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Culture: Innu | Naskapi | Atikamekw | Wabanaki | Lenape | Algonquin | Mashpee | Passamaquoddy | Wampanoag | Mi'kmaq | Penobscot | Maliseet | Muscogee | Menominee
Alternate forms: Menomini, Têtes-de-Boules, Têtes de Boules, Tete de Boule
Contributor: Hallowell, A. Irving (Alfred Irving), 1892-1974
Subject: History | Folklore | Material culture | Basketry | Textiles | Marriage customs and rites | Kinship | Clothing and dress | Population | Hunting | Architecture | Hunting | Ethnography | Animals | Linguistics | Rites and ceremonies | Genealogy | Religion
Genre: Vocabularies | Grammars | Notes | Bibliographies | Sketches | Charts | Reading notes | Stories | Vocabularies | Maps | Musical scores
Description: The materials from Algonquian speaking cultures is quite extensive, though scattered, in the A. Irving Hallowell Papers. One of the strengths is Hallowell's very fine black and white portraits of indigenous peoples located in Series VI, Subseries F, which includes images of Mashpee, Mohegan, Montagnais, Naskapi, Womponowag, Nipissing, Atikamekw, Series V contains some generalized materials such "Algoquian Cross Cousin Marriage," Speck's studies of northern Algoquian hunting territories, and Algonquin mythology and history. The folders entitled "Eastern Woodlands" in box 26 contain more culturally specific materials such as a Penobscot vocabulary list, Innu and Naswkapi material culture, and Delaware religions and ceremonies, although many of these are quite brief. The correspondence, in Series I, includes a letter from John Swanton discussing bear ceremonialism in Muscogee culture. George Herzog's correspondence includes Penobscot and Maliseet scores of war dance songs. There is also a letter from Jeffrey Zelitch, dated 1969, describing traditional ceremonies on the Lakota Rosebud reservation just before the American Indian Movement begins. George Spindler's lettter to describes a Medicine Lodge ceremony among the Menomini.
Collection: Alfred Irving Hallowell Papers (Mss.Ms.Coll.26)
Contributor: Kurath, Gertrude Prokosch
Extent: 1 volume
Description: Musicological analysis, attempt to relate musical patterns to "present ritual functions," and some consideration of speculative questions of chronology and individual creativity. This material is restricted due to potential cultural sensitivity.
Collection: Ceremonial Songs of the Tonawanda Seneca Longhouse (Mss.497.3.K965st)
Alternate forms: Kotyit
Contributor: Kurath, Gertrude Prokosch
Extent: 23 leaves
Description: Songs by Celestino Quintana, Cochiti Pueblo. Transcription of songs with brief discussion of choreography, music, and similarities between Hopi and Keresan styles. NOTE: Portions of this material may be restricted due to potential cultural sensitivity.
Collection: Miscellaneous Manuscripts Collection (Mss.Ms.Coll.200)
Contributor: Haas, Mary R. (Mary Rosamond), 1910-1996 | Herzog, George, 1901-1983 | Sapir, Edward, 1884-1939 | Peter, Chief | Swadesh, Morris, 1909-1967
Extent: 1.5 linear feet
Description: The most noteworthy aspect of Mary Haas' Ditidaht file, stemming from fieldwork conducted with Morris Swadesh as her first fieldtrip, is a fairly detailed transcription of songs collected. Series 2 contains the transcriptions and Series 10 the cassette copies, while the original tapes are housed at the Indiana University Archives of Traditional Music. There is much overlap with Nuu-chah-nulth, as Haas frequently identified correspondences between them. A sizeable lexical file (Series 9) and correspondence with many, especially Edward Sapir and George Herzog (Series 1) may also be of interest.
