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Shawnee | Lenape | Potawatomi | Meskwaki | Menominee | Cree | Ojibwe | Blackfoot | Cheyenne | Ktunaxa | Penobscot | Mi'kmaq
Alternate forms: Lenape, Fox, Ojibwa, Ojibway, Micmac
Date: circa 1930s-1960s
Extent: 25 folders, 1 box
Description: There are many materials relating to Algonquian languages in the C. F. Voegelin Papers. This entry is intended as a catch-all for materials labeled as Algonquian or Macro-Algonquian, or having to do with several Algonquian languages in a general way. Researchers should also view the entries for specific Algonquian languages and culture groups. Algonquian materials are located in both Subcollection I and Subcollection II. In Subcollection I, there is relevant correspondence with Leonard Bloomfield (regarding an inscription on a silver bracelet; Bloomfield's "Menomini Grammar"), Charles Hockett (with questions about Voegelin's article on Delaware and examples from other Algonquian languages), and Morris Swadesh (including a brief Stockbridge vocabulary and a slip of Moravian Delaware) in Series I. Correspondence; 1 box of comparative Algonquian vocabulary and grammar in Series II. and several linguistic maps (i.e., "Algonquian language text with illustrations" and "Linguistic classification of the Southern New England Algonquians"), particularly of the Potawatomi, Delaware, and Shawnee, to accompany the texts of Voegelin's work on Algonquian languages, in Series VII. Photographs. In Subcollection II, there is relevant correspondence from Eric Hamp (to Ives Goddard regarding preparation of Arapaho and Algonquian works) and Frank Speck (to Edward Sapir regarding his work on Mi'kmaq and other northern Algonquian languages and societies) in Series I. Correspondence. There is also an entire subseries devoted to Macro-Algonquian: Subseries III. Macro-Algonquian of Series II. Research Notes. This subseries contains a grammatical sketch of Algonquian by Leonard Bloomfield (135 pages of typescript with handwritten edits and 7 interleaved pages of notes by Voegelin); another "Sketch of Algonquian" by Bloomfield consisting of a notebook (approx. 45 pages) and handwritten notes (approx. 80 pages); 5 folders of notebooks focusing on beginning sounds ("Č and K," "L and M," "N and P," " Š and T," and "Θ and ?"), drawing from Pacific Coast Algonquian ("PCA"), Fox [Meskwaki], Plains Cree, Menominee, and Ojibwe; 3 folders of other comparative Algonquian notebooks organized by general nouns, body parts, kinship terms, numerals, and verbs; miscellaneous Algonquian notes; and specimens of Central Algonquian, including short texts in Fox [Meskwaki], Ojibwe, Menominee, and Plains Cree, with English translations. The rest of the material in the Macro-Algonquian folder is organized according to specific languages: Blackfoot, Cheyenne, Fox (Meskwaki), Kutenai [Ktunaxa culture], Ojibwe, Penobscot, and Shawnee. Finally, there is an article titled "Some Observations on Algonquian Phonology" in Series III. Works by Voegelin, Subseries I: General works; an incomplete typed draft of Bloomfield's "Sketch of Algonquian" in Series IV. Works by Others; and a "Linguistic map of Southern New England" in Series III. Works by Voegelin, Subseries V: American Indian Languages.
Collection: C. F. Voegelin Papers (Mss.Ms.Coll.68)

Haudenosaunee | Stockbridge-Munsee | Seneca
Alternate forms: Iroquois, Stockbridge
Language(s): English
Date: 1795
Type:Text
Extent: 142 pages
Description: Materials compiled by Pennsylvania Quaker missionary Halliday Jackson. Titled "Negotiations with the Indians of Pennsylvania by the Society of Friends to 1795," this assemblage contains a census of Native groups; miscellaneous information about various Native peoples; a verbatim collection of previous speeches and messages to and from various Native groups; letters from Timothy Pickering, Jasper Parrish [or Parish], and Isadore Chapin; and a discussion of various Iroquoian, Stockbridge, Brotherton, etc., peoples. Mention of Connediu (Handsome Lake). Original in possession of Historical Society of Pennsylvania.
Collection: Halliday Jackson journal, 1814 (Mss.Film.631b)

Language(s): English
Date: November 3, 1925
Type:Text
Extent: 1 page
Description: Letter to Charles E. Bond, White Plains, New York regarding references for information on the Indians of Maine. Mentions Chief Frances and Alfred V. Kidder.
Collection: Frank G. Speck Papers (Mss.Ms.Coll.126)

Massachusett
Language(s): English
Date: 1817-1899
Type:Text
Extent: 11 items
Description: Correspondence relating to Massachusett culture and language materials at the American Philosophical Society. Topics include John Eliot's publications, particularly the Eliot Indian Bible and Eliot's Indian Grammar (1666); possible republication of Eliot's works, particularly by the Smithsonian; Nuttall's Travels (1821); and Reland (1708). A recurring topic is the loan of the Eliot Indian Bible to A. J. Holman and Company for display at the Centennial Exposition. Other individuals mentioned include Benjamin H. Coates, Eli K. Price, George H. Horn, J. Peter Lesley; and Joseph Carson.
Collection: American Philosophical Society Archives (APS.Archives)

