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Culture: Otomi | Chitimacha | Atakapa | Cherokee | Osage | Chickasaw | Choctaw | Nottoway | Kaw | Omaha | Dakota | Pawnee | Nanticoke | Aaniiih | Miami | Mi'kmaq | Seminole | Quapaw | Yuchi | Lenape | Ojibwe | Shawnee | Seneca | Mohawk | Onondaga | Cayuga | Oneida | Tuscarora | Natchez | Wyandot | Creek | Mohican | Mohegan
Alternate forms: Iroquois, Ojibwa, Huron-Wyandot, Atsina, Gros Ventre, Micmac, Delaware
Language(s): English | German | Otomi, Mezquital | Chitimacha | Atakapa | Cherokee | Osage | Chickasaw | Choctaw | Nottoway | Kansa | Omaha-Ponca | Dakota | Pawnee | Nanticoke | Kalispel-Pend d'Oreille | Miami-Illinois | Mi'kmaq | Mikasuki | Quapaw | Yuchi | Delaware | Ojibwe | Shawnee | Seneca | Mohawk | Onondaga | Cayuga | Oneida | Tuscarora | Natchez | Wyandot | Muscogee | Mohegan-Pequot
Subject: Linguistics | Algonquian languages | Iroquoian languages | Siouan languages | Muskogean languages
Extent: 219 pages
Description: This volume contains extracts of Benjamin Smith Barton's "New Views of the Origin of the Tribes and Nations of America" (Philadelphia, 1797), with additions by Peter S. Du Ponceau. The bulk of the volume is comprised of word list of 54 words with equivalents listed in a range of 50-70 languages. While Barton listed no authority, Du Ponceau cited sources. Languages with words listed include Chitimacha, Atakapa, Cherokee, Osage, Chickasaw, Choctaw, Nottoway, Kansa, Omaha, Dakota, Pawnee, Nanticoke, Gros Ventres, Miami, Mi'kmaq, Seminole, Quapaw, Yuchi, Delaware, Ojibwe, Shawnee, Seneca, Mohawk, Onondaga, Cayuga, Oneida, Tuscarora, Natches, Wyandot, Creek, Mahican, Mohegan, and many others. The word list includes the terms for God, heaven, and sky, as well as various terms relating to kinship, parts of the body, weather, and more. The volume also includes notes on sounds of the Otomi (Othomi) observations on declension; observations about the Omaha, Kansa, Oto, Arkansas, and Missouri languages; and notes on symbol and sound. Also includes a newspaper clipping of a review (in German) of Barton's "New Views" that appeared in "Göttingische Anzeigen von gelehrten Sachen," June 17, 1799.
Collection: A comparative vocabulary of Indian languages (Mss.497.B28)
Alternate forms: Delaware
Language(s): English | Delaware | Powhatan | Susquehannock | Quiripi | Mohegan-Pequot | Carolina Algonquian | Pamlico | Dutch | Swedish
Contributor: Henry, Mathew Schropp, 1790-1862
Subject: Linguistics | Geography | Place names | Pennsylvania--History | New Jersey--History | Delaware--History | Maryland--History | New York (State)--History | North Carolina--History | Virginia--History
Extent: 1 dictionary (820 p.); 8 maps
Description: A completed dictionary, based on various printed authorities (Zeisberger, Heckewelder, etc.). Contains a separate dictionary of place names organized by states. Maps of portions of Maryland, New Jersey, Delaware, Pennsylvania, Virginia, North Carolina, and New York. Maps beyond Lenape territory may contain Powhatan, Susquehannock, Mohegan-Pequot, Quiripi-Unquachaog, Carolina Algonquian, and Pamlico place names.
Collection: English-Lenni Lenape and Lenni Lenape-English dictionary (Mss.497.33.H39)
Date: circa 1920s
Contributor: Hallowell, A. Irving (Alfred Irving), 1892-1974
Extent: 1 folder; 26 photographs
Description: The Mohegan materials in Series V of the A. Irving Hallowell Papers are composed of stories in Mohegan translated into English, brief grammatical notes, two pages of vocabulary, and 2 maps of Native American tribes in Connecticut. See folder in Series V labelled "Mohegan Vocabulary and Text; Falls River Indian Reservation; Iroquois; Other Ethnology Notes." In the folder labled "American Indian #4" in Box 24, Series V, there is an image of Gladys and Harold Tantaquidgeon. In Series VI, Subseries D, there are about 26 photographs identified as Mohegan-related.
