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Culture: Algonquin | Delaware | Nanticoke | Ojibwe | Cree | Shawnee | Mohican | Unkechaug | Oneida | Cayuga | Onondaga | Miami | Cherokee | Chickasaw | Choctaw | Creek | Tuscarora | Chitimacha | Atakapa
Language(s): Algonquin | Delaware | Unami | Munsee | Nanticoke | Ojibwe | Cree | Shawnee | Mahican | Quiripi | Oneida | Cayuga | Onondaga | Miami-Illinois | Cherokee | Chickasaw | Choctaw | Muscogee | Tuscarora | Chitimacha
Date: n.d., 1792-1808?; 1802-1808
Contributor: Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826
Extent: 1 volume
Description: 4 pages of words from Jefferson's standard form, with equivalents in Mohiccon and three other languages numbered as 1, 6, 7 (Mohiccon), and 8. A comparative vocabulary of 22 languages, arranged tabularly to follow Jefferson's standard printed vocabulary form. Languages include Delaware, Unami, Monsi, Chippewa, Knisteneaux, Algonquin, Tawa, Shawanee, Nanticoke, Mohiccon, Unkechaug, Oneida, Cayuga, Onondaga, Miami, Cherokee, Chickasaw, Choctaw, Creek, Tuscarora, Chetimacha, and Atacapa.
Collection: Comparative vocabularies of several Indian languages (Mss.497.J35)
Alternate forms: Lenape, Iroquois, Six Nations
Contributor: Du Ponceau, Peter Stephen, 1760-1844 | Henry, Mathew Schropp, 1790-1862 | Edwards, Howard, 1833-1925? | Henry, Joseph J. | Winsor, Henry | Murray, Nicholas, 1802-1861 | Brickenstein, H. A. | Heckewelder, John Gottlieb Ernestus, 1743-1823 | Society of the United Brethren for Propagating the Gospel Among the Heathen | Russell, Jonathan, 1771-1832
Extent: 21 items
Description: Items relating to Delaware materials at the American Philosophical Society. Topics include requests for materials (a loan of a map of the "Indian Walk," or Walking Purchase, 1737; the Society of the United Brethren for Propagating the Gospel Among the Heathens wants the return of documents deposited by the Brethren for Heckewelder as listed in the Transactions of the Historical and Literary Committee of the American Philosophical Society 1); requests for information (on David Zeisberger as a missionary to the Indians); of materials (Zeisberger's Delaware grammar; John G. E. Heckewelder's paper on Personal names; Heckewelder's edits in case of a second edition of his Account of the Indian nations (1819)); donated materials (Roth's "Life of Christ" in Delaware, #1176; a French translation of Heckewelder's account done by Chevalier John Du Ponceau; materials from Heckwelder himself; documents relating to the Paxton boys from Samuel Fisher; authentic extracts of official Swedish papers relative to their settlements in America as well as translations of extracts of Acrelius (1759)); Heckewelder's Delaware grammar and work in general; a list of botanical names with equivalents in Delaware, Onondaga, and occasionally Munsee; Matthew S. Henry's work on a dictionary of Place names (#1164) and his comparison of Heckwelder and Rev. Jesse Vogler; and Peter S. du Ponceau's own work on Native languages (mentions Delaware, Arawak, Natchez, Yuchi, Ojibwe, and Mahican) and his work for the APS. Other individuals mentioned include Robert M. Patterson, Zaccheus Collins, Mathew Carey, Daniel G. Brinton, Sir William Johnson, Severin Lorich, Charles Pickering, Samuel S. Haldeman, Rev. der Schweinitz, Usher Parsons, and John Vaughan.
Collection: American Philosophical Society Archives (APS.Archives)
Date: 1792, 1819, and undated
Contributor: Bromley, Walter | Heckewelder, John Gottlieb Ernestus, 1743-1823 | Holm, John Campanius | Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826
Extent: 14 pages
Description: The Delaware materials in this collection consist of manuscript Vocabularies listed in the finding aid as items 17, 20, 21, 22a, 22b, 35, and 37.
