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Alternate forms: Abnaki, Tete de Boule, Wolastoqiyik
Contributor: Hallowell, A. Irving (Alfred Irving), 1892-1974 | Day, Gordon M. | Laurent, Bernedette | Masta, Henry Lorne | Nolet, Beatrice | Obomsawin, Louis Napoleon | Panadis, Theophile | Reynolds, Beatrice | Ritzenthaler, Robert E. (Robert Eugene), 1911-1980 | Watso, William
Subject: Dance | Architecture | Ethnography | Clothing and dress | Hunting | Psychology | Agriculture | Animals | Personal names | Kinship | Music | Botany | Material culture | Folklore | Medicine | Religion | Genealogy | Economics | Linguistics | Québec (Province)--History
Genre: Field notes | Photographs | Maps | Notes | Rorschach tests | Vocabularies | Drawings | Bibliographies | Biographies | Stories
Extent: 1 linear foot
Description: The Abenaki materials in the Hallowell Papers are mostly located in Series V, Research Files, in folders labled "Abenaki" and Series VI, Photographs, Subseries E "St. Francis Abenaki Album." These include linguistic, ethnographic, ethnobotanical, ceremonial knowledge, information on political organization, and historical materials. Of particular interest are a sketch of Abenaki history from 1600-1930 accompanied by detailed notes from secondary sources on 17th century Abenaki history. The linguistic materials include an analysis of how the language changed after contact with Catholic missionaries, Abenaki vocabulary related to body parts, Abenaki phonetics, and religious, medical, and kinship terminology. The ethnobotanical materials include a manuscript labled "Identity of animals and plants," and information concerning herbal medicine and its practitioners. There is a wealth of ethnographic materials that include drawings of pipes, descriptions of games, baketry and birch bark maks. There is descriptions of Abenaki music and diagrams of dances, as well as detailed descriptions of hunting techniques. Some of the genealogical materials contains lists of community members names and descriptions of marriage. Interspered throughout the folders labled "Abenaki" in the Research Files are interlinear translations of stories such as "Man who could Find Lost Objects," "Woman and Bear Lover" and numerous other stories. The materials on hunting include topics such as the use of snow shoes, preparation of moose hide,and techniques and drawings of trapping. The collections contain important information designation hunting territories and family names. Four folders contain detailed informaiton on kinship terms. Two folders on Measurements and Genealogical data contain lists of names. The folders labled "Linguistics" in Series V contain scattered information about Abenaki grammar. In Series VI, of 160 photographs taken at St. Francis, Odanak in the Centre-du-Québec region. The Abenaki people in the photographs are identified, in most cases, and also include depictions of traditional dress, buildings, clothing, baskets, and a wide variety of material culture. The correspondence, in Series I, includes letters from Theophile Panadis; Gordon Day describing his collection of stories, recordings, vocabularies, and hunting territories. Henry Lorne Masta, one of Hallowell's Abenaki consultants, writes about culture and language. Additional correspondents may contain other Abenaki-related information.