Collection: Alfred Irving Hallowell Papers (Mss.Ms.Coll.26)
Date: circa 1820s
Contributor: Heckewelder, John Gottlieb Ernestus, 1743-1823
Extent: 17 pages
Description: The Mohegan materials in this collection consist of manuscripts listed in the finding aid as item 19, "Mahicanni [Mohegan] words taken down from the mouth of one of that nation who had been born in Connecticut"; items 21 & 22b, "Comparative vocabulary of the Delaware, Minsi, Mohicon, Natick, Chippeway, Shawanoe [i.e. Miami], and Nanticoke languages"; and items 22 & 22a, "Comparative vocabulary of the Lenni Lenape, Mahicanni, Nanticoke, Shawano, Natick, Chippuwa and Algonquin languages"
Collection: American Philosophical Society Historical and Literary Committee, American Indian Vocabulary Collection (Mss.497.V85)
Contributor: Speck, Frank G. (Frank Gouldsmith), 1881-1950 | Butler, Eva L. | Prince, John Dyneley, 1868-1945 | Tantaquidgeon, Gladys | Ward, Christopher, 1868-1943
Subject: Anthropology | Ethnography | Place names | Linguistics | Social life and customs | New England--History | Politics and government | Land transfers
Genre: Notes | Correspondence | Deeds | Pamphlets | Notebooks | Drafts | Stories | Vocabularies | Translations
Extent: 10 folders
Description: Materials relating to Speck's study of Mohegan language, history, and culture. Includes Mohegan miscellaneous notes and correspondence from 1916-1943 including commentary on Fidelia Fielding's Texts, notes for 1920 Pequot trip with Nehantic and Pennacook notes, letters from the Honorable Thomas W. Bicknell to Speck concerning Indians in Rhode Island, notes on Mohegan social organization, 1 page of incomplete letter of Red Wing concerning Indian affairs, miscellaneous Stockbridge notes, George Heye to Speck regarding publication, John R. Swanton to Speck concerning his exhibition for Mohegan Stockbridge, postal card from Princess Pretty War regarding dress, Ernest E. Rogers to Speck regarding Speck's Mohegan-Pequot Diary, etc.; Pequot miscellaneous notes and correspondence from 1922-1941 including two cards with Mohegan names, 7 pages of reading notes, 1 page of animal names, a letter from Harral Ayres to the Smithsonian Institution concerning Connecticut place names, and a letter from Gertrude Bell Browne to Speck concerning seventeenth-century Pequot-Mohegan Mohegan-Pequot texts and vocabulary materials, notes and drafts relating to Speck (1928a); letters to his mother concerning his activities among Indians at Mohegan, Connecticut; copy for a news release on a Mohegan election; "Mohegan Land Deeds," a pamplet containing 22 seventeenth-century deeds signed by Connecticut Mohegan Indians, taken from Connecticut archival sources; 21 cards with notes on trees and uses of their products; Prince's 1907 letter of recommendation for Speck, discussing Speck's work, as a student, on the Pequot dialect of Mohegan-Pequots, Algic, and Yuchi; and Ward's correspondence with Speck regarding the printing of extra copies of Speck's Nanticoke study by the Historical Society of Delaware.
Collection: Frank G. Speck Papers (Mss.Ms.Coll.126)
Date: 1756-1787; 1903
Contributor: Edwards, Jonathan, 1745-1801 | Speck, Frank G. (Frank Gouldsmith), 1881-1950 | Prince, John Dyneley, 1868-1945
Description: The Mohegan materials in the Siebert Papers are limited to an 18th century Vocabularies and Siebert's collection of Mohegan-Pequot and Montauk vocabulary. See Series IV and VII.
Collection: Frank Siebert Papers (Mss.Ms.Coll.97)