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Mixtec
Language(s): English | Mixtec
Date: 1940
Contributor: Wilbur, Walter K.
Extent: 220 pages
Description: This typescript with hand-colored plates is an analysis of the material culture of one of the eight extant Mixtec codices, Codex Vindobonensis I. This codex is known by several names, including Codex Constantinopolitanus, Codex Byzantinus, and Codex Mexicanus I. The last name is more often used in the present day. The original is housed at the Austrian National Library at Vienna. Includes over three hundred vividly colored pictographs and phonetic signs of the Mixtec language. Repainted by the author, the watercolors exhibit pottery, ornaments, weapons, and ceremonial paraphernalia. Some of these images have been digitized and are available through the APS Digital Library.
Collection: Ancient Mexican material culture as revealed in Codex Vindobonensis Mexicanus, 1940 (Mss.913.72.Wi649)

Aztec
Language(s): English
Date: 1827-1897
Extent: 5 items
Description: Correspondence, an essay, and one image relating to Aztec materials at the American Philosophical Society. In the correspondence, Barabino writes that a "Mexican idol" intended for the APS has a broken face; Culin orders copies of "The Tribute Roll of Montezuma" by Brinton, Phillips, and Morris (Transactions, 1892) for J. F. Loubat; and Morris corresponds with Henry Phillips about the reproduction of the Montezuma tribute roll and Morris' work on the aforementioned article [Brinton, Phillips, and Morris (1892)]. Cushing's essay is based on the pictographic image: he identifies the APS's still image #443 as a copy of a codex in the Vatican, and superior to that printed in King (1831) in draftsmanship. The image itself is a black and white printed document, similar to that in King (1831), vol. 1, fac. 3, but (according to Cushing) better drawn and probably from a Vatican codex, although King's version is attributed to the Boturini Codex. See Boturini (1746):11 for details on manuscript.
Collection: American Philosophical Society Archives (APS.Archives)

Maya
Language(s): English | Spanish
Date: 1827-1959
Extent: 8 items
Description: Materials relating to Mayan culture and language materials at the American Philosophical Society. Topics include Warden's article on Ohio antiquities and Palenque [Warden (1827)]; several items on Cresson's work on Mayan glyphs, including "Remarks upon the graphic system of the ancient Mayas" and Cresson's thoughts on interpretation of Mayan glyphs, the Troano manuscript, the Dresden Codex, and the Zapotec calendar; Gatschet's thank-you note, enclosing photograph of inscribed stone from Palenque, Mexico, now in Smithsonian; Harris on superiority of volumes by Dupaix and Viages at the APS; and a 1959 citation from the University Museum at the University of Pennsylvania for aid in restoring Tikal.
Collection: American Philosophical Society Archives (APS.Archives)

Huastec | Purépecha | Tarahumara | Otomi
Language(s): English | Spanish | French
Date: 1802-1899
Type:Text
Extent: 22 items
Description: Materials relating to the indigenous cultures and languages of Mexico. Includes requests to view or borrow materials at APS, particularly in the Poinsett Collection; introductions of scholars who wish to view Mexican materials to the Librarian or other appropriate official of the time (including John Vaughan and George Ord); solicitations for donations of Mexican materials, particularly from Joel R. Poinsett; donation of linguistic and other materials from Jose Joaquin de Ferrer;s relating to indigenous cultures and languages of Mexico, particularly Brinton's papers on Nagualism and on Fuegian languages [Brinton (1892) and Brinton (1894)], Valentini's manuscript on Mexican calendar stone, and linguistic work by Albert Gallatin; Mexican antiquities at other institutions such as the Academy of Natural Sciencies, Princeton, and the Peabody Museum; and Samuel Morton's offer to George Ord to exchange books for a Mexican skull he used for a plate in his Crania Americana (1839), and which he now wishes to add to his collection. Specific cultures or languages mentioned include Huastec, Otomi, Tarascan, Tarahumara, and Mexican. Individuals mentioned include Ephraim G. Squier, Bishop Anders, Mr. Frank, Professor Matile, Mr. Bagely, Thomas Sully, Jean-Frédéric Waldeck, and Lord Kingsborough.
Collection: American Philosophical Society Archives (APS.Archives)

Maya | Mixtec
Language(s): Spanish
Date: 1785; circa 1800
Contributor: Unknown
Extent: 2 items
Description: Two of the various items related to the Dupaix expeditions of 1806 (totaling four loose notebooks with 23 ink and pencil sketches of Mexican ruins and hieroglyphics featuring fragmented text, in Spanish, with images of construction and decoration on stonework, pottery and buildings of various native ruins of the Yucatan). "Notas varias y Caprichosas; Tehuantepec, Tonila, etc." discusses means of construction and decoration of stone work in various Mexican and Mayan sites (One sheet bears reference to 2nd Mixtecan expedition, 1806, i.e., DuPaix's 1806 expedition). "Pyramide de Paplanta [sic]. Description Ic[o]nografica, de la antigua y famosa Piramide o Adoratorio del Pueblo de Papantla" consists of two items relating to the pyramid at Papantla.
Collection: Notes on Mexican Antiquities (Mss.913.72.N84)

