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Aztec
Language(s): English
Date: 1790-1806, 1818
Type:Text
Extent: 1 volume, 106 p.
Description: William E. Hulings' translation of Leon y Gama's "Descripcion Histórica y Cronológica de las dos Piedras" (1792), together with a query of William E. Hulings on the possible relation of the Aztecs to the Mound Builders. The volume describes and translates a monument and a calendar stone; it also presents ethnologic information, particularly regarding mythology. The volume is divided into three sections with separate pagination: "An historical and chronological description of two stones found under ground, in the great square of the City of Mexico, in the years 1790" (84 p.), "Notes to Antonio de Leon y Gama's Work" (19 p.), and "Translated from the Diary of Mexico, for Augt. 5th 1806" (3 p.).
Collection: An historical and chronological description of two stones found under ground, in the great square of the City of Mexico, in the years 1790 [translation] (Mss.913.72.L55)

Haudenosaunee | Tuscarora | Seneca | Cayuga | Mohawk | Oneida | Onondaga
Alternate forms: Iroquois
Language(s): English
Date: circa 1668-1990, bulk circa 1936-1974
Description: The Anthony F. C. Wallace Papers are a vast collection of materials relating to Wallace's work at the intersection of anthropology, psychology, and history, among other interests. Haudenosaunee materials include items relating to Wallace's particular interests in the Tuscarora and the Seneca, and can be difficult to disentangle from items organized by subject, such as personality, religion, and cultural revitalization. Researchers should therefore also see the Wallace Papers entries for the Tuscarora and Seneca, and consult the finding aid for a detailed discussion of Wallace's career and for an itemized list of the collection's contents. Materials explicitly linked to the Haudenosaunee can be found throughout Series I. Correspondence, especially in the correspondence with William N. Fenton, Merle H. Deardorff, Francis Jennings, Mina Brayley Smith, and Wallace's father, historian Paul A. W. Wallace. Other relevant correspondence files include those for Aren Akweks (Ray Fadden), the American Philosophical Society, Michael Ames, Edmund Snow Carpenter, Dwight Lewis, Chamberlain, Malcolm Collier, Charles Congdon, Jesse Cornplanter, Robert T. Coulter, Myrtle Crouse, Norma Cuthbert, Hazel Dean-John, Vine Deloria, Michael K. Foster, John F. Freeman, Joseph Chamberlain Furnas, Bob Gabor, Charles Garrad, C. Marshall Gorman, Randy Gorske, Barbara Graymont, Jeannette Henry, N. Perry Jemison, Francis Jennings, Randy Alan John, Gertrude Kurath, Weston La Barre, David Landry, Gardiner Lindzey, Floyd G. Lounsbury, Franklin O. Loveland, Charles Lucy, Nancy Lurie, Benjamin Malzberg, Henry Manley, Jane Ann McGettrick, Ernest Miller, Stephen Murray, Oscar Nephew, New York State Library, Niagara County Historical Society, Arthur Caswell Parker, Arthur Piepkorn, Richard Pilant, Susan Postal, V. R. Potmis, Frederic Pryor, Martha Randle, Paul G. Reilly, Egon Renner, Alex and Catherine H. Ricciardelli, Cara Richards, Sally M. Rogow, Anne Marie Shimony, John Sikes, Florence Smith, Mrs. Douglas Snook, Patricia Snyder-Freeman, Frank Speck, George Dearborn Spindler, William Sturtevant, Elizabeth Tooker, Eula Tottingham, Allen W. Trelease, University of Pennsylvania Press, Shirley Vanatta, A. Jeanne Weissinger, C. A. Weslager, and Susan Williams. There is also a great deal on Haudenosaunee peoples in Series II. Research Notes and Drafts, particularly relating to Wallace's monographs on the Tuscarora and Seneca. Subseries A. Indian Research primarily contains Haudenosaunee-related materials, including notes and field notes from research trips to Iroquoia and to archives, copies of and extracts from primary and secondary sources, notes on what Wallace called his "Iroquois Research Project," field notes and materials compiled by Paul A. W. Wallace, etc. There is also some Haudenosaunee material in Subseries B. Revitalization and Culture, mostly in form of secondary sources, including "History of the St. Regis Reservation and several Iroquois pamphlets and drawings" by Mohawk Aren Akweks (aka). Series III. Notecards contains index cards with notes on primary and secondary sources on a range of topics, including Wallace's research interests in revitalization, culture and personality, and his work on Indian land claims, all of which touch on the Haudenosaunee. Several drafts of Wallace's work on the Haudenosaunee and other indigenous peoples can be found in Series IV. Works by Wallace A. Professional, along with fictional works in B. Creative Writing and C. Juvenilia of the same series. Series VI. Consulting and Committee Work A. American Anthropological Association contains two folders labeled "Iroquois Wampum," which contain materials relating to Onondaga demands for the return of wampum belts held by the New York State Museum. Wallace publicly supported the Haudenosaunee, in direct opposition to many scholars, including his friend William Fenton, who argued that the NYSM had saved and maintained the belts and should continue in that role. Correspondence, drafts of Wallace's statement, and other items reveal many factors at play: Vine Deloria, Jr.'s involvement; Haudenosaunee youth involved in the red power movement; inter-tribal divisions about the fate of the belts; scholarly disagreement about how best to serve both Native and non-Native members of the public; ideas about the roles of museums in preserving and protecting cultural materials; anxieties about the implications of Wallace's stance for ethnological museum collections in general; the legal dimensions of deaccessioning bequests; and more. [See Wallace's correspondence with Fenton and others in Series I. Correspondence for more on this issue.] Subseries C. Other Committees of the same series includes files on the Iroquois Conference 1946-1961. Series IX. Indian Claims contains over 50 folders of research materials, dockets, trial memoranda, etc., relating to Wallace's work as an expert witness for Haudenosaunee land claims. Series XI. Maps also contains materials pertaining to Haudenosaunee land claims, as well as to Wallace's personal research. Finally, Series XII. Graphics includes watercolor paintings by Ray Fadden's (Mohawk, aka Aren Akweks) son John (Mohawk, aka Ka-Hon-Hes), original drawings by Seneca Jesse Cornplanter and Tuscarora Nellie Gansworth, and photographs associated with Paul A.W. Wallace's fieldwork among the Indians of Pennsylvania, New York State, and Ontario as well as Anthony F.C. Wallace's research (1947-1985) on American Indians including several photographs of Tuscaroras, Senecas, a cradleboard, and pictographs. Additional material may be found in other places in the collections.
Collection: Anthony F. C. Wallace Papers (Mss.Ms.Coll.64a)