Collection: Mary R. Haas Papers (Mss.Ms.Coll.94)
Culture: A'wa'etłala | K'ómoks | Da'naxda'xw | Dzawada'enuxw | Gopinuxw | Gusgimukw | Gwa'sala | Gwatsinuxw | Gwawa'enuxw | Kwakwaka'wakw | Kwagu'ł | Kwikwasutinuxw | Ławitsis | Ma'a̱mtagila | Mamalilikala | Nak'waxda'xw | Namgis | Tłatłasikwala | Wiwekam | Wiweqayi
Alternate forms: Gwasilla, Gwawaenuk, K'omoks, Koskimo, Kwakiutl, Kwicksutaineuk, Laich-kwil-tach, Lekwiltok, Nakoaktok, Nakwoktak, Nimpkish, Quatsino, Tanakteuk, Tlowitsis, Tsawataineuk, Weiwaikai, Weiwaikum
Contributor: Boas, Franz, 1858-1942 | Francine, Tsukwani | Homikanis, Lucy | Hunt, George | Averkieva, Julia | Bryan, Ruth | Leechman, J. D. (John Douglas), 1890- | Smith, Marian W. (Marian Wesley), 1907-1961 | Sapir, Edward, 1884-1939 | Teit, James Alexander, 1864-1922 | Yampolsky, Helene
Subject: Architecture | British Columbia--History | Ethnography | Fishing | Food | Games | Human remains | Hunting | Kinship | Linguistics | Marriage customs and rites | Material culture | Medicine | Museum objects | Music | Orthography and spelling | Personal names | Place names | Religion | Rites and ceremonies | Skulls | Social life and customs
Genre: Autobiographies | Correspondence | Field notes | Dictionaries | Genealogies | Grammars | Maps | Musical scores | Notebooks | Photographs | Songs | Speeches | Transcripts | Vocabularies
Extent: Approx. 10,000 loose pages, 10 notebooks, 7000+ cards, 10+ maps
Description: The Kwakwaka'wakw materials in the ACLS collection are located predominantly in the "Kwakiutl" section of the finding aid, which contains a full listing of all materials. Some of the larger individaul sets of materials listed within this section also have their own specific tables of contents (available upon request) detailing their often highly diverse contents. Overall, the vast majority of the material is made of of 1) manuscripts sent to Boas by George Hunt from the 1890s to the 1930s, frequently in both Kwak'wala and English, covering a very broad range of Kwakwaka'wakw history, culture, languages, customs, and traditions; and 2) field work materials recorded by Boas and Boas' own analyses of material sent by Hunt, covering a similar range of topics. Additional materials by other individuals focus especially on linguistic and ethnographic matters. Also see the "Kwakiutl materials, Franz Boas Papers," for information on the correspondence between Boas and Hunt, which gives additional context to the materials in the ACLS collection.
Collection: ACLS Collection (American Council of Learned Societies Committee on Native American Languages, American Philosophical Society) (Mss.497.3.B63c)
Alternate forms: Malecite
Date: 1916-1949 (bulk 1916, 1945‐1948)
Contributor: Adney, Edwin Tappan | Speck, Frank G. (Frank Gouldsmith), 1881-1950 | Webster, J. Clarence
Genre: Bibliographies | Correspondence | Drafts | Maps | Photographs | Musical scores | Stories | Vocabularies
Extent: 0.25 linear feet
Description: The Speck Maliseet materials include vocabulary lists, unpublished notes from Speck's work on hunting territories, a comparative analysis between Maliseet and Delaware conceptions of the Celestial Bear, and notes on Maliseet dance and songs. Of particular value is a map depicting Maliseet villages along the St. John's River. This material is found primarily in the “Malecite” section of Subcollection I, Series I, Research Material, with additional materials in correspondence series, photographs, and maps. Some Maliseet information may be located among Passamaquoddy, Penobscot, or other materials from the same region.
Collection: Frank G. Speck Papers (Mss.Ms.Coll.126)
Culture: Cherokee | Apache | Caddo | Calusa | Ojibwe | Choctaw | Lenape | Gwich'in | Haudenosaunee | Inuit | Karankawa | Mattaponi | Meskwaki | Muscogee | Navajo | Onondaga | Pueblo | Seminole | Seneca | Shawnee | Oceti Sakowin | Slave | Timucua | Tuscarora | Tutelo | Wyandot
Alternate forms: Chippewa, Creek, Eskimo, Fox, Kuchin, Kutchin, Loucheux, Ojibwa, Ojibway, Mvskoke, Sauk, Huron, Wendat
Date: 1939-1945; 1947-Circa 1961; 1951-1962;
Subject: Archaeology | Dance | Ethnography | Folklore | Linguistics | Medicine | Music | Rites and ceremonies
Extent: Circa 350 volumes; 75 photographs; 75 newspaper clippings; 70 manuscripts
Description: Research on culture primarily related to Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians, Cherokee Nation, and United Keetowah Band.