Massachusett
Language(s): English
Date: 1927-1943
Type:Text
Extent: 5 folders
Description: Materials relating to Massachusett people, history, and culture. Includes "A prehistoric cremation at Grassy Island, Taunton River, Massachusetts," Delabarre's account of and speculation on an ancient burial; Bever's letter to Speck requesting references on the Indians around Mashpee, Massachusetts, and mentioning Simeon L. Deyo, History of Barnstable County and Mary Farwell Ayer, Richard Bourne, Missionary to the Mashpee Indians; Speck's undated notes concerning Middleboro, Massachusetts, along with an account of the Pilgrims; Speck's letter to Mrs. Charles Ryan, Gay Head, Massachusetts regarding accommodations for Speck and family while Speck works with the Gay Head Indians (Martha's Vineyard); and "Reflections on the past and present of the Massachusetts Indians," a carbon copy of Speck (1943), along with a letter from Clinton A. Weslager (Archaeological Society of Delaware), urging him to write general book on remnant Indians.
Collection: Frank G. Speck Papers (Mss.Ms.Coll.126)

Massachusett
Language(s): English
Date: 1664-1688
Type:Text
Extent: 10 items
Description: Ten letters from Protestant missionary John Eliot to natural philosopher Robert Boyle of the Royal Society for Improving Natural Knowledge about Eliots work among the so-called "praying Indians" of southern New England. Topics include the religious education of Native peoples; the estates, affairs, and habits of the "praying Indians" and the locations of their churches; the need for Bibles; Eliot's work translating the Bible and preparing a grammar of Indian printings of Bibles; Bibles, grammars, and other books being distributed to New England Indians; acknowledgement of gifts of money received and thanks for the same; French Indians; danger of attack by the Manquacq Indians [Minqua? Mi'kmaq?]; and the missionary work of Daniel Gookin. In the final letter (1688), conscious of his approaching death, Eliot would use £30 given him by Boyle many years ago for Gospel work to further the efforts of Daniel Gookin and John Cotton; also would like Gospel society to bear expense of printing and have Cotton revise other works Eliot has translated into the Indian language. Originals at the Royal Society of London.
Collection: Royal Society (Great Britain) miscellaneous correspondence and documents (Mss.Film.460)

Miami
Language(s): English
Date: June 19, 1943
Type:Text
Extent: 2 pages
Description: Letter to Frank G. Speck. Concerns history of his family and relation to Little Turtle and Miami Indians, circa 1812. Seeks linguistic data on New England Indians. Discusses misnaming of moose as elk.
Collection: Frank G. Speck Papers (Mss.Ms.Coll.126)

Mohegan | Pequot | Yuchi | Nanticoke
Language(s): English | Mohegan-Pequot
Date: 1897-1943
Type:Text
Extent: 10 folders
Description: Materials relating to Speck's study of Mohegan language, history, and culture. Includes Mohegan miscellaneous notes and correspondence from 1916-1943 including commentary on Fidelia Fielding's Texts, notes for 1920 Pequot trip with Nehantic and Pennacook notes, letters from the Honorable Thomas W. Bicknell to Speck concerning Indians in Rhode Island, notes on Mohegan social organization, 1 page of incomplete letter of Red Wing concerning Indian affairs, miscellaneous Stockbridge notes, George Heye to Speck regarding publication, John R. Swanton to Speck concerning his exhibition for Mohegan Stockbridge, postal card from Princess Pretty War regarding dress, Ernest E. Rogers to Speck regarding Speck's Mohegan-Pequot Diary, etc.; Pequot miscellaneous notes and correspondence from 1922-1941 including two cards with Mohegan names, 7 pages of reading notes, 1 page of animal names, a letter from Harral Ayres to the Smithsonian Institution concerning Connecticut place names, and a letter from Gertrude Bell Browne to Speck concerning seventeenth-century Pequot-Mohegan Mohegan-Pequot texts and vocabulary materials, notes and drafts relating to Speck (1928a); letters to his mother concerning his activities among Indians at Mohegan, Connecticut; copy for a news release on a Mohegan election; "Mohegan Land Deeds," a pamplet containing 22 seventeenth-century deeds signed by Connecticut Mohegan Indians, taken from Connecticut archival sources; 21 cards with notes on trees and uses of their products; Prince's 1907 letter of recommendation for Speck, discussing Speck's work, as a student, on the Pequot dialect of Mohegan-Pequots, Algic, and Yuchi; and Ward's correspondence with Speck regarding the printing of extra copies of Speck's Nanticoke study by the Historical Society of Delaware.
Collection: Frank G. Speck Papers (Mss.Ms.Coll.126)

Montauk
Language(s): English
Date: 1764
Type:Text
Extent: 6 pages
Description: A transcript of Occom's "State of the Indians at Montauk on Long Island" from an original manuscript in the Yale Library. Concerns marriage, naming of children, religion, death practices. 2 pages of genealogical data on Maine Indians. [Printed, Occom, Collections of the Massachusetts Historical Society, 1st series, 10: 108.]
Collection: Frank G. Speck Papers (Mss.Ms.Coll.126)

Narragansett | Mohegan | Pequot | Cherokee
Language(s): English | Narragansett
Date: 1916-1926
Type:Text
Extent: 2 folders
Description: Materials relating to Speck's study of Narragansett language, history, and culture. Includes a one-page report on "Physical measurements of the Narragansett male," based on an individual described as 1/4 Nehantic and 1/2 Brotherton (Narragansett); and Speck's miscellaneous Narragansett notes, comprised of a comparative vocabulary of Massachusetts, Narragansett, Mohegan, Pequot, and Naugatuck (approximately 30 items), 3 vocabulary lists on cards, 1 page of names, and a letter from Edmund B. Delabarre to Speck, May 6, 1920, regarding the author's preference of Cherokee to Narragansett as explanation of origin of characters on Rhode Island stone. Images note: newspaper clipping photographs peace pipe, native attire, tipi.
Collection: Frank G. Speck Papers (Mss.Ms.Coll.126)