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Huastec | Purépecha | Tarahumara | Otomi
Language(s): English | Spanish | French
Date: 1802-1899
Type:Text
Extent: 22 items
Description: Materials relating to the indigenous cultures and languages of Mexico. Includes requests to view or borrow materials at APS, particularly in the Poinsett Collection; introductions of scholars who wish to view Mexican materials to the Librarian or other appropriate official of the time (including John Vaughan and George Ord); solicitations for donations of Mexican materials, particularly from Joel R. Poinsett; donation of linguistic and other materials from Jose Joaquin de Ferrer;s relating to indigenous cultures and languages of Mexico, particularly Brinton's papers on Nagualism and on Fuegian languages [Brinton (1892) and Brinton (1894)], Valentini's manuscript on Mexican calendar stone, and linguistic work by Albert Gallatin; Mexican antiquities at other institutions such as the Academy of Natural Sciencies, Princeton, and the Peabody Museum; and Samuel Morton's offer to George Ord to exchange books for a Mexican skull he used for a plate in his Crania Americana (1839), and which he now wishes to add to his collection. Specific cultures or languages mentioned include Huastec, Otomi, Tarascan, Tarahumara, and Mexican. Individuals mentioned include Ephraim G. Squier, Bishop Anders, Mr. Frank, Professor Matile, Mr. Bagely, Thomas Sully, Jean-Frédéric Waldeck, and Lord Kingsborough.
Collection: American Philosophical Society Archives (APS.Archives)

Aymara
Language(s): English
Date: 1824-1842; 1911
Type:Text
Extent: 25 items
Description: Letters discussing grave robbing of Indigenous ancestors' remains and Morton's phrenological work. Topics include human and animal crania and skeletons that correspondents have and/or have sent to Morton; the histories, biographies, and provenance of some of these remains; Native American burial sites in Kentucky, Peru, and elsewhere; publicity, and reception of Morton's Crania Americana (1839); hostility to phrenology in Britain; the publication of other phrenological works; Thomas Hodgkins' efforts to educate "young Indians" through his Society of Friends mission; General Lafayette wants a skull for his own studies; and Aleš Hrdlička's 1911 evaluation of Morton's work as being not very good but an important foundation of American anthropology. Other individuals mentioned include Edward Harris, Joseph Dorfeuille, Dr. Flowers (Flourand), Benjamin H. Coates, John Dunn Hunter, Captain Norton.
Collection: Samuel George Morton Papers (Mss.B.M843)

Language(s): English
Date: 1805-1838
Type:Text
Extent: 6 items
Description: Materials relating to Northwest Coast languages and cultures at the American Philosophical Society. Topics include APS support for John Kirk Townsend's expedition [to Oregon, with botonist Thomas Nuttall, the second western expedition of Boston entrepreneur Nathaniel J. Jarvis]; Captain Swift's [of Boston] observations of indigenous peoples of the Northwest Coast; Lieutenant Sylvanus W. Godon's return from U.S. exploring expedition aboard the Peacock, a gift of vocabularies, and the gift of Northwest Coast Indian pipe to John Vaughan; a draft letter to Samuel G. Morton signed by Titian Peale regarding the division of materials from Townsend's expedition between American Philosophical Society and Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia; a letter from Morton stating that the Academy of Natural Sciences didn't subscribe to Townsend's expedition and consequently has no claim on his collections; and Townsend's letter to John Vaughan transmitting Northwest Coast Indian vocabularies--the originals have been given to the APS and have also been rearranged and transcribed for Du Ponceau, and Nuttall has a copy of four or five vocabularies. Geological specimens and shells selected by Titian R. Peale also transmitted.
Collection: American Philosophical Society Archives (APS.Archives)

Language(s): English
Date: March 8, 1840
Type:Text
Extent: 1 page
Description: Letter discussing grave robbing of Indigenous ancestors' remains. Morton acknowledges receipt of skulls of Indian tribes west of the Mississippi and thanks Joseph Nicholas Nicollet for sending them.
Collection: Samuel George Morton Papers (Mss.B.M843)

Quechua
Alternate forms: Inca
Language(s): English
Date: 1819-1859
Type:Text
Extent: 5 items
Description: Items relating to Quechua materials. Items include Peter A. Browne's letter regarding microscopic examination of hair of ancient Peruvians and modern Indians; S. Curson's report concerning Arequipa, Peru, including a climb of Mount Yachi, Quechua concepts of oxygen deficiency, and local Indians' attitude toward revelation of mine locations; Joseph E. Bloomfield's letter to John Vaughan concerning Peruvian vases taken from Temple of the Sun by Pizarro's men, received in Spain and now deposited with the American Philosophical Society for inspection; Samuel G. Morton's letter to Vaughan regarding a collection of antique Peruvian vessels "from ruins near Truxillo" deposited in his care for the APS by Marmaduke Burrough (a memoir by Dr. Burrough to follow); and Peter S. du Ponceau's letter to Johann S. Vater concerning Indian languages, especially those of Peru, requesting Vater's addenda so Du Ponceau can publish a translation of Vater's book, and information received from Don Pedro Perez, half-breed Quechua, regarding the "I am that I am" problem in linguistics, and regarding Basque and South American-Malay comparisons.
Collection: American Philosophical Society Archives (APS.Archives)