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Chinook | Clackamas | Kathlamet | Wasco-Wishram
Alternate forms: Cathlamet
Date: 1950s-1990s
Type:Text
Extent: 2.5+ linear feet
Description: The Chinookan materials in the Dell Hymes Papers are located in multiple sections of the finding aid, mostly within Subcollection 2. These materials relate to Hymes extensive linguistic, ethnopoetic, and other work on Clackamas, Kathlamet, Wasco-Wishram, and other Chinookan languages and traditions. Additional materials may be found in the correspondence series. Subcollection 2 of the Dell Hymes Papers is currently being processed and will be described upon completion.
Collection: Dell H. Hymes papers (Mss.Ms.Coll.55)

Quinault | Arikara | Assiniboine | Clatsop | Chehalis | Chinook | Wasco-Wishram | Tillamook | Shoshone | Mandan | Nez Perce | Arapaho | Ojibwe | Yakama | Osage
Language(s): English
Date: Circa March 1806; January 6-10, 1806; November 19, 1805-January 29, 1806; January 1-March 20, 1806; March 21-May 23, 1806;
Type:Text
Extent: 4 pages; 1 map
Description: Estimate of "western Indians," includes 48 tribal names, many of which do not correspond to contemporary tribal names.
Collection: Lewis and Clark Journals (Mss.917.3.L58)

Chinook | Wasco-Wishram | Kathlamet | Klamath | Modoc | Maidu | Tzeltal | Miwok | Takelma | Tsimshian | Yokuts | Zuni
Date: 1952 and undated
Type:Text
Genre: Notes | Essays
Extent: 14 folders
Description: Several items relating to the Penutian language family have been identified in the C. F. Voegelin Papers. Of particular interest is Subseries VI. Penutian, including Mayan and Zoque, of Subcollection II, Series II. Research Notes. The contents of this subseries includes folders of materials under the following headings: Chinookan-Chinook, Wishram, Kathlamet; Klamath-Modoc; Maidu; Maya (Tzeltal); Miwok; Penutian; Sahaptin; Takelma; Tsimshian; Yokuts; and Zuni. There are also Penutian materials in Subcollection II, Series IV. Works by Others. These include Leonard Bloomfield's "Penutian" sketch; Giuseppe Francescato's masters thesis, "A Structural Comparison of the Californian Penutian" (1952); and Morris Swadesh's "Problems of Long-Range Comparison in Penutian." Researchers should also view the individual entries for distinct Penutian languages.
Collection: C. F. Voegelin Papers (Mss.Ms.Coll.68)

Tillamook | Chinook | Clackamas | Clatsop | Siletz | Wasco-Wishram
Alternate forms: Nehalem, Nehelim, Nekelim
Language(s): Tillamook | English
Date: 1890, 1900, 1935
Type:Text
Extent: 163 pages, and 2 notebooks
Description: The Tillamook materials in the ACLS collection consist of 3 items in the "Tillamook" section of the finding aid and one in the "Chinook" section. Includes materials collected in 1890 by Franz Boas, consisting of texts with interlinear translation, pencil corrections, mixed in with materials on Siletz and Nehelim. Material from May Edel, collected in 1930, consist of a combined vocabulary containing words that she recorded, combined with those recorded earlier by Boas and Melville Jacobs. Material in the "Chinook" section consists of 2 notebooks, partially in shorthand, by Boas from 1890, with vocabularies and texts with interlinear translation, ethnographic notes in shorthand. A table of contents is included with notebooks, which also have Nehelim, Siletz, Chinookan, Wasco-Wishram, Klackamas, Clatsop, and Chinook information, along with physical notes on Songhees skulls from an earlier field work trip.
Collection: ACLS Collection (American Council of Learned Societies Committee on Native American Languages, American Philosophical Society) (Mss.497.3.B63c)

