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Anishinaabe | Blackfoot | Cree | Dakota | Métis | Kainai | Nakoda | Ojibwe | Secwépemc
Alternate forms: Blood, Ojibwa, Saulteaux, Shuswap, Simpcw, Sioux, Stoney
Language(s): English
Date: 1905-1910
Extent: 1 linear foot
Description: Norman Leonard Jacobs was an engineer and surveyor with the Grand Trunk Pacific Railway in Canada. The collection consists of his correspondence with Bessie Frank (later Anathan), an acquaintance from Pittsburgh. Jacobs wrote of daily life in Canadian cities like Winnipeg and Edmonton, interactions with First Nations, and daily hardships encountered in the field (extreme cold, snowblindness, and lack of food), but also spoke of his work with pride and enthusiasm. In addition to the letters, Jacobs wrote twenty-eight pages of a "Diary of a Tenderfoot." Also included in the collection are two photobooks and various loose photographs, which display various aspects of camp life, details of work sites and the Canadian landscape, and First Nations peoples. Some of the photographs are extremely faded. Native peoples mentioned include Ojibwe, Blackfoot, Cree, "Surteau" (likely Saulteaux),"Bloods" (Kainai), "Stonies" (Nakoda, or "Stoney"), as well as Native people at Tete Jaune Cache who are likely Simpcw. The images include family groups; men, women, and children fishing; men (some apparently hired by Jacobs or his company to act as guides and carriers in the field) working with an infant in a cradleboard; Ojibwe graves; tepees [tipis]; "Sioux" warriors; a sweat bath; horse races; individuals like Joe KaeKwitch, Chief Handorgan, Chief Wingard, Muskowken, etc. Most of these materials have been digitized and are available through the APS's Digital Library. Also see the finding aid for more background information on Jacobs and detailed itemized lists for both Series I. Correspondence and Series II. Graphic Materials.
Collection: Anathan-Jacobs Grand Trunk Pacific Railway Collection (Mss.SMs.Coll.13)

Blackfoot
Alternate forms: Siksika
Language(s): English
Date: 1943
Type:Text
Genre: Reviews
Extent: 3 pages
Description: Review of Oscar Lewis, "The Effects of White Contact upon Blackfoot Culture" submitted to American Sociological Review. Unpublished.
Collection: Frank G. Speck Papers (Mss.Ms.Coll.126)

Blackfoot | Kainai
Alternate forms: Blood, Siksika
Language(s): Blackfoot | English
Date: 1950s
Genre: Stories
Extent: 2 min. : DIGITIZED
Description: The Blackfoot materials in the Ilse Lehiste Papers consist of one audio recording of a story recorded at Blood Indian Reserve in Alberta, told by Shirley Tailfeathers. (NOTE: This material has been digitized and can be accessed online for free by users not physically at the APS Library through a login and password. Please see our Audio Access Page for information on how to request these materials.)
Collection: Ilse Lehiste papers (Mss.Ms.Coll.62)

Blackfoot | Piegan
Language(s): English
Date: 1942, 1950
Type:Text
Extent: 6+ folders
Description: The Blackfoot material in the Fenton papers are found in Series I, including correspondence with Blackfeet Tribal Business Council, Felix Cohen, Paul L. Fickinger, and U.S. Dept. of Interior. See also Lucien M. Hanks in this same section for letter concerning field work among the Siksika (Northern Blackfoot) at Gleichen, Alberta in the 1940s. Series V contains Fenton's field notes from the Blackfeet Reservation in 1950.
Collection: William N. Fenton papers (Mss.Ms.Coll.20)

Cree | Innu | Naskapi
Alternate forms: Montagnais, Nehiyaw
Language(s): English | Cree | Innu-aimun
Date: 1911-1931, 1936, 1938-1948
Extent: 6+ folders; 60+ photographs; 1 film
Description: The Cree material in the Frank Speck papers are scattered around multiple sections of the finding aid, mostly in Subcollection I, Series I. In this series, see item II(2A5), containing correspondence from P.G. Downes to Speck regarding Cree in Quebec. See item II(2F3), which includes notes from A. irving Hallowell to Speck regarding field work visiting Sweet Grass Cree, mentioning attitude of Cree to Leonard Bloomfield. Item II(4B9c) contains Speck's field notes on the Mistassini band, including notes on relationship between Cree and Montagnais languages, as well as museum specimens. Item II(2G1) includes Naskapi names in Cree syllabary; the Lord's Prayer in Cree; miscellaneous syllabary Cree words, and images of 79 pictographs. In Subcollection I, Series II, see correspondence with Claude Schaeffer regarding Rocky Boy Cree, and correspondence with Paul A. W. Wallace regarding Cree tales (Wissakutchek) collected by Edward Ahenakew in Alberta. In Subcollection I, Series III, there are 4 "Cree" photograph folders containing approximately 60 photographs. See also "Naskapi films," located in Subcollection II, Series IV, Photographs and Video, which includes some footage of some Cree people.
Collection: Frank G. Speck Papers (Mss.Ms.Coll.126)

