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Culture: Otomi | Chitimacha | Atakapa | Cherokee | Osage | Chickasaw | Choctaw | Nottoway | Kaw | Omaha | Dakota | Pawnee | Nanticoke | Aaniiih | Miami | Mi'kmaq | Seminole | Quapaw | Yuchi | Lenape | Ojibwe | Shawnee | Seneca | Mohawk | Onondaga | Cayuga | Oneida | Tuscarora | Natchez | Wyandot | Creek | Mohican | Mohegan
Alternate forms: Iroquois, Ojibwa, Huron-Wyandot, Atsina, Gros Ventre, Micmac, Delaware
Language(s): English | German | Otomi, Mezquital | Chitimacha | Atakapa | Cherokee | Osage | Chickasaw | Choctaw | Nottoway | Kansa | Omaha-Ponca | Dakota | Pawnee | Nanticoke | Kalispel-Pend d'Oreille | Miami-Illinois | Mi'kmaq | Mikasuki | Quapaw | Yuchi | Delaware | Ojibwe | Shawnee | Seneca | Mohawk | Onondaga | Cayuga | Oneida | Tuscarora | Natchez | Wyandot | Muscogee | Mohegan-Pequot
Subject: Linguistics | Algonquian languages | Iroquoian languages | Siouan languages | Muskogean languages
Extent: 219 pages
Description: This volume contains extracts of Benjamin Smith Barton's "New Views of the Origin of the Tribes and Nations of America" (Philadelphia, 1797), with additions by Peter S. Du Ponceau. The bulk of the volume is comprised of word list of 54 words with equivalents listed in a range of 50-70 languages. While Barton listed no authority, Du Ponceau cited sources. Languages with words listed include Chitimacha, Atakapa, Cherokee, Osage, Chickasaw, Choctaw, Nottoway, Kansa, Omaha, Dakota, Pawnee, Nanticoke, Gros Ventres, Miami, Mi'kmaq, Seminole, Quapaw, Yuchi, Delaware, Ojibwe, Shawnee, Seneca, Mohawk, Onondaga, Cayuga, Oneida, Tuscarora, Natches, Wyandot, Creek, Mahican, Mohegan, and many others. The word list includes the terms for God, heaven, and sky, as well as various terms relating to kinship, parts of the body, weather, and more. The volume also includes notes on sounds of the Otomi (Othomi) observations on declension; observations about the Omaha, Kansa, Oto, Arkansas, and Missouri languages; and notes on symbol and sound. Also includes a newspaper clipping of a review (in German) of Barton's "New Views" that appeared in "Göttingische Anzeigen von gelehrten Sachen," June 17, 1799.
Collection: A comparative vocabulary of Indian languages (Mss.497.B28)
Alternate forms: Matlatzinco
Extent: 2 sound tape reels (2 hr., 17 min.) : DIGITIZED
Description: Includes verb paradigms for past, present, and future tenses, and first, second, and third person singular forms; Text; translation of an Otomi primer. Consultant: Ezequiel Hernandez, age 14. (NOTE: This material has been digitized and can be accessed online for free by users not physically at the APS Library through a login and password. Please see our Audio Access Page for information on how to request these materials.)
Collection: Matlazinca verbs (Mss.Rec.60)
Contributor: Beher, D. | Du Ponceau, Peter Stephen, 1760-1844 | Guyot, A. (Arnold), 1807-1884 | Morton, Samuel George, 1799-1851 | Poinsett, Joel Roberts, 1779-1851 | Snider, Jacob | Valentini, Philipp J. J. (Philipp Johann Josef), 1828-1899 | Brinton, Daniel G. (Daniel Garrison), 1837-1899 | Vaughan, John, 1756-1841 | Gallatin, Albert, 1761-1849 | Parry, Francis | Rosengarten, J. G. (Joseph George), 1835-1921 | Phillips, Henry, 1838-1895 | Rich, O. (Obadiah), 1777-1850 | Walz, W. G. | Beebe, William Sully, 1841-1898 | Ferrer, Jose Joaquin de
Extent: 22 items
Description: Materials relating to the indigenous cultures and languages of Mexico. Includes requests to view or borrow materials at APS, particularly in the Poinsett Collection; introductions of scholars who wish to view Mexican materials to the Librarian or other appropriate official of the time (including John Vaughan and George Ord); solicitations for donations of Mexican materials, particularly from Joel R. Poinsett; donation of linguistic and other materials from Jose Joaquin de Ferrer;s relating to indigenous cultures and languages of Mexico, particularly Brinton's papers on Nagualism and on Fuegian languages [Brinton (1892) and Brinton (1894)], Valentini's manuscript on Mexican calendar stone, and linguistic work by Albert Gallatin; Mexican antiquities at other institutions such as the Academy of Natural Sciencies, Princeton, and the Peabody Museum; and Samuel Morton's offer to George Ord to exchange books for a Mexican skull he used for a plate in his Crania Americana (1839), and which he now wishes to add to his collection. Specific cultures or languages mentioned include Huastec, Otomi, Tarascan, Tarahumara, and Mexican. Individuals mentioned include Ephraim G. Squier, Bishop Anders, Mr. Frank, Professor Matile, Mr. Bagely, Thomas Sully, Jean-Frédéric Waldeck, and Lord Kingsborough.