Muscogee | Seminole | Yuchi
Alternate forms: Creek, Mvskoke, Muskogee
Language(s): English | Muscogee | Yuchi
Date: 1904-1947
Extent: 14 folders
Description: Materials relating to Speck's study of Creek history, language, and culture. Includes Speck's own notes and work, including "Notes on Social and Economic Conditions Among the Creek Indians of Alabama in 1941" (published as Speck 1947); an undated earlier version of that essay titled "Creek Indians Surviving in Alabama"; 115 pages of linguistic notes from Taskigitown, dated 1904-1905 and organized by categories; Creek and Yuchi songs; Creek and Yuchi Dance; 98 pages of Creek texts, including some interlineal translations, and related notes dated 1904-1905; and 35 pages of miscellaneous notes and letters on topics like dances, language, clothing, myths, handicrafts, and fieldwork. Also includes two botanical specimens--Coopti (Zamia floridana) used by Seminoles, 1941 and Ilex vomitoria Ait, used by Creeks--accompanied by letters to Speck from Richard Evans Schultes concerning Houma Botany; two letters from female students at the Haskell Institute in 1940 (Leona Giger writes of a Creek doll she is making and mentions the council house at Okmulgee, Oklahoma, while Ann Rolland offers to answer questions on Creek use of feathers); a letter from Morris Opler regarding Opler's work among the Creeks, as well as an essay by Opler about the organization, history, and social and political significance of Creek towns; a letter from Mario Gamio acknowledging the receipt of a Creek Indian pamphlet; and a letter from D'Arcy McNickle returning to Speck photographs of the Creek Indians of Atmore, Alabama to prevent them from getting lost and mentioning that his manuscript of the report is still being copied.
Collection: Frank G. Speck Papers (Mss.Ms.Coll.126)

