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Otomi | Chitimacha | Atakapa | Cherokee | Osage | Chickasaw | Choctaw | Nottoway | Kaw | Omaha | Dakota | Pawnee | Nanticoke | A'aninin | Miami | Mi'kmaq | Seminole | Quapaw | Yuchi | Delaware | Ojibwe | Shawnee | Seneca | Mohawk | Onondaga | Cayuga | Oneida | Tuscarora | Natchez | Wyandot | Creek | Mohican | Mohegan
Alternate forms: Iroquois, Ojibwa, Huron-Wyandot, Atsina, Gros Ventre, Micmac, Lenape
Date: 1798-1821
Type:Text
Extent: 219 pages
Description: This volume contains extracts of Benjamin Smith Barton's "New Views of the Origin of the Tribes and Nations of America" (Philadelphia, 1797), with additions by Peter S. Du Ponceau. The bulk of the volume is comprised of word list of 54 words with equivalents listed in a range of 50-70 languages. While Barton listed no authority, Du Ponceau cited sources. Languages with words listed include Chitimacha, Atakapa, Cherokee, Osage, Chickasaw, Choctaw, Nottoway, Kansa, Omaha, Dakota, Pawnee, Nanticoke, Gros Ventres, Miami, Mi'kmaq, Seminole, Quapaw, Yuchi, Delaware, Ojibwe, Shawnee, Seneca, Mohawk, Onondaga, Cayuga, Oneida, Tuscarora, Natches, Wyandot, Creek, Mahican, Mohegan, and many others. The word list includes the terms for God, heaven, and sky, as well as various terms relating to kinship, parts of the body, weather, and more. The volume also includes notes on sounds of the Otomi (Othomi) observations on declension; observations about the Omaha, Kansa, Oto, Arkansas, and Missouri languages; and notes on symbol and sound. Also includes a newspaper clipping of a review (in German) of Barton's "New Views" that appeared in "Göttingische Anzeigen von gelehrten Sachen," June 17, 1799.
Collection: A comparative vocabulary of Indian languages (Mss.497.B28)

Haudenosaunee
Alternate forms: Iroquois
Date: circa 1930
Subject: Linguistics
Type:Text
Extent: 56 pages, 100 card slips, 1 box
Description: The Olbrechts papers contains three items focused on comparisons of Iroquoian languages, all located in Series I. The "Comparative relative pronouns" notebook contains word comparison tables with terms from Cherokee, Tuscarora, Mohawk, Oneida, Huron, Wyandot, Onondaga, Cayuga, Seneca, and "Pr." Two folders titled "Comparison of Iroquois languages" contains with comparative vocabulary, as does a large lexical file box with 1000+ slips.
Collection: Frans M. Olbrechts papers (Mss.497.3.OL2)

Wyandot
Alternate forms: Huron-Wyandot
Language(s): French | Wyandot
Date: 1743-1744
Type:Text
Extent: 38 photocopies
Description: Original in Archives of the Jesuit seminary, Montreal, College Ste.-Marie. Vocabulary of Huron with French equivalents, semantically ordered (parts of body, terms of relationship, animals, etc.). List of names of occupants of Huron villages, L'ile aux bois blanc, 1747 (33 cabins); list of bands, locations, names of chiefs. Collected by missionary at Huron-Wyandot mission of Sandwich, Detroit River.
Collection: Huron linguistic materials, 1743-1744 (Mss.497.2.P845)

Wyandot
Alternate forms: Huron, Wendat
Language(s): Wyandot
Date: Circa 1949
Subject: Linguistics
Type:Text
Extent: 2 volumes
Description: 173 English words with Huron-Wyandot equivalents, compiled from Cartier, Sagard, Hale, Potier, Chaumonot. Also lists radicals, with occasional comparisons with other Iroquoian dialects.
Collection: Huron Word List (Mss.497.2.B235w)

Wyandot
Alternate forms: Huron, Wendat, Wyandotte
Language(s): Wyandot
Date: 1952
Type:Text
Extent: 2 volumes
Description: Forty texts, literal and free translations, obtained from Canadian Wyandot descendants at Wyandotte, Oklahoma. Explanatory introduction; appendix and bibliography.
Collection: Huron-Wyandot Traditional Narratives (Mss.497.2.B235w.2)

