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Alternate forms: Lenape, Iroquois, Odawa
Date: circa 1730-1990, bulk 1947-1956
Contributor: Wallace, Anthony F. C., 1923-2015 | Becker, Marshall Joseph | Witthoft, John | Hunter, William A. (William Albert), 1908- | Weslager, C. A. (Clinton Alfred), 1909-1994
Subject: Religion | Social life and customs | Rites and ceremonies | Land tenure | Land claims | United States. Indian Claims Commission | Anthropology | Pennsylvania--History | Ethnography | Personality | Psychology | Government relations | Politics and government | Ohio--History
Extent: 44 folders, 1 box
Description: The Anthony F. C. Wallace Papers are a vast collection of materials relating to Wallace's work at the intersection of anthropology, psychology, and history. Though further research might yield more results, approximately 44 folders and one box of materials directly pertaining to the Delaware (also known as Lenape and Munsee) have been identified. Most of these items pertain to Wallace's personal research interest in the Delaware--beginning during his graduate studies, which led to the publication of "King of the Delawares: Teedyuscung, Delaware chief, 1700-1763" (1949), a psychoanalytic ethnohistory based on his masters thesis--and to his work as an expert witness for Native American land claims in the 1950s. There is one box containing research notecards on primary and secondary sources in Series III. Notecards. There are eight folders of notes, drafts, and other materials on Teedyscung, religion and revitalization, women, land, political organization, and other topics in Series IV. Works by Wallace A. Professional. There are two folders on "The Forbidden Path: Teedyuscung's Embassy to the Western Indians in 1760" by William A. Hunter and John Witthoft in Series V. Works by Others. Series IX. Indian Claims contains dockets, articles, notes, tribal histories, reports, etc., relating to Wallace's work as an expert witness for Delaware land claims (and the related land claims of other groups, such as the "Ohio Tribes," and Iroquois, or Haudenosaunee). There are also two folders of materials on the Lenape by Wallace's student Marshall Joseph Becker in Series II. Research Notes and Drafts B. Revitalization and Culture, as well as a folder of correspondence with Becker in Series I. Correspondence. Other relevant correspondence files include those of the American National Biography, Carl Bridenbaugh, Dwight Lewis Chamberlain, Loren C. Eiseley, the Eleutherian Mills--Hagley Foundation, Herbert Goltz, Jennifer King Hodges, William A. Hunter, Ruthe Blalock Jones, Mrs. Samuel P. Kelly, Harry B. Kelsey, Jean Laub, Franklin O. Loveland, Joan Lowe, Arthur Meyes, Russell Moses, Elizabeth Pilant, Claude E. Schaefer, Frank Speck, John Tabor, University of Pennsylvania Press, C. A. Weslager, and David Wyubeek. Finally, there is a folder of material on the history of the Munsee Recitation Festival (from originals in the Buffalo Historical Society and attributed to a Delaware resident of the Six Nations reserve in Canada, Albert Shequaqknind Anthony) in Series II. Research Notes and Drafts A. Indian Research. Note that there is also considerable Delaware material filed under "Ohio Tribes," particularly in land claims cases, and researchers should view the Ohio entry as well. See the finding aid for a detailed discussion of Wallace's long and varied career, and for an itemized list of the collection's contents.
Collection: Anthony F. C. Wallace Papers (Mss.Ms.Coll.64a)
Contributor: Speck, Frank G. (Frank Gouldsmith), 1881-1950 | Delabarre, Edmund Burke, 1863-1945 | Bever, Marion G. | Weslager, C. A. (Clinton Alfred), 1909-1994
Subject: Ethnography | Archaeology | Massachusetts--History | New England--History | Population | Funeral rites and ceremonies
Extent: 5 folders
Description: Materials relating to Massachusett people, history, and culture. Includes "A prehistoric cremation at Grassy Island, Taunton River, Massachusetts," Delabarre's account of and speculation on an ancient burial; Bever's letter to Speck requesting references on the Indians around Mashpee, Massachusetts, and mentioning Simeon L. Deyo, History of Barnstable County and Mary Farwell Ayer, Richard Bourne, Missionary to the Mashpee Indians; Speck's undated notes concerning Middleboro, Massachusetts, along with an account of the Pilgrims; Speck's letter to Mrs. Charles Ryan, Gay Head, Massachusetts regarding accommodations for Speck and family while Speck works with the Gay Head Indians (Martha's Vineyard); and "Reflections on the past and present of the Massachusetts Indians," a carbon copy of Speck (1943), along with a letter from Clinton A. Weslager (Archaeological Society of Delaware), urging him to write general book on remnant Indians.
Collection: Frank G. Speck Papers (Mss.Ms.Coll.126)