Collection: Miscellaneous items pertaining to the American Indian (Mss.497.3.G41)
Culture: Ahousaht | Cheklesahht | Ehattesaht | Hesquiaht | Hupacasath | Huu-ay-aht | Kyuquot | Mowachaht | Muchalaht | Nuu-chah-nulth | Tla-o-qui-aht | Toquaht | Tseshaht | Uchucklesaht | Ucluelet
Alternate forms: Aht, Clayoquot, Nootka, Nutka, Ohiaht, Opetchesaht, Tahkaht
Date: 1895-1952 (bulk 1910-1914, 1931-1935)
Contributor: Andrade, Manuel José, 1885-1941 | Boas, Franz, 1858-1942 | Bob, Tyee | Hunt, George | George, Hamilton | Sapir, Edward, 1884-1939 | Sayachapis, Tom | Swadesh, Morris, 1909-1967 | William
Subject: Architecture | British Columbia--History | Folklore | Linguistics | Music | Orthography and spelling | Personal names | Place names | Rites and ceremonies | Social life and customs
Genre: Correspondence | Dissertations | Drawings | Essays | Grammars | Maps | Musical scores | Notes | Photographs | Songs | Stories | Vocabularies
Extent: 5600+ loose pages, 66,000+ slips, 29 notebooks
Description: The Nuu-chah-nulth materials in the ACLS collection consist of a large body of various materials primarily collected by Franz Boas, Edward Sapir, George Hunt, and Morris Swadesh. The majority of the content pertains to Hupacasath and Tseshaht people in the Alberni Valley area, with the exception of the Hunt materials, which were recorded in the Yuquot area, Mowachaht territory. All of these materials are found in the "Nootka" section of the finding aid, which contains a full, detailed listing. The Boas materials are consist of a lexicon of 1500+ word slips dating from the 1890s. Hunt's "Nootka Tales" consist of large body of traditional stories written in English and later typed up by Sapir with additional notes. Sapir's materials comprise the bulk of this section overall. See especially his extremely voluminous "Miscellaneous Nootka material," the final item in the "Nootka" section, for which a detailed table of contents is available upon request. This set of materials includes 24 field notebooks with extensive stories (some unpublished or untranslated) and ethnographic notes, as well of 80 folders of typed up notes from the notebooks, arranged into categories. It also includes some photographs, censuses of Nuu-chah-nulth "bands" (1920-1921), and 10 folders notes derived by Sapir (and Swadesh?) from "NW Coast Sources and Archives," pertaining to the region more broadly, including information on Coast Salish culture and history. Finally, Swadesh's materials include some additional ethnographic and linguistic field work, as well as extensive bodies of linguistic analysis of materials recorded by Sapir and himself.
Alternate forms: Odawa
Date: 1954; 1947
Contributor: Cooper, Victoria | Chingwa, Joe | Ettawageshik, Fred, 1896-1969 | Ettawageshik, Jane, 1915-1996 | Hunkins, Eusebia Simpson, 1902-
Extent: 157 pages
Description: The Odawa materials in the ACLS collection consist of two items in the "Ottawa" section of the finding aid. The largest item is Jane Willets' (later Ettawageshik) manuscripts created in conjunction with her audio recordings of Ottawa stories and songs. (These are listed separately in this guide.) Includes words lists, traditional (Nanabojo), historical, and autobiographical stories, with interlinear translations. Eusebia Hunkins' material includes musical scores derived from the Willets/Ettawageshik recordings.
Extent: 1 folder
Description: William Bright corresponded with Alice J. Anderton on Anderton's transcriptions of Ponca (Omaha-Ponca) songs (Series 1).
Collection: William O. Bright Papers (Mss.Ms.Coll.142)