Displaying 71 - 80 of 2007
Alsea
Language(s): Alsea | English
Date: 1900, 1918
Type:Text
Extent: 428 pages
Description: The Alsea materials in the ACLS collection are located in the "Alsea" section of the finding aid. They consist of 2 items, the largest of which is Frachtenberg's "Yakonan (Alsea) grammar" (item Pn2c.1) intended for publication in Handbook of American Indian Languages, but never printed. Based on field work of J. Owen Dorsey (1884-Siletz, Oregon: vocabularies), Livingston Farrand (1900-Siletz reservation) and the author (1910). Table of contents, grammar, and texts with interlinear and free translations and grammatical notes. The collection also includes 6 pages of linguistic notes recorded by Edward Sapir in 1900 (item Pn2c.2).
Collection: ACLS Collection (American Council of Learned Societies Committee on Native American Languages, American Philosophical Society) (Mss.497.3.B63c)

Alsea
Language(s): Alsea | English
Date: 1997
Subject: Linguistics
Type:Text
Extent: 2 pages
Description: Daythal Kendall had a 2-page description of Gene Buckley's research on the Alsea language, including a brief bibliography written by Kendall (Series 5).
Collection: Daythal L. Kendall Papers (Mss.Ms.Coll.148)

Language(s): English
Date: Undated
Extent: 2 photographs
Description: The Amazonian materials in the Boas Field Notebooks and Anthropometric Data collection consist of two silver prints of unidentified indigenous people of the Amazon.
Collection: Franz Boas early field notebooks and anthropometric data (Mss.B.B61.5)

Amuzgo
Alternate forms: Amochco, Tzañcue
Language(s): Spanish | Amuzgo, Ipalapa
Date: 1923, 1939
Subject: Linguistics
Extent: 544 pages
Description: The Amuzgo materials in the ACLS collection consists of two items. In the “Mexico” section of the finding aid, see “Comparative vocabularies of various Indian languages of Mexico” (item AM5) which includes Amuzgo vocabulary. In the “Zapotec” section of the finding aid, see de Angulo's “Estudio gramatical de las lenguas de la familia zapoteca” (item Z.1) which includes Amuzgo information and ten ink sketches of maps showing linguistic groups. These materials may utilize data from Francisco Belmar's "Investigación sobre el idioma amuzgo" from 1901.
Collection: ACLS Collection (American Council of Learned Societies Committee on Native American Languages, American Philosophical Society) (Mss.497.3.B63c)

Language(s): English
Date: 1920-1946
Subject: Anthropology
Type:Text
Extent: 1 volume, 150 p.
Description: Duplicate of copy deposited with Benedict papers, Vassar College, of correspondence published in Mead (1959). Arrangement is different from that of published version, and correspondence with Edward Sapir is lacking. More letters, fuller texts, fuller identification of references in this version, however. Includes correspondence of Ruth Benedict and Franz Boas, Margaret Mead. Letters of Mead and Reo F. Fortune. Some letters from Boas correspondence, Franz Boas Collection (Mss.B.B61).
Collection: An Anthropologist at work: writings of Ruth Benedict, by Margaret Mead (Mss.B.B428.mx)

Aztec
Language(s): English
Date: 1790-1806, 1818
Type:Text
Extent: 1 volume, 106 p.
Description: William E. Hulings' translation of Leon y Gama's "Descripcion Histórica y Cronológica de las dos Piedras" (1792), together with a query of William E. Hulings on the possible relation of the Aztecs to the Mound Builders. The volume describes and translates a monument and a calendar stone; it also presents ethnologic information, particularly regarding mythology. The volume is divided into three sections with separate pagination: "An historical and chronological description of two stones found under ground, in the great square of the City of Mexico, in the years 1790" (84 p.), "Notes to Antonio de Leon y Gama's Work" (19 p.), and "Translated from the Diary of Mexico, for Augt. 5th 1806" (3 p.).
Collection: An historical and chronological description of two stones found under ground, in the great square of the City of Mexico, in the years 1790 [translation] (Mss.913.72.L55)

