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Anishinaabe | Cayuse | Klallam | Cree | Dakelh | Haida | Heiltsuk | Kalapuya | Klickitat | Ktunaxa | Nez Perce | Nisga'a | Nuxalk | Ojibwe | Secwépemc | Squamish | Syilx | Tlingit | Walla Walla
Alternate forms: Bella Bella, Bella Coola, Carrier, Haíɫzaqv, Kootenai, Kootenay, Kutenai, Nehiyaw, Okanagan, Okanagon, Saulteaux, Shuswap, Skwxwú7mesh, Clallam, S'Klallam, nəxʷsƛ̕ay̕əm, Niska, Nishga, Nisgha
Date: 1834-1836
Type:Text
Genre: Notebooks
Extent: 2 volumes
Description: This collection contains two manuscript volumes collected by the naturalist John Kirk Townsend, obtained by dictation from native speakers, people of mixed ancestry, and traders of the Hudson's Bay Company. The first volume contains a collection of multiple comparative vocabulary lists of languages of modern-day Washington, Idaho, Oregon, British Columbia, and Alaska, obtained by dictation from native speakers, people of mixed ancestry, and traders of the Hudson's Bay Company. Languages included are: "Okanagan" (N̓səl̓xcin), "Attnaha" or "Shoushwap" (Secwepemctsin), "Walla Walla (Sahaptin), "Squalyamish" (Squamish / Sḵwx̱wú7mesh ?), "Nooselalum" (Klallam / nəxʷsƛ̕ay̕əm), "Haeeltzuk" (Heiltsuk), "Billichoola" (Nuxalk), "Nass" (Nisga'a), "Haidah" (Haida), "Tongaase" (Tlingit, possibly inland variety), Nez Perce, Chinook [Jargon], "Carrier or Takelhé" (Dakelh), "Kayouse" (Cayuse), and "Kootenai" (Ktunaxa). The second volume is a collection of vocabulary lists of 19 Indigenous languages, primarily of the Pacific Northwest, re-copied from earlier notes in an orderly fashion with an index and additional introductory information on the area where each language is spoken and the source of the vocabulary. 15 of the vocabularies are re-copied out from the first volume in this collection. This volume includes the languages listed for that volume, plus Cree (possibly Plains Cree), "Kalapooyah" (Kalapuya), Klikatat (Sahaptin or Yakama), and "Seauteux" (Western Ojibwa/Ojibwe).
Collection: John Kirk Townsend Indian vocabularies collection (Mss.497.3.T66)

Nuxalk
Alternate forms: Bella Coola
Language(s): English | German | Nuxalk
Date: 1886, 1889
Type:Text
Extent: 4 notebooks
Description: The Nuxalk materials in the Boas Field Notebooks and Anthropometric Data collection consist of varied linguistic or ethnographic notes, some possibly in German shorthand, located within Field notes 1886 #1, Field notes 1886 #3, Field notes 1889 #1, and Field notes 1889 #2.
Collection: Franz Boas early field notebooks and anthropometric data (Mss.B.B61.5)

Nuxalk
Alternate forms: Bella Coola, Bellacoola
Language(s): English | German | Nuxalk
Date: 1937 and undated
Extent: approx. 150 pages, and 1 notebook
Description: The Nuxalk materials in the ACLS collection consist of items in multiple sections of the finding aid. In the "Bella Coola" section, there are Boas' working ethnographic notes with some linguistic information, with page references to other unidentified documents, and Newman's "grammatical summaries" giving analysis of different aspects of the Nuxalk language. In the "Chinook" section of the finding aid, Boas' "Field notes on Chinookan and Salishan languages and Gitamat], Molala, and Masset," notebook 3 includes Nuxalk vocabulary and ethnographic notes, partially written in German shorthand. Finally, in the "Kwakiutl" section of the finding aid, Boas' "Kwakiutl ethnographic notes" (item 29) includes pencil sketches of Bella Coola houses, and Boas & Hunt's "Kwakiutl ethnographic materials" (item 31), includes an origin story of the "Naxalkem" (presumably Nuxalk), written in English by Hunt.
Collection: ACLS Collection (American Council of Learned Societies Committee on Native American Languages, American Philosophical Society) (Mss.497.3.B63c)

Nuxalk
Alternate forms: Bella Coola
Language(s): English | Nuxalk
Date: Undated
Type:Text
Genre: Notes | Stories
Extent: 2 folders
Description: Two items relating to the Nuxalk (Bella Coola) language have been identifed in the C. F. Voegelin Papers. They are both in Subcollection II. These items consist of a folder labeled "Salish: Bella Coola (Nuxalk), Coeur d'Alene" in Series II. Research Notes, Subseries VIII. Undetermined Phylum Affiliation; and Nuxalk stories in the North Pacific Coast Tales category of Series III. Works by Voegelin, Subseries II: American Indian Tales for Children.
Collection: C. F. Voegelin Papers (Mss.Ms.Coll.68)

Nuxalk | Duwamish | Coeur d'Alene
Alternate forms: Bella Coola
Date: circa 1936-1950
Type:Text
Extent: 9 folders
Description: Several items relating to the Salishan languages have been identified in the C. F. Voegelin Papers. Nearly all are located in Subcollection II. There is relevant correspondence with M. Dale Kinkade (regarding a comparative work on color and anatomical terms in Salish, Navajo, and English), Stanley Newman (mentioning his recent work on Bella Coola and comparative Salish), and Jay Ellis Ransom (his work on Salish languages, Duwamish, Aleut, Flathead) in Series I. Correspondence. Series II. Research Notes, Subseries VIII. Undetermined Phylum Affiliation. These materials are in folders labeled as follows: "Mosan" [Voegelin originally labeled this folder "Mosan = Salish + Wakashan + Chimakuan = Quileute"]; "Salish"; "Salish: Bella Coola (Nuxalk), Coeur d'Alene"; "Salish: Duwamish" [these materials are attributed to Jay Ellis Ransom and include texts in Salish and English, with linguistic analysis, recorded from Mrs. Julia Siddle on the Muckleshoot Reservation in 1936]; and "Salish problem." This last folder contains correspondence compiled by Voegelin revolving around the "Salish Problem," including letters from Morris Swadesh (on analysis of Salish material by Boas and James Teit in the ACLS collection), June Collins, Melville Jacobs. This folder also includes draft of a paper on Salish languages based upon the discussion in these letters. The final Salish item is located in Series IV. Works by Others and consists of Jay Ellis Ransom's "Pronomial System in Duwamish Salish" (1945). Researchers should also view the entries for specific Salishan languages.
Collection: C. F. Voegelin Papers (Mss.Ms.Coll.68)