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Maya | Mixtec
Language(s): French
Date: 1859-1882
Extent: 2.0 linear feet, 123 photographs
Description: A traveler, archaeologist, and photographer, Désiré Charnay (1828-1915) was one of the most important early expeditionary photographers. During his tours of Yucatan, Oaxaca, and Chiapas in 1858-1860 and 1880-1886, Charnay became one of the first to use photography in documenting the great Meso-American archaeological sites and to make ethnographic photographs of indigenous Mexicans. This collection of photographs is representative of the range of images he took of Meso-American archaeological sites during three tours of Mexico in 1858-1860 and 1880-1886. Although some of the images have suffered an unfortunate degree of fading, they convey the power and fascination that these sites held for Charnay and his contemporaries, and include some of the best early examples of the use of photography in the documentation of Mexican archaeology. The collection includes images of the sites at Tula, Teotihuacan, Iztaccihuatl, Chichen Itza, Comalcalco, and Palenque; of archaeological specimens held at the Museum of Mexico; of landscape and villages in Yucatan, Chiapas, and Oaxaca; and of a series of Lacandon, Mayan, Mixtec, and Yucatec "racial types." The collection was apparently assembled by the scientist Griffith Evans Abbot (1850-1927), who presented them to the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia. The 15 cartes de visite included in the collection, mostly portraits taken in Peru, Chile, and Madeira, bear an uncertain relationship to the Charnay images, and are probably present simply because they were also once owned by Abbot. All images have been digitized and are available through the APS Digital Library.
Collection: Abbot-Charnay Photograph Collection (Mss.913.72.Ab23)

Zapotec
Date: 1970
Extent: 230 pages
Description: From 1968-1970, the anthropologist Robert E. MacLaury conducted fieldwork on Zapotec (Oto-Manguean) language and ethnography at Santa Maria Ayoquesco de Aldama, Oaxaca. His masters thesis based on that research, "Ayoquesco Zapotec: Ethnography, Phonology, and Lexicon," was accepted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for a master's degree in anthropology at the University of the Americas in 1970. Includes eighty black and white photocopy photographs of Zapotec Indians in Santa Maria Ayoquezco de Aldama, Oaxaca, Mexico from 1968-1970. Taken by MacLaury while conducting fieldwork for his thesis, the images reflect the social life and customs of the people, including clothing, utensils, daily activities and dwellings. See finding aid for related material.
Collection: Ayoquesco Zapotec (Mss.497.4.M22)

Chinantec
Alternate forms: Chinanteco, Yolox, Yetla
Date: 1916, 1922, 1939, 1940, 1942
Extent: 80 pages; 334 cards
Description: The Chinanteco material in the ACLS collections are primarily found in the "Chinanteco" section of the finding aid. Two items are stories ("El perrito de Teotitlan" and "Cuento del pescador") recorded by Jaime de Angulo, with Spanish and English translation. Another item is a 64-word Spanish-Chinantec vocabulary recorded by Norman McQuown. Two items in the "Mexico" section of the finding aid contain comparative vocabularies that include Chinantec, as does two items in the "Mixtec" section (variety of Mixtec unidentified), and "Zapotecan texts" in the "Zapotec" section. Yolox and Yetla varieties of Chinantec are identified. The existence of other varieties in the material is undetermined.
Collection: ACLS Collection (American Council of Learned Societies Committee on Native American Languages, American Philosophical Society) (Mss.497.3.B63c)

Chinantec
Date: 1912-1929
Type:Text
Extent: 1 folder, 331 word slips
Description: The Chinantec materials in the Paul Radin papers consist of two items. In Series I, there is a "Chinantec Dictionary" consisting of 331 card slips. In Series VIII, there is one folder identified as "Santiago Maniltepec" with Interlinear text and brief grammatical notes.
Collection: Paul Radin papers (Mss.497.3.R114)