Collection: Alfred Irving Hallowell Papers (Mss.Ms.Coll.26)
Alternate forms: Ojibwa, Ojibway, Saulteaux
Contributor: Hallowell, A. Irving (Alfred Irving), 1892-1974 | Berens, William, 1866-1947 | Berens, Gordon | Bigmouth, Adam | Watrous, B. | Keeper, John | Keeper, Alec | Felix, Arthur | Bear, James | Swain, Alec | Wigwaswatik | Levique | Everett, William | Potci | Dunsford | Kagikeasik | Pudrin, Mrs. | Boucher, Mary | Miller, Jane | Cret, Willie | Maman
Subject: Architecture | Drums | Ethnography | Clothing and dress | Hunting | Psychology | Animals | Personal names | Linguistics | Kinship | Material culture | Folklore | Medicine | Religion | Medicine | Basketry | Genealogy | Economics | Linguistics | Sexuality | Diseases | Blood quantum | Rites and ceremonies | Tools | Tattoing | Maps | Cosmology
Genre: Biographies | Drawings | Field notes | Notebooks | Bibliographies | Notes | Diaries | Correspondence | Vocabularies | Charts | Interviews | Photographs | Pictographs | Rorschach tests | Sketches | Stories | Vocabularies | Autobiographies | Maps
Description: The Ojibwe materials in the A. Irving Hallowell Papers are extensive. Hallowell focused on three regions of Ojibwe territory: Berens River in north, central Canada (Pikangikum, Pauingassi, Poplar River; Little Grand Rapids First Nations) and Lac du Flambeau in Wisconsin. Hallowell was particularly interested in psychological anthropology. Both the Berens River and Lac du Flambeau materials in Series V, for example, includes ethnographic information on taboos, incest regulations, Rorschach tests, dreams, and acculturation. Hallowell's interests in traditional knowledge are represented by descriptions of the practice of the Midewiwin religion; traditional stories about Wisakedjak and Tcakabec/Chakabesh, Memegwesiug, Windigos, and Thunderbirds. Of particular interest in the Lac du Flambeau materials are hundred of pages of family biographies in Series V and photographs with the names of community members in Series VI, Subseries B. Of particular interest in the Berens River materials are maps of traditional hunting grounds, a diagram of Ojibwe cosmology, an autobiography by Hallowell's collaborator Chief William Berens, 29 folders of "Saulteaux Indians--Myths and Tales" all in Series V. There are hundreds of photographs from the region, with many community members identified, and all digitized, in Series VI, Subseries A. The correspondence, in Series I, includes Robert Ritzenhaler's description of a shaking tent ceremony by Ojibwe in Wisconsin; a detailed account of Joseph Fiddler's trial for murdering a windigo in the folder labled Royal Canadian Mounted Police; papers sent by Morton Teicher detailing incidents of windigo in Canada (50+ pages); a letter from Frances Densmore describing a shaking tent ceremony; and several letters from Chief William Berens providing information about Ojibwe people in the photographs in Series VI.
Collection: Alfred Irving Hallowell Papers (Mss.Ms.Coll.26)
Language(s): Umatilla | Walla Walla | Yakama | English | Tenino | Nez Perce | Cayuse | Columbia-Wenatchi | Molala
Date: ca. 1953-1969
Contributor: Jones, Vera | Spino, Inez | Williams, Joe | Barnhart, Alice | Slickpoo, Sam | Rigsby, Bruce | Elmendorf, William W. (William Welcome), 1912- | McKay, Charles | Pond, Walter | Saluskin, Alex | Joe, Annie | Williams, Charlie | Walsh, Ed (Edward Joseph) | Winishut, Linton | Winishut, Eva | Thompson, Flora | Sohappy, Frank | Yelkes, Fred | Nanamkin, George | Conner, Gilbert | Thompson, Henry | Spino, Lillian | Shawaway, Minnie | Joe, Susie | Mitchell, Louis | Peters, May | Tias, Oswald | Guyer, Philip | Sturgis, Sam | Andrews, Tom | George, Victor | Burke, Winnie | Minthorn, Mamie | Swadesh, Morris, 1909-1967 | Umtuch, Donald
Subject: Personal names | Oregon--History | Washington (State)--History | Idaho--History | Animals | Plants | Botany | Place names | Biography | Kinship | Food
Genre: Microfilms | Biographies | Elicitation sessions | Field notes | Personal names | Place names | Vocabularies | Oral histories | Stories | Grammars
Extent: 2 reels; 18 notebooks and ca. 380 loose pages
Description: Fieldnotes across the Plateau region, especially in Pendleton OR (near the Umatilla Reservation), Nespelem WA (in the Colville Reservation), and Toppenish WA (Yakama Reservation), between 1963 and 1969, supplemented by materials collected from other recent secondary sources. Copies held by the APS were privately microfilmed by Bruce Rigsby; the APS does not possess the originals. Notebooks 1-8 mostly represent work at and around the Umatilla Reservation in 1963, and notebooks 9-18 were recorded mostly near the Colville and Yakama reservations, 1964 onwards. The notebooks contain elicited lexica, with some texts, and details on the knowledge and use of languages by specific individuals. The loose notes at the end are mostly texts. A full inventory of the notebooks and notes, with individual contributor, place and language information, is in the collection finding aid.
Collection: Sahaptin field notes (Mss.Film.1261)