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Algonquin | Anishinaabe | Naskapi | Cree | Nipissing | Ojibwe | Rama | Chibcha | Maya | Haudenosaunee | Ktunaxa
Alternate forms: Ojibwa, Iroquois, Kutenai
Language(s): English | French
Date: 1912-1941 and undated
Extent: 7 items
Description: Materials relating to both Algonquin and related Algonquian peoples, cultures, and languages. Includes Speck's notes on artifacts found near Lake Abitibi and in the Nipissing district; his Seven Islands field notes, including texts with interlinear translations, house data, names of animals, and a letter in French from Marie Louise Ambroise; sketches and comments on shoulder blade divination (scapulimancy), including notes on deer drives (including an undated note from A. Irving Hallowell) and the distribution of artifacts among Algonquin, Naskapi, and Mistissini peoples; two field notebooks containing (1) linguistic notes and informant and population data for Waswanipi, Abitibi, Temiskaming [Timiskaming], Nipissing, Algonquian and (2) Temiskaming ethnography, Wisiledjak (Wiskyjack) [Wisakedjak, a manitou] text (in English), Temagami ethnology and texts (in English), and one Iroquois legend; general information on birch-bark containers, including 37 photographs and 40 pages of notes relating to Algonquin, Cree, Ojibwe and Ktunaxa specimens, and a letter from Bella Weitzner; and a letter from A. G. Bailey sending Speck a copy of his book on Algonquians.
Collection: Frank G. Speck Papers (Mss.Ms.Coll.126)

Algonquin | Innu | Inuit | Abenaki
Alternate forms: Eskimo, Montagnais
Language(s): French | Algonquin | Latin
Date: 1637-1847
Type:Text
Extent: 8 items
Description: Part of a collection comprised of religious and linguistic materials in various Native American languages. Many were written by Jesuit missionaries of New France, although Cuoq was Sulpician. These eight items primarly concern the Algonquin language and include linguistic and religious materials in French, Latin, and Algonquin such as prayers, hymns, canticles, music, catechisms, etc. A few items incorporate some Abenaki, Inuit, and Innu language material as well. There is also the 125-page Registre de Sillery 1637 a 1690 containing Native baptismal and confirmation records. Originals in the archives of the Séminaire de Québec at the Université Laval [formerly the Séminaire de Québec] and the Archives de l'Archeveche de Quebec.
Collection: Selected materials, 1676-1930, on Indian linguistics (Mss.Film.453)

Caddo | Creek | Natchez | Biloxi | Adai
Language(s): English | French
Date: 1821-1822
Subject: Linguistics
Type:Text
Extent: 3 items
Description: Notes concerning Indian nations given to Peter S. Du Ponceau by Mr. Darby, giving locations of Caddo, Inies [?], Natchitoches, Apalachicolas, and Biloxi; a letter from Du Ponceau to John Sibley seeking Caddo and Natchez vocabularies of 150 words each and giving classes (from Jefferson word list?); and a letter from Du Ponceau to Friedrich von Adelung transmitting two of Sibley's manuscript vocabularies, Caddo and Adayes [Adai], and noting that his brother, Le Chevalier Du Ponceau, has prepared a translation of Heckewelder (1819).
Collection: American Philosophical Society Archives (APS.Archives)

Language(s): English | French | Haitian Creole
Date: 1910s-1920s
Type:Text
Extent: 2 linear feet
Description: The Caribbean materials in the Elsie Clews Parsons papers consist predominantly of Afro-Caribbean folklore-related materials found in her field notebooks, and notes and works derived from them. See especially Subcollection I, Series II, for materials described especially as "Antilles" and Subcollection II, Series IV for notebooks from additional Caribbean nations, territories, and islands. Places noted in the source materials include Antigua, Bahamas, Barbados, Bermuda, Dominica, Grenada, Guadaloupe, Haiti, Martinique, Puerto Ricl, St. Croix, St. Kitts, St. Lucia, St. Thomas, and Trinidad. Additional relevant materials may be located in other series.
Collection: Elsie Clews Parsons papers (Mss.Ms.Coll.29)

Lenape | Miami | Haudenosaunee | Shawnee | Piscataway | Nanticoke
Alternate forms: Lenape, Iroquois
Language(s): English | French | Delaware | Munsee
Date: October 3, 1738; April 1756; March 10, 1778; January 13, 1788; March 4, 1856
Type:Text
Extent: 10 items
Description: Relavent materials can be found in the finding aid under the specific dates listed. Materials include information relations with the colony of Pennsylvania; Pennsylvania's Indian affairs more generally, particularly Quaker involvement, embassies to Wyoming (PA) and elsewhere, and gifts for Indians; Indian relations with the federal government of the United States; Delaware materials in the Moravian Archives at Bethlehem and elsewhere; review of Du Ponceau's Delaware Grammar in Revue Encyclopedique; Place names; Heckewelder's Account of the Indian nations; Harrison's 1803 treaty with the Delawares and other Indians at Fort Wayne; Indian settlements in Ohio, and the difficulty of Christian Indians; a Delaware spelling book with vocabularies. Other individuals mentioned include Nookamis, "Sandusky Indian," Ettwein, Zeisberger, and Paul A.W. Wallace.
Collection: Miscellaneous Manuscripts Collection (Mss.Ms.Coll.200)

