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Wenatchi
Alternate forms: Interior Salish, Wenatchee
Language(s): Columbia-Wenatchi | English
Date: 1997-1998
Genre: Stories
Extent: 4 sound tape reels (1 hr., 43 min.) : DIGITIZED
Description: Stories told in untranslated Nxa'amxcin, also known as Columbia-Wenatchi or Moses-Columbia. Recorded in Omak and Nespelem, Washington in 1997 and 1998. (NOTE: This material has been digitized and can be accessed online for free by users not physically at the APS Library through a login and password. Please see our Audio Access Page for information on how to request these materials.)
Collection: Case Particles in Moses Columbia Salish (Nxa?amxcin) (Mss.Rec.250)

Chehalis | Puyallup
Date: 1882, circa 1890; 1897, 1927-1936
Type:Text
Extent: 1800+ loose pages, 15 notebooks, circa 8000 slips
Description: The Chehalis materials in the ACLS collection consist of a large volume of material spread across numerous items in the "Chehalis" section of the finding aid. Major items of significance include Boas's Upper Chehalis field notebooks, recorded in 1927 near Oakville, Washington, containing vocabulary, paradigms, and texts with interlinear translations. Additional loose notes contains numerous stories, which partially derive from the field notebooks. Also noteworthy is an extensive lexical file of over 8,000 slips derived from Boas's field work, partially arranged and analyzed. Earlier materials relating to the Lower Chehalis dialect were recorded circa 1890 by Boas at Shoalwater Bay, as well as material copied from Myron Eells' 1880s field work and later corrected by Boas. Other smaller items, such as Aginsky's comparison of Upper Chehalis and Puyallup, consist primarily of linguistic analysis and some ethnographic information. The names of Chehalis speakers and consultants who made the work possible are not fully reflected in the cataloging, as many are typically not identified by Boas.
Collection: ACLS Collection (American Council of Learned Societies Committee on Native American Languages, American Philosophical Society) (Mss.497.3.B63c)

Chemakum | Quileute | Klallam
Alternate forms: Chimakum, S'Klallam, Clallam, nəxʷsƛ̕ay̕əm
Language(s): English | Chemakum | Quileute | Klallam
Date: 1853?; 1890; 1928; 1930; 1953;
Type:Text
Extent: 45 pages; 1 notebook (14 pages); Circa 1,500 slips
Description: The Chemakum materials in the ACLS collection consist of 5 items in the "Chimakum" section of the finding aid. The earliest item is a word list recorded by George Gibbs, circa 1853, from a woman named Jule, slave and mistress of King George, a Clallam chief. This list is in English orthography with accents marked, and includes parts of body, household objects, material objects, animals, adverbs, verbs. Subsequent fieldwork includes a notebook by Manuel Andrade, containing an English-Chimakum vocabulary, with an attempt to verify use of consultant Louise Webster by Franz Boas at Port Gamble in 1890. Additional material includes linguistic analyses by Sapir and Swadesh. Lastly, an extensive lexicon of over 1,500 slips was compiled by Franz Boas, based upon field work conducted in 1890. Boas's original field notebook is found as Notebook 3 in "Field notes on Chinookan and Salishan languages and Gitamat], Molala, and Masset ," located in the "Chinook" section of the finding aid. Some Klallam language information may be intermixed with the Chimakum language information, but not currently distinguished.
Collection: ACLS Collection (American Council of Learned Societies Committee on Native American Languages, American Philosophical Society) (Mss.497.3.B63c)

Chemakum
Alternate forms: Chimakum
Language(s): English
Date: circa 1910s-1920s
Type:Text
Extent: Approx. 10 letters
Description: This collection contains the bulk of correspondence between Franz Boas and his professional colleagues, though there are also other Boas collections in the library. The correspondents listed above contain some correspondence related to the culture or language listed in this entry. Frachtenberg letters include comments on Indian Shaker Church. In the finding aid listings for some of these correspondents, the individual letters pertaining to this culture or language will be identified by a subject heading, though for some correspondents this indexing has not yet been completed. Some letters may contain only brief mentions of work being conducted in relation to the topic. Some additional correspondences in this collection that have not yet been indexed may also contain additional material.
Collection: Franz Boas Papers (Mss.B.B61)

Chemakum
Alternate forms: Chimakum
Language(s): Chemakum | English
Date: 1972
Contributor: Powell, J. V.
Type:Text
Genre: Essays
Extent: 39 pages
Description: There are two items with Chemakum language information in the collection. Materials can be found in the finding aid, which is organized chronologically, under the specific dates listed. In 1970, see J.V. Powell's "A note on the Quileute entries of 'Ethnobotany of West Washington,'" which includes a few Chemakum ethnobotanical terms taken from notes of Franz Boas. In 1972, see J.V. Powell's "The Predicate in Chimakum."
Collection: Miscellaneous Manuscripts Collection (Mss.Ms.Coll.200)