Denesuline
Alternate forms: Chipewyan, Dënesųłiné
Language(s): English
Date: 1912-1913, 1931
Extent: 1 folder, 5 photographs
Description: The Denesuline materials in the Frank G. Speck Papers consists of one folder of correspondence from A. Irving Hallowell describing field work to visit Cold Lake, Alberta. This is item II(2F3) in Subcollection I, Series I. In Series III, there are 5 "Chipewyan" photographs from 1912-1913.
Collection: Frank G. Speck Papers (Mss.Ms.Coll.126)

Denesuline | Mattole | Hupa
Alternate forms: Chipewyan, Dënesųłiné, Na:tini-xwe
Date: 1928-1982
Extent: 1.5 linear feet
Description: The heart of the Fanggui Li Collection is comprised of ten notebooks kept by the Chinese-American linguist Fanggui (Fang-Kuei) Li relating to his research on the Chipewyan [Dene] language in 1928. Recorded in the field, these texts consist of phonetic transcriptions of stories elicited from François Mandeville in Chipewyan (Denesuline); (and, in one instance, Baptiste Ferrier) in July 1928, with interlinear English translations. The topics of these stories include myths, folklore, and tribal history as well as activities like fishing, tanning a moose hide, or making a canoe. The balance of the collection consists of an extensive slipfile for the Chipewyan [Dene] language, and two audio cassettes of oral history interviews conducted by Laurence C. Thompson and M. Terry Thompson in 1982, concerning Li's memories of Edward Sapir and other colleagues in linguistics. Interview topics include Li's early education, experience at the University of Chicago, Leonard Bloomfield, Edward Sapir's influence on his course of study, Li's fieldwork on the Mattole language in Northern California in the late 1920s, discrimination against Chinese in that region at that time, Li's work with Sapir on the Hupa reservation, and various aspects of linguistic methodology of the times, including recording with wax cylinders. See the finding aid for more information, including more details on the contents of each notebook and the two audio cassettes, and for related material.
Collection: Fanggui Li Collection (Mss.Ms.Coll.119)

Cree
Language(s): Cree, Plains | English
Date: 1994-1999, 2009
Extent: 20+ hours
Description: Audio recordings of interviews with Cree people on topics including Cree language, history, horses, wihtigo, thunderbirds, and other topics. The bulk of the interviews are with Stan Cuthand and Neal McLeod. The majority of the audio materials are interviews recorded in the context of producing radio documentaries for CBC Radio One from the early 1990s through late 2000s. (See Series I, Subseries 12 for the broadcast version of these documentaries.) Transcripts for both the finished documentaries are located in Series II.
Collection: Maureen Matthews Papers (Mss.Ms.Coll.164)

Cree
Alternate forms: Nēhiyaw
Language(s): Cree, Plains | English
Date: 1967-1968
Extent: 5 sound tape reels (7 hr., 53 min.) : DIGITIZED
Description: Field recordings of 66 Plains Cree stories made in multiple locations with multiple speakers in Alberta, Canada in 1967 and 1968. (NOTE: This material has been digitized and can be accessed online for free by users not physically at the APS Library through a login and password. Please see our Audio Access Page for information on how to request these materials.)
Collection: Plains Cree Texts from the Province of Alberta (Mss.Rec.65)

Stoney
Language(s): English | Stoney
Date: 1968, 1971
Extent: 3 sound tape reels (52 min.) : DIGITIZED
Description: This collection consists of one tape of a New Years' Service held at a Community Hall on 1 January 1968, and two tapes of autobiographical stories, folkloric stories, tribal histories, and descriptions of customs given in the Stoney language only by Carl Simeon (identified as a "speaker of the younger dialect") on 21 August 1971 and by Willie Good Stoney (identified as a "speaker of the older dialect") on 23 August 1971. (NOTE: This material has been digitized and can be accessed online for free by users not physically at the APS Library through a login and password. Please see our Audio Access Page for information on how to request these materials.)
Collection: Stoney (Assiniboine) texts taken at Stoney Reserve, Morley, Alberta (Mss.Rec.87)