Collection: American Philosophical Society Archives (APS.Archives)
Culture: Wichí | Tohono O'odham | Tepecano | Nahua | Huastec | Karankawa | Otomi | Mazahua | Matlatzinca | Pame | Úza | Cuitlatec | Mazatec | Popoluca | Cuicatec | Amuzgo | Zapotec | Chatino | Chinantec | Purépecha | Tlapanec
Alternate forms: Papago, Tarascan, Tarasco
Contributor: Brugge, David M. | Mason, John Alden, 1885-1967 | León, Nicolás, 1859-1929 | Weitlaner, Robert J., 1883-1968 | Howard, Agnes McClain | Kroeber, A. L. (Alfred Louis), 1876-1960 | Vaillant, George Clapp, 1901-1945
Subject: Mexico--History | Archaeology | Mexico--Antiquities | Kinship | Linguistics | Architecture | Politics and government | Material culture | Architecture | Botany | Migrations | Pottery
Genre: Reports | Essays | Notes | Photographs | Correspondence | Grammars | Vocabularies | Field notes
Extent: 165 pages; Circa 300 items;
Description: The Mexico materials, John Alden Mason Papers include a log of a trip to Sonora, itinerary of pack trip from Yecora to Maicoba; lists of photographs; journal. Archaological materials: report on archaeological sites near Rancho Guiracoba, Sonora, Mexico with report on surface collections at six sites in southern Sonora. Notes on the Northern Extension of the Chalchihuites Culture, written for the Mexican Historical Congress, Zacatecas. Slayton Creek Excavation, regarding Mexico; the Papago [Tohono O'odham]; a dig at Slayton Creek, Delaware. Regarding archaeological, ethnological, and linguistic work in Mexico; genetic classification of languages of Central America and Mexico. Regarding internal strife in local (Durango) Indian tribe (including murders); archaeology in Durango; collection of specimens of material culture; work at Schroeder pyramid; cliff dwellings near Mezquital. Mentions Alex Krieger. Cave investigations in Durango and Coahuila, report on search conducted with Robert H. Merrill for traces of early man, particularly on the Folsom horizon. Written for Weitlaner volume. Includes description of three varieties of Cucurbita moschata; evidence in conflict with the theory that Cucurbita moschata was introduced into southern Arizona in late prehistoric or early historic times from the north and east. Regarding Maya pottery; Piedras Negras, Guatemala; archaeological work in Mexico and Guatemala; the University Museum (University of Pennsylvania); Vaillant's obituary. Includes correspondence between Mason and Sue Vaillant (Mrs. George C.) and between Mason and Charles Marius Barbeau. Linguistic materials: a list entitled, "Familias linguisticas de Mexico-idiomas y dialectos a ellas pertencientes," with the families with subdivisions: for Museo nacional de arqueologia, historia y etnologia, Anales. Includes lexical items in the various languages--Hokan, Oto-Manguren, Uto-Aztecan, and Maya-- arranged in columns; Spanish glosses. Regarding Mason's Subtiaba-Hokan-Caduveo-Mataco comparative vocabulary. Kroeber is not much impressed with the possible resemblances in Mason's list (included). Mexican linguistics, comparative vocabularies, etc., includes short comparative vocabularies for Comecrudo, Papago-Tepecano, Nahua, Huaxtec, Choctaw, Coahuiltec, Karankawa, Torkana, Atakapa, Chitimacha, Tunica; notes on Sapir's classification; other miscellaneous notes. Comparative vocabulary, includes letter from Frederick Johnson to John Alden Mason; comparative vocabulary which is number-keyed to a list of twenty-two languages and arranged in columns headed by Spanish glosses. Words lacking in some languages for almost all items. Languages include Otomi, Mazahua, Matlatzinca, Ocuiltec, Pame, Chichimeca, Cuitlateco, Mazatec, Popoluca, Chochotec (Tlapanec), Ichcateco, Trique, Chiapanec, Manque, Mixtec, Cuicatec, Amuzgo, Zapotec, Chatino, Chinantec, Tarasco, and Tlapanec. Scholarly materials: two versions of a paper, entitled, "Los