Chinook | Clackamas | Kathlamet | Wasco-Wishram
Alternate forms: Cathlamet
Date: 1950s-1990s
Type:Text
Extent: 2.5+ linear feet
Description: The Chinookan materials in the Dell Hymes Papers are located in multiple sections of the finding aid, mostly within Subcollection 2. These materials relate to Hymes extensive linguistic, ethnopoetic, and other work on Clackamas, Kathlamet, Wasco-Wishram, and other Chinookan languages and traditions. Additional materials may be found in the correspondence series. Subcollection 2 of the Dell Hymes Papers is currently being processed and will be described upon completion.
Collection: Dell H. Hymes papers (Mss.Ms.Coll.55)

Salish, Coast | Nooksack | Puyallup | Salish | Skagit | Suquamish | Lushootseed
Language(s): English
Date: 1975
Contributor: Amoss, Pamela T.
Type:Text
Extent: 26 pages
Description: The Puget Sound Salish materials in the Phillips Fund collection consist of 1 Item. Materials in this collection are listed alphabetically by last name of author. See materials listed under Amoss: "Catalogue of The Marian Smith Collection in the Library of the Royal Anthropological Institute of Great Britain and Ireland," consisting of report (1 p.); catalog of manuscript materials (20 p.); inventory of photographs (5 p.). The catalog lists documents on the Salish, the Kwakiutl, and Indian Shakers; correspondence between Marian Smith and Ernest Bertelson; typewritten notes of Arthur Ballard on Salish; photographs on various topics.
Collection: Phillips Fund for Native American Research Collection (Mss.497.3.Am4)

Colville | Syilx
Alternate forms: Okanagan, Okanagon
Language(s): English | Okanagan
Date: 1982, 1987-1991
Type:Text
Extent: 267 pages
Description: The Colville materials in the Phillips Fund collection consist of 3 items. Materials in this collection are listed alphabetically by last name of author. See materials listed under Ackerman and Bessell.
Collection: Phillips Fund for Native American Research Collection (Mss.497.3.Am4)

Colville
Language(s): English
Date: 1979
Extent: 7 hr., 24 min.
Description: Recordings made at Malott, Washington and the Colville Indian Reservation in 1979. Includes a recording of an Indian Shaker Curing Ceremony and an Indian Shaker Service. Also includes two life histories on a wide variety of topics. Recorded as part of research on sexual equality on the Colville Reservation. The first consultant's life history is in two parts, the first part given as an extended oratory and the second as an interview. The second consultant's life history is given as an interview.
Collection: Indian Shaker services, and two life histories (Mss.Rec.119)

Anishinaabe | Cayuse | Klallam | Cree | Dakelh | Haida | Heiltsuk | Kalapuya | Klickitat | Ktunaxa | Nez Perce | Nisga'a | Nuxalk | Ojibwe | Secwepemc | Squamish | Syilx | Tlingit | Walla Walla
Alternate forms: Bella Bella, Bella Coola, Carrier, Haíɫzaqv, Kootenai, Kootenay, Kutenai, Nehiyaw, Okanagan, Okanagon, Saulteaux, Shuswap, Skwxwú7mesh, Clallam, S'Klallam, nəxʷsƛ̕ay̕əm, Niska, Nishga, Nisgha
Date: 1834-1836
Type:Text
Genre: Notebooks
Extent: 2 volumes
Description: This collection contains two manuscript volumes collected by the naturalist John Kirk Townsend, obtained by dictation from native speakers, people of mixed ancestry, and traders of the Hudson's Bay Company. The first volume contains a collection of multiple comparative vocabulary lists of languages of modern-day Washington, Idaho, Oregon, British Columbia, and Alaska, obtained by dictation from native speakers, people of mixed ancestry, and traders of the Hudson's Bay Company. Languages included are: "Okanagan" (N̓səl̓xcin), "Attnaha" or "Shoushwap" (Secwepemctsin), "Walla Walla (Sahaptin), "Squalyamish" (Squamish / Sḵwx̱wú7mesh ?), "Nooselalum" (Klallam / nəxʷsƛ̕ay̕əm), "Haeeltzuk" (Heiltsuk), "Billichoola" (Nuxalk), "Nass" (Nisga'a), "Haidah" (Haida), "Tongaase" (Tlingit, possibly inland variety), Nez Perce, Chinook [Jargon], "Carrier or Takelhé" (Dakelh), "Kayouse" (Cayuse), and "Kootenai" (Ktunaxa). The second volume is a collection of vocabulary lists of 19 Indigenous languages, primarily of the Pacific Northwest, re-copied from earlier notes in an orderly fashion with an index and additional introductory information on the area where each language is spoken and the source of the vocabulary. 15 of the vocabularies are re-copied out from the first volume in this collection. This volume includes the languages listed for that volume, plus Cree (possibly Plains Cree), "Kalapooyah" (Kalapuya), Klikatat (Sahaptin or Yakama), and "Seauteux" (Western Ojibwa/Ojibwe).
Collection: John Kirk Townsend Indian vocabularies collection (Mss.497.3.T66)