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Culture: Quinault | Arikara | Assiniboine | Clatsop | Chehalis | Chinook | Wasco-Wishram | Tillamook | Shoshone | Mandan | Nez Perce | Arapaho | Ojibwe | Yakama | Osage
Date: Circa March 1806; January 6-10, 1806; November 19, 1805-January 29, 1806; January 1-March 20, 1806; March 21-May 23, 1806;
Contributor: Lewis, Meriwether, 1774-1809
Extent: 4 pages; 1 map
Description: Estimate of "western Indians," includes 48 tribal names, many of which do not correspond to contemporary tribal names.
Collection: Lewis and Clark Journals (Mss.917.3.L58)
Culture: Arikara | Assiniboine | Blackfoot | A'aninin | Dakota | Cheyenne | Clackamas | Nez Perce | Crow | Kaw | Kathlamet | Kalapuya | Yakama | Mandan | Hidatsa | Omaha | Oto | Pawnee | Shoshone
Alternate forms: Assiniboine, Atsina, Gros Ventre, Sioux, Sahnish, Kansa, Cathlamet, Callapooya, Shoshoni
Contributor: Ordway, John, approximately 1775
Extent: 3 volumes
Description: Original manuscript journal of Sergeant John Ordway of the Lewis and Clark expedition. Ordway's journals note wildlife, daily happenings on the expedition, and interactions with Native peoples. Mentions: Amahami (Wattasson, Weta Sioux), Arikara, Assiniboine, Blackfoot (Grousevauntares, Manetaws, Minetaree), Bois Brule Sioux, Callapooya (Callapnowah), Cathlahpotle, Cathlamet, Cheyenne (Chien, Sharha), Clackamas, Chopunnish (Nez Perce), Crow, Flathead (Tushepaw), Kansa, Klikitat, Mandan, Minetaree (Grosventres, Big Belly), Missouri, Omaha (Maha, Nemaha), Oto, Pahmap, Pawnee, Pelollpellow (Nez Perce), Ponca, Pisquow (Paqute-pee), Shoshoni, Sioux, Skilloot, Teton, Wahkiakum, Wahoppum, Wallawalla, Watlala (Waclalah), Yankton Sioux.
Collection: John Ordway journal, 1804-1806 (Mss.917.3.Or2)
Language(s): Umatilla | Walla Walla | Yakama | English | Tenino | Nez Perce | Cayuse | Columbia-Wenatchi | Molala
Date: ca. 1953-1969
Contributor: Jones, Vera | Spino, Inez | Williams, Joe | Barnhart, Alice | Slickpoo, Sam | Rigsby, Bruce | Elmendorf, William W. (William Welcome), 1912- | McKay, Charles | Pond, Walter | Saluskin, Alex | Joe, Annie | Williams, Charlie | Walsh, Ed (Edward Joseph) | Winishut, Linton | Winishut, Eva | Thompson, Flora | Sohappy, Frank | Yelkes, Fred | Nanamkin, George | Conner, Gilbert | Thompson, Henry | Spino, Lillian | Shawaway, Minnie | Joe, Susie | Mitchell, Louis | Peters, May | Tias, Oswald | Guyer, Philip | Sturgis, Sam | Andrews, Tom | George, Victor | Burke, Winnie | Minthorn, Mamie | Swadesh, Morris, 1909-1967 | Umtuch, Donald
Subject: Personal names | Oregon--History | Washington (State)--History | Idaho--History | Animals | Plants | Botany | Place names | Biography | Kinship | Grammar | Food
Genre: Microfilms | Biographies | Elicitation sessions | Field notebooks | Field notes | Personal names | Place names | Vocabularies | Oral histories | Stories
Extent: 2 reels; 18 notebooks and ca. 380 loose pages
Description: Fieldnotes across the Plateau region, especially in Pendleton OR (near the Umatilla Reservation), Nespelem WA (in the Colville Reservation), and Toppenish WA (Yakama Reservation), between 1963 and 1969, supplemented by materials collected from other recent secondary sources. Copies held by the APS were privately microfilmed by Bruce Rigsby; the APS does not possess the originals. Notebooks 1-8 mostly represent work at and around the Umatilla Reservation in 1963, and notebooks 9-18 were recorded mostly near the Colville and Yakama reservations, 1964 onwards. The notebooks contain elicited lexica, with some texts, and details on the knowledge and use of languages by specific individuals. The loose notes at the end are mostly texts. A full inventory of the notebooks and notes, with individual contributor, place and language information, is in the collection finding aid.
Collection: Sahaptin field notes (Mss.Film.1261)
Alternate forms: Shahaptin, Tygh, Walla Walla, Yakima
Date: 1966, 1988
Contributor: Hunn, Eugene | Jacobs, Melville, 1902-1971 | Rigsby, Bruce | Sturgis, Sam | Winishut, Linton
Subject: Folklore | Idaho--History | Linguistics | Oregon--History | Orthography and spelling | Place names | Washington (State)--History
Extent: 158 pages
Description: The Sahaptin materials in the Phillips Fund collection consist of 4 items. Materials in this collection are listed alphabetically by last name of author. See materials listed under Hunn and Rigsby. The Hunn material consists of a typeset manuscript draft "Plateau Place names"; copy of fieldnotes; Sahaptin place name transcriptions, with information about itinerary, along Columbia River, Oregon. Rigsby's materials consist of 3 items: "A Short Practical Dictionary of the Yakima Sahaptin Language," which includes a history of language documentation, notes about orthography, and a ca.670-item lexicon; "Report on 1966 Sahaptin Linguistic Field Research"; and "Yakama Sahaptin texts," containing 4 stories modified from Melville Jacobs' "Northwest Sahaptin Texts, Part II."
Collection: Phillips Fund for Native American Research Collection (Mss.497.3.Am4)
Alternate forms: Yakima
Extent: 5 pages
Description: The Yakama materials in the ACLS collection consist of a single item in the "Yakama" section of the finding aid: Sapir's notes on "Pandosy's Yakama grammar."
Collection: ACLS Collection (American Council of Learned Societies Committee on Native American Languages, American Philosophical Society) (Mss.497.3.B63c)
Extent: 1 linear foot
Description: Daythal Kendall participated in the 1994-1995 Penutian Workshops, collecting a wide range of material from before and after that conference that sought to solidify some of the various Penutian phylum hypotheses, including of two languages spoken at Yakama Reservation: Yakama Sahaptin and Wasco-Wishram Chinook. This material is extensive and can be found mostly in Series VII. Conferences, under "Penutian Workshops", with related correspondence in Series I. Correspondence.
Collection: Daythal L. Kendall Papers (Mss.Ms.Coll.148)
Alternate forms: Yakima
Extent: 1 letter
Description: There is currently one Yakama-related letter identified in this collection, from Edward Sapir to Franz Boas on August 5, 1925. This collection contains the bulk of correspondence between Franz Boas and his professional colleagues, though there are also other Boas collections in the library. The correspondents listed above contain some correspondence related to the culture or language listed in this entry. In the finding aid listings for some of these correspondents, the individual letters pertaining to this culture or language will be identified by a subject heading, though for some correspondents this indexing has not yet been completed. Some letters may contain only brief mentions of work being conducted in relation to the topic. Some additional correspondences in this collection that have not yet been indexed may also contain additional material.
Collection: Franz Boas Papers (Mss.B.B61)