Language(s): English
Date: 1797-1898
Type:Text
Extent: 19 items
Description: Miscellaneous materials pertaining to American Indians. Topics include "Indian antiquities"; Material culture; "Welsh Indians"; requests to borrow or consult materials housed at the proposed loans of items to the Smithsonian Institution and to the World's Columbian Exposition, Chicago; papers being prepared or published; and publications forwarded by or presented to the APS. Specific items of particular interest include the "Report of the committee appointed to draw up rules and regulations for 'a standing committee for collecting information as to the antiquities of North America'"; "Concerning inquiries to be made by Major Long of the Indians," four sets of queries Long is to pose to Native groups; and a book Robert Waln identifies as Chinese, and suggests its being found among American Indians indicates either trade or Chinese origin of Indians. No specific indigenous group mentioned. Individuals mentioned include J. Peter Lesley, Hugh Henry Brackenridge, Schoolcraft, Alice Fletcher, Horatio Hale, Alexander von Humboldt, Albert Gallatin, Champlain, Dr. Samuel Brown, Dr. Robert M. Patterson, and Robert Walsh.
Collection: American Philosophical Society Archives (APS.Archives)

Lenape | Cherokee
Language(s): English
Date: 1788-1789; February 3, 1808; circa 1809; June 23, 1819; July 5, 1819; May 29, 1826; August 11, 1834; February 9, 1835; March 14, 1839; December 31, 1882; 1926; Undated;
Type:Text
Extent: 13 items
Description: Relavent materials can be found in the finding aid under the specific dates listed. Various materials pertaining to miscellaneous American Indian peoples. Topics include Indian songs; Du Ponceau's "Memoir on the Indian Languages"; ancient and lost Indian languages; Heckewelder's missionary efforts among Indians; the book collection of John and Anna R. Gambold, missionaries to the Cherokees; questionable Snake Creek artifacts; busts of Indians; mineral and shell specimens; speculations on the origin of American Indians; Gallatin's documents for collections of vocabularies forwarded to E. Lincoln, John Pickering, S. Wood, Ebenezer Harris, James Rochelle, and Peter S. Du Ponceau; grizzly bears captured by Indians; Schoolcraft's projected volumes on Indians; Barton's "An essay towards a natural history of the North American Indians"; and Nuttall's Summary of paper "Fresh Light on Ancient American Civilizations and Calendars."
Collection: Miscellaneous Manuscripts Collection (Mss.Ms.Coll.200)

Language(s): Spanish
Date: Undated
Contributor: Unknown
Genre: Notebooks | Essays
Extent: 15 pages
Description: One of various items related to the Dupaix expeditions of 1806 (totaling four loose notebooks with 23 ink and pencil sketches of Mexican ruins and hieroglyphics featuring fragmented text, in Spanish, with images of construction and decoration on stonework, pottery and buildings of various native ruins of the Yucatan). This item, "Algo de lengua mexicana, y de la explicacion de Algunos geroglificos," is a brief essay on phonology, dialectical differences, and an explanation of some hieroglyphics.
Collection: Notes on Mexican Antiquities (Mss.913.72.N84)

Quechua
Alternate forms: Inca
Language(s): English
Date: 1819-1859
Type:Text
Extent: 5 items
Description: Items relating to Quechua materials. Items include Peter A. Browne's letter regarding microscopic examination of hair of ancient Peruvians and modern Indians; S. Curson's report concerning Arequipa, Peru, including a climb of Mount Yachi, Quechua concepts of oxygen deficiency, and local Indians' attitude toward revelation of mine locations; Joseph E. Bloomfield's letter to John Vaughan concerning Peruvian vases taken from Temple of the Sun by Pizarro's men, received in Spain and now deposited with the American Philosophical Society for inspection; Samuel G. Morton's letter to Vaughan regarding a collection of antique Peruvian vessels "from ruins near Truxillo" deposited in his care for the APS by Marmaduke Burrough (a memoir by Dr. Burrough to follow); and Peter S. du Ponceau's letter to Johann S. Vater concerning Indian languages, especially those of Peru, requesting Vater's addenda so Du Ponceau can publish a translation of Vater's book, and information received from Don Pedro Perez, half-breed Quechua, regarding the "I am that I am" problem in linguistics, and regarding Basque and South American-Malay comparisons.
Collection: American Philosophical Society Archives (APS.Archives)

Seneca | Haudenosaunee | Lenape
Alternate forms: Iroquois, Lenape
Language(s): English
Date: 1929-1947
Type:Text
Extent: 2 items
Description: Two items relating to the excavation of Seneca-associated sites in New York and Pennsylvania under the Works Progress Administration. Skinner's 1929 "Reports of Pennsylvania Archaeological Survey," concerns the ethnological work of Dorothy P. (Mrs. Alanson) Skinner among Senecas at Quaker Bridge and Cornplanter Reservation, New York, with discussions of Frank G. Speck's field work among the Delawares and archaeological work at Clemson's Island, Pennsylvania. Schoff and Cadzow's collection of materials on the Irvine Mound Group in Warren County, Pennsylvania, consists of 100 photographs, 48 negatives, and 86 pages describing the excavations and artifacts, particularly of the Buckaloons site and the Nathaniel mound, and some letters to Edmund Carpenter from Frank M. Setzler, William N. Fenton, A. Wetmore, and Richard G. Morgan.
Collection: United States. Work Projects Administration (Pa.) Reports, 1918-1948 (Mss.913.748.Un3)