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Alabama | Koasati
Alternate forms: Alibamu, Coushatta
Language(s): English
Date: 1995, 1998, 1999
Type:Text
Genre: Reports
Extent: 35 pages
Description: The Alabama materials in the Phillips Fund collection consist of 2 items. Materials in this collection are listed alphabetically by last name of author. See materials listed under William L. Ramsey and Sheri Marie Shuck. The Ramsey materials consists of a report on archival research toward a doctoral thesis on the Yamasee war (10 p.); appendix of villages listed in "Relation de la Louisiane" (4 p.); appendix of materials copied from the South Caroliniana Library (20 p.). The Shuck materials consist of a report (1 p.) on research at archives in Austin, Texas, on the "cultural, social, political, and economic facets" of the Alabamas and Coushattas (Kousatis), including their relationships with colonizers.
Collection: Phillips Fund for Native American Research Collection (Mss.497.3.Am4)

Cayuga | Haudenosaunee
Alternate forms: Iroquois
Language(s): English
Date: 1756
Subject: History | Warfare
Type:Text
Genre: Reports
Extent: 1 document
Description: In Section 2: 322-328. Menacing Indians wish to destroy Easton and Bethlehem. Otherwise settlers can flee; make Bethlehem stronger. Wish to kill Tadyuscung and followers for being friendly to English. Deposition of Nickodemus. Cayugas wish to kill whites.
Collection: Timothy Horsfield Papers (Mss.974.8.H78)

Crow
Alternate forms: Apsáalooke
Language(s): English | Crow
Date: 1967-1968, 1976, 1995-1996, 2000-2001
Type:Text
Extent: 713 pages
Description: The Crow materials in the Phillips Fund collection consist of 3 items. Materials in this collection are listed alphabetically by last name of author. See materials listed under Buchholtz, Merrill, and Powers.
Collection: Phillips Fund for Native American Research Collection (Mss.497.3.Am4)

Lenape | Haudenosaunee | Shawnee | Miami | Wyandot
Alternate forms: Lenape, Iroquois, Six Nations
Language(s): English
Date: 1740-1760
Type:Text
Extent: 15 items
Description: Materials relating to Pennsylvania's relations with Delawares during the Seven Years' War era. Topics include provisions for Native allies; addresses by Native diplomats like Teedyuscung and representatives of Indians in Ohio; Teedyuscung's charges of land fraud and the Penns' rebuttal; a passport for Teedyuscung; Quaker support for Teedyuscung and involvement in Indian affairs; Quakers' address to the Governor and Council of Pennsylvania vindicating themselves from blame for Indian attacks; 1758 plans for a treaty with the Six Nations and Delawares; other councils or meetings with Native individuals or groups; prices in Indian trade; sending out to Indians to bring in scalps; a first-person account, copied from and referring to other manuscripts, regarding trade on Ohio, history of Louisiana, French and Indian relations; Spangenberg's refutal of a charge that Moravian Indians are friendly with the French; instructions to Conrad Weiser for a 1754 trip to Augwick to determine sentiments of Six Nations, Delawares, Shawnees, Miamis, and Wyandots. Individuals mentioned include Iegra, Delaware George, Tanacharison, and Scarroyady.
Collection: Indian and Military Affairs of Pennsylvania, 1737-1775 (Mss.974.8.P19)

Anishinaabe | Mohawk | Odawa | Haudenosaunee
Alternate forms: Iroquois, Odawa
Language(s): English
Date: 1754-1757
Type:Text
Extent: 3 items
Description: Letters to Governors Denny and Morris regarding rumors about French and Indian movements; arrival of 400 French, 200 Conawagas [Kahnawakes, or Mohawks], and Ottoways [Odawas] ready to move; 1,100 French and 70 Arondacks at French Fort on Monongahela. Trader and former captive John Patten's statement that the French keep Native women and children in forts while the men are hunting, and offer fine camping grounds.
Collection: Indian and Military Affairs of Pennsylvania, 1737-1775 (Mss.974.8.P19)

Haudenosaunee | Lenape | Catawba | Cherokee | Houma | Nanticoke | Abenaki | Cayuga | Tutelo | Onondaga | Mohawk | Tuscarora
Alternate forms: Iroquois, Lenape
Language(s): English
Date: 1777-1950, bulk 1914-1950
Type:Text
Extent: 23 folders
Description: Materials relating to Speck's study of Haudenosaunee history, language, and culture. Includes correspondence with Haudenosaunee consultants like John L. Buck, Seth Newhouse, Josiah Hill, David S. Hill, etc., on topics ranging from the seizure of wampum by the Canadian government, Newhouse's request that Speck secure wampum for him, Newhouse's offer to sell Speck his history manuscript, which he has been working on since 1885 [#1650], Haudenosaunee burial customs, religion, etc.; an essay by Jesse Moses titled "The Long-House man, a Six Nations Indian of Canada speaks his mind," about the relationship of Christianity and the long-house religion; Speck's correspondence with William N. Fenton, principally concerning field work among the Catawba, Cherokee, and Houma but also touching on Fenton's Seneca field work, Speck's various studies of the Haudenosaunee, and the Second Conference on Iroquois Research; correspondence with other anthropologists about various aspects of Haudenosaunee history and culture such as material culture specimens, archaeology, historical sources, agriculture, education, warfare, religion, population statistics, etc.; a draft of Speck's "Reflections on Iroquois religion" and related correspondence; an undated document describing a meeting of Delaware, Nanticoke, and Canadian Iroquois in the presence of Speck and recounting the injustices suffered by Indians in United States and Canada; a copy of a 1777 treaty made by Peter F. Timothy, a Moravian Delaware, in August 1888, and transmitted to Speck by Jesse Moses; and Speck's research notes and other miscellaneous correspondence on topics such as masks, art, museum specimens, hunting territory, chiefships, words, warfare with the Abenaki, the Delaware-as-women theme, academic publications and conferences, etc.
Collection: Frank G. Speck Papers (Mss.Ms.Coll.126)

