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Innu | Naskapi | Atikamekw | Wabanaki | Delaware | Algonquin | Mashpee | Passamaquoddy | Wampanoag | Mi'kmaq | Penobscot | Maliseet | Muscogee | Menominee
Alternate forms: Menomini, TĂȘtes-de-Boules, TĂȘtes de Boules, Tete de Boule
Language(s): English | Abenaki, Eastern
Date: 1920-1940
Description: The materials from Algonquian speaking cultures is quite extensive, though scattered, in the A. Irving Hallowell Papers. One of the strengths is Hallowell's very fine black and white portraits of indigenous peoples located in Series VI, Subseries F, which includes images of Mashpee, Mohegan, Montagnais, Naskapi, Womponowag, Nipissing, Atikamekw, Series V contains some generalized materials such "Algoquian Cross Cousin Marriage," Speck's studies of northern Algoquian hunting territories, and Algonquin mythology and history. The folders entitled "Eastern Woodlands" in box 26 contain more culturally specific materials such as a Penobscot vocabulary list, Innu and Naswkapi material culture, and Delaware religions and ceremonies, although many of these are quite brief. The correspondence, in Series I, includes a letter from John Swanton discussing bear ceremonialism in Muscogee culture. George Herzog's correspondence includes Penobscot and Maliseet scores of war dance songs. There is also a letter from Jeffrey Zelitch, dated 1969, describing traditional ceremonies on the Lakota Rosebud reservation just before the American Indian Movement begins. George Spindler's lettter to describes a Medicine Lodge ceremony among the Menomini.
Collection: Alfred Irving Hallowell Papers (Mss.Ms.Coll.26)

Maliseet | Passamaquoddy
Alternate forms: Malecite
Date: 1975-1978, 1995, 1998
Type:Text
Extent: 858 pages
Description: The Malecite-Passamaquoddy materials in the Phillips Fund collection consist of 6 items. Materials in this collection are listed alphabetically by last name of author. See materials listed under Campana, Knecht, LeSourd, Ng, and Smith.
Collection: Phillips Fund for Native American Research Collection (Mss.497.3.Am4)

Mi'kmaq | Passamaquoddy | Maliseet | Beothuk | Cherokee
Alternate forms: Micmac, Malecite
Language(s): English | Mi'kmaq
Date: 1909-1949
Type:Text
Extent: 8 folders
Description: Materials relating to Mi'kmaq history, language, and culture. Includes Speck's field notes on topics such as wampum, hunting territories, Cape Breton texts, Newfoundland traditions, the Passamaquoddy, etc., as well as a map with names of Bear River Band members and one piece of birch bark with pictographs inscribed; Speck's miscellaneous notes and correspondence on topics such as consultants, specimens, hieroglyphics, linguistics, fieldwork, Mi'kmaq and Cherokee, and the Mi'kmaq mission newspaper; a text on Mi'kmaq dance with interlinear translation, notes, and a musical score; 10 pages of linguistic notes and vocabulary collected along the Miramichi River, along with 6 pages of typed copy by John Witthoft; correspondence with Mechling concerning linguistic research on the Mi'kmaq, Malecite [Malecite-Passamaquoddy], and Oaxaca languages, Mi'kmaq burials, and historic materials on Beothuk and Mi'kmaq; a brief article on a traveler's account of the Mi'kmaq in 1822; an incomplete article or set of reading excerpts taken after 1922 by Speck from John G. Millais (1907); and extracts concerning the sweat house taken by Butler from the Jesuit Relations.
Collection: Frank G. Speck Papers (Mss.Ms.Coll.126)

Cree | Menominee | Meskwaki | Miami | Mi'kmaq | Ojibwe | Passamaquoddy | Penobscot | Potawatomi | Shawnee
Alternate forms: Menomini, Ojibwa, Ojibway
Date: 1929-1950; 1963-1982
Subject: Botany | Trade | Linguistics
Genre: Maps | Notes | Essays | Grammars
Description: The Ojibwe materials in the Siebert Papers consists primarily of secondary sources located in Series IV and VII. Siebert's comparative linguistic work on Ojibwe can be found in Series V.
Collection: Frank Siebert Papers (Mss.Ms.Coll.97)

Passamaquoddy | Maliseet | Abenaki | Penobscot
Alternate forms: Malecite
Language(s): English
Date: 1898-1899
Type:Text
Extent: 2 items
Description: Letters from John Dyneley Prince to the American Philosophical Society regarding his work on the Passamaquoddy. Prince requests copies of his article "Passamaquoddy Wampum Records" [see Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society 36 (1897): pages 479-495]; acknowledges receipt thereof; and writes again regarding a paper on Passamaquoddy witchcraft tales, his article on Passamaquoddy wampum records, and his study of the language and traditions of the eastern Algic tribes, particularly Abenakis, Passamaquoddies, and Penobscots. Mentions Daniel G. Brinton.
Collection: American Philosophical Society Archives (APS.Archives)

