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Akimel O'odham
Alternate forms: Pima
Language(s): English | Tohono O'odham
Date: circa 1920s-1930s
Type:Text
Genre: Speeches
Extent: 52 pages
Description: The Pima materials in the ACLS collection consist of 1 item in the "Pima" section of the finding aid. This item is "Pima speeches," (item U8.2) which has fourteen texts of speeches with interlinear translation. Most of the speeches relate to rain making and warfare.
Collection: ACLS Collection (American Council of Learned Societies Committee on Native American Languages, American Philosophical Society) (Mss.497.3.B63c)

Apache, Chiricahua | Apache, Kiowa | Apache, Lipan | Apache, Jicarilla | Apache, Western
Alternate forms: Apache, San Carlos, Apache, Plains
Date: 1903-1911, 1920
Type:Text
Extent: circa 512 cards, and 2 notebooks
Description: The Apache materials in the ACLS collection consist of 3 items. Two are found in the "Apache" section of the finding aid. These are an "Apache (Chiricahua, Lipan, and Jicarilla) morphological lexicon" (item Na31.1) by an unidentified author (possibly Harry Hoijer), with arranged in tables, with conjugations of all prefixes (aspectual and pronominal) and combinations thereof; and a "San Carlos Apache Lexical File" (item Na31.4) compiled by Goddard. In the "Athapaskan" section of the finding aid, see "Field notes in California Athabascan languages" (item Na.2) which contains 2 notebooks of Kiowa Apache materials (including text, discussion of warfare, list of specimens and cost).
Collection: ACLS Collection (American Council of Learned Societies Committee on Native American Languages, American Philosophical Society) (Mss.497.3.B63c)

Arawak
Language(s): English
Date: 1820
Type:Text
Extent: 1 volume
Description: A record begun March 10, 1820, principally of chronology of early Pennsylvania, with mention of Penn-Logan correspondence and extracts from same. Arruwak words, page 11; extract, Narrative [of the late massacres], pages 132-133.
Collection: Peter Stephen Du Ponceau commonplace book (Mss.410.D92)

Assiniboine | Dakota
Alternate forms: Assiniboin, Hohe, Nakoda, Nakota, Wadopahnatonwan
Language(s): Assiniboine | English
Date: 1936, 1949
Type:Text
Extent: 64 pages
Description: The Assiniboine materials in the ACLS collection consist of two items that can be found in the "Assiniboine" section of the finding aid. Deloria's "Notes on the Assiniboine (Belknap or Watopahnatu dialect)" (item X8d.1) contains a sketch of Assiniboine grammar, compared with that of Dakota, and includes an Assiniboine text, with literal and free translation and notes, and a letter from author to Franz Boas, Jan. 6, 1936, covering the document. The other item is Ahenakew's "The creation of a new tribe" (71), an explanation of creation of Assiniboine tribe, separated from Sioux, given Ahenakew in his youth by his mission superintendent, Rev. John Hines, a battle over a girl accounted for end of connection of Red Eagle with other Sioux, and a letter of Ahenakew to Paul A. W. Wallace, May 21, 1949, commenting on Rev. Hines' relation to the author.
Collection: ACLS Collection (American Council of Learned Societies Committee on Native American Languages, American Philosophical Society) (Mss.497.3.B63c)

Cup'ik | Yupik
Alternate forms: Yup'ik
Language(s): English | Cup'ik, Chevak
Date: 1977-1978
Extent: 7 audiocassettes (9 hr., 56 min.) : DIGITIZED
Description: Field recordings of the Chevak Cup'ik language made in Chevak, Alaska by Anthony C. Woodbury. Includes autobiographical stories and historical accounts, including a story of the Yukon Wars, tales, accounts of traditional ways, and recordings made in Chevak's Qaygiq, containing conversation, songs, and stories.  (NOTE: This material has been digitized and can be accessed online for free by users not physically at the APS Library through a login and password. Please see our Audio Access Page for information on how to request these materials.)
Collection: Central Alaskan Yup'ik, Chevak dialect (Mss.Rec.113)

