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Culture: Algonquin | Naskapi | Cree | Nipissing | Ojibwe | Rama | Chibcha | Maya | Haudenosaunee | Ktunaxa
Alternate forms: Ojibwa, Iroquois, Kutenai
Date: 1912-1941 and undated
Contributor: Speck, Frank G. (Frank Gouldsmith), 1881-1950 | Bailey, Alfred Goldsworthy | Weitzner, Bella
Subject: Linguistics | Anthropology | Zoology | Divination | Population | Ethnography | Folklore | Basketry | Birch bark | Hunting | Archaeology
Extent: 7 items
Description: Materials relating to both Algonquin and related Algonquian peoples, cultures, and languages. Includes Speck's notes on artifacts found near Lake Abitibi and in the Nipissing district; his Seven Islands field notes, including texts with interlinear translations, house data, names of animals, and a letter in French from Marie Louise Ambroise; abstracts of Speck's published works on the Rama-Chibcha of Nicaragua, River Desert Algonquins, Southern Ontario Indians, Maya, and others; sketches and comments on shoulder blade divination (scapulimancy), including notes on deer drives (including an undated note from A. Irving Hallowell) and the distribution of artifacts among Algonquin, Naskapi, and Mistassini peoples; two field notebooks containing (1) linguistic notes and informant and population data for Waswanipi, Abitibi, Temiskaming [Timiskaming], Nipissing, Algonquian and (2) Temiskaming ethnography, Wisiledjak (Wiskyjack) [Wisakedjak, a manitou] text (in English), Temagami ethnology and texts (in English), and one Iroquois legend; general information on birch-bark containers, including 37 photographs and 40 pages of notes relating to Algonquin, Cree, Ojibwe and Ktunaxa specimens, and a letter from Bella Weitzner; and a letter from A. G. Bailey sending Speck a copy of his book on Algonquians.
Collection: Frank G. Speck Papers (Mss.Ms.Coll.126)
Alternate forms: Muisca, Guaymi
Contributor: Neel, James V., (James Van Gundia), 1915-2000
Extent: 10 folders
Description: The Central American materials in the James V. Neel papers consists materials related to Neel's genetics and populations studies among some indigenous people in Costa Rica and Panama, primarily Chibcha and Ngabe peoples. These materials are located in "Series Iia: Amerindian" and "Series IIIa: Amerindian."
Collection: James V. Neel Papers (Mss.Ms.Coll.96)
Contributor: Kendall, Daythal
Extent: 5 pages
Description: In Daythal Kendall's card files (Series 8) is a single page with a handwritten classification of the Chibchan language family that stretches across southern Central America and South America, and a brief lexicon of Kuna and associated Miskito bibliography.
Collection: Daythal L. Kendall Papers (Mss.Ms.Coll.148)
Date: August 25, 1837
Contributor: Gibbon, J.H.
Extent: 1 page
Description: Letter to John Vaughan regarding gold idols found near falls of river on Bogota plains together with pottery remains; image sent to American Philosophical Society.
Collection: American Philosophical Society Archives (APS.Archives)
Language(s): Achumawi | Chibcha | English | Lenca | Ngäbere | Subtiaba | Washo | Xinca | Yana | Yuki
Date: 1917-1925, 1931
Subject: Caddoan languages | Coahuiltecan languages | Hokan languages | Language families | Linguistics | Muskogean languages | Siouan languages
Extent: 1 page, circa 1,300 cards and slips
Description: The Hokan materials in the ACLS collection consist mainly of two items in the "Hokan" section of the finding aid. The main item is Sapir's "Hokan-Siouan comparisons" lexical file. This consists of comparisons among various families of the proposed Hokan-Siouan phylum. Dividers separate sections as follows: Hokan-Siouan (Yuki; Muskogean: Caddoan; Siouan; Hokan-type Coahuiltecan-Butiaba); Washo-Hokan; Hokan-Coahuiltecan; Yana-Hokan. Subdivided by stems, grammatical categories, and occasionally by meaning. There is an additional brief document by Kroeber with work lists of 21 English items with equivalents in Yuman, Hokan, Subtiaba, Xinca, Lenca, Chibcha, Guayom, Chibchan, Zoque, and Mixe, taken from published and unpublished sources. In the "Achumawi" section of the finding aid, there are two items by Jaime de Angulo examining the relationship of Achumawi to the proposed Hokan language family.
Collection: ACLS Collection (American Council of Learned Societies Committee on Native American Languages, American Philosophical Society) (Mss.497.3.B63c)
Culture: Lenape | Haudenosaunee | Mohawk | Onondaga | Cherokee | Mahican | Unangan | Chibcha | Scaticook
Alternate forms: Iroquois, Six Nations, Schaghticoke, Aleut, Unangas
Date: April 11, 1803; November 1, 1953
Extent: 2 items
Description: Item 1: Letter from Humboldt to William Smith asking for a copy of Barton (New Views of the Origin of the Tribes and Nations of America, 1797), and any other works pertaining to North and Middle American languages. Item 2: Witthoft's "Preliminary listing of resources in American Indian languages in the Archives of the Moravian Church." Includes eighteenth- and nineteenth-century materials described as Algonquin, Delaware, Iroquois, Mohawk, Onondaga, Eskimo, Cherokee, Checameca, Mahican, and Scatticook. Compilers include Zeisberger, Pyrlaeus, Dencke, Heckewelder, Gambold, Ettwein, etc.
