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Arawak
Language(s): English
Date: 1820
Type:Text
Extent: 1 volume
Description: A record begun March 10, 1820, principally of chronology of early Pennsylvania, with mention of Penn-Logan correspondence and extracts from same. Arruwak words, page 11; extract, Narrative [of the late massacres], pages 132-133.
Collection: Peter Stephen Du Ponceau commonplace book (Mss.410.D92)

Assiniboine | Dakota
Alternate forms: Assiniboin, Hohe, Nakoda, Nakota, Wadopahnatonwan
Language(s): Assiniboine | English
Date: 1936, 1949
Type:Text
Extent: 64 pages
Description: The Assiniboine materials in the ACLS collection consist of two items that can be found in the "Assiniboine" section of the finding aid. Deloria's "Notes on the Assiniboine (Belknap or Watopahnatu dialect)" (item X8d.1) contains a sketch of Assiniboine grammar, compared with that of Dakota, and includes an Assiniboine text, with literal and free translation and notes, and a letter from author to Franz Boas, Jan. 6, 1936, covering the document. The other item is Ahenakew's "The creation of a new tribe" (71), an explanation of creation of Assiniboine tribe, separated from Sioux, given Ahenakew in his youth by his mission superintendent, Rev. John Hines, a battle over a girl accounted for end of connection of Red Eagle with other Sioux, and a letter of Ahenakew to Paul A. W. Wallace, May 21, 1949, commenting on Rev. Hines' relation to the author.
Collection: ACLS Collection (American Council of Learned Societies Committee on Native American Languages, American Philosophical Society) (Mss.497.3.B63c)

Language(s): English
Date: 1791; 1819
Type:Text
Extent: 2 items
Description: Letter to Sir Joseph Banks, comments on the ironic fate of American Indians, doomed to extinction. Mentions Indian warfare. Letter to John Vaughan, asks for books concerning Indians in the U.S. for William Vaughan. Refers to Benjamin Smith Barton as authority on the Indian. Mentions Indian policy of Jefferson and Madison. Expresses curiosity about sign language as discussed in Dunbar (1809). Includes quotation of William Vaughan to Benjamin Vaughan, November 17 (1815?), asking for information on the propagation of the Gospel among the Indians of Massachusetts and New England.
Collection: Benjamin Vaughan Papers (Mss.B.V46p)

Catawba | Cherokee | Haudenosaunee | Seneca | Lenape | Shawnee
Alternate forms: Iroquois, Lenape
Language(s): English
Date: 1737-1751
Type:Text
Extent: 19 items
Description: Correspondence between James Logan, other royal and propriety officials, and various native groups regarding Indian affairs. Topics include Catawba relations with Cherokees, Six Nations, and other Indian groups; Catawba relations with various colonies; efforts to preserve peace among Britain's native allies; fears about effect of inter-Native warfare during King George's War; and efforts to arrange a peace treaty between the Catawbas and Six Nations. Individuals mentioned include Schermerhorn and Conrad Weiser.
Collection: Selections from the correspondence of the Honourable James Logan, 1699-1750 (Mss.B.L82)

Cherokee | Mohawk | Haudenosaunee | Creek
Alternate forms: Iroquois, Six Nations
Language(s): English
Date: 1758-1763
Type:Text
Extent: 2 items
Description: Two letters to Joseph Shippen. One (1758) mentions twelve Cherokees and one Mohawk en route to Philadelphia and then to Colonel Johnson. Cites cost of keeping them. The second (1763) discusses Indian attacks; mentions Cherokees and Creeks. Note on Indian movements near Fort Augusta and a copy of letter of James Irvine to Caleb Carnault, 15 June 1763, discussing strength of Fort Augusta.
Collection: Edward Shippen letters and papers (Mss.B.Sh62)

Cherokee | Lenape
Alternate forms: Lenape
Language(s): English
Date: 1757-1759
Type:Text
Extent: 4 items
Description: Letters to Richard Peters, Governor Denny, and the Commissioners for Indian Affairs mentioning Cherokees. Topics include 150 Cherokees, a few Hambus and Delaware warriors at Ray's Town camp; a report of six Cherokee who saw French army on move; and information received from Job Chillway. Also a long letter from Edmond Atkin to George Croghan giving account of the state of the southern Indian tribes.
Collection: Indian and Military Affairs of Pennsylvania, 1737-1775 (Mss.974.8.P19)

Cherokee
Language(s): English
Date: June 3, 1800
Type:Text
Extent: 3 pages
Description: Letter to David Henley. Original in Chicago Historical Society. Asks what to do with some slaves who have escaped from Cherokee Indians who killed their master. Mentions Indian named White Killer.
Collection: Zebulon Montgomery Pike biographical materials (Mss.B.P63)

Chickasaw | Creek | Choctaw
Language(s): English
Date: 1787; 1777
Subject: Warfare | Diplomacy | Trade | Wampum
Type:Text
Extent: 2 items
Description: Letter from John Sevier regarding Creek raids and a murder in Chickasaw territory. Second item titled "Talk from Indians to George Golphin, one of the commissioners of Indian affairs" in which the King of Talesy (probably the Creek town of Tálisi) speaks of trade with Pensacola; relations with Chickasaws and Choctaws. In a second speech the King of the Ocksuskeys (probably the Creek town of Okfuski) speaks of Cupitaws (possibly either the Creek town Kasíhta or Kawíta) and Ockjoys (probably Creek town Oktcháyi); describes a belt of wampum.
Collection: Benjamin Franklin Papers (Mss.B.F85)

Chickasaw
Language(s): English
Date: January 8, 1740
Contributor: Unknown
Type:Text
Extent: 1 page
Description: Letter to Samuel Blunston. Mentions past expedition against Chickasaws; movement of French and Indians.
Collection: Selections from the correspondence of the Honourable James Logan, 1699-1750 (Mss.B.L82)

Comanche | Pawnee | Tonkawa | Wichita
Language(s): English
Date: April 2, 1812
Type:Text
Extent: 4 pages
Description: Original in Missouri Historical Society, Sibley Papers. Sibley (Indian agent at Nachitoches) mentions Spanish-Indian conflict, naming Hietans, Tankaways, Comanches, Tanakenos, and Panies. Bad behavior of American troops. He has journal and maps of George the Factor from a trip to the Kansas and Pawnees, during which he experienced the earthquakes. Worries about becoming a state and French majority without annexation of West Florida.
Collection: Zebulon Montgomery Pike biographical materials (Mss.B.P63)