid. See also "Macro-Penutian" by Benjamin Whof in the "Linguistics, General" section of the finding aid, which may contain some Totonac data.
Collection: ACLS Collection (American Council of Learned Societies Committee on Native American Languages, American Philosophical Society) (Mss.497.3.B63c)

Aztec | Huichol | Nahua | Tarahumara | Tepecano | Tepehuán | Tohono O'odham | Yaqui | Mayo | Akimel O'odham | Ute | Paiute | Hupa | Maya | Cora
Alternate forms: Cahita, Papago, Pima, Hiaki, Yoeme, Na:tini-xwe
Date: 1914-1962
Type:Text
Extent: 21 items
Description: Materials relating to John Alden Mason's interest and research in Uto-Aztecan languages and cultures. Items include notes and letters on Uto-Aztecan historical Mason's "Some initial phones and combinations in Utaztecan stems," an abstract and full text of a paper delivered at the Philadelphia meeting of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (1951); unattributed corresondence discussing that 1951 paper; Mason's correspondence with Edward Sapir regarding Mason's work on the Tepehuan, Papago [Tohono O'odham], Sonoran and Yaqui languages, Sapir's work on Paiute and Hupa, and mentioning Boas, Rivet, Speck, Spier, and Whorf; earlier correspondence with Sapir relaying Tepehuan, Tepecano, Papago [Tohono O'odham], and Nahua examples, data from Mason for Sapir's use in Uto-Aztecan comparative work, Sapir's comments on Mason's data and analysis, and Sapir's views on Uto-Aztecan historical Mason's corresondence with Ruth Benedict regarding work on Papago [Tohono O'odham], Pima, and Yaqui languages, an honorarium for Franz Boas, and Ruth Underhill's Papago Rites and ceremonies; correspondence with George Herzog regarding Tepehuan music and language, Pima-Papago language, and mentioning Franz Boas, Gene Weltfish, Edward Sapir, Ruth Underhill, Frank G. Speck, and others; correspondence with David H. Kelley regarding comparison of Polynesian and Uto-Aztecan languages (Kelly's dissertation); part of Kelley's Harvard University doctoral dissertation regarding the borrowing of Uto-Aztecan words into Polynesian; Benjamin Lee Whorf on Uto-Aztecan languages, including a table of relationships and a photo reproduction of Whorf's Azteco-Tanoan tree; correspondence with Whorf regarding Whorf's grant application to the Social Sciences Research Council to work on modern Nahuatl, and also touching on Uto-Aztecan phonology, Maya glyphs, Nahuatl, Papago [Tohono O'odham], Tepecano, Tepehuan, Yaqui, and subgrouping; and correspondence with Morris Swadesh regarding establishing an official Aztec alphabet, Swadesh's glotto-chronological work in Uto-Aztecan, disagreement between Mason and Swadesh over the number of stop series in Papago [Tohono O'odham], Swadesh's retraction (to be published in Word) of his criticisms of Mason's Papago [Tohono O'odham] grammar, and copies of letters from Swadesh to [Dean] Saxton and Andre Martinet. Undated linguistic materials include notes, Vocabularies, vocabularies, comparisons with notes about correspondences, comparative vocabularies, notes on numerical systems, cognates with English glosses, cognates with Spanish glosses, lexicostatistical compilations, etc. Languages represented (and not merely mentioned) include Huichol, El Nayar Cora, Nahuatl, Opata, Tarahumara, Tepecano, Tepehuan, Tohono O'odham, Tubar, Yaqui, and Mayo; it is unclear, however, which specific Tarahumara and Tepehuan languages are represented.
Collection: John Alden Mason Papers (Mss.B.M384)