Cheyenne
Language(s): Cheyenne | English
Date: 1948-1949
Type:Text
Extent: 30 notebooks, 344 loose pages
Description: The Cheyenne materials in the ACLS collection consist of a large body of material recorded by Kenneth Croft in 1948-1949. They have three main parts: (1) typed and manuscript data in folders consisting of linguistic data and analysis of noun paradigms, syllable and clusters, modes, instrumentals, affixes, prefixes, and suffixes; (2) 6 notebooks recorded in Lame Deer, Montana, with Northern Cheyenne words lists, phrases, and texts. (3) 24 notebooks recorded in El Reno, Oklahoma, with Southern Cheyenne words lists, phrases, paradigms, and texts. The texts include a wide variety of traditional, historical, and autobiographical stories. See also Croft's accompanying audio collection (Mss.Rec.5), listed separately in this guide.
Collection: ACLS Collection (American Council of Learned Societies Committee on Native American Languages, American Philosophical Society) (Mss.497.3.B63c)

Cree
Alternate forms: Nēhiyaw
Language(s): English | Cree, Plains
Date: 1925; Circa 1935; 1948; 1949;
Type:Text
Extent: 830 pages
Description: The Cree materials in the ACLS collection are Plains Cree materials predominantly from Saskatchewan and are located in the "Cree" section of the finding aid. "Cree texts, 'Series Two: Syllabary Texts from Sweet Grass Reserve,'" recorded by Harry Achenam of Sweetgrass Reserve (and previously attributed to Leonard Bloomfield), contains 67 unpublished stories written in Cree syllabics. The other primary materials are several items by Edward Ahenakew, written in English, concerning his family's genealogy, methods for tanning leather and building canoes, accounts of medicine practices and conjuring, and stories of little people, Wetikoo (or Wihtigo, Windigo), and other non-human beings. Many of these stories were given by various consultants such as Chief Starblanket of Ahtahkakoop, Jerry Constant, James Moostoos, and Susan Moostoos.
Collection: ACLS Collection (American Council of Learned Societies Committee on Native American Languages, American Philosophical Society) (Mss.497.3.B63c)

Dakota | Lakota
Alternate forms: Dakhota, Lakhota, Santee, Sioux, Teton, Yankton
Language(s): Dakota | English | Lakota
Date: 1838-1938 (bulk 1930s)
Type:Text
Extent: 7500+ pages, 3300+ slips; 2 notebooks
Description: The Dakota and Lakota materials in the ACLS collection consist of a very large and diverse set of materials, and are located in the "Dakota" section of the finding aid, which provides a detailed listing of all contents. The vast majority of these materials were composed and assembled by Ella Deloria during the 1930s, both recorded from contemporary speakers and from various historical manuscript sources, which were sent to Franz Boas. The bulk of Deloria's materials are stories and speeches in typewritten manuscript form, with a transcription in the original language, followed by a literal word-for-word translation, then a free translation in English, and a section of footnotes commenting upon the original text and translation decisions. Some of her manuscripts occasionally lack one or more of these sections. These texts cover a wide range of topics, from traditional narratives, historical accounts, autobiographical stories, descriptions of games, customs, ceremonies, etc., and speeches, often concerning political affairs and economic conditions from the late-19th century to the 1930s. Names of numerous speakers are also given in the manuscripts themselves. Some of these materials were published, but most were not. Note that Deloria identifies the language recorded by using the terms "Teton" for Lakota language, and "Santee" and "Yankton" to indicate Eastern and Western dialects of Dakota language. The collection also includes a much smaller amount of material by Boas and others, primarily consisting of linguistics notes and musical analysis. A full list of places where the material was recorded has not yet been assembled.
Collection: ACLS Collection (American Council of Learned Societies Committee on Native American Languages, American Philosophical Society) (Mss.497.3.B63c)

Cup'ik | Yupik
Alternate forms: Yup'ik
Language(s): English | Cup'ik, Chevak
Date: 1978
Type:Text
Extent: 9 microfiche cards
Description: Field notes accompanying linguistic field recordings made in Chevak, Alaska. The notes are contained in three notebooks, and include Yupik words, phrases, and texts.
Collection: Field notes, 1978, for Central Alaskan Yupik, Chevak dialect (Mss.Fiche.13)

Shawnee | Seneca
Language(s): English | Shawnee
Date: 1700s-1989
Extent: 40 linear feet
Description: This collection consists almost entirely of photocopies of secondary and primary materials relating to Shawnee history and culture, and the history of the Ohio River region. The majority of the materials are copies of published sources, from the 18th to 20th century, with Stevens' notes on them. The collection is organized according to the topics by which Stevens kept his copies and notes, covering a very broad range of subject matter.
Collection: Harry Stevens Papers (Mss.Ms.Coll.99)