Denesuline
Alternate forms: Chipewyan, Dënesųłiné
Date: circa 1950
Type:Text
Extent: 2 folder
Description: Two items relating to the Denesuline language have been identified in the C. F. Voegelin Papers. One is in Subcollection I, Series V. Research Notes, Subseries V-C: Other, and consists of notes in both English and French on the Dene alphabet and syllabary in a folder labeled "Inscribed Stone and Syllabary Material. The other is in Subcollection II, Series II. Research Notes, Subseries II. Na-Dene, and consists of a folder labeled "Athabascan (Chipewyan)." Its contents primarily concern Denesuline ("Chipewyan,") with briefer mentions of Apachean, Navajo, Hupa, Okanagan, Carrier, Chilcotin, Sekani, Dane-zaa ("Beaver,") and Tsuut'ina ("Sarcee"). It also includes correspondence with Harry Hoijer, 1950.
Collection: C. F. Voegelin Papers (Mss.Ms.Coll.68)

Natchez | Choctaw | Chickasaw | Yuchi | Lenape | Cherokee | Creek | Osage
Language(s): English | French
Date: 1792-1897
Extent: 28 items
Description: Items relating to materials about the Native peoples of Eastern North America. Topics include papers and articles, particularly those considered for publication (on the relation of pentagonal dodecahedron found near Marietta, Ohio, to shamanism; memoir on aboriginal monuments; memoir of Dr. Charles D. Meigs on bones and burial customs; multiple items regarding a letter from S. P. Hullihen to Dr. Richard Harlan regarding inscription on a stone found at Grave Creek near Wheeling, and Thomas Townsend's claim to prior publication rights to Grave Creek inscription; Caleb Forshey's paper describing a great mound in Adams County, Mississippi; Cushing's publication on exploration of ancient key dwellers' remains on the Gulf Coast of Florida; a response to Henry Phillips' article on supposed runic inscriptions at Yarmouth, Nova Scotia); requests for information or materials (Samuel Miller's request for copies of designated Indian vocabularies of Delaware, Cherokee, Creek, Chickasaw, Choctaw, and Osage, for training missionaries of United Foreign Missionary Society); donations to APS ("curiosities" taken from Indian grave near Cincinnati; relics and fossil shells found in Huntingdon County, West Virginia;"western productions"); Peter S. du Ponceau's work on Southern Indian languages and customs (including Creek, Natchez, Choctaw, Chickasaw, and Yuchi), Indian vocabularies, and for APS; information from Judge William C. Frazer (Wisconsin Territory, Superior County), concerning discovery of burned bricks in Aztalan Mound, Jefferson County, Wisconsin; Cutler's estimation of age of Ohio mounds referred to in Barton (1787) using tree-ring dating; sketch of the plan of an ancient work three miles southeast of Lexington (Kentucky); American Antiquarian Society's plans to publish a volume on mounds based on Caleb Atwater's data; and comparative vocabularies of British Columbia tribes. Other individuals mentioned include Murray, Duralde, Colonel Smith, Benjamin Hawkins, Robley Dunglison, Isaac Lea, Benjamin W. Richards, George M. Wharton, Nathaniel Ware, General Wayne, Dr. Tolmie, George M. Dawson, and Abelard Tomlinson.
Collection: American Philosophical Society Archives (APS.Archives)

Language(s): English | French
Date: 1755-1788
Type:Text
Extent: 9 items
Description: Letters between various correspondents regarding Indian affairs. Topics include French intrigues during Seven Years' War era; sale of liquor to Indians and consequent disorders; relations with western Indians and action needed by Congress of Confederation in early national period; ancient fortifications discovered at the junction of Muskingum and Ohio, as well as in Kentucky; South Carolina governor's bad management of Indian affairs; discovery of root which cures gout; land sales and grants; Indians' title to lands, implications of papal decrees and Quebec Act.
Collection: Benjamin Franklin Papers (Mss.B.F85)

Haudenosaunee | Mohawk
Alternate forms: Iroquois
Language(s): French | Mohawk
Date: 1755; 1847
Type:Text
Extent: 3 items
Description: Part of a collection comprised of religious and linguistic materials in various Native American languages. Many were written by Jesuit missionaries of New France. These particular items include an unattributed 1847 letter, in French, on the etymology of some Personal names; a word list obtained at Sault St. Louis, with a note on provenance, attributed to de Lorimier, possibly the French-Haudenosaunee interpreter and agent Jean-Baptiste de Lorimier or one of his relations; and the 1755 "Livre des prieres, cantiques, et himnes en langue hyroquois telles qu'on se sont maintenant a la Mission du Lac des Deux Montagnes," containing various notes added to an original manuscript on plain chant, carols, articles preliminary to the peace of Versailles in 1783, description of a serpent killed at Chateau Ste. Anne, recipes, remedies, etc. Originals in Laval University, Seminaire de Quebec.
Collection: Selected materials, 1676-1930, on Indian linguistics (Mss.Film.453)

Innu | Naskapi
Alternate forms: Montagnais
Language(s): English | French | Naskapi | Innu-aimun
Date: circa 1690-1774
Type:Text
Extent: 3 items
Description: Part of a collection comprised of religious and linguistic materials in various Native American languages. Many were written by Jesuit missionaries of New France. These particular items include a copy of a Montagnais dictionary attributed to Father Bonaventura Faber (or Favre) circa 1690; Montagnais prayers attributed to Father Pierre-Michel (or Petro) Laure, containing also a fragment of a letter dated 1724 noting "this is the third year that I live with the Tad8ssaciens," and denouncing the honesty and truthfulness of the Indians; and a register of baptisms, marriages, and deaths at La Mission du Domain du Roy from 1759 to 1774. Native peoples mentioned in the latter include Chicoutimi, Tadussaks, Mille Vaches, and Montagnais. Originals in the Archives de l'Archiveche de Quebec, Bibliotheque de l'Archeveche de Quebec, and Universite Laval, Seminaire de Quebec.
Collection: Selected materials, 1676-1930, on Indian linguistics (Mss.Film.453)