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A'aninin
Alternate forms: Gros Ventre
Language(s): English
Date: September 9-10, 1805
Type:Text
Genre: Journals
Extent: 4 pages
Description: Minnetaree, Flathead (Tushepaw), Snake.
Collection: Lewis and Clark Journals (Mss.917.3.L58)

Clatsop
Alternate forms: Klatsop
Language(s): English
Date: November 29-December 1, 1805
Type:Text
Genre: Journals
Extent: 8 pages
Description: Mentions Clatsop Indians
Collection: Lewis and Clark Journals (Mss.917.3.L58)

Dakota
Language(s): English
Date: August 9-12, 1806
Type:Text
Genre: Journals
Extent: 7 pages
Description: Brief mention of Sioux only. Ends with Lewis being shot.
Collection: Lewis and Clark Journals (Mss.917.3.L58)

Language(s): English
Date: 1811-1884
Type:Text
Extent: 4 items
Description: 1) Moses Fiske's description of skeletal remains found in basket burial in Warren County, Tennessee, in 1810. 2) Charles Willson Peale's catalogue of museum contents: "Indian curiosities, dresses, ornaments. Implements of agriculture, war, etc. of various nations. In the upper Room." Artifacts and articles of dress of western Indians (Lewis and Clark); ornaments from Ohio mounds; unidentified belts, pouches, and arrowheads. 3) Benjamin Franklin Peale's description of his collection of Material culture; thinks pottery fragments sent to him by Sellers are those of Mound Builders. 4) George Escol Seller's letter describing his artifacts from mounds in Ohio, 60 specimens of tools and cloth. Argues that Franklin Peale collected specimens to show the unity of mankind, while Sellers collects to find the variety of tools. Discusses Mound Builders at some length.
Collection: Peale-Sellers Family Collection (Mss.B.P31)

Onondaga | Haudenosaunee | Delaware | Creek
Alternate forms: Iroquois, Lenape
Language(s): English | French
Date: 1798-1897
Type:Text
Extent: 34 items
Description: Items relating to linguists and languages of the Americas. Bulk is the correspondence of Peter S. du Ponceau with Thomas Jefferson, Friedrich von Adelung, John Quincy Adams, John Vaughan, Johann S. Vater, John G. E. Heckewelder, Albert Gallatin, George Ord, and others regarding topics such as linguistics; Native languages and customs; acquiring publications for the American Philosophical Society Library; forwarding publications to others; philological essays; legal essays; Europeans' study of American Indian languages; the efforts of the Historical and Literary Committee and its pursuit of languages, especially comparative grammars; his own collection of Vocabularies; his work as an editor and linguist, including his addition to Barton (1797); Long's expedition and western vocabularies now in print; the origin of the American Indian; Byrd's manuscript of the North Carolina-Virginia boundary; the importance of comparative grammars instead of mere word-hunting; the Lewis and Clark journals; his search for Southern languages; Adelung's comment that Jefferson knew of a Mexican manuscript at New Orleans, and that Washington and others had supplied vocabularies to Catherine the Great; and plans for William Penn papers. Other items of interest include APS reports, including "Catalogue of historical manuscripts in the American Philosophical Society," Du Ponceau's "Report upon philology...and Report upon ethnography," and a letter to Mahlon Dickerson discussing objectives and scientific methods to be used on U. S. exploring expedition.
Collection: American Philosophical Society Archives (APS.Archives)

Mandan
Language(s): English
Date: 1808?
Type:Text
Genre: Journals
Extent: 2 pages
Description: A brief description of the environment. Mentions Sioux, Mandan, Minnetaree.
Collection: Lewis and Clark Journals (Mss.917.3.L58)

Miami | Omaha
Language(s): English
Date: 1823; 1824; 1829; undated
Type:Text
Extent: 5 items
Description: Two letters to Zaccheus Collins: (1) regarding antiquities along banks of the Cumberland River, Kentucky. He offers the American Philosophical Society his maps and descriptions of monuments of Kentucky, his list of sites, his discussion of ancient history, chronology, and a history of the Indian nations for publication as a sequel to Heckewelder (1819). Mentions comparative numerals, comparative vocabularies. (2) Has published on antiquities in American Monthly, May, 1824; preparing a large work on early American history and antiquities. (3) Letter to John Quincy Adams regarding the ancient history, antiquities and languages of America; Vocabularies deposited in the State or War Department, particularly of Lewis and Clark, Pike, and Dunbar. (4) Reading notes from various works. Discussion of South American words, particularly Chilean and Venezuelan. Miscellaneous information about Miami chief, Francis Godfrey; Stapa-Tunga, chief of the Omahas. Mentions the Galapagos. (5) A notebook with discussion of various sources for study of the North and South American continents, concerning works of history, geology, physiography, botany. Chronology taken from Humboldt. Problem of identifying nations at early contact.
Collection: C. S. (Constantine Samuel) Rafinesque correspondence and writings (Mss.B.R124)

Nez Perce
Alternate forms: Walla Walla
Language(s): English
Date: 1804-1806
Contributor: Unknown
Type:Text
Genre: Memoranda | Charts
Extent: 2 pages
Description: John Ordway accompanied Captains Meriwether Lewis and William Clark on their expedition to the Pacific Ocean. This item is comprised of two loose sheets found in Ordway's journals: (1) location of Sheetsomish and Chopunnish [Nez Perce] with distances, data from a prisoner of the Walla Walla, concerning the Multnomah River [what Lewis and Clark called the Willamette River][same as Codex M: 1-2 from the Lewis and Clark Journals (917.3 L58)]; (2) unfilled chart for distances between points from St. Louis to Sandy Lake (on the Mississippi).
Collection: John Ordway journal, 1804-1806 (Mss.917.3.Or2)

Nez Perce
Language(s): English
Date: September 18-22, 1805
Type:Text
Genre: Journals
Extent: 1 volume
Description: Chopunnish (Nez Perce) Indians encountered.
Collection: Lewis and Clark Journals (Mss.917.3.L58)

Language(s): English
Date: 1803-1810
Type:Text
Extent: 2 volumes
Description: This collection contains two volumes, both of which have been published elsewhere. The first consists of a travel journal, likely kept by Meriwether Lewis, on his river trip from Pittsburgh west to winter camp August 30- December 12, 1803. The second volume contains a list of questions Nicholas Biddle had for William Clark. These queries include Clark's responses, taken by Biddle during his visit to Clark in Virginia in 1810. Clark had requested that Biddle, scholar, statesman, and financier, write a narrative of the Lewis and Clark Expedition, which was published in 1814 as "History of the Expedition of Captains Lewis and Clark." This item is also catalogued under "Meriwether Lewis journal, August 30, 1803-December 12, 1803; 1810" (Mss.917.3.L58p), and the finding aid for that entry contains the additional information that the volumes include parts II and III of Nicholas Biddle, "Notes on Indians..."
Collection: Nicholas Biddle collection, 1803-1810 (Mss.917.3.L58b)