Collection: Miscellaneous Manuscripts Collection (Mss.Ms.Coll.200)
Culture: Tupi | Rama | Quechua | Guarani | Cocama | Kogi | Chibcha | Guna | Aymara | Kawahiva | Ese Ejja | Yanesha' | Inca
Alternate forms: Kuna
Date: 1937-1960 and undated
Contributor: Mason, John Alden, 1885-1967 | Rowe, John Howland, 1918-2004 | Green, Otis H. (Otis Howard), 1898-1978 | Harrington, J. P. (John P.), 1865-1939 | Park, Willard Z. (Willard Zerbe), 1906-1965 | Rankin, Louis | Stout, David B. (David Bond), 1913- | Garro, Eugenio, 1898-1990 | Lévi-Strauss, Claude
Subject: Linguistics | Anthropology | Archaeology | Ethnography | Archaeology | Colombia--History | Brazil--History | Peru--History | Antiquities | Bolivia--History | Ecuador--History
Extent: 23 items
Description: Materials relating to John Alden Mason's interest in and research on indigenous South American languages and cultures. Materials attributed to Mason include a bibliography composed of about 300 cards primarily on South American languages, including many entries not in the Handbook of South American Indians; a notebook of observations on the distribution, relationships, etc., of South American languages; a file with correspondence, bibliography, draft of introduction, etc., relating to his contribution to the Handbook of South American Indians; a 166-page essay on the preconquest history and culture of the Andean region (mostly Peru) through the medium of artifacts preserved in the University Museum (University of Pennsylvania); two copies of Mason's "Andean Civilization," including bibliography, for the Encyclopedia Britannica (1960); two copies of the preface to the Spanish edition of "Ancient Civilizations of Peru," with a memorandum from Alfred Kidder II to Mason regarding recent developments in Central Andean archaeology; an incomplete essay titled "Status and problems of research in the Native Languages of South America," primarily concerned with historical linguistics and genetic relationship; and a file of notes on genetic relationships, subgrouping, etc., from published sources or giving his own impressions: Kamakan, Choroti, Ashluslay Kaduveo, Mataco; Malali, Mashakal, Ge, Vejoz, Coropo, Motilon, Towothl, Kaingang, Subtiaba, Hokan, Coroado, etc.. Unattributed materials (most likely Mason's) include circa 2,000 cards of notes on South American linguistic and ethnology focused on genetic classification of South American languages; circa 4,000 cards of notes regarding South American languages and dialects and their geographical distribution, etc.; and 17 pages of notes concerning a letter (included) from Harry B. Wright to Captain Colon Eloy Alfaro proposing that expeditions be sent to Ecuadorean Oriente for study in linguistics, ethnology, etc. Materials attributed to others than Mason include two essays or drafts by John Peabody Harrington on the affiliation of Witoto [Huitoto, probably Murui Huitoto but possibly Nüpode Huitoto], Miranya [aka Miraña or Miranha, now known as Bora] and Guaranian/Tupi-Guarani [Guarani, represented by Cocama], one with Mason's comments; 27 pages of Kagaba [Kogi] texts with interlinear Spanish translation and lists of animals, plants, body parts, natural phenomena, kinship terms, etc., with Spanish and English glosses; and Eugenio Garro's "Geographical distribution of the Native languages and dialects of Peru," an article submitted for the Handbook of South American Indians (marked "not printed in Handbook"). Correspondence includes Mason's Handbook of South American Indians correspondence, with Zellig S. Harris, Harry Hoijer, Eugene A. Nida, et al., soliciting contributions to the handbook, etc.; letters from Claude Levi-Strauss regarding locations, languages, and dialects of indigenous peoples of Brazil (mentions Parintintin [Kagwahiva], Rama-Rama [Rama], Tupi, Nambikuara [Southern Nambikuára], Tupi-Kawahib [Kawahiva?], Kabixiana [Kabixí], Kep-kiri-uat [?]); correspondence with John Peabody Harrington concerning Harrington's work for Mason on the Handbook of South American Indians; correspondence with Willard Z. Park regarding Park's ethnological work among the Kagaba [Kogi] in Colombia; correspondence with Louis Rankin regarding the Cocama, Cocamilla [the dialects of what is now called Cocama-Cocamilla], Chama [Ese Ejja], Campa [Ajyíninka Apurucayali?], and Amuesha [Yanesha'] languages of Peru; correspondence with David B. Stout regarding Stout's genetic classification of Chibchan, Kuna, and Choco, with one page of Mason's opinions on Stout's classification; correspondence with John Howland Rowe regarding South American languages and cultures, including the Quechua, Aymara, and Millcayac languages, early work of Max Uhle in Peru, Bolivia, etc.. and mentioning Alfred V. Kidder, Alfred L. Kroeber, and others; and a letter from Otis H. Green regarding the origin of the word "jivaro."
Collection: John Alden Mason Papers (Mss.B.M384)