Passamaquoddy | Maliseet | Wabanaki
Alternate forms: Malecite
Date: 1911-1922
Type:Text
Extent: 1 folder
Description: A 327-page Malecite-Passamaquoddy dictionary. Indian-English, arranged according to English alphabet; also, English-Indian. Based on 1911 collection of Passamaquoddy texts printed in Prince (1921).
Collection: Frank G. Speck Papers (Mss.Ms.Coll.126)

Passamaquoddy | Penobscot
Date: 1834-1897; 1921-1929 1970-1991;
Type:Text
Description: The Passamaquoddy materials in the Siebert Papers include his research on census information from the 19th century, linguistics, education, and land ownership, all of which can be found in Series V. There are a significant number of secondary sources related to history, missionary efforts to conver the Passamaquoddy and linguistics in Series IV and VII.
Collection: Frank Siebert Papers (Mss.Ms.Coll.97)

Passamaquoddy
Date: undated
Subject: Birds
Type:Text
Extent: 3 pages
Description: "Malecite bird names," a list of bird names in Malecite with English glosses.
Collection: Miscellaneous Manuscripts Collection (Mss.Ms.Coll.200)

Passamaquoddy | Wabanaki
Date: 1995
Subject: Linguistics
Extent: 1 sound tape reel (1 hr., 3 min.) : DIGITIZED
Description: Recorded in July 1995 at Passamaquoddy Pleasant Point Reservation, between Perry and Eastport, Maine. Primarily consists of grammatical and syntactical elicitations and the "checking [of] attested words & sentences, and evaluating the acceptability of various permutations." (NOTE: This material has been digitized and can be accessed online for free by users not physically at the APS Library through a login and password. Please see our Audio Access Page for information on how to request these materials.)
Collection: Passamaquoddy Syntax Project (Mss.Rec.245)

Penobscot | Passamaquoddy | Maliseet | Mi'kmaq | Haudenosaunee | Abenaki | Delaware | Mohegan | Mohican | Zuni | Navajo | Tutelo | Wabanaki
Alternate forms: Iroquois, Micmac, Lenape, Mahican, Malecite
Language(s): English | Abenaki, Eastern
Date: 1908-1947
Extent: 27 folders
Description: Materials relating to Speck's study of Penobscot language, history, and culture, and his preparation of his book Penobscot Man. This includes several folders of Speck's field notes, notes organized around specific topics (including data not used in Speck's published works), copies and drafts of lectures and essays, correspondence, etc. Topics include Penobscot social organization, calendar system, house furnishings, hunting morality, animal lore, religion, art, sayings, alphabet, counting and measuring, canoe-making, face-painting, texts with interlineal translations, and "Bird Lore of the Northern Indians" (a faculty public lecture at the University of Pennsylvania). Additionally, significant correspondence concerns the preparation, expenses, dissemination, and reception of his Penobscot publications. Other topics of correspondence include Ethel Gandy's monograph on Penobscot art; names of chiefs and their clans; "clown" performances outside of the southwest among the Penobscot, Iroquois [Haudenosaunee], Abenaki, and Delaware; place names; the relationship of Penobscot-Mohegan and Mahican; a comparison of Zuni-Navajo and Red Paint; Tutelo. There is a particularly large folder of Speck's miscellaneous Penobscot notes containing both a variety of notes and correspondence from Penobscot consultants as well as non-Native colleagues. These include letters from Roland E. Nelson (Needahbeh, Penobscot) concerning drum for exhibit; letters from Nelson, Franz Boas, John M. Cooper, William B. Goodwin, E. V. McCollum, and J. Dyneley Prince, all concerning Penobscot Man; Clifford P. Wilson concerning moosehair embroidery; Edward Reman concerning Norse influence on Penobscot; Carrie A. Lyford concerning moose-wool controversy and Ann Stimson's report; Ann Stimson, letter of thanks; Henry Noyes Otis concerning genealogy of Indians named Sias on Cape Cod (Speck marked this Penobscot); Princess Pretty Woman (Passamaquoddy) concerning her dress (apparently at the Penn Museum); Dorothy Ranco (Penobscot) concerning Princess Pretty Woman's dress; Roland W. Mann, concerning site of Indian occupancy according to Penobscot tradition; Ryuzo Torii, letter of introduction. Other miscellaneous items include a 5-page transcript of agreements between Indians of Nova Scotia and the English, August 15, 1749; 2 pages, transcript of agreement of July 13, 1727 (letter of transmittal, Lloyd Price to Miss MacDonald, September 24, 1936); Ann K. Stimson, Moose Wool and Climbing Powers of the American Mink; miscellaneous field notes on topics like songs, kinship, totem, medicine, and social units; and 4 pages of Penobscot words and their cultural use.
Collection: Frank G. Speck Papers (Mss.Ms.Coll.126)