Anishinaabe | Ojibwe
Alternate forms: Ojibwa, Chippewa
Language(s): English | Ojibwe
Date: November 16, 1830; February 25, 1836; June 29, 1847; August 12, 1898; May 10, 1912; 1956
Type:Text
Extent: 6 items
Description: Relavent materials can be found in the finding aid under the specific dates listed. Nineteenth-century correspondence from Kah-ge-ga-gah-bowh (George Copway) regarding Chippewa education efforts; Schoolcraft's work on "Indian tales," a vocabulary of the Algic requested by James Barbour, and biographical sketches of chiefs; Kidder obtained tales from Charley Bawgam and Jack LaPique on murder of trader, Aitken, 1837, and on mermaid tradition among Ojibwe. Under May 10, 1912, there is a 2-page "A Story of Turtle and His Brother'' in Ojibwe and English, told by Edwin Maness of Sarnia Reserve, Ontraio, and recorded by Edward Sapir. Also 1956 transcription of the Ojibwe songs from Lac du Flambeau by Willie Catfish, cataloged in Mss.Rec.75.
Collection: Miscellaneous Manuscripts Collection (Mss.Ms.Coll.200)

Oneida | Haudenosaunee
Alternate forms: Iroquois, Six Nations
Language(s): English
Date: August 9, 1770; October 28, 1787; July 1798;
Type:Text
Extent: 3 items
Description: Materials can be found in the finding aid under the specific dates listed. Late 18th century items relating to missionary efforts among Oneidas. Topics include Indians' hope to hear Whitefield preach (thwarted when he went on to Boston because no congress was to be held at Sir William Johnson's); Rev. Samuel Kirkland; Minto's belief that Oneida share a common origin with Europeans because they identify Great and Small Bear by the same image; and Quaker missionaries' offer to set up a blacksmith shop to train Indians, to find iron, and to apprentice Indians as farmers.
Collection: Miscellaneous Manuscripts Collection (Mss.Ms.Coll.200)

Passamaquoddy | Maliseet | Abenaki | Penobscot
Alternate forms: Malecite
Language(s): English
Date: 1898-1899
Type:Text
Extent: 2 items
Description: Letters from John Dyneley Prince to the American Philosophical Society regarding his work on the Passamaquoddy. Prince requests copies of his article "Passamaquoddy Wampum Records" [see Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society 36 (1897): pages 479-495]; acknowledges receipt thereof; and writes again regarding a paper on Passamaquoddy witchcraft tales, his article on Passamaquoddy wampum records, and his study of the language and traditions of the eastern Algic tribes, particularly Abenakis, Passamaquoddies, and Penobscots. Mentions Daniel G. Brinton.
Collection: American Philosophical Society Archives (APS.Archives)

Tuscarora | Haudenosaunee
Alternate forms: Iroquois
Language(s): English
Date: 1880-1984, bulk 1948-1952
Extent: 40 folders
Description: The Anthony F. C. Wallace Papers are a vast collection of materials relating to Wallace's work at the intersection of anthropology, psychology, and history. Though further research might yield more results, approximately 40 folders of items directly pertaining to the Tuscarora have been identified. Tuscarora materials can be difficult to disentangle from the plethora of items relating to the Haudenosaunee (Iroquois) more generally, however, and researchers should also see the Wallace Papers entries for the Haudenosaunee and Seneca, and consult the finding aid for a detailed discussion of Wallace's career and for an itemized list of the collection's contents. Of the materials explicitly linked to the Tuscarora, much relates to Wallace's dissertation, an ethnopsychological study eventually published as "Modal Personality of the Tuscarora Indians as Revealed in the Rorschach Test" (1952). Of particular interest might be correspondence with Tuscarora Mina Brayley Smith in Series I. Correspondence and original drawings by Tuscarora Nellie Gansworth and several photographs taken at the Tuscarora Reservation in 1948 in Series XII. Graphics. Other relevant correspondence files include those for Edmund Snow Carpenter, Loren C. Eiseley, John F. Freeman, Barbara Graymont, Bert Kaplan, David H. Kelley, David Landy, Gardiner Lindzey, Charles Lucy, Benjamin Malzberg, Henry Manley, Stephen Murray, the Niagara County Historical Society, John Sikes, Frank Speck, Eula Tottingham, and the University of Pennsylvania Press. There are also research notes, maps, and drafts of works on the Tuscarora in Series II. Research Notes and Drafts, A. Indian Research; Series IV. Works by Wallace, A. Professional; and Series XI. Maps.
Collection: Anthony F. C. Wallace Papers (Mss.Ms.Coll.64a)