Collection: American Philosophical Society Historical and Literary Committee, American Indian Vocabulary Collection (Mss.497.V85)
Alternate forms: Lenape, Lenni-Lenape
Date: 1930-1941; 1981-1983
Contributor: Goddard, Ives, 1941- | Longbone, Willie | Masthay, Carl | Pearson, Bruce L., 1932- | Siebert, Frank T. (Frank Thomas), 1912-1998 | Voegelin, C. F. (Charles Frederick), 1906-1986 | Warne, Janet L | Wheeler-Voegelin, Erminie, 1903-1988
Subject: Demographics | Linguistics | Ethnography | Rites and ceremonies | Personal names | Kinship | Music
Genre: Censuses | Notes | Vocabularies | Dictionaries | Grammars | Vocabularies | Dissertations | Stories | Notebooks | Stories
Description: The Delaware materials in the Siebert collection can be found in Series IV, V, VII. Most of the materials are from secondary sources. Of interest is geographic diversity of Delaware materials ranging from Oklahoma to the Six Nations' reserve in Ontario to Moraviantown. There are also a number of Munsee recordings in Series XII.
Collection: Frank Siebert Papers (Mss.Ms.Coll.97)
Contributor: Haas, Mary R. (Mary Rosamond), 1910-1996 | Longbone, Willie | Goddard, Ives, 1941- | Miller, Wick R.
Extent: 0.1 linear feet
Description: The most significant Delaware materials in Mary Haas' collection are pages from a field notebook recorded with Willy Longbones, likely during the 1930s in Eufaula, Oklahoma, containing paradigms of verbs, locatives, interrogatives, possessives, adjectives, and numbers (Series 2). She later incorporated these into comparative linguistic work as lexical slip files (Series 9), as well as corresponding with Ives Goddard (Series 1).
Collection: Mary R. Haas Papers (Mss.Ms.Coll.94)
Alternate forms: Lenape, Iroquois
Date: October 3, 1738; April 1756; March 10, 1778; January 13, 1788; March 4, 1856
Contributor: Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission | Logan, James, 1674-1751 | Du Ponceau, Peter Stephen, 1760-1844 | Vogler, Jesse | Montour, Andrew | Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826 | Pennsylvania. Provincial Council | Peters, Richard, 1704-1776 | Zeisberger, David, 1721-1808
Subject: Government relations | Pennsylvania--History | Missions | Moravians | Linguistics | Treaties | Diplomacy | Ohio--History | Place names
Extent: 10 items
Description: Relavent materials can be found in the finding aid under the specific dates listed. Materials include information relations with the colony of Pennsylvania; Pennsylvania's Indian affairs more generally, particularly Quaker involvement, embassies to Wyoming (PA) and elsewhere, and gifts for Indians; Indian relations with the federal government of the United States; Delaware materials in the Moravian Archives at Bethlehem and elsewhere; review of Du Ponceau's Delaware Grammar in Revue Encyclopedique; Place names; Heckewelder's Account of the Indian nations; Harrison's 1803 treaty with the Delawares and other Indians at Fort Wayne; Indian settlements in Ohio, and the difficulty of Christian Indians; a Delaware spelling book with vocabularies. Other individuals mentioned include Nookamis, "Sandusky Indian," Ettwein, Zeisberger, and Paul A.W. Wallace.
Collection: Miscellaneous Manuscripts Collection (Mss.Ms.Coll.200)
Culture: Anishinaabe | Blackfoot | Arapaho | A'aninin | Cheyenne | Cree | Menominee | Ojibwe | Potawatomi | Kickapoo | Shawnee | Miami | Mi'kmaq | Abenaki | Penobscot | Delaware | Chowanokeoke | Secotan | Powhatan
Alternate forms: Siksika, Atsina, Gros Ventre, Micmac, Ojibwa, Ojibway
Language(s): Siksika | Arapaho | Atsina | Cheyenne | Cree | Menominee | Ojibwe | Potawatomi | Kickapoo | Shawnee | Miami-Illinois | Mi'kmaq | Abenaki, Eastern | Abenaki, Western | Munsee | Unami | Carolina Algonquian | Powhatan | English
Contributor: Haas, Mary R. (Mary Rosamond), 1910-1996
Extent: 2 linear feet
Description: A considerable amount of Haas' research from the 1950s onwards involved identifying language family relationships and constructing proto-languages. Comparisons, both lexical and phonological, between Algonquian languages and what Haas labeled ‘Proto-Algonkian, ‘Proto-Central Algonkian and ‘Proto-Central-Eastern Algonkian' (often abbreviated to PA, PCA and PCEA respectively) are abundant especially throughout Series 2 and Series 9. Haas made annotations to others' publications, created bibliographies, and developed family trees and lexica of both Proto-Algonquian and a wide variety of Algonquian languages, including several lexica from multiple historical sources in Series 9. Examples of the above are to be found across much of the collection, often in folders of specific Algonquian languages. See individual cultures and languages for specifics.
Collection: Mary R. Haas Papers (Mss.Ms.Coll.94)