Mohawk | Haudenosaunee | Wyandot
Alternate forms: Iroquois, Wendat, Huron
Language(s): French | English | Wyandot | Algonquin | Mohawk
Date: 1770; 1818
Type:Text
Extent: 2 reels
Description: Thirty-nine volumes of relgious materials and translations prepared by French Sulpician missionaries in New France in Iroquoian languages, as well as Algonquin and Algonquian languagues. Materials include Mathevet's translation into Mohawk of the Old Testament (3 volumes); New Testament (8 volumes); sermons (10 volumes); formal religious materials (16 volumes); an anonymous Algonquin manuscript; and an anonymous volume of catechism, prayers, and hymns in Huron. Originals in Seminaire de Montreal, les Pretres de Saint-Sulpice.
Collection: Indian manuscripts, 1661-1879 (Mss.Film.1109)

Delaware | Nottoway
Date: 1840
Subject: Botany | Linguistics
Type:Text
Extent: 1 volume, 11 p.
Description: This small manuscript volume contains a brief vocabulary written down by John Wood "from an old Indian Woman of the name of Edie Turner the 4th of March 1820"; together with newsclipping, Petersburg, Virginia, March 17, identifying informant and relating Nottoway, Powhatan and Welsh. The vocabulary is listed by semantic categories "Of the Universe; Of the Human Species; Of Animals; Vegetable Kingdom; Division of Time; Domestic Essays; Adjectives; Verbs." Marginal comparisons with Tuscarora, Onondaga, Wyandot, Delaware, etc., probably by Peter S. Du Ponceau. [See also letters of Jefferson to Du Ponceau, July 7, 1820; Du Ponceau to Jefferson, July 12, 1820.] This item is bound with a list of the Latin and botanical names of the plants, prepared by Christian Frederick Kampman, and with John Wood, "Vocabulary of the language of the Nottoway Tribe of Indians..." (1820).
Collection: Names of various trees, shrubs, and plants in the language of the Lennape (Mss.497.3.W85)

Mapuche | Quechua | Poqomam | Carib | Nahua | Wyandot | Massachusett
Date: 1822
Subject: Linguistics
Type:Text
Extent: 1 vol., 35 p.
Description: This manuscript copy contains dictionaries of nine Indian vocabularies, such as Aztec, Algonkin, and Huron, and was taken from Reland's "Dissertationum miscellanearum pars tertia" (Utrecht, 1708). [Vocabularies compiled from printed sources, of South and North American dialects: Brasilica (1590,1595,1648); Chilensis (1647); Peruana, Poconziae [or Poconomica, Guatemala and Honduras]; Caraibica [Antilles], 1658; Mexicana [Otomitica, Chontalica, Zoquina, Cascan, Niciecana, Chicemeca dialects mentioned]; Virginiana (1966 [Eliot] 1685 [Mather], Algonkina [1703 La Hontan] Huramica (German-Huron vocabulary not included; 1822.]
Collection: Vocabularia variarum linguarum Americanarum (Mss.498.R27)

Wendat | Oneida | Cherokee | Cayuga | Tuscarora | Seneca
Alternate forms: Huron-Wyandot, Wyandotte
Language(s): English | Wyandot
Date: 1885; 1941-1996
Genre: Maps | Grammars
Description: The Wendat materials in the Lounsbury Papers are located mostly in Series II and consist primarily of secondary sources. Topics range from comparative Iroquois phonology to early French exploration.
Collection: Floyd G. Lounsbury Papers (Mss.Ms.Coll.95)

Wyandot | Onondaga
Alternate forms: Huron-Wyandot
Language(s): French | Wyandot | Onondaga
Date: Undated
Contributor: Unknown
Type:Text
Extent: 194 frames
Description: Dictionnaire Huron-Iroquois, avec sous-titres en Francais. A to V. Arranged in parallel columns. Huron and Onondaga words compared, together with French translations. Original in Seminaire de Montreal, les Pretres de Saint-Sulpice.
Collection: Indian manuscripts, 1661-1879 (Mss.Film.1109)