Wasco-Wishram
Language(s): English | Wasco-Wishram
Date: circa 1905-1909
Contributor: McGuff, Peter
Type:Text
Genre: Stories
Extent: 27 pages
Description: This item consists of handwritten texts on historic and mythic topics written in Wasco-Wishram with English translation on lined loose-leaf paper. The stories were apparently gathered by Peter McGuff; there are also a few personal notes and ethnographic observations sprinkled throughout. The seven stories are designated by teller and by subject as follows: "This story told by an old lady how they went short of provisions some seventy years ago, at the Cascades" (2 pages); "This is parts of the sk!uliyE story that Louie [Simpson] missed, Given by Yaryarone (Wicxam [Wishram])...." (5 pages); "From Sophia Klickitate (age 64) What happened at Cascades before any white person known of in that part of the country...." (2 pages); "From Jane Meachum Age 80 years (Wicxam [Wishram])" (2 pages); "Raccoon, Pheasant, Coyote, and Crow" (7 pages); "Racoon Continued" (3 pages--at the bottom of the third page is a personal note from Pete to Ed asking for feedback on the quality of the work and noting that he can't make a living from it unless Ed makes a guarantee of steady work); and "from anEwikus age 65" (6 pages). Louis "Louie" Simpson and Peter "Pete" McGuff were both Wishram language consultants who worked with Edward Sapir; Sapir described them in Sapir (1909), and Michael Silverstein discussed them both in Natural Histories of Discourse (1996), a volume co-edited by Silverstein and Greg Urban.
Collection: Transcriptions of Wishram texts (Mss.497.3.M17t)

Wasco-Wishram
Language(s): English | Wasco-Wishram
Date: 1906-1956
Type:Text
Extent: 0.5 linear feet
Description: The Walter Dyk Collection consists of 16 folders relating to Dyk's dissertation research on Wishram, 1930-1933, donated to the APS by Dell Hymes in the 1980s (with additions transferred from the Dell H. Hymes Papers in 2019). It includes copies of his masters thesis (Chicago, 1931) and dissertation (Yale, 1933), papers and notes sent to Dell Hymes in the mid-1950s when Hymes was working on the language, including two field notebooks, Hymes' plans for use of these and other materials, and a small but important set of correspondence. The correspondence includes letters to Dyk from Philip Kahclamet, who was Dyk's primary consultant for "Kikct" (which Kahclamet identifies as a broad term for several related varieties), and who later worked with Hymes; from Edward Sapir to Dyk, including a very long and detailed letter commenting on phonology in Dyk's dissertation; and a series of letters to Sapir from Peter McGuff, Sapir's Wishram consultant at Fort Simcoe, Washington, 1906-1908. Sapir described him in Sapir (1909), and Michael Silverstein discussed him in Natural Histories of Discourse (1996), a volume co-edited by Silverstein and Greg Urban. See finding aid for related material and an itemized list of contents.
Collection: Walter Dyk Collection (Mss.497.3.H998m)

Wasco-Wishram
Alternate forms: Wasco, Wishram
Language(s): English | Wasco-Wishram
Date: 1890, 1905-1954, 1930
Type:Text
Extent: 2 notebooks, 49 loose pages, and approximately 22,000 slips
Description: The Wasco-Wishram materials in the ACLS collection consist primarily of materials in the "Wasco-Wishram" section of the finding aid. The largest single items is a multi-part lexical file of over 22,000 cards including vocabulary, paradigms, and other linguistic data, assembled from the work of Sapir, Dyk, and Hymes. Additional materials include a file of Wishram place names, Wishram directional elements, grammatical notes, and ethnographic notes. In the "Chinook" section, see also Boas' "Field notes on Chinookan and Salishan languages and Gitamat, Molala, and Masset." Notebooks 1 and 2 of this material include Wasco texts and vocabulary recorded in 1890. "Field notes on Tillamook and Chinookan dialects" also includes additional vocabularies and texts. The "Chinook" section may contain additional Wasco-Wishram materials not presently distinguished from other Chinookan language materials.
Collection: ACLS Collection (American Council of Learned Societies Committee on Native American Languages, American Philosophical Society) (Mss.497.3.B63c)

Wasco-Wishram
Language(s): English | Wasco-Wishram
Date: 1967-1968, 1972, 1984-1985
Type:Text
Extent: 204 pages
Description: The Wasco-Wishram materials in the Phillips Fund collection consist of 3 items. Materials in this collection are listed alphabetically by last name of author. See materials listed under Hymes, Moore, and Silverstein.
Collection: Phillips Fund for Native American Research Collection (Mss.497.3.Am4)

Yakama | Wasco-Wishram
Language(s): Yakama | Wasco-Wishram | English | Chinook
Date: 1976-2007
Extent: 1 linear foot
Description: Daythal Kendall participated in the 1994-1995 Penutian Workshops, collecting a wide range of material from before and after that conference that sought to solidify some of the various Penutian phylum hypotheses, including of two languages spoken at Yakama Reservation: Yakama Sahaptin and Wasco-Wishram Chinook. This material is extensive and can be found mostly in Series VII. Conferences, under "Penutian Workshops", with related correspondence in Series I. Correspondence.
Collection: Daythal L. Kendall Papers (Mss.Ms.Coll.148)