Cuatro Grandes Filones Linguisticos de Mexico y Centroamerica," for the International Congress of Americanists, August 1939, Mexico. Photographs: Unidentified photographs showing people, dwellings, terrain, etc. Images of temples, excavations, crypts, jade work, etc. Includes a photograph of John Alden Mason and Burton W. Bascom from Palenque. Entire series of photographs from the Mason papers. The bulk of the images are from Mexico (Chihuahua, Durango, Sonora, etc.). Also 3 contact sheets of images from Peru. From the Durango expedition, a list of photographs; "Informes hacera de la Sierro de la Candela:" notes from Tarayre, pages 184-185; "Ruins of an agricultural colony near Zape"; possible routes of migration into Mexico; Everardo Gamiz "La Raza Pigmea," Durango, April 1934; an incomplete set of numbered photos enumerated in above list (all duplicates from museum set). A linguistic realignment north of Mexico, which gives six phyla, one "broken phylum," and two uncertain languages (for presentation at the meeting of the American Anthropological Association, Chicago, 1940) and a detailed outline of five phyla plus several unaffiliated languages.
Collection: John Alden Mason Papers (Mss.B.M384)
Date: July 1802; April 20, 1831
Extent: 2 items
Description: 1) Franck's letter to the President de la Societe Geographique [sic] a Paris concerning Mexican antiquities, particularly those in the American Philosophical Society. Mentions Poinsett, Humboldt, and Du Ponceau. 2) A fragment (only 5 items) of Ferrer's list of dictionaries and grammars of Mexican, Tarascan, and Otomi languages.
Collection: Miscellaneous Manuscripts Collection (Mss.Ms.Coll.200)
Extent: 2 slips, 80 pages
Description: The Otomi materials in the ACLS collection consist of materials mainly in the "Otomi" section of the finding aid. Key items includes Radin's "Grammatical sketch of Otomi" (item OtO.1) and "Otomi-English dictionary" (item OtO.2), based upon the Toluca dialect (Temoaya Otomi). Also in this section are the "Sintesis de la discusion en el consejo de lenguas indigenas sobre el alfabeto Otomi" (item OtO.3) and a brief vocabulary by Sapir (item OtO.4). In the “Mexico” section of the finding aid, see “Comparative vocabularies of various Indian languages of Mexico” (item AM5), which includes Otomi vocabulary, and McQuown's “Phonemic systems of various Indian languages of Mexico” (AM3), which includes Otomi information.
Collection: ACLS Collection (American Council of Learned Societies Committee on Native American Languages, American Philosophical Society) (Mss.497.3.B63c)
Alternate forms: Nahuatl
Date: January 2, 1945
Contributor: Hellmer, Joseph
Extent: 2 pages
Description: Letter to Speck concerning his expected field work among Nahuatl [Nahua] and Othomi [Otomi].
Collection: Frank G. Speck Papers (Mss.Ms.Coll.126)
Extent: 0.1 linear feet
Description: Jane Rosenthal's Otomi materials consist of notes toward the paper "Some Types of Subordinate Clauses in Classical Nahuatl", which includes some Otomi data (Series 2 Subseries 3), texts possibly for learning Otomi (Series 5), and the introductory pages to a Nahuatl-English-Otomi dictionary (dictionary not present, Series 2 Subseries 2).
Collection: Jane M. Rosenthal Papers (Mss.Ms.Coll.129)
Contributor: Bernard, H. Russell (Harvey Russell), 1940-
Extent: 10 pages
Description: "Preliminary remarks on Otomi sexual humor." Regarding collection, taxonomy, etc., of sexual humor. Includes four Otomi jokes in English translation. Paper given at the meeting of the American Folklore Society, Nashville, Tennessee, November 3, 1973.
Collection: Miscellaneous Manuscripts Collection (Mss.Ms.Coll.200)
Date: 1787; 1815-1834
Extent: 9 notebooks
Description: Numeral list; mention of Otomi in extract from Clavigero (1787).
Collection: Peter Stephen Du Ponceau notebooks on philology (Mss.410.D92)