Language(s): English
Date: 1800; 1830
Subject: Medicine
Type:Text
Extent: 34 pages
Description: This volume contains a manuscript copy of Robert Eveleigh Taylor's dissertation, titled “An inaugural disputation, concerning the varieties of the human race.” Taylor delivered this lecture at the University of Edinburgh in July 1800 to fulfill one of the requirements for a medical degree. The essay touches on many of the prominent theories about racial differences then circulating in the Atlantic World. Taylor, for instance, discusses the influence of climate on the different races and how geography affects the health. It was originally published in Latin (Edinburgh, 1800), and John Brandreth made this English translation for a friend in 1830.
Collection: An inaugural disputation, concerning the varieties of the human race, July 1800, 1830 (Mss.572.2.T2li.b)

Anishinaabe | Blackfoot | Cree | Dakota | Métis | Kainai | Nakoda | Ojibwe | Secwépemc
Alternate forms: Blood, Ojibwa, Saulteaux, Shuswap, Simpcw, Sioux, Stoney
Language(s): English
Date: 1905-1910
Extent: 1 linear foot
Description: Norman Leonard Jacobs was an engineer and surveyor with the Grand Trunk Pacific Railway in Canada. The collection consists of his correspondence with Bessie Frank (later Anathan), an acquaintance from Pittsburgh. Jacobs wrote of daily life in Canadian cities like Winnipeg and Edmonton, interactions with First Nations, and daily hardships encountered in the field (extreme cold, snowblindness, and lack of food), but also spoke of his work with pride and enthusiasm. In addition to the letters, Jacobs wrote twenty-eight pages of a "Diary of a Tenderfoot." Also included in the collection are two photobooks and various loose photographs, which display various aspects of camp life, details of work sites and the Canadian landscape, and First Nations peoples. Some of the photographs are extremely faded. Native peoples mentioned include Ojibwe, Blackfoot, Cree, "Surteau" (likely Saulteaux),"Bloods" (Kainai), "Stonies" (Nakoda, or "Stoney"), as well as Native people at Tete Jaune Cache who are likely Simpcw. The images include family groups; men, women, and children fishing; men (some apparently hired by Jacobs or his company to act as guides and carriers in the field) working with an infant in a cradleboard; Ojibwe graves; tepees [tipis]; "Sioux" warriors; a sweat bath; horse races; individuals like Joe KaeKwitch, Chief Handorgan, Chief Wingard, Muskowken, etc. Most of these materials have been digitized and are available through the APS's Digital Library. Also see the finding aid for more background information on Jacobs and detailed itemized lists for both Series I. Correspondence and Series II. Graphic Materials.
Collection: Anathan-Jacobs Grand Trunk Pacific Railway Collection (Mss.SMs.Coll.13)

Mixtec
Language(s): English | Mixtec
Date: 1940
Contributor: Wilbur, Walter K.
Extent: 220 pages
Description: This typescript with hand-colored plates is an analysis of the material culture of one of the eight extant Mixtec codices, Codex Vindobonensis I. This codex is known by several names, including Codex Constantinopolitanus, Codex Byzantinus, and Codex Mexicanus I. The last name is more often used in the present day. The original is housed at the Austrian National Library at Vienna. Includes over three hundred vividly colored pictographs and phonetic signs of the Mixtec language. Repainted by the author, the watercolors exhibit pottery, ornaments, weapons, and ceremonial paraphernalia. Some of these images have been digitized and are available through the APS Digital Library.
Collection: Ancient Mexican material culture as revealed in Codex Vindobonensis Mexicanus, 1940 (Mss.913.72.Wi649)

Language(s): English
Date: 1822-1825
Type:Text
Genre: Microfilms | Notes | Maps
Extent: circa 250 pages
Description: A rough miscellany about antiquities in North and South America, as well as Europe and Asia, taken from published sources and personal observation. Contains a classification of antiquities, and descriptions of ancient monuments of Europe. Includes the author's "Ancient geography..." manuscript. Also includes maps and figures. Copy of original owned by the University Museum, University of Pennsylvania. See also Rafinesque (1838).
Collection: Ancient monuments of North and South America, 1822-1825 (Mss.Film.32)