Chocho
Alternate forms: Chocholteco, Chochotec, Chochon, Ngigua, Ngiwa
Language(s): Chocholtec | English
Date: 1922-1923, 1939
Contributor: Angulo, Jaime de
Type:Text
Extent: 47 pages
Description: The Chocho materials in the ACLS collection consist of one item in the "Chocho" section of the finding aid, which includes a grammatical sketch and text, "Cuento del perrito." Includes tones, verbs, verb lists, and paradigms. One items in the "Mexico" section of the finding aid contains comparative vocabularies that include Chocho, as does one item in the "Mixtec" section (variety of Mixtec unidentified), and "Estudio gramatical" in the "Zapotec" section.
Collection: ACLS Collection (American Council of Learned Societies Committee on Native American Languages, American Philosophical Society) (Mss.497.3.B63c)

Chontal
Alternate forms: Tequistlatec, Tequistlateco
Language(s): English | Spanish | Tequistlateco
Type:Text
Genre: Grammars
Extent: 24 pages
Description: The Chontal materials in the ACLS collection consist of one item in the "Chontal" section of the finding aid, "Cuento y frases en idioma Chontal (Tequistlateco)." This item is in Tequistlatec, Spanish and English, and includes a grammatical sketch, 11 phrases with notes, and 1 text, "El Cuento del Perrito," given by Doña Carmen de Garrida of the village of Tequisistlán.
Collection: ACLS Collection (American Council of Learned Societies Committee on Native American Languages, American Philosophical Society) (Mss.497.3.B63c)

Chontal
Date: circa 1925-1950
Type:Text
Genre: Notes | Essays
Extent: 2 folders
Description: Two items relating to the Chontal language of Oaxaca, Mexico have been identified in the C. F. Voegelin Papers. They are both in Subcollection I, and consist of Viola Waterhouse's essay "Oaxaca Chontal Phonemes" in Series IV. Works by Others; and a Chontal folder of mostly typed linguistic notes regarding nouns, phonemes, and morphemes in Series V. Research Notes, Subseries V-A: Language Notes. A version of Waterhouse's article was published in the International Journal of American Linguistics 16(1):35-39, 1950.
Collection: C. F. Voegelin Papers (Mss.Ms.Coll.68)

Cora | Huichol
Alternate forms: Náayarite, Wixáritari
Language(s): English
Date: 1933-1935
Type:Text
Extent: 100+ pages, 3 folders
Description: The Cora and Huichol materials in the Elsie Clews Parsons papers consist of one folder, "Notes on parallels between Cora-Huichol and the Pueblo" (item 37) in Subcollection I, Series II, "Notes, manuscripts, etc."; a manuscript of the same titie in Subcollection II, Series III, "Lectures and Manuscripts"; and "Cora/Huichol notes" in Subcollection II, Series IV, "Research Notes". Additional relevant material may appear in correspondence folders.
Collection: Elsie Clews Parsons papers (Mss.Ms.Coll.29)

Cuicatec
Alternate forms: Cuicateco
Language(s): Spanish | Cuicatec, Teutila
Date: 1922
Contributor: Angulo, Jaime de
Type:Text
Genre: Grammars | Maps
Extent: 654 pages
Description: The Cuicatec materials in the ACLS collection consist of one item in the "Cuicatec" section of the finding aid, recorded by Jaime de Angulo, in 1922. It consists of a grammatical sketch in Spanish, with 3 folkloristic and 3 original narratives told by "a Chiquihuitlán native." Some Cuicatec vocabulary also appears in the "Mexico" section of the finding aid in "Comparative vocabularies of various Indian languages of Mexico," and in the "Zapotec" section of the finding aid in "Estudio gramatical de las lenguas de la familia zapoteca," which includes Chatino information and ten ink sketches of maps showing linguistic groups. Also in the "Zapotec" section, "Zapotecan texts" (item Z.3) includes some Cuicatec texts.
Collection: ACLS Collection (American Council of Learned Societies Committee on Native American Languages, American Philosophical Society) (Mss.497.3.B63c)

Chontal
Date: 1967
Extent: 11 sound tape reels (16 hr., 50 min.) : DIGITIZED
Description: Field recordings made in various locations in southeastern Oaxaca, Mexico in the summer of 1967 by Paul R. Turner with numerous Highland Chontal speakers. Elicitations of Highland Chontal words and phrases, using a common Spanish word list for all consultants. (NOTE: This material has been digitized and can be accessed online for free by users not physically at the APS Library through a login and password. Please see our Audio Access Page for information on how to request these materials.)
Collection: Highland Chontal Dialect Survey (Mss.Rec.61)