Anishinaabe | Haudenosaunee | Oneida | Mohawk | Seneca | Shawnee | Miami | Odawa
Alternate forms: Iroquois, Odawa
Language(s): English
Date: 1749-1759
Type:Text
Extent: 19 items
Description: Various items relating to Haudenosaunee-Pennsylvania relations, largely in the 1750s. Topics include need for colonial governments to renew the covenant chain; death of Tanaghrisson (Seneca, also called the Half King) suspected to be witchcraft; the diplomatic work of Scarroyady (Oneida, also called Monacatootha and the Half King), especially as a go-between between the Six Nations and Pennsylvania; the Albany Plan of Union; a conference with Caughnawagas [Kahnawakes] and negotiations for the redemption of an Indian held prisoner by the Caughnawagas; drunken conduct of Andrew Montour; Conrad Weiser's dealings with the family of Shickellamy (Oneida); John Lidieus's purchase of Susquehanna lands from the Six Nations for Connecticut; George Croghan's meeting at Logstown with Six Nations and Shawnees; a document prepared for Governor Hamilton listing events, letters, resolutions, and behavior of Miamis and other Indians toward Six Nations, Ohio lands, etc.; 1754 appointment of John Penn, Richard Peters, Benjamin Franklin as Commissioners of Pennsylvania to a list of Six Nations Indians present at the 1758 Treaty of Easton; and Christian Frederick Post on Indian character.
Collection: Indian and Military Affairs of Pennsylvania, 1737-1775 (Mss.974.8.P19)

Iowa | Meskwaki
Alternate forms: Chiwere, Oto, Fox, Sac and Fox
Language(s): English
Date: circa 1816-1957, bulk 1951-1957
Type:Text
Extent: 105 folders, 2 boxes
Description: The Anthony F. C. Wallace Papers are a vast collection of materials relating to Wallace's work at the intersection of anthropology, psychology, and history. Though further research might yield more results, approximately 105 folders and 2 boxes of materials directly pertaining to the Iowa have been identified. These materials include the George Pletsch and Sol Tax files in Series I. Correspondence; copies of secondary materials in Series II. Research Notes and Drafts B. Revitalization and Culture; two boxes of research notecards in Series III. Notecards; and Wallace's own written work in Series IV. Works by Wallace A. Professional. The bulk of Iowa material, however, relates to Wallace's work as an expert witness for Native American land claims and can be found in Series IX. Indian Claims. Often labeled under "Fox Indians" because of inter-related research and land claims, these items include research materials, tribal histories, dockets, trial memoranda, briefs, notes, reports, correspondence, etc., relating to the cases called "Iowa of Kansas, Nebraska, and Oklahoma, et. al. vs. the United States of America" and "Iowa Tribe or Nation of Indians, et. al. vs. the United States of America." Among the research materials, there are folders devoted to the Black Hawk War, Bureau of Indian Affairs Records, treaties, ethnographic accounts, the history of the Territory of Iowa, and extracts from or copies of a variety of primary and secondary sources. Iowa materials can be difficult to disentangle from the materials relating to the closely related Meskwaki (Sac and Fox. Researchers are advised to also see the entry for that group and to view the finding aid for a detailed discussion of Wallace's long and varied career and an itemized list of the collection's contents.
Collection: Anthony F. C. Wallace Papers (Mss.Ms.Coll.64a)

Lenape | Wyandot
Alternate forms: Lenape
Language(s): English
Date: 1780-1826
Type:Text
Extent: 8 items
Description: Letters and papers of Moravian missionary John Gottlieb Ernestus Heckewelder concerning Native Americans, particularly Delawares, from originals at the Massachusetts Historical Society and Harvard University. Correspondence includes 3 letters (1780-1781) from Heckewelder to Daniel Brodhead regarding war with Native peoples, Wyandot and Delaware raiding parties, and aid from Killbuck. Two more letters, from Heckewelder to unknown recipients, concern the discontinuation of a survey for Moravian Indian lands on the Muskingum River due to danger from Indians (1789) and, later, claims on the Indian lands on the Muskingum for Moravian Indian mission towns (1796). There is also a report titled "Information respecting British conduct and the Indian war, June 17-23, 1793," containing information on British "meddling" in Indian affairs received from William Henry (Killbuck, Jr.) and others. Finally, there is a letter to the editor of the North American Review, signed R. S. T., about Heckewelder's experience among the Delaware and other Moravian Indians and objecting that Lewis Cass (1826) had overestimated Heckewelder's experience and influence; and a 13-page diary in which Cass defends the experience and influence of Heckewelder as a missionary at Thames River and Gnadenhutten.
Collection: John Gottlieb Ernestus Heckewelder letters and papers, 1789-1796 (Mss.Film.805.2)

Haudenosaunee | Cayuga | Onondaga
Alternate forms: Iroquois
Language(s): English
Date: 1714-1791, bulk 1778-1791
Type:Text
Extent: 1 reel
Description: These papers include correspondence and reports of proceedings concerning Indian affairs. Miscellaneous materials, mostly 1778-1791, of Timothy Pickering, Henry Knox, William Hardenburgh, John Taylor and others. Includes 94 pages, account of a meeting of New York Governor Clinton with Onondaga and Cayuga deputies at Fort Stanwix, New York in June of 1790, and 47 pages of miscellaneous material. From originals at the New York Historical Society.
Collection: John McKesson papers, 1714-1791, pertaining to Indian affairs (Mss.Film.641)