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Zapotec
Date: 1970
Extent: 230 pages
Description: From 1968-1970, the anthropologist Robert E. MacLaury conducted fieldwork on Zapotec (Oto-Manguean) language and ethnography at Santa Maria Ayoquesco de Aldama, Oaxaca. His masters thesis based on that research, "Ayoquesco Zapotec: Ethnography, Phonology, and Lexicon," was accepted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for a master's degree in anthropology at the University of the Americas in 1970. Includes eighty black and white photocopy photographs of Zapotec Indians in Santa Maria Ayoquezco de Aldama, Oaxaca, Mexico from 1968-1970. Taken by MacLaury while conducting fieldwork for his thesis, the images reflect the social life and customs of the people, including clothing, utensils, daily activities and dwellings. See finding aid for related material.
Collection: Ayoquesco Zapotec (Mss.497.4.M22)

Nahua | Zapotec | Zoque
Language(s): English
Date: circa 1925-1967
Type:Text
Extent: 7 folders
Description: There are many items relating to Mexican languages in the C. F. Voegelin Papers. This entry is intended as a catch-all for materials that cover Mexican (and to some extent, Central American) languages in general. Researchers should also view the entries for specific languages (i.e., Nahuatl, Zoque, etc.) and for South America, under which Voegelin often filed Mexican and Central American materials. In Subcollection I, there is relevant correspondence with Glen Turner and William L. Wonderly in Series I. Correspondence; William L. Wonderly's "List of Central American Indian Languages" and Larry Lyman's "The Verb Syntagmemes of Choapan Zapotec" in Series IV. Works by Others"; and a folder on South American and Other Latin American Languages (which includes Central America and Mexico) in file in Series V. Research Notes, Subseries V-A: Language Notes. In Subcollection II, there is relevant correspondence with Kenneth Croft (regarding American Indian language work in Mexico and Croft's progress with Nahuatl) and Morris Swadesh (his collection of Uto-Aztecan language materials, including many from Mexico) in Series I. Correspondence.
Collection: C. F. Voegelin Papers (Mss.Ms.Coll.68)

Wichí | Tohono O'odham | Tepecano | Nahua | Huastec | Karankawa | Otomi | Mazahua | Matlatzinca | Pame | Chichimeca | Cuitlatec | Mazatec | Popoluca | Cuicatec | Amuzgo | Zapotec | Chatino | Chinantec | Purepecha | Tlapanec
Alternate forms: Papago, Tarascan, Tarasco
Language(s): English
Date: 1913-1966;
Extent: 165 pages; Circa 300 items;
Description: The Mexico materials, John Alden Mason Papers include a log of a trip to Sonora, itinerary of pack trip from Yecora to Maicoba; lists of photographs; journal. Archaological materials: report on archaeological sites near Rancho Guiracoba, Sonora, Mexico with report on surface collections at six sites in southern Sonora. Notes on the Northern Extension of the Chalchihuites Culture, written for the Mexican Historical Congress, Zacatecas. Slayton Creek Excavation, regarding Mexico; the Papago [Tohono O'odham]; a dig at Slayton Creek, Delaware. Regarding archaeological, ethnological, and linguistic work in Mexico; genetic classification of languages of Central America and Mexico. Regarding internal strife in local (Durango) Indian tribe (including murders); archaeology in Durango; collection of specimens of material culture; work at Schroeder pyramid; cliff dwellings near Mezquital. Mentions Alex Krieger. Cave investigations in Durango and Coahuila, report on search conducted with Robert H. Merrill for traces of early man, particularly on the Folsom horizon. Written for Weitlaner volume. Includes description of three varieties of Cucurbita moschata; evidence in conflict with the theory that Cucurbita moschata was introduced into southern Arizona in late prehistoric or early historic times from the north and east. Regarding Maya pottery; Piedras Negras, Guatemala; archaeological work in Mexico and Guatemala; the University Museum (University of Pennsylvania); Vaillant's obituary. Includes correspondence between Mason and Sue Vaillant (Mrs. George C.) and between Mason and Charles Marius Barbeau. Linguistic materials: a list entitled, "Familias linguisticas de Mexico-idiomas y dialectos a ellas pertencientes," with the families with subdivisions: for Museo nacional de arqueologia, historia y etnologia, Anales. Includes lexical items in the various languages--Hokan, Oto-Manguren, Uto-Aztecan, and Maya-- arranged in columns; Spanish glosses. Regarding Mason's Subtiaba-Hokan-Caduveo-Mataco comparative vocabulary. Kroeber is not much impressed with the possible resemblances in Mason's list (included). Mexican linguistics, comparative vocabularies, etc., includes short comparative vocabularies for Comecrudo, Papago-Tepecano, Nahua, Huaxtec, Choctaw, Coahuiltec, Karankawa, Torkana, Atakapa, Chitimacha, Tunica; notes on Sapir's classification; other miscellaneous notes. Comparative vocabulary, includes letter from Frederick Johnson to John Alden Mason; comparative vocabulary which is number-keyed to a list of twenty-two languages and arranged in columns headed by Spanish glosses. Words lacking in some languages for almost all items. Languages include Otomi, Mazahua, Matlatzinca, Ocuiltec, Pame, Chichimeca, Cuitlateco, Mazatec, Popoluca, Chochotec (Tlapanec), Ichcateco, Trique, Chiapanec, Manque, Mixtec, Cuicatec, Amuzgo, Zapotec, Chatino, Chinantec, Tarasco, and Tlapanec. Scholarly materials: two versions of a paper, entitled, "Los Cuatro Grandes Filones Linguisticos de Mexico y Centroamerica," for the International Congress of Americanists, August 1939, Mexico. Photographs: Unidentified photographs showing people, dwellings, terrain, etc. Images of temples, excavations, crypts, jade work, etc. Includes a photograph of John Alden Mason and Burton W. Bascom from Palenque. Entire series of photographs from the Mason papers. The bulk of the images are from Mexico (Chihuahua, Durango, Sonora, etc.). Also 3 contact sheets of images from Peru. From the Durango expedition, a list of photographs; "Informes hacera de la Sierro de la Candela:" notes from Tarayre, pages 184-185; "Ruins of an agricultural colony near Zape"; possible routes of migration into Mexico; Everardo Gamiz "La Raza Pigmea," Durango, April 1934; an incomplete set of numbered photos enumerated in above list (all duplicates from museum set). A linguistic realignment north of Mexico, which gives six phyla, one "broken phylum," and two uncertain languages (for presentation at the meeting of the American Anthropological Association, Chicago, 1940) and a detailed outline of five phyla plus several unaffiliated languages.
Collection: John Alden Mason Papers (Mss.B.M384)

Apache | Navajo | Pawnee | Taos | Zapotec
Language(s): English
Date: 1861-1916
Type:Text
Extent: 19 items
Description: Narratives of travels and adventures, 1881-1864, 1881-1916, in the Far West, Southwest, Northwest, northern Mexico, as well as Ohio, New York, and Europe, apparently written from memory about 1916. Mentions hostilities of Pawnee and Apache, describing an Indian attack. Visits Pima Indians, Navajo reservation; sees Taos Indian dance. Observes Mitla ruins; visits Sacaton Pima reservation; visits California Indian schools. Describes music for Indians at mission; visits Ohio mounds; comments on Northwest Art; statues of Indian heroes in Northwest. Two letters relate to Ayer and the Field Museum. See especially #1, 5, 6, 11, 12, 13, 19.
Collection: Reminiscences of the Far West, and other trips (Mss.B.Ay2)

Zapotec
Alternate forms: Zapoteco
Date: 1920-1930, 1940-1947
Subject: Linguistics | Stories
Type:Text
Extent: Approx. 980 pages
Description: The Zapotec materials in the ACLS collection are located primarily in the "Zapotec" section of the finding aid, which includes a detailed listing. The bulk of the materials were recorded and assembled by Jaime de Angulo and Morris Swadesh. De Angulo's materials include texts with Spanish and English translations, with accompanying linguistic notes, and studies proposing relationship among languages of Oaxaca. Swadesh's materials include vocabularies in multiple varieties of Zapotec with accompanying linguistic analyses. Currently only the three Zapotec languages given above in this listing can be specifically identified based upon information on locations where they were recorded. There are additional Zapotec languages of an undetermined quantity in this materials that are currently only identified in the cataloging according to regional terms such as Mountain and Valley dialects, Ixtlán, and Villa Alta. Some additional comparative materials utilizing Zapotec data can also be found in the "Mexico" and "Mixe" sections of the finding aid.
Collection: ACLS Collection (American Council of Learned Societies Committee on Native American Languages, American Philosophical Society) (Mss.497.3.B63c)

Zapotec
Language(s): English | Spanish | Zapotec, Mitla
Date: 1929-1935
Extent: 6 notebooks, 183 photographs, 100+ negatives, 3 drawings
Description: The Zapotec materials in the Elsie Clews Parsons papers consist of materials in multiple sections of the finding aid. In Subcollection I, Series I, "Correspondence," see "Mitla, Town of Souls" and Parsons' "Letters in re. Mitla, Town of the Souls." In Subcollection I, Series II, "Notes, manuscripts, etc." the final notebook in "No. 11 Taos notebooks" is predominantly in Spanish and concerns fieldwork in Oaxaca among the Zapotec and other groups. Item "No. 19. Mitla journals" contains notebooks from Oaxaca, primarily concerning Zapotec matters. Item "No. 28. Mitla songs and photographs (Oaxaca region)" includes 14 songs, 183 photos, ca. 100 negatives of Oaxaca; 3 drawings and an article on Zapotec words; letter from E. D. Merrill to Franz Boas, May 13, 1930. Item "No. 53" contains a Zapotec-related newspaper clipping. In Subcollection II, Series I, "Professional Correspondence," see correspondence with Robert Redfield. In Subcollection II, Series III, "Lectures and Manuscripts", see "Addresses - [On Mitla, Oaxaca]," "Mitla: Town of Souls - Correspondence," "Survivals of Indian Culture among Zapoteca-Speaking Mexicans," and "Zapoteca Serpents." In Subcollection II, Series IV, "Research Notes" see "Mexico - Notes" from 1931. Additional relevant material may appear in other notebooks labelled "Mexico" or in other correspondence.
Collection: Elsie Clews Parsons papers (Mss.Ms.Coll.29)

Zapotec
Language(s): English
Date: February 1, 1912
Type:Text
Extent: 2 leaves
Description: Letter to Speck discussing his forthcoming article on Oaxaca language map, Mechling (1912).
Collection: Frank G. Speck Papers (Mss.Ms.Coll.126)

Zapotec
Alternate forms: Zapoteco
Date: 1912-1930
Type:Text
Extent: Approx. 900 pages; Approx. 20,000 word slips
Description: Materials relating to Radin's study of Zapotec languages, located in Series V and Series VIII. Includes a variety of materials, such as word lists, lexical slips, bibliographical notes, grammatical notes, texts (often with interlinear translations), and a Spanish-Zapotec dictionary comprised of about 15,000 slips, as well as materials for a Spanish-Zapotec lexicon and a Spanish-Zapotec vocabulary. Many of the pages are labelled with the name of a town or district in Oaxaca. One informant mentioned: Felipe Castellana, associated with Mitla. Place names associated with Radin's manuscripts are: Abejones, Hidalgo Yalálag, Ixtlán de Juarez, Lachatao, Mitla, Nuevo Zoquiapam, San Andres Solaga, San Antonio de la Cal, San Baltazar Chichicapam, San Esteban Atatláhuca, San Francisco Cajonos, San Francisco Telixtlahuaca, San Juan Atepec, San Juan Juquila Mixes, San Mateo Cajonos, San Miguel Aloapam, San Miguel Talea , San Sebastián Tecomaxtlahuaca, Santa Catarina Ixtepeji, Santa Maria de la Chichina, Santa Maria de Tule, Santa María Jaltianguis, Santiago Ixtaltepec, Santiago Jamiltepec, Sawatlan (Magdaglena Zahuatlan?), Serrano, "Serrano" (San Juan Chicomezúchil), Tehuano, Teococuilco, Teotilan del Valle, Villa Alta (district), Yolotepec de la Paz, Zaachila, "Zapotec del Valle" (Santiago Matatlán), Zimatlán de Álvarez.
Collection: Paul Radin papers (Mss.497.3.R114)

Zapotec
Alternate forms: Zapoteco
Date: 1971-1972
Contributor: Rosenbaum, Harvey
Subject: Linguistics
Type:Text
Genre: Essays
Extent: 24 pages
Description: The Zapotec materials in the Phillips Fund collection consist of 1 item. Materials in this collection are listed alphabetically by last name of author. See materials listed under Rosenbaum: "Constraints In Zapotec Questions And Relative Clauses," an article on a movement rule in Valley Zapotec.
Collection: Phillips Fund for Native American Research